Answers to What is High LDL Question

What is high ldl question is the most common asked question by those who concern about their health. There are two types of cholesterol. They are HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) and LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein). HDL is the good kind of cholesterol while LDL is the bad kind of cholesterol. Our bodies actually need cholesterol to function well. But if the level of bad kind of cholesterol (LDL) is too high, it is able to cause heart attack disease.

Risks gotten by a person to get high cholesterol is affected by many factors. And there are some factors which can make LDL increase, some can be controlled, some cannot.

Factors that Cannot Be Controlled
    1. Genetic

Familia hypercholesterolaemia is a high cholesterol which is experienced in generations. If there is your family member who gets cholesterol, it will be better for you to check the level of cholesterol in your blood since early stage. So that you know and you are able to control it. Actually, we all need to check our level of cholesterol once in five years.

    1. Gender

After menopause, the level of the bad kind of cholesterol of LDL in women’s blood increases. So that they need to control their dietary habits in order to prevent heart attack disease and control the level of LDL in their bloods.

    1. Age

Men with age over 45 years and women with age over 55 years have a high risk of getting high level of cholesterol. It is related with the previous factor, women with age over 55 years are mostly menopause. So that they have probability of getting high level of LDL. In those ages, just make sure you pay attention at what you consume.

what-causes-low-ldl

Factor that Can be Controlled
    1. Dietary Habits

If you consume a lot of vegetables, fruits, nuts, oats, and fish, it is possible to keep the level of LDL in your blood in normal range. Avoid foods that are able to increase the level of the bad kind of cholesterol, such as fried foods, junk foods, and red meat. If you want to fry your foods, use pure olive oil or coconut oil as the replacement of cooking oil or vegetable oil. Olive oil will not increase the level of your LDL.

    1. Obesity

Obesity can be said as the main answer to the question of what causes high ldl and low ldl. People are said to be obese if their waist sizes are over 90 cm for men, and over 80 cm for women. It is said that if you decrease at least 3 kg of your body weight, you also decrease at least 10mg/dl LDL in your blood.

What is High LDL Cholesterol Range?

The normal range of the level of LDL in blood should be no more than 100mg/dl. It is dangerous for your body if the level of your LDL is more than 260mg/dl in your blood. That is the answer to the question of what is high LDL.

Nutrition In Osteoarthritis: Alleviate Discomfort Through Nutrition

Osteoarthritis is not just affecting the elderly – though the likelihood of damaged joints carting increases with age. In addition to a hereditary predisposition, there are also factors such as an unhealthy lifestyle and poor diet, which have made osteoarthritis a widespread disease. It is still not possible to cure osteoarthritis – even a complete change of diet can not restore the destroyed cartilage – but the diet of arthritis plays an important role.

Osteoarthritis: Obesity is a risk factor

Those who are overweight are at risk of developing osteoarthritis. Obesity is a burden on the joints and joint wear is accelerated even faster. Even the osteoarthritis symptoms of non-bearing joints diminish in weight loss.

In addition, experts suspect a connection between fat reduction and the decline of inflammatory substances that are released in the body. Such inflammatory agents are leptin, resistin and adiponectin; they are formed in the fat cells. Fewer body fat can thus be less inflammatory in the joints leading to osteoarthritis.

Healthy weight loss through balanced nutrition and appropriate sports (important in osteoarthritis, so that the joints do not stiffen completely) is a first step in the treatment of osteoarthritis.

Relieve arthrosis through a healthy diet

Although there is no diet that can completely eliminate the discomfort of osteoarthritis. But the diet has a positive effect on the course of osteoarthritis and can even prevent further development.

Especially recommended are foods such as:

    • fruit
    • salads
    • vegetables
    • potatoes
    • brown rice
    • Spelt
    • Skimmed milk products
    • Coldwater fish such as squid, trout, cod, halibut or even oysters

nutrition-in-osteoarthritis

Recommended foods for osteoarthritis

Millet is said to contribute to the regeneration of cartilage. In addition, you should only use cold-pressed oils such as olive oil, walnut oil, sesame oil, thistle oil or rapeseed oil.

