Indicates Of Angina Pectoris (Chest Tightness)

Severe chest pain with a characteristic feeling of tightness in the chest is an indication of angina pectoris. They can be the harbinger or symptom of a heart attack. Get to know symptoms, causes, and therapy. Angina pectoris (or stenocardia) literally means “tightness in the chest”. That also describes the complaints. Those affected report a seizure-like, sometimes violent, feeling of tightness in the heart or chest area. These pain attacks indicate a circulatory disorder of the coronary arteries and an insufficient supply of the heart muscle. Thus, they are an important and typical symptom of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, every attack of angina pectoris can also be a heart attack.

Synonyms

Chest tightness, tightness of the heart, stenocardia

Forms Of Angina Pectoris

Doctors differentiate between stable and unstable angina pectoris and the special form of Prinzmetal’s angina.

    • Stable angina pectoris: Stable angina pectoris occurs depending on the load and is triggered by various factors. These include physical activities, emotional stress, stress, cold or even lavish meals. The intensity of the complaints remains almost the same with every attack.
    • Unstable angina pectoris: The unstable angina pectoris occurs independently of stress and is also known as resting angina. Any new chest tightness or chest tightness with variable symptoms is also unstable angina pectoris. Angina nocturna is a special form. The symptoms mainly occur at night. When lying down, more blood flows back into the heart. This represents a higher requirement for the previously damaged heart muscles. This additional stress manifests itself as angina pectoris.
    • Prinzmetal angina: Prinzmetal angina (also called vasospastic angina) is a special form of angina pectoris. The chest complaints are felt independently of stress, often at night, and are caused by vascular spasms.

Symptoms of angina are the most characteristic. A rather dull pain begins behind the breastbone and spreads over the chest in the shape of a tire. Often these pains are perceived as extremely strong, oppressive, and threatening. They typically radiate into the left arm, upper abdomen, neck, or lower jaw. Radiation to other areas of the body is also possible. In addition, there is often shortness of breath and cold sweat, blood pressure soars, and the pulse races. Some patients are scared to death. Sometimes angina pectoris is misinterpreted as heartburn or heartburn is mistaken for angina pectoris. In English, heartburn is therefore also referred to as heartburn.

An attack of angina pectoris can pass within seconds, but it can also last for minutes, less often for hours. If an attack lasts more than 15 minutes, a heart attack is suspected.

Indicates Of Angina Pectoris

Causes

Most angina is caused by Coronary Artery Disease (CHD). The coronary arteries are narrowed as a result of arteriosclerosis. As a result, the heart muscle is only insufficiently supplied with oxygen, especially when it is exerted. This reduced blood flow and insufficient oxygen supply cause the symptoms.

Angina pectoris is not only triggered by physical activities such as climbing stairs or jogging. Cold or heavy meals can also provoke an angina pectoris attack. When it is cold, for example, the resistance in the blood vessels increases. This reduces the blood flow to the heart muscle, and chest problems occur.

Lush meals stimulate digestive activity, the stomach and intestines have to be supplied with more blood. The heart muscle then has less blood available, which leads to an attack of angina pectoris.

Vascular Spasms Lead To Prinzmetal’s Angina

An exception to angina pectoris is Prinzmetal’s angina. In this form, the insufficient supply of myocardium is triggered by vascular spasms in the coronary arteries. These vascular cramps (spasms) occur mainly at night and at rest.

Examination

Angina pectoris is diagnosed based on the typical symptoms. For further clarification, a blood test, an electrocardiogram (EKG), and an image of the coronary vessels (coronary angiography) can follow.

Treatment

The therapy for angina pectoris is different. Depending on the severity of the symptoms and the condition of the coronary arteries and the heart muscle, medicinal or surgical measures are initiated.

Medicines For Angina Pectoris

Various active ingredients are available to the doctor for the drug treatment of angina pectoris:

    • The narrowed coronary arteries are usually dilated with nitro-based vasodilators (such as isosorbide mononitrate and isosorbide dinitrate) or molsidomine.
    • In addition, beta-blockers (e.g. atenolol, bisoprolol, carvedilol, and metoprolol), calcium antagonists (such as verapamil or diltiazem), and dihydropyridines (such as amlodipine and nifedipine) are often used to lower blood pressure and heart rate.
    • If beta-blockers are not tolerated or must not be taken, the relatively new active ingredient ivabradine can help. Ivabradine lowers the heart rate without affecting blood pressure or the strength of the muscles in the heart.
    • The active ingredient Trapidil can improve the blood flow to the heart muscle.
    • In order to reduce the risk of a vascular occlusion and thus the risk of a heart attack, low doses of acetylsalicylic acid and anticoagulant agents such as phenprocoumon are used.
    • Cholesterol-lowering drugs from the group of statins, for example, atorvastatin, simvastatin, lovastatin, or pravastatin, help to lower the risk of atherosclerosis or to stop the course of atherosclerosis.

Operative Therapy

Occasionally, narrowed coronary arteries are surgically widened or renewed. The methods of choice for the surgical treatment of angina pectoris are so-called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and bypass surgery. PCI is performed using a cardiac catheter. The doctor pushes a folded balloon up to the coronary arteries – usually through the inguinal artery. The balloon unfolds at the narrowed point (balloon dilatation) and holds the vessel open. A small lattice frame made of stainless steel (so-called stent) around the balloon sometimes secures this method.

In a bypass operation, a vascular blockage is bridged with another blood vessel.

Self Help

Even if an attack of angina pectoris feels threatening: keep calm. Sit up straight and try to breathe calmly and evenly. Usually, the pain goes away within a short time.

Patients with angina pectoris have spray or bite capsules with glycerol trinitrate (nitro spray, microcapsules) as emergency medication. After the application, the blood vessels dilate and breast problems usually improve quickly. If this is not the case, there could be a heart attack. In this case, please call the emergency doctor immediately.

Pay attention to the duration of the complaints. If the pain persists for more than 15 minutes, you should definitely alert the emergency services. Medical professionals refer to this condition as an acute coronary syndrome.

