What Triggers Celiac Disease?

What triggers celiac disease are various. Celiac disease is an illness which attack the immune system of a body and it causes the damage in small intestines. The surface of the small intestines changes because the consumption of foods that contain gluten. The effect is, the body hardly absorb the nutrition from foods, especially folate, iron, fats, and calcium.

What Causes Celiac Disease?

Normal condition of system immune will produce antibody in order to protect body from the attack of microorganism. But in the case of celiac disease, when the patient consume gluten, it will stimulate the immune system to produce antibody which attack the gluten. It is because the immune system wrongly recognize gluten as the threat for body.

In the surface of small intestines, there are tissues just like hairs, which are called villi. The antibody produced is able to damage the wall of small intestines where the villi automatically sticks. When the antibody attacks, it will cause an inflammation in the small intestines, then damage the villi. Villi has the function to absorb the nutrition from the foods consumed. When the villi is damaged, then the process of absorbing the nutrition is not maximized. This kind of condition makes the person lack of nutrition or usually called as malnutrition.

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The cause why antibody attacks the tissues or organ of the body is not found yet. There are just some factors which trigger celiac disease, mentioned by some medical experts. Such as genetic factors, infection in digestion system such as infection of rotavirus. Specific illness such as Diabetes type 1, down syndrome, turner syndrome, and sjogren syndrome is also able to be the answer of what causes celiac disease.

How Celiac Disease is diagnosed?

In order to diagnose celiac disease, the doctor will collect the data and information from the patient by asking the history of health of the patient and family, and also the symptoms that the patient feels. To make sure the diagnose, the doctor will do some medical checking, such as:

    1. Blood test in order to know the level of antibody which are produced in giving response to gluten.
    2. Biopsy which is done through endoscope by insertion of a device through the mouth into the small intestines to take sample from the intestinal tissue.
    3. Capsule endoscope by swallowing something like capsule which is equipped with wireless camera in order to get the real picture of small intestines.
    4. Skin biopsy is done if the patient experience dermatitis herpetiformis. Dermatitis herpetiformis is one of the symptoms of celiac disease where the patient has itchy rash in their skins.
    5. Dexa scan is done if the patient has the problem with bone density.

Patient with celiac disease needs to do program of gluten free diet. They need to avoid any kinds of foods which contain gluten. What celiac disease can eat are cheese, butter, fish, potatoes, meats, fruits, vegetables, and any kinds of foods which do not contain gluten. Those foods are not included in what triggers celiac disease.

Is Celiac Disease Genetic?

Is celiac disease genetic? Celiac disease or also called as Celiac Sprue, is the condition where the digestion system of the body intoleranta gluten. This kind of condition cause nuisance that makes the body of people with celiac disease cannot perfectly absorb the nutrition from the foods they consume, it is usually called as malabsorption. In the end, this kind of condition causes various nuisance the function of the body. So, is celiac disease really genetic? Here are some information.

Factors that Cause Celiac Disease

There are some factors that makes people get celiac disease, one of them is genetic factor. People who have family members with celiac disease get a high level of risk of getting this kind of disease. It is because celiac disease is able to be included in genetic disorder. So that they need to be more careful at keeping what they consume and also their lifestyles. There are also other factors of people getting celiac disease besides genetic factor. The first is the factor of environment. If a person has experienced infection in her or his digestion system such as rotavirus infection, he or she has a bigger risk to get celiac disease. The next factor is health factor. Some illness such as Diabetes Type 1, illness of autoimmune, Down Syndrome, Sjogren Syndrome, and Turner Syndrome is able to increase the risk of getting celiac disease for a person. So if you ask is celiac disease genetic of hereditary, the answer is yes. 

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How to Treat Celiac Disease

In order to treat celiac disease, diet or changing dietary habit is one of the keys. Because until now, there is no method of treatment found yet, which is able to cure celiac disease. But there are some specific ways which are able to be done to make the body of people with celiac disease becomes better.

Specific diet in this case means the people with celiac disease need to limit or even avoid any kinds of foods that contain gluten. Or it is able to be called gluten free diet. Some people with celiac disease may need specific supplements in order to increase the nutrition content in their bodies. And in order to control the symptoms of celiac disease, some specific medicines are also given by doctors according to the condition of the patient.

There are also other treatments which can be done:

    1. Diet planning is able to be helped by nutritionist. Usually the patient will be asked to consume healthy foods which are free from gluten such as fish, butter, cheese, and meats.
    2. For babies with celiac disease, foods which contain gluten should not be given before the babies enter 6 months old.
    3. If it is needed, the people with celiac disease need to consume food supplements, in order to prevent their bodies from lack of nutrition.
    4. The celiac disease patient still need to do gluten free diet since the disease is able to relapse.

Above is the answer of is celiac disease genetic.

Gluten-Free Guidance: Is Couscous Gluten Free?

There are two types of answers for the ‘is couscous gluten free? question’: the short answer and the long answer.

The short answer is: no, it is not gluten free, and if you are in a gluten free diet, you would do well to avoid couscous altogether.

The long answer is a bit more complex compared to the short answer because there are certain things that one should consider before saying that ALL couscous are not free of gluten. This article today will talk about couscous and about the long answer that surrounds the question ‘is couscous gluten free?’ 

It should not be, because…

As we all know, there are three things that contain gluten in it: barley, wheat, and rye. These things got gluten all over them, making them a prime ingredient to avoid if you want to be rid of gluten. Because couscous is often made of durum WHEAT, couscous is not gluten free at all. You cannot find many shops that will serve you a couscous gluten free diet menu or whatever because couscous is naturally not a gluten free food. Sure you can find them, but only if you look hard for them, and even then not all of them are readily available in many cities.

There you have it folks, couscous is not gluten free and it should not be because without wheat, it will not be a couscous. 

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Do not give up hope, though…

Because there is a couscous gluten free alternative that you can try if you insist on eating couscous even though you cannot stand gluten at all. Sure they will not have the same taste as couscous and they will not have that specific ‘mouth feel’ that a normal couscous can provide, but at the very least you can eat couscous, right?

Introducing a couscous gluten free recipe that you can make if you want to avoid gluten in couscous:  the brown rice couscous. Brown rice has the same texture and shape as durum wheat, hence the reason why those looking for an alternative to ordinary couscous will often find consolation within the warm embrace of a brown rice couscous. It does not taste as good as the usual couscous, but it is much healthier. 

Can you give me one recipe that I can make using a brown rice couscous?

Sure I can. Check out this recipe for a brown rice couscous salad I got with me:

To make this one, you will need to have a few things. The brown rice couscous is a must, obviously, and the other you can get within your local market. Aside from the couscous itself, you need to have a cup of chicken stock, half a cup of olive oil, 2 teaspoons of agave nectar, one and a half tablespoons of cider vinegar, kosher salt, lemon juice, freshly ground pepper, chick peas, pine nuts, prunes, apricots, basil, and parsley.

Making them is pretty easy. Just boil the stock and cook the couscous in it. Cool it down, and while it is cooling, you mix the other ingredients to make the dressing. When everything is done, just throw the cooked ingredients together and you have yourself a nice brown rice couscous that is both healthy and gluten free. Best served cold or on the same temperature as the room you are in.

I think that is all about couscous. I hope I can answer your question regarding ‘is couscous gluten free?’ question.