For deacidification are basic herbal tea or tea blends of fennel, licorice, caraway, anise or maize beard. Alternatively, pharmacies sell finished powder from different manufacturers. Green tea has an anti-inflammatory effect that can alleviate osteoarthritis pain. This effect is further enhanced by an addition of lemon.

Since free radicals are also suspected of being involved in the inflammatory processes of osteoarthritis, a vitamin A, vitamin E and vitamin C-containing diet is recommended. Selenium and copper should not be missing.

Spices and herbs for osteoarthritis

Against every harm, a herb has grown! People who suffer from osteoarthritis mainly have to deal with the pain in the joints caused by the inflammation. However, nature has many plants that are anti-inflammatory. You can refine your salad with varying herbal mixtures of turmeric, parsley, fennel, dill, anise, cumin, mint, chervil, oregano, rosemary, thyme, coriander, marjoram and ginger. Chilli and cinnamon are also in the spice rack of an osteoarthritis patient.

Do you like to drink cocoa? Then add milk (better still: water) and cocoa powder to honey, turmeric, chilli powder, black pepper and cinnamon. Similarly, the morning breakfast yoghurt can conjure a varied herbal yogurt. The omega-3 fatty fish dishes, consisting of mackerel or sardines, which should be consumed twice a week in osteoarthritis, can be wonderfully refined with the above herbs and spices.

Osteoarthritis: Avoid certain foods

Anyone who wants to achieve a long-term improvement in his osteoarthritis symptoms should permanently change his diet. Only those who consistently follow the above-described arthritis nutrition tips will be successful. In addition, however, some food must be dispensed with as completely as possible. This includes animal fat – especially pig is taboo, but beef should be enjoyed only in moderation.

Sausage, sweets and sugar, asparagus, nuts strawberries, red pepper and tomatoes are also moderately consumed. You should also avoid fatty fish, as well as cream, margarine, butter and egg yolks. Saturated and hydrogenated fats are also on the red list, as are coffee, alcohol and black tea. Citrus fruits should not be consumed too much.

Anyone who sins from time to time because the temptation of chocolate cake, pork knuckle or summer strawberries with cream was too big, should pay attention to a balancing amount of base-containing foods or drink a liter of base tea to protect against acidity.

Diastolic Dysfunction Heart Failure, Diagnostics, and Treatment

Diastolic cardiac insufficiency exists when signs and symptoms of heart failure are present, but the left ventricular systolic function is still preserved (ejection fraction above 45%). It is important to differentiate the diastolic from the systolic heart failure so that it can be optimally treated.

The incidence of diastolic heart failure increases with age; in about 50 percent of elderly patients with heart failure, there is isolated diastolic dysfunction, write Chhabi Satpathy and colleagues in the American Family Physician. If diastolic dysfunction is diagnosed early and adequately treated, the prognosis is better than for systolic dysfunction.

Diastolic heart failure is clinically and radiologically indistinguishable from systolic heart failure. However, if there is a normal ejection fraction and an abnormal diastolic function with signs and symptoms of heart failure, diastolic heart failure can be diagnosed. Unlike systolic, diastolic heart failure can occur in isolation. Common causes of diastolic dysfunction include cardiac ischemia, hypertension, aging, obesity and aortic stenosis. Rarely, the disorder is caused by myocardial diseases such as cardiomyopathy, storage diseases and amyloidosis or sarcoidosis or by a disease of the pericardium.