Prevention

Regular medical check-ups provide information on possible risk factors for angina pectoris (e.g. arteriosclerosis). If you are legally insured, you can have a check-up every two years from the age of 35 at Check-up 35. Above all, patients with diabetes and overweight as well as smokers should take advantage of this offer.

Smokers are also advised to stop using the vice. You can obtain information on this from your family doctor, health center or your health insurance company. Furthermore, you should pay attention to normal body weight and a healthy, varied diet. Patients with lipid metabolism disorders, high blood pressure values ​​, and diabetics should ensure normal blood values ​​and carefully follow their therapies.

Heart Rate Monitors

Physical activity can have positive effects on the human physique and psyche. This or something like that is the widespread opinion among the population. But it is often forgotten that “wrong” training often leads to negative or undesirable results. Overly ambitious sporting efforts quickly lead to overloading of the cardiovascular system, which in some cases can culminate in a heart attack in the untrained. The human pulse, or rather the heart rate, is an indicator of the “correct” training. This counts as an exertion indicator from which the current stress on the body can be read. With the help of the heart rate, conclusions can be drawn about your own training behavior in order to ensure an individually balanced and above all health-promoting training. The constant control of the heart rate protects the athlete from overexertion, which – as already mentioned – is not without danger, especially under high stress. On the other hand, there is the possibility of optimally planning the training in order to achieve the greatest possible training effect. Regardless of whether you want to build up your stamina, increase it or reduce weight.

Heart Rate Monitors

With the help of modern heart rate computers, also known colloquially as pulse monitors, the individually optimal heartbeats per minute can be calculated and controlled. Such a heart rate computer usually consists of a wristwatch with a display and a chest strap that measures the heart rate and transmits it telemetrically to the watch. There is a large number of manufacturers who offer such devices in all price ranges and with different specifications.

heart-rate-monitors

Furthermore, the modern cardio machines in fitness studios have receivers for the chest strap and can even take the pulse into account directly in the training programs. In order to be able to start pulse training, the athlete needs his “maximum heart rate”, which can be used to define the various training areas. It is possible to roughly calculate this value (220 – age), but this cannot be more than a guideline value. In order to get an exact result, it is advisable either to have a measurement carried out in the fitness studio or to use a heart rate monitor that can determine the “maximum heart rate”.

Guide Values ​​For Training

The following guidelines apply to training, depending on the training goal: Light training between 50% and 60% of the maximum value helps to stabilize your health. For optimal fat burning, it is advisable to keep the pulse between 60% and 70% of the maximum value. if you want to increase your endurance, you should vary your training heart rate between 70% and 85%. Overall, with balanced, health-oriented fitness training, the pulse should be between 50% and a maximum of 85% of the calculated maximum pulse.

Cardiac Arrhythmias

Many people have abnormal heart rhythms during their lifetime. Healthy people sometimes notice that a beat skips or the heart stumbles. Such extra blows (so-called extrasystoles) are to a certain extent harmless and harmless (especially for young people). But sometimes these stumbling blocks indicate serious heart disease. Here you will find everything about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias.

Definition

In the case of cardiac arrhythmias, the sequence of heartbeats is disturbed: the heart beats too fast, too slowly or too irregularly. In healthy adults, the heart beats about 60 to 80 times a minute when at rest and without exertion. With excitement, anger, fear, or stress, as well as physical strain, the heartbeat accelerates. On the other hand, it decreases during sleep. These changes are normal and important. In the case of cardiac arrhythmias, this adjustment of the heartbeat does not work properly.

Sinus nodes and AV nodes – clocks for the heart rhythm

The so-called sinus node in the heart indicates how fast and often the heart beats. However, this sinus node is not a palpable or tactile node. Rather, it is an accumulation of specialized heart muscle cells.

The sinus node is the first clock of the heartbeat. It is located in the upper area of ​​the right atrium and generates around 60 to 80 so-called excitations per minute. From there, these electrical impulses reach the AV node via the walls of the atria. This node lies at the transition between the atrium and the ventricle and steps in when the sinus node fails. It is like a downstream (secondary) pacemaker. However, the AV node produces only 40 to 50 excitations per minute. From the AV node, the electrical stimuli pass through specific conduction pathways into the muscles of the heart, which make the heartbeat.

Classification Of Cardiac Arrhythmias

Cardiac arrhythmias are classified according to their place of origin. They can arise in the atrium or the ventricle as well as in the stimulation and conduction system. There are also classifications according to speed and danger, as well as congenital and acquired cardiac arrhythmias. We limit ourselves to the classification of cardiac arrhythmias according to their place of origin.

Cardiac Arrhythmias

Atrial Arrhythmias

Arrhythmias that arise in the atrium of the heart are called supraventricular arrhythmias. As a rule, pathological changes in the sinus or AV node are the cause.

Typical atrial arrhythmias are:

    • Atrial fibrillation (most common significant cardiac arrhythmia. With atrial fibrillation, non-directional electrical excitations run across the atria at an immense speed.
    • Atrial flutter (abnormal heart rhythm in which the auricles beat regularly but very quickly per minute)
    • Conduction disorder from the sinus node to the atrial muscles (sinoatrial block).
    • Heartbeats outside the normal heart rhythm, originating in the atrium (supraventricular extrasystoles).

Cardiac Arrhythmias In The Ventricle

Arrhythmias that arise in the chambers of the heart are called ventricular arrhythmias. Typical cardiac arrhythmias in the ventricle are:

    • Heartbeats outside the normal heart rhythm from the ventricle (ventricular extrasystoles)
    • Rapid, sometimes life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias that originate in the ventricles (ventricular tachycardia)
    • Ventricular flutter (rapid sequence of relatively regular ventricular actions)
    • Ventricular fibrillation (life-threatening and pulseless cardiac arrhythmia with disordered ventricular excitation, whereby the heart muscle no longer beats properly. If left untreated, ventricular fibrillation leads directly to death due to the lack of pumping capacity).