In isolated diastolic dysfunction, there is a disorder of isovolumic ventricular relaxation and decreased compliance of the left ventricle. The transmission of higher end-diastolic pressures into the pulmonary circulation can cause pulmonary congestion leading to dyspnea and eventually right heart failure.

diastolic-heart-failure-treatment

Diagnostics

Heart failure may be manifested by fatigue, exertional dyspnoea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, cervical venous stasis, rales, tachycardia, third or fourth heart sounds, hepatomegaly, and edema. Cardiomegaly and congestion of the pulmonary veins often occur in chest radiographs, but these findings are non-specific and can also occur in non-cardiac diseases. It is difficult to distinguish diastolic from systolic heart failure on the basis of physical examination alone.

Two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography is of great importance in the diagnosis of diastolic heart failure. This study not only provides important information about ventricular size, myocardium, heart valves, systolic function and pericardium, but also provides information on diastolic transmitral and pulmonary venous blood flow. In echocardiography, the peak velocity of blood flow through the mitral valve in the early diastolic filling phase corresponds to the e-wave. The atrial contraction corresponds to the A-wave. From these values, the I / O quotient is calculated. Usually E is greater than A, and the I / O ratio is about 1.5.

In early diastolic dysfunction, relaxation is disturbed and the I / O ratio drops to less than 1.0 with atrial contraction. As the disease progresses, left ventricular compliance decreases, increasing left atrial pressure and early left ventricular filling despite disturbed relaxation. This paradoxical normalization of the I / O quotient is called “pseudo-normalization”. In patients with severe diastolic dysfunction, the left ventricle is filled, especially in early diastole, resulting in an I / O ratio above 2.0. Although cardiac catheterization is preferred in the diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction. However, two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography has proven to be the best noninvasive method in everyday clinical practice. Rarely, radionuclide angiography is performed, especially in patients who find echocardiography technically difficult.

Treatment

Primary prevention of diastolic heart failure includes nicotine abstinence and the aggressive treatment of high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia and coronary heart disease. Lifestyle changes such as weight loss, cessation of smoking, diet change, restriction of alcohol intake and physical activity serve to prevent diastolic and systolic heart failure. Diastolic dysfunction can remain asymptomatic for many years. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent irreversible structural changes and systolic dysfunction. At first glance, it seems that the treatment of diastolic and systolic heart failure is not very different. However, the treatment of diastolic heart failure is limited due to the lack of large randomized controlled trials. In addition, optimal treatment for systolic heart failure may result in exacerbation of diastolic heart failure.

Improvement of the left ventricular function

For diastolic dysfunction, it is important to control the heart rate and prevent tachycardia to maximize the diastolic filling period. Beta-blockers are particularly useful for this purpose, but they do not directly affect myocardial relaxation. Beta blockers should be used in particular for the treatment of diastolic heart failure, if a high blood pressure, coronary heart disease or arrhythmia.

Optimization of hemodynamics

Hemodynamic optimization is achieved primarily by reducing cardiac preload and afterload. ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers directly affect myocardial relaxation and compliance by inhibiting the formation of angiotensin II or blocking angiotensin II receptors, thus preventing interstitial collagen deposition and fibrosis. A Hemodynamic optimization also results in better filling of the left ventricle. and lowering blood pressure. In addition, there is an improvement in exercise capacity and quality of life.

Diuretics may provide optimal intravascular volume in diastolic dysfunction patients, minimize dyspnoea, and prevent acute heart failure. Although diuretics control blood pressure, lead to regression of left ventricular hypertrophy and reduce left ventricular stiffness, some patients with diastolic heart failure are sensitive to preload and develop hypotension or severe prerenal azotemia.

The hormone aldosterone promotes cardiac fibrosis. The aldosterone antagonist spironolactone (Aldactone® or generic) has been studied in a large clinical trial in patients with systolic heart failure. There has been a reduction in heart failure-associated mortality, but the specific effects of spironolactone on diastolic dysfunction are unclear.

Calcium antagonists directly improve diastolic function through myocardial relaxation and indirectly by lowering blood pressure and heart rate, reducing myocardial ischemia, and promoting regression of left ventricular hypertrophy. However, non-dihydropyridine-type calcium antagonists such as verapamil (Isoptin® or generics) and diltiazem (Dilzem® or generic) should not be used in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Long-acting dihydropyridines such as amlodipine (Norvasc® or generic) should only be used to control heart rate and angina pectoris, If beta blockers are contraindicated or ineffective.

Vasodilators such as nitrates and hydralazine may be useful because of their anti-ischemic and preloading effects, especially if ACE inhibitors can not be used. However, vasodilators should be used with caution as a reduction in preload may reduce cardiac output.

Prevention and Reducing The Risk Factors of Stroke

If a clot clogs a vessel in the brain, it often has serious consequences for the patient. But the risks for a stroke can be influenced. What role do blood pressure, diet and exercise play? Sport can positively influence risk factors for stroke, for example, prevent high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes.

It’s raining. Instead of the Alps in the Upper Bavarian Aschau all around today only cloud mountains can be seen. No weather for a walk. Therese Schmid (66) is still on the way. “It can not always be the sun,” she says. Twice a week, she and her husband travel the distance from their home to the school. Not to learn, but because they are taking part in a study.

“Pressure down, activity up!” is the name of the prevention project in which older citizens from the village accompany children on their way to school. “Above all, we are interested in whether something can be done to combat high blood pressure – the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke,” says the prevention researcher. Birgit Böhm from the Technical University of Munich, who supervises the project.

reduce-the-risk-factors-of-stroke

The lifestyle plays an important role

Stroke is one of the biggest threats to health in Germany. Every year, it affects around 270,000 people. The circulatory disorder of the brain usually occurs when a vessel in the head is narrowed or closed. Rarer is a brain haemorrhage behind it. For those affected, the consequences are often dramatic. No other event is responsible for so many cases of disability. The acute treatment of stroke has made progress in recent years. Even more important is the prevention.

“The studies clearly show that many risk factors can be well influenced by the individual lifestyle,” says Professor Bernhard Krämer, CEO of the German Society for Hypertension and Prevention. Which factors are, researchers examined the data from more than 13 000 stroke patients from 32 countries. Result of this so-called interstroke analysis: Nine out of ten attacks are directly or indirectly related to the lifestyle. Most would be avoidable.

Prevention clarifies the risk factors of a stroke

Number one in the risk ranking is hypertension. The affected person is not always aware of this. Expert Krämer explains to patients that hypertension can damage the blood vessels throughout the body – including those in the brain. However, if you go against him, the stroke risk drops. “Ideally, patients with exercise, weight reduction and a low-salt diet can bring about a significant improvement,” says Krämer. However, antihypertensive drugs are also often included.

When developing a stroke, various risk factors are closely linked. Lack of exercise, for example, also contributes to obesity. Both in turn promote diabetes and bad lipid levels – further risk factors for an attack. These connections are also in the Aschauer prevention project. Scientist Böhm works closely with a local pharmacy. “We advise people who have cardiovascular diseases here every day, so a healthy lifestyle and preventive care are very important to us,” says pharmacist Claudia Zangerl.

Together with Böhm, she organized two action days around the topic of cardiovascular health. Most of the study participants were found. “The willingness to talk about one’s own health is very high in the pharmacy, which is why prevention is in good hands there,” explains Böhm. Four times over the course of one and a half years, study participants are examined and their blood pressure is measured. Everyone gets an activity tracker that counts every step and monitors the heart rate. At least 10,000 steps a day, the subjects should go. Whether the values ​​can be lowered – as hoped – will be demonstrated in the coming year.