Cardiac Arrhythmias Of The Excitation And Conduction System

    • Malfunction of the sinus node and conduction in the atria (e.g. sick sinus syndrome, sick sinus node syndrome)
    • Delayed or interrupted conduction of excitation at the AV node (AV blockages)
    • rapid and regular heartbeats that begin suddenly and end abruptly (AV node reentry tachycardia)
    • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW syndrome, a frequent cardiac arrhythmia in young people that is triggered by an electrical circuit between the auricles and the ventricles.)
    • Ventricular reserve rhythm after failure or blockage of sinus nodes or AV nodes.

Symptoms

A cardiac arrhythmia can also be seen when feeling the pulse wave, for example on the wrist. The pulse can really race, go very slowly or bump irregularly, be hard or flat and weakly palpable, and sometimes it can hardly be felt, if at all. Depending on the severity of the heart damage, shortness of breath, disorientation, dizziness, and temporary speech and vision disorders are possible. Very severe cardiac arrhythmias can lead to loss of consciousness or even death.

An overview of the symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias

    • slow, fast, or stumbling heartbeat (palpitations, palpitations)
    • Stopping the heartbeat (palpable pause in beat)
    • Feeling the heartbeat – sometimes up to the throat (palpitations)
    • Pulse changes (racing, slow, hard, soft, weak, or barely noticeable)
    • Heart pain, chest tightness (angina pectoris)
    • temporary speech and vision disorders
    • Difficulty breathing, disorientation, dizziness, drowsiness, confusion
    • Seizure, collapse, loss of consciousness.

Complications from cardiac arrhythmias

Arrhythmias can lead to dangerous complications. Vascular occlusions (embolisms), heart attacks, strokes, increasing heart failure or sudden cardiac death are particularly feared.

Causes

The cause of an arrhythmia can be in the heart itself or it can be a disease outside the heart. For example, febrile infectious diseases are often accompanied by a heartbeat that is too fast. An underactive thyroid usually causes a slow heartbeat.

Furthermore, electrolyte deficiencies (such as potassium deficiency or calcium deficiency) or an excess of minerals (such as potassium excess) can trigger cardiac arrhythmias of all kinds. For some people, eating 6 bananas is enough to cause cardiac arrhythmias. Because bananas contain a lot of potassium.

There are also congenital disorders of the cardiac excitation or everyday situations that change the heart rhythm (for example excessive alcohol or coffee consumption). Heart diseases that cause irregular heartbeat include:

Other diseases that can cause irregular heartbeat to include:

    • Coronary heart disease (CHD)
    • Heart attack
    • Heart muscle diseases (called cardiomyopathies)
    • Inflammation of the heart (myocarditis or endocarditis)
    • Heart or heart valve defects (such as aortic stenosis or mitral valve regurgitation)
    • congenital or acquired disorders of the cardiac excitation (for example Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, WPW syndrome for short).
    • high blood pressure
    • low blood pressure
    • Thyroid dysfunction (such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism)
    • Electrolyte imbalances such as potassium deficiency
    • febrile infectious diseases such as mumps, measles, rubella
    • severe bloating (meteorism)

Hypersensitive carotid sinus in carotid sinus syndrome. The carotid sinus is a receptor on the main artery in the neck that can be irritated by pressure (for example when shaving, by a tight scarf or collar, or when the head is overstretched). As a result, the heartbeat slows down so much that the person affected sometimes passes out.

The following situations can trigger cardiac arrhythmias:

    • Fear, anger, nervousness
    • emotional stress and physical strain
    • excessive consumption of caffeine or teine ​​(coffee, tea, or cola)
    • excessive alcohol consumption
    • Smoke
    • Use of drugs or other poisons
    • Taking medication (e.g. side effects of thyroid hormones or antidepressants).

Examination

The typical complaints and previous or concomitant illnesses point the doctor to the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will listen to your heart and measure your pulse, followed by a resting electrocardiogram (resting ECG) and, if necessary, a stress ECG. As a rule, these examinations are sufficient to determine cardiac arrhythmias.

Treatment

The doctor decides on an individual basis whether a cardiac arrhythmia needs treatment at all. Sometimes cardiac arrhythmias do not require treatment. Otherwise, the therapy depends on the type and cause of the cardiac arrhythmia. If illnesses are responsible for the disturbed heartbeat sequence, these must first be treated. There are many treatment approaches for cardiac arrhythmias themselves.

Drug Therapy For Cardiac Arrhythmias

Drugs for arrhythmias are called antiarrhythmics. Active ingredients from the following groups are used to treat cardiac arrhythmias with drugs:

    • Class I antiarrhythmics: sodium channel blockers such as ajmaline or quinidine
    • Class II antiarrhythmics: beta-blockers, e.g. bisoprolol, nebivolol, or metoprolol
    • Class III antiarrhythmics: potassium channel blockers, e.g. amiodarone, dronedarone or sotalol
    • Class IV antiarrhythmics: calcium antagonists, such as diltiazem and verapamil.

Other antiarrhythmics are:

    • Adenosine (is often used for the acute therapy of cardiac arrhythmias of the AV node)
    • Digitalis glycosides (strengthen the heart muscles, typical representatives are digoxin and digitoxin)
    • Parasympatholytics (such as atropine and ipratropium bromide)
    • Sympathomimetics (such as adrenaline and noradrenaline)
    • If channel inhibitors (a new group of active substances with the only representative so far ivabradine)

Cardioversion To Restore Normal Heart Rhythm

Cardioversion is designed to restore the heart’s normal sinus rhythm. This rhythmization is mainly used as an emergency treatment for ventricular flutter, ventricular fibrillation, and supraventricular or ventricular tachycardias. Cardioversion can be medicated or electrically (with the help of a defibrillator or cardiac shock). A strong current surge interrupts the electrical activity of the heart. This time-out allows the sinus node to resume its function and then rhythmically pace the heartbeat.

Ablation In Cardiac Arrhythmias

In the case of cardiac arrhythmias such as WPW syndrome, AV node reentry tachycardias or with certain ventricular tachycardias, high-frequency current ablation can be useful. The starting point of the cardiac arrhythmia or additional conduction pathways (as in the WPW syndrome) is obliterated by electricity via a cardiac catheter.

Pacemaker For Cardiac Arrhythmias

Sometimes a pacemaker (Pacer, Pacemaker) is implanted if the heartbeat is too slow. In the case of life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias, the use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) may be necessary to prevent cardiac arrest.

The pacemaker works like a pulse generator. It monitors the heartbeat and gives electrical impulses to the heart if it beats too slowly. The cardioverter-defibrillator is slightly larger than the pacemaker and monitors the heart rhythm. Depending on the rhythm disturbance, electrical impulses are emitted and over-or under-stimulation corrected. If necessary, cardiac shock therapy is carried out: defibrillation.

Both devices are implanted under the collarbone during a minor surgical procedure. Electrodes connect the devices to the heart. If the heartbeat drops too much, the pacemaker steps in. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is used, among other things, for atrial flutter and atrial fibrillation as well as for ventricular fibrillation.

Triglycerides In Higher Concentrations May Increase The Risk Of Heart Attack

High triglyceride levels can increase the risk of heart disease. Triglycerides are the fat in our blood and work to energize the body. Extra triglycerides are stored for a future date if needed. Numerous studies suggest that high triglyceride levels increase the risk of heart disease.

Triglycerides form from the end product of digestion and come from the fat and carbohydrates we consume into energy for the body. Triglyceride levels are tested with a lipid panel, which is a similar test to how the cholesterol level is checked.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that high triglyceride levels pose a problem for nearly one-third of Americans. An increase in triglyceride levels has been observed over the last 30 years and yet only 1.3 percent of those with high levels take medication to lower it. This shows that more attention must be given to triglycerides, as high levels can have serious consequences and more should be done to reduce them, especially for those at high risk for heart disease.

The previous Study Shows Triglycerides Role In Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary artery disease is a common form of heart disease, and high levels of triglycerides can help. Studies by the Broad Institute show that reducing triglycerides can be an effective way to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.

Sekar Kathiresan, study leader, said, “The key question about these biomarkers over the years Who caused coronary artery disease and which are just an expression of the disease process? The reason this question is important is not the prediction, because biomarkers are useful to predict diseases, whether they are causal or not, the reason why we want to distinguish between these factors is the treatment, we really just want to attack the causes of the disease. ”

LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) has been a well-known factor in heart disease and has been shown to reduce a person’s risk of developing heart disease by supporting statins. HDL, on the other hand, has always been thought of as a factor in reducing heart disease, but no link was found on how HDL can help improve CAD.

The research team has shown 185 variations in genetic coding to be associated with blood lipid traits. Single nucleotide polymorphisms or “SNPs” are inherited from one or both parents.

The researchers then investigated whether SNPs affected the LDL, HDL, triglyceride levels, and CAD risk relationship between triglyceride levels and CAD similar to that of LDL and CAD. LDL cholesterol forms plaque along the arterial walls and so the researchers believe triglycerides can work similarly by depositing fat along the arteries.

Kathiresan concluded: “Clinically speaking, one of the ways to prevent a first heart attack or reduce the risk of a second heart attack in someone who already has heart disease to treat patients with drugs that lower levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Some drugs targeting triglycerides are already being tested, and now it’s time to find the right triglyceride-lowering mechanism that effectively reduces the risk of disease. ”

high-triglyceride-levels

Guidelines For Triglyceride Levels

The National Cholesterol Education Program has established guidelines for normal triglyceride levels as follows:

Normal triglyceride levels: below 150 mg/dl

    • Borderline high triglyceride ranges : 150 – 199 mg/dl
    • High triglyceride ranges: 200 – 499 mg/dl
    • Very high triglyceride ranges: 500 mg/dl or higher
    • Although cholesterol and fat are vital to the body, it is important to maintain a normal level, as high levels increase the risk of serious health problems, especially of the heart.

Diet cholesterol and triglycerides come from the consumption of red meat and dairy products. When consumed these foods are absorbed through the intestine and distributed through the bloodstream to reach the liver where they are processed. Thus, the liver can develop a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, as a high-fat and high-cholesterol diet makes the liver greasy.

It is the job of the liver to deliver up to 75 percent of cholesterol and triglycerides to the body of cholesterol found in the body. 

Difference Between Triglycerides And Cholesterol

Although triglycerides and cholesterol are similar in the sense that they are fatty species, they have differences. A single significant difference between cholesterol and triglycerides is the fact that cholesterol is used to create cells and particular hormones in which triglycerides store unused calories and energize the human body.

Another difference is that cholesterol is strongly influenced by the fat that is consumed by diet where triglycerides are affected by total calories. Excess calories are converted to triglycerides and stored when the body needs energy. Things like alcohol and sugary foods can have a bigger impact on triglycerides.

Tips For Lowering Triglycerides And Increasing Hdl Cholesterol Levels

High LDL cholesterol and triglycerides can trigger serious health concerns and so it is important to raise HDL and lower triglyceride levels to maintain good health. Here are some tips to increase HDL levels and lower triglycerides.

Lose weight

    • Cutting Sugar – The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends only five percent of your daily calories come from added sugar
    • Increase your fiber intake
    • Border Fructose – Fructose is a type of sugar that can contribute to high triglyceride levels
    • A Moderately Low-Fat Diet – A moderately low-fat diet has proven to be effective in lowering triglyceride levels as opposed to a strict low-fat diet.
    • Pay attention to the fat you eat – there are good fats and bad fats. Avoid saturated and trans-fat fats and consume more monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids such as
    • Increase your fish consumption – try sardines and salmon
    • exercise
    • Restrict alcohol
    • If necessary, take triglyceride-lowering medication and recommended by your doctor
    • Quit smoking
    • Control diabetes if you have it

By following these tips and working closely with your doctor, you can lower your triglyceride levels and protect your heart.

The Best Diet For Heart Healthy

More and more people today are suffering from cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and heart problems of various kinds. The cost of treatment for patients with atherosclerotic diseases is increasing rapidly. Experts predict that they will triple by the year 2030. This raises the question: Who should pay for it and why are not these illnesses declining, despite today’s medical possibilities?