These measures reduce the risk of stroke
    • Lower your blood pressure, For experts the most important step. Good values can reduce the risk by up to 40 percent.
    • Stop smoking, Every fifth attack could be avoided if patients overcome their nicotine addiction.
    • Eat healthy and balanced, Lots of vegetables, fruits and fish, little salt – that protects the vessels. Another tip: drink little or no alcohol
    • Move enough, This benefits the cardiovascular system. In addition, the risk of hypertension, obesity and metabolic diseases decreases.
Risk factor atrial fibrillation: Listen to the heartbeat

But not all risk factors are as effective as hypertension. For example, atrial fibrillation also increases the risk. However, this widespread cardiac arrhythmia is often not discovered. “Cardiologists often do not see such patients until they have the first stroke,” says Dr. Philipp Sommer from the Heart Center Leipzig. When atrial fibrillation, the heart gets out of rhythm, it beats rhythmically and often clearly too fast. About 15 percent of all attacks are caused by it.

“Due to the irregular pumping activity, blood clots form in the heart, which in turn can block vessels in the brain,” explains expert Sommer. For a previous diagnosis, it would be important for people over 65 to “listen to their heart” more often. Because many sufferers feel the atrial fibrillation as a somewhat irregular, faster heartbeat. “You can then feel the pulse on your wrist and have any irregularities clarified,” explains Sommer. Sphygmomanometers also sometimes help to detect rhythm problems. “If the arrhythmia detection signal shines more often, you should take it seriously and go to the doctor,” says the cardiologist.

reduce-the-risk-factors-of-stroke

Prevention: It is never too late for exercise and healthy nutrition

This causes an ECG or long-term ECG in case of suspicion. After diagnosis, patients receive medications that inhibit blood clotting. This so-called anticoagulation offers in many cases good protection against clots in the heart. Even if someone has to take medicines, it is not too late for prevention, says Sommer. The risk factor model is not static, but dynamic. “It is also with one or more risk factors in your own hands to influence the risk cheap – and remains his own luck blacksmith!”

Study participant Therese Schmid has internalized this. The activity tracker on the wrist is still a motivation. “You can see exactly how much or how little you move.” When she sees her on the display in the evening, that she just can not keep up with the steps, she goes to an extra round with her husband. “We have become almost a bit ambitious.”

These three values ​​count for the risk of stroke:
    • Blood pressure: Values ​​below 140/90 mmHg are usually considered ideal.
    • Blood fat: Without further risk factors, the total cholesterol should be below 200 mg / dl, the LDL below 160 mg / dl.
    • Blood sugar: Diabetics must discuss their individual goals with the doctor.
With this emergency rule also lay people recognize a stroke

If it comes to a stroke, the time runs for the person concerned. “Time is brain, in German time is brain – this is the most important rule for acute care,” says Professor Heinrich Audebert from the Center for Stroke Research at the Charité Berlin. As soon as the brain is no longer adequately supplied with oxygen, the nerve cells are mass-extinguished. Millions of them can be irretrievably lost, neural connections no longer work.

The faster the patient gets to the hospital, the better the damage can be limited. For years experts have worked to reduce the time between stroke and hospital admission. “Many sufferers first visit their family doctor instead of calling the emergency doctor right away,” says Professor Darius Nabavi of the German Stroke Society. As a result, valuable time is lost.

The so-called FAST test can help to interpret the most important symptoms correctly. However, there are other signs that the test does not capture. For example, suddenly appearing balance disorders, one-sided numbness, dizziness, unconsciousness or sudden onset of extreme headache. Vision problems can also occur, including temporary blindness.

In case of such symptoms also call the ambulance – even if the symptoms disappear again or subside. They can be harbingers of a stroke. Meanwhile, apparently more people recognize the symptoms – and call the emergency doctor directly. Figures from Baden-Württemberg show that as late as 2006, one-third of stroke patients reached the clinic via the family doctor. Ten years later, this share has halved.

Nutrition In Osteoarthritis: Alleviate Discomfort Through Nutrition

Osteoarthritis is not just affecting the elderly – though the likelihood of damaged joints carting increases with age. In addition to a hereditary predisposition, there are also factors such as an unhealthy lifestyle and poor diet, which have made osteoarthritis a widespread disease. It is still not possible to cure osteoarthritis – even a complete change of diet can not restore the destroyed cartilage – but the diet of arthritis plays an important role.