The cause of cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular diseases are typical diseases of civilization, which are now in the list of the most common causes of death in the first place. Actually, this development is completely incomprehensible, because it is well known that diseases such as hypertension and arteriosclerosis, which are causally responsible for the development of stroke and heart attack, are so-called affluent diseases. And this prosperity goes hand in hand with a widespread over- and malnutrition. Since it would be logical, already preventive, but at the latest in the treatment of existing diseases to set exactly at this point. At this point, we would like to inform you about how you can prevent arteriosclerotic diseases – ranging from increased blood pressure to stroke or heart attack – through targeted nutrition.

Does a modern lifestyle require modern food?

Nowadays time is passing us by. Everything is always faster and everything should be bigger, better and more functional. Unfortunately, this development does not stop at our food. Our food today no longer deserves this name, which describes a living means of life. The word food is certainly more appropriate, because it is now predominantly about products that are full, but especially sick. We need to come back to those healthy foods that provide our body with all the nutrients and vital nutrients to withstand the tremendous demands of today.

heart-healthy

The quality of our food

Most of the food consumed by us in the form of canned, bagged or other prepared meals consists largely of heavily processed raw materials of inferior quality. Through the processing process, nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins are denatured and vital nutrients such as vitamins, enzymes, phytonutrients, etc. are no longer present, or only in traces. Our body suffers a severe deficiency, which manifests itself in different diseases. Of course, the cardiovascular system also reacts to the nutrient and vital substance deficit with corresponding symptoms.

Excessive consumption of refined salt, refined sugar, white flour products and foods contaminated with a wide variety of preservatives, colorants, flavor enhancers, etc. also has negative effects on heart healthy.

Tips for the best diet for heart healthy

Of course, the following tips will not only help protect your heart and keep you healthy. Your entire organism will benefit:

    • Do not use finished products as far as possible.
    • Instead, buy seasonal Regon food such as fresh, organically grown fruits and vegetables.
    • If you eat animal products, pay attention to biological, animal welfare or buy products from grazing.
    • Use unprocessed stone or Ursalz salt and season your meals as often as possible with fresh herbs.
    • When using fats, always ensure first-class organic quality and avoid consistently hydrogenated fats such as margarine, hardened palm or coconut fat. In finished products, almost exclusively hardened fats are used.
    • Exchange the unhealthy snacks (chips, pretzel sticks, biscuits, etc.) for healthy alternatives such as nuts, almonds, spelled sticks, rice waffles, chocolate with a high cocoa content, etc.
    • Drink as many as 2 liters of still water per day, so that your body can excrete already existing pollutants as quickly as possible.
Good fats protect the heart

“Eat rich in fat instead of low fat”. This recommendation completely contradicts what the vernacular usually holds to be correct, because so far was that a low-fat diet, the health of the heart would benefit. However, it has long been recognized that fat is a very important component of a functioning nutrient exchange and that a lack of healthy fats can contribute to chronic inflammation, which in turn leads to vascular damage and thus to heart disease. Especially important in this context is the quality of the fats. Healthy fats, which include primarily high-quality vegetable oils that are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, provide good protection against heart disease. In particular, fats with a high proportion of omega 3 (linseed oil, hemp oil, etc.) are of great benefit to the heart and should therefore be consumed daily.

But also high quality saturated fats are beneficial to the heart health, such as. Native and cold pressed organic coconut oil (not to be confused with hardened coconut fat, which is found in many finished products). Natural coconut oil contains the so-called lauric acid, which increases the proportion of “good” cholesterol in the body and thus supports the health of the heart.

Omega 3 fatty acids

Cold-pressed organic vegetable oils with a high omega-3 content are regarded as extremely valuable oils, especially with regard to heart health. Omega-3 fatty acids are able to keep the walls of the vessels flexible, promote blood circulation, inhibit the formation of blood clots and reduce inflammatory processes in the body. Of course, the cardiovascular system benefits first and foremost from these wonderful properties. Therefore, the use of an omega-3-rich vegetable oil, especially for already existing heart problems is strongly recommended. Since the positive properties of omega-3 fatty acids also affect other body areas, use of these oils is generally indicated.

Omega 3-rich oils should not be used exclusively, but always in combination or in alternation with other high-quality oils and fats.

Omega 6 fatty acids

People with a predisposition to cardiovascular disease should avoid vegetable oils with a high omega-6 fatty acid content. The reason for this is due to the linoleic acid also contained in these oils in large quantities. It can be enjoyed in excess inflammatory processes in the body trigger or reinforce existing inflammation.

Linoleic acid-containing foods should also be avoided. These include in particular meat and dairy products. Sunflower oil, thistle oil, soybean oil and corn oil have particularly high omega-6 levels in the case of Pflenzenölen.

Also in ready meals, sweets, pastries etc. these oils are contained there they are declared as “vegetable fats”.

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are converted into sugar (glucose) during the digestive process. So that this sugar finally reaches our cells and can be converted into energy there, the body needs insulin as a means of transport. The more sugar is available, the more insulin the pancreas needs to provide for transport.

Normally, the insulin level rises slowly in the glucose arrival and also drops off slowly as it is transported to the cells. However, as we nowadays consume predominantly simple carbohydrates that can be used very rapidly from extracted flours or pure sugar, and consume them excessively, the pancreas constantly produces high levels of insulin. This abnormally high insulin level leads to an increase in cholesterol levels and triggers inflammation in the area of ​​the arterial walls. The strains that result for the cardiovascular system are obvious. Therefore, the recommendation was: Do not use any fast-acting sugars such as white flour products (bread, cakes, biscuits, etc.), refined sugar and all products made from them. Use wholesome flours, eat fiber-rich foods, and look for alternative sugar products (stevia, xylitol, dried fruit).

Also read in our sugar dictionary which sugar is healthy. 

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Recommended heart healthy foods

Below is an overview of the most important foods for your heart :

    • Blueberries and redcurrants

Blueberries and currants contain substances (anthocyanins) that protect blood vessels from deposits and thus counter dreaded arteriosclerosis.

    • Water and honey melons

These sweet fruits have a very positive influence on the fluidity of the blood. They prevent the platelets from sticking together, thus preventing the formation of blood clots.

    • Carrots

The cholesterol level can be influenced very positively by the consumption of raw carrots. So eat about 200g of fresh grated carrots daily (add a few drops of a good oil).

    • Oats and barley

Oats and barley have a cholesterol-lowering effect. Oat, in particular, is known to be an effective tonic for the heart and blood vessels.

    • Walnuts

They contain a balanced nutrient composition, which together with their good fatty acid ratio have a very favorable influence on the cholesterol level. The heart-protecting effect of walnut has been proven in many clinical studies. The walnut shows a blood-thinning effect, which has a particularly positive effect on the supply of the heart with vital substances. A handful of walnuts a day is enough to do something really good for your heart.

    • Chinamorchel

Even small amounts of this mushroom, as they are usually used in cooking recipes are sufficient to prevent the sticking together of the platelets. Since these mushrooms keep the blood fluid, they represent a very good preventive measure against heart attack and stroke.

    • Ginger

In scientific studies, ginger root has proven to be a particularly effective anticoagulant. This blood thinning substance can reduce the formation of blood clots. Therefore, drink ginger water daily, which should be made from 1 teaspoon freshly grated ginger.

    • Garlic

Raw garlic is known for its blood-thinning and cholesterol-lowering effect and is therefore an important food for your heart health. Daily 2 to 3 tablespoons (depending on the weight of the person) should be consumed. Because of the unpleasant odor of garlic can be used on correspondingly high quality garlic capsules.

    • Onions

Onions have always been considered a remedy for many diseases. However, they are almost essential for a healthy cardiovascular system. In addition to blood thinning, lowering cholesterol, increasing HDL cholesterol and reducing clots, onions can also regulate blood sugar levels. By eating a large onion every day, you are already contributing to your heart health.

Freshly squeezed juices protect and strengthen your heart

“Living” foods, ie those that have not been cooked and thus still have an intact enzymatic structure, are extremely important for your heart health. Therefore, you should drink freshly squeezed juices and / or green smoothies daily. Both food preparations provide your body with a wealth of easily usable nutrients and nutrients. Your body thanks you with improved physical and mental health.

One of the best juice combinations for a strong heart is carrots and celery. Beets contain certain nutrients that naturally lower blood pressure, while carrots benefit your body’s regeneration of skin and body tissues. Celery, in turn, also helps lower blood pressure. In addition, it stimulates the relaxation of the arterial muscles and thus improves vascular dilation. This minimizes the risk of blood clots, which ultimately contribute to the development of heart and stroke.

The conventional diet is pronounced high in carbohydrates. Just think of the many breads, cakes, noodles, pizzas, etc., which are consumed not “just” every day, but also in absolute excess. These amounts of carbohydrates burden the entire organism in addition to the cardiovascular system. Therefore, a carbohydrate-rich diet makes every person ill – one sooner and the other a little later.

Instead of carbohydrates, your main focus should be on the consumption of high-quality vegetable proteins and fats. For the health of your heart, there is no better diet than that which has a high nutrient density on a plant basis. Fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, seeds and sprouts are particularly noteworthy here. In addition to the nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins, plant foods contain a variety of easily bioavailable vitamins (especially vitamin C), minerals, enzymes and phytochemicals. Especially when consumed in raw form, these valuable nutrients are fully available to your body. If you do not want to give up meat, you should make sure that it comes from grazing or organically grown and should be consumed only rarely and in small quantities. The same applies to the fish consumption. The fish should be of the highest quality.

Hypertension and Smoking Addiction – Risks and Dangers

A vicious circle – the best way to describe the interaction of blood pressure with nicotine. At the end of the cycle, in addition to numerous organ diseases, there is also a heart attack. Although the summary of the problem can be expressed very simply, the actual process is highly complex. In addition, smoking addiction can also act as an enhancer of existing blood pressure problems.

The interaction of the organs

The causes of the rise in blood pressure caused by smoking are three main factors. Specifically, they would be bad enough in and of themselves, but their inevitable interaction within body mechanisms makes them even more of a threat.

Sympathetic activity: The sympathetic nervous system is that part of the autonomic nervous system that controls the regulation of blood pressure as well as metabolic and respiratory functions. Under the influence of nicotine, however, this control mechanism gets out of balance and among other things causes an increase in heart activity and resistance within the blood vessels. The result is cardiac arrhythmia and partial to complete occlusion of the vessels.

Vessel constriction: As a result of imbalance in the sympathetic or as a direct effect of smoking addiction, the narrowing of the blood vessels forms the core aspect of nicotine-related hypertension. Responsible for the vascular closure is not only the nicotine per se. Also contained in cigarette smoke additives may favor the arterial closure. Furthermore, the circulation and pumping capacity of the heart and blood vessels are severely impaired by the harmful substances, which offers hypertension further bases for manifestation. In this context, the danger of blood thickening caused by the smoke should not be underestimated, which may lead to further blockage of the vessels.

Lack of oxygen: Since the cigarette smoke a large amount of carbon monoxide gets into the blood, with permanent nicotine consumption and the supply of organs, especially the heart, with oxygen at risk. Now O2 is of essential importance for the integrity of the organs and their functionality. A deficiency supply therefore brings about serious organ damage. Heart attacks and strokes are thus the worst danger when smoking, while hypertension in this area, merely ‘a precursor to the complete failure of the heart.

Hypertension-and-Smoking-Addiction

The interaction of risk factors

The exact value of systolic blood pressure increase is between 7 mmHg and 10 mmHg when smoking. However, further increases may be added if smoking is associated with one of the following aspects.

    • Smoking due to stress in most cases implies that high blood pressure is already present before consumption. This results from the increased heart activity that results from stressful situations.
    • The same applies to cigarette consumption in combination with obesity. In addition, weight-related arteriosclerosis and vasoconstrictive substances meet and, together, provide even greater resistance within the blood vessels.
    • Smoking addiction in concert with alcohol can not only increase the risk of hypertension, but also of cardiac arrhythmia. As nicotine constricts the vessels, alcohol temporarily expands them so that the pumping intervals of the heart become completely out of balance.