Osteoarthritis: Obesity is a risk factor

Those who are overweight are at risk of developing osteoarthritis. Obesity is a burden on the joints and joint wear is accelerated even faster. Even the osteoarthritis symptoms of non-bearing joints diminish in weight loss.

In addition, experts suspect a connection between fat reduction and the decline of inflammatory substances that are released in the body. Such inflammatory agents are leptin, resistin and adiponectin; they are formed in the fat cells. Fewer body fat can thus be less inflammatory in the joints leading to osteoarthritis.

Healthy weight loss through balanced nutrition and appropriate sports (important in osteoarthritis, so that the joints do not stiffen completely) is a first step in the treatment of osteoarthritis.

 

nutrition-in-osteoarthritis-7

 

 

Relieve arthrosis through a healthy diet

Although there is no diet that can completely eliminate the discomfort of osteoarthritis. But the diet has a positive effect on the course of osteoarthritis and can even prevent further development.

Especially recommended are foods such as:

    • fruit
    • salads
    • vegetables
    • potatoes
    • brown rice
    • Spelt
    • Skimmed milk products
    • Coldwater fish such as squid, trout, cod, halibut or even oysters
Recommended foods for osteoarthritis

Millet is said to contribute to the regeneration of cartilage. In addition, you should only use cold-pressed oils such as olive oil, walnut oil, sesame oil, thistle oil or rapeseed oil.

For deacidification are basic herbal tea or tea blends of fennel, licorice, caraway, anise or maize beard. Alternatively, pharmacies sell finished powder from different manufacturers. Green tea has an anti-inflammatory effect that can alleviate osteoarthritis pain. This effect is further enhanced by an addition of lemon.

Since free radicals are also suspected of being involved in the inflammatory processes of osteoarthritis, a vitamin A, vitamin E and vitamin C-containing diet is recommended. Selenium and copper should not be missing.

alleviate-discomfort-in-osteoarthritis-through-nutrition

Spices and herbs for osteoarthritis

Against every harm, a herb has grown! People who suffer from osteoarthritis mainly have to deal with the pain in the joints caused by the inflammation. However, nature has many plants that are anti-inflammatory. You can refine your salad with varying herbal mixtures of turmeric, parsley, fennel, dill, anise, cumin, mint, chervil, oregano, rosemary, thyme, coriander, marjoram and ginger. Chilli and cinnamon are also in the spice rack of an osteoarthritis patient.

Do you like to drink cocoa? Then add milk (better still: water) and cocoa powder to honey, turmeric, chilli powder, black pepper and cinnamon. Similarly, the morning breakfast yoghurt can conjure a varied herbal yogurt. The omega-3 fatty fish dishes, consisting of mackerel or sardines, which should be consumed twice a week in osteoarthritis, can be wonderfully refined with the above herbs and spices.

Osteoarthritis: Avoid certain foods

Anyone who wants to achieve a long-term improvement in his osteoarthritis symptoms should permanently change his diet. Only those who consistently follow the above-described arthritis nutrition tips will be successful. In addition, however, some food must be dispensed with as completely as possible. This includes animal fat – especially pig is taboo, but beef should be enjoyed only in moderation.

Sausage, sweets and sugar, asparagus, nuts strawberries, red pepper and tomatoes are also moderately consumed. You should also avoid fatty fish, as well as cream, margarine, butter and egg yolks. Saturated and hydrogenated fats are also on the red list, as are coffee, alcohol and black tea. Citrus fruits should not be consumed too much.

Anyone who sins from time to time because the temptation of chocolate cake, pork knuckle or summer strawberries with cream was too big, should pay attention to a balancing amount of base-containing foods or drink a liter of base tea to protect against acidity.