Also in connection with lack of exercise or a wrong diet, the risk of high blood pressure by smoking is greater than normal. In addition to the dysfunctional properties of nicotine here are still added to nutrient deficiency or resilience problems that affect the activity of the heart and organs. Already existing dysfunctions of the organs, such as those caused by unhealthy foods or too little exercise, are further expanded by smoking cigarettes.

Doctors Tips Of Prevention And Cognition, Heart Attacks

Ischemic heart disease.

Ischemia is a decrease in blood supply to a body organ, tissue or partially arrested by constriction or blockage of the blood vessels, and it is the right medical term for reduced blood flow to the heart. Cured or blocked arteries usually cause us, and it is the leading cause of death in most Western countries. The growth of these tissues is called arteriosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis typically begins in early adolescence but is rarely diagnosed until late in life usually due to a stroke or heart attack. Autopsies of healthy young men who died during the Korean and Vietnam War showed signs of the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment can stop the progression of atherosclerosis and prevent a medical emergency.

According to the United States data for 2004 for about 65% of men and 47% of women, the first symptom of atherosclerosis is heart attack or sudden cardiac death (death within one hour after onset of symptoms) or obstruction of the arteries that cause the Brain as a result of a stroke.

Another problem that can cause ischemic heart disease is an aneurysm. It is a localized, pathological, blood-filled dilation of a blood vessel causing a weakling from the vascular wall. Plaque forms in the arteries causing it an obstacle and the blood flow around the constipation pressure on the walls of the arteries. This can cause the walls of the arteries to balloon out and weaken as the blood moves around the obstacle. If one of these balloons or aneurysms explodes then death can occur within minutes.

When the plaque is displaced from the arterial walls it will travel into the heart and cause one of the blood vessels of the heart to get blocked, causing a heart attack. If the plaque gets lodged in one of the blood vessels, the blood supply to the brain, then it becomes a stroke.

heart-attack

Ischemic is caused by a diet rich in fats and physical inactivity. A high-fat diet leads to high levels of cholesterol in the blood. The American Heart Association offers a range of guidelines for total blood cholesterol and heart disease risk. The desirable LDL is less than 100 mg / dl. However, the report from the National Cholesterol Education Program in 1987 suggesting that total blood cholesterol should be below 200 mg / dL of normal blood cholesterol when cholesterol levels between 200 and 239 mg / dL are considered borderline high, and higher than 240 mg / dl is considered high cholesterol.

Many scientists, nutritionists, and activists are concerned about ischemic heart disease, and they are trying to educate the American people into a healthier diet. And this power of healthy suggestion seems to work on restaurants. Especially since 2004, fast food chains have begun to offer healthier menu options such as yogurt, salads and fruits. Many restaurants now print some nutritional information on their menus and specifically offer heart-smart recipes.

Over-the-counter products and Vitamins are common and can help relieve heart disease such as Pectin, Foti, Vitamin C, Niacin, and EPA. Foti also called He Shou Wu in China is legendary in his ability to extend life. Modern studies have shown that Foti has the ability to lower serum cholesterol, prevent premature gray hair, promote red cell growth, increase blood and longevity at the cellular level. This herb raises the level of naturally occurring antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the body. Foti can reduce blood cholesterol by inhibiting intestinal absorption, which helps to reduce atherosclerosis and other heart diseases.

Niacin is the next thing, a perfect treatment that corrects most causes of coronary heart disease. Niacin blocks the release of fatty acids from the fat cells. Niacin plays an important role in gene expression, energy production, and hormone synthesis. You can not live without it. Niacin also tends to alter LDL particle distribution to larger particle size and improve HDL functioning. The intake of 3 g of niacin for less than two weeks to reduce serum cholesterol by 26 percent.

Vitamin C has been shown to counteract the development of cholesterol deposits in the arteries. Within hours of receiving vitamin C patients showed a sharp decline in blood cholesterol.

Pectin limits the amount of cholesterol your body can absorb. High pectin in apples can count why “One day keeps the doctor away”.

Studies of Greenland Eskimo’s lack of heart attacks have shown that Eico sapentaenoic acid (EPA) lowers cholesterol significantly, even more than polyunsaturated fat. It also triggers a significant reduction in triglycerides. Salmon oil is one of the most famous natural EPA sources.

If you are at risk of heart disease then you will find a good health care professional before beginning any kind of home treatment.

Always ask your doctor before using this information, this article is nutritional in nature and is not considered medical advice.

Cardiomegaly Heart Disease Expansion Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomegaly is not a disease, but the symptom of a problem with the heart, which causes it to become enlarged. Your heart may become enlarged during pregnancy, or due to a condition that puts stress on the heart, such as coronary artery disease, prolapse or stenosis of one of the heart valves, or problems in the electrical heart rhythm. Occasionally the cause of an enlarged heart may not be known.

The symptoms of cardiomegaly are variable. In the early stages, no symptoms will be felt. Then, as the heart continues to grow, some people will not experience any symptoms at all, while others experience shortness of breath, dizziness, an abnormal heart rate, cough, chest pain or swelling in the feet. The symptoms may be caused by the condition that causes the heart to be enlarged. For example, if your heart valves have been damaged by rheumatic heart disease, you may notice an irregular heartbeat, also called an arrhythmia. Some cardiac arrhythmias cause shortness of breath and dizziness.

High blood pressure causes the heart to work harder to pump blood through the body. When the heart needs to beat faster or harder, the muscles thicken producing cardiomyopathy or stiffening of the heart muscle, which can lead to cardiomegaly over time.

cardiomegaly-heart-disease-expansion-cardiomyopathy

A heart attack, infections, connective tissue disorders, congenital heart disease, certain medications, and cancer radiation can all damage heart, producing enlargement. Pulmonary hypertension, or high blood pressure in the lungs can increase the heart’s workload, causing the right side to be enlarged.

Iron deficiency anemia, resulting in a lack of red blood cells, produces a domino effect. If there are fewer red blood cells to transport oxygen, the heart must work harder to pump more blood to form the lack of oxygen. Over time, untreated anemia can lead to an enlarged heart. On the other hand, too much iron, or a problem with iron metabolism can put pressure on the left side of the heart, weakening the muscles and making balancing cardiomegaly.

Thyroid disorders, both a sluggish thyroid and an overactive thyroid can cause heart problems and cardiomegaly. A rare blood disorder called amyloidosis causes amyloids to build up abnormal proteins in the heart because of it’s enlargement.

Cardiomegaly may be asymptomatic or very serious, depending on the underlying cause or heart disease. The aim of the treatment is to control the symptoms and reduce whatever damage is caused by the factors causing enlargement of the heart. Cardiomegaly can not be cured, and usually can not be reversed, but it can be successfully treated and the symptoms controlled.

What Causes Anxiety Disorder And 11 Overlooked Symptoms Often

Many people suffer from a type of anxiety disorder, but most people do not talk about it. If we do not talk about our mental health, it’s hard to understand. Some people may try to relax their fears by telling them to take a deep breath and hold on. Some fears never fade, and we have to learn to deal with their negative effects.

Fears are more than just disturbing thoughts. Although anxiety disorders are classified as a mental illness, this is not just a mental illness, as anxiety also harms the body. Symptoms of an anxiety disorder can also manifest in the form of another physical illness. Therefore, it is so important to recognize the warning signs in order to get a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Anxiety disorders can be scary, and if you have a panic attack for the first time, you might think it is a heart attack.

Other diseases that have similar symptoms to anxiety include balance disorders and asthma. Instead of silently suffering from your fears, you should describe your symptoms to a doctor or therapist so that you can treat your problem before it gets worse.

When you have an anxiety disorder, your brain sees threats everywhere, even when there is no danger. Your body will switch to the combat-or-flight mode, which has ensured the survival of our species. However, if you do not avoid danger and feel threatened, this protection mechanism can quickly damage your body.

Some people may intuitively realize that their physical symptoms are caused by their fears, but others find it hard to determine why their bodies are always hurting and why they feel their hearts pounding against their chest even when they are not doing any physical exercise.

The most common physical symptoms of an anxiety disorder include sweating, shortness of breath, and irregular heartbeat, but some people simply ignore these symptoms or attribute them to another cause.

However, if you also have muscle stiffness, tension in the neck and back, headaches or dizziness, you are very likely to have an anxiety disorder.

Anxiety also affects your digestive system, which can cause upset stomach, heartburn, diarrhea, and frequent urination.

anxiety-symptoms

Here is a checklist of all 11 anxiety symptoms you need to watch out for:

    1. Pounding heart or irregular heartbeat
    2. Muscle stiffness and pain
    3. Neck and back pain
    4. Dizziness
    5. Headache
    6. stomach pain
    7. Diarrhea
    8. shortness of breath
    9. sweating
    10. Frequent urinary frequency
    11. Heartburn

If you suffer from anxiety, you should try not to panic, as this may worsen your symptoms. By constant fear of a panic attack, you could actually trigger one.

While this may be troubling, you may find comfort in knowing that your fears can be mitigated. Through physical, mental and even medical treatment, you can achieve a more positive lifestyle. All you have to do is take the first step by asking your doctor for help.

What Should Be Eaten and Not To When You Have Cholesterol

What foods contain cholesterol information are a lot out there, for you who want to control your cholesterol level. Bad cholesterol or LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) is the kind of cholesterol that can cause blockage of blood vessels to your heart or from your heart. That blockage will cause heart attack disease and cardiovascular. So that you need to avoid or control these kinds of what foods contain LDL cholesterol.

Foods that Contain LDL Cholesterol
    1. Butter

It is mentioned that 100 gram of butter contain 215mg of cholesterol. Even a spoon of butter contain 30mg of cholesterol. We know that it will be pretty hard to avoid consuming butter since it is contained in cookies, bread, biscuits, and etc. All we need to do is controlling the foods which contain butter.

    1. Clams

Although clams are included in the kind of delicious seafood which contain a lot of protein, consuming too much clams are able to increase the level of cholesterol in your body. In 100gr clams, contain at least 100mg cholesterol.

    1. Cheese

Cheese is actually a good source of protein and calcium, but cheese also contain pretty high level of cholesterol. Per 100 grams of cheese contain at least 123mg of cholesterol. That is why cheese is the kind of what foods contain bad cholesterol.

    1. Caviar

This expensive food also contain high level of cholesterol. It is mentioned that 94mg of cholesterol are found in a spoon of caviar.

what-foods-contain-cholesterol

    1. Processed Foods

Processed foods such as hot dog, frozen meat, sausage, and etc. contain bad cholesterol as claimed by American Heart Association. Processed foods is as bad as junk food in producing LDL cholesterol in your body.

 

What Foods Contain HDL Cholesterol?
    1. Apple and Pear

These two fruits contain high fibers which specifically can increase the level of HDL cholesterol and decrease the level of LDL cholesterol. Apple and pear are the kinds of what foods contain good cholesterol.

    1. Olive Oil

Although this kind of oil cannot be eaten directly, olive oil is able to increase the level of HDL cholesterol in your body. It is because olive oil has good fats. Change your cooking oil with olive oil to fry or cook your food. You can also mix olive oil with your salad as the dressing to make it even healthier.

what-foods-contain-HDL-cholesterol

    1. Almond

This nut contains fibers and fats which are really good in producing HDL cholesterol. Almonds, just like any other peanuts in general, contain plant sterols which is able to limit too much cholesterol absorption. You can consume almonds and any other kinds of peanuts as your snack, but you still need to pay attention at the calories.

    1. Fish

Fish such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna are good sources of omega 3. You can consume at least 2 servings of fish in a week in order to increase the level of HDL in your body. If you are allergic to fish or cannot eat fish, you are able to consume supplement of omega 3 in order to help your body producing HDL cholesterol.