Calories & Nutritional Values Of Yogurt

Yogurt is a dairy product. It was already consumed in the sixth century BC and was made from sheep’s milk by the Thracians (that is the indigenous population of the Balkans). It was already known in the 16th century that the lactic acid bacteria contained in yogurt have a beneficial effect on the intestinal flora. Like the milk, the yogurt is available in different fat levels. Therefore, the calorie information and the contents of the nutrients must be distinguished according to the fat content of the yogurt.

In addition, yogurt is divided into natural yogurt and fruit yogurt. The yogurt with the highest fat content is the cream yogurt or cream yogurt. He has a fat content of at least 10 percent. A yogurt equivalent to the fat content of whole milk contains 3.5 percent fat. The low-fat yogurt must have only 1.5 to 1.8 percent fat and the yogurt from skimmed milk, which is also referred to as skim milk yogurt, has only a maximum fat content of 0.5 percent.

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Natural yogurt: calories and nutritional values

We differentiate between 4 different natural yogurts, from cream yogurt to natural yogurt with 3.5% fat and low-fat yogurt with 1.5% fat to lean yogurt. Below are the calories and nutritional values ​​of each natural yogurt.

100 grams of cream yogurt :

    • 486 kJ / 116 kcal
    • 3 grams of protein
    • 8 grams of fat
    • 9 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of natural yogurt 3.5% fat :

    • 275 kJ / 66 kcal
    • 3 grams of protein
    • 4 grams of fat
    • 4 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of low-fat yogurt :

    • 193 kJ / 46 kcal
    • 3 grams of protein
    • 2 grams of fat
    • 4 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of lean yogurt :

    • 159 kJ / 38 kcal
    • 4 grams of protein
    • 1 grams of fat
    • 4 grams of carbohydrates
Fruit yogurt: calories and nutritional values

In contrast to natural yogurt, fruit yogurt contains additives such as fruits and sugar. Also the fruit yogurt is available in the 4 different fat levels. Here are the calories and nutritional values ​​of 100 grams of fruit yogurt :

100 grams of creamy fruit yogurt:

    • 601 kJ / 144 kcal
    • 3 grams of protein
    • 9 grams of fat
    • 13 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of fruit yogurt 3.5% fat :

    • 414 kJ / 99 kcal
    • 3 grams of protein
    • 3 grams of fat
    • 14 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of low-fat fruit yogurt:

    • 346 kJ / 83 kcal
    • 3 grams of protein
    • 1 gram of fat
    • 14 grams of carbohydrates

100 grams of lean fruit yogurt :

    • 317 kJ / 76 kcal
    • 4 grams of protein
    • 1 grams of fat
    • 14 grams of carbohydrates
Greek yogurt: calories and nutritional values

In contrast to our German natural yogurt, Greek yogurt has a higher protein content. The fat content of Greek yogurt is usually still above our cream yogurt. Here are the calories and nutritional values ​​of 100 grams of Greek yogurt:

    • 557 kJ / 133 kcal
    • 8 grams of protein
    • 10 grams of fat
    • 3 grams of carbohydrates
More yogurt products: calories and nutritional values

In the refrigerated shelves we find besides the already mentioned many more yogurt products. Here is a calorie chart for some more yogurt products :

  Amount Calories E (g) F (g) KH (g)
Yogurt drink 100 g 310 kJ / 73 kcal 3 1 14
lactose-free fruit yogurt 100 g 409 kJ / 97 kcal 3 3 15
lactose-free yogurt 3.8% 100 g 312 kJ / 75 kcal 4 4 6
probiotic yogurt 100 g 401 kJ / 95 kcal 4 2 12
probiotic yogurt drink 100 g 304 kJ / 72 kcal 3 2 11
Soy fruit yogurt substitute 100 g 351 kJ / 84 kcal 3 2 13
Soy yogurt substitute 100 g 218 kJ / 52 kcal 4 3 3

 

Difference Natural yogurt – yogurt

Natural yogurt means that the yogurt was made only from cream or milk and lactobacilli. Additives such as sugar, fruits, fruit juice, chocolate, coffee or vanilla are not included in natural yogurt. The natural yogurt tastes slightly sour and can be obtained in the known four fat levels. If a milk product is not referred to as natural yogurt but as yogurt, it is a milk mix product. The natural yogurt was added with additives. Mostly these are fruits, fruit juices or flavors.

Fruit yogurt is divided into fruit yogurt and yogurt with fruit. If the yogurt bears this name, the fruit content must be at least six percent. If the yogurt is called “yogurt with fruit preparation”, the fruit content is at least 3.5 percent. If yogurt contains less than 3.5 percent fruit, it is called “fruit flavored yogurt”.

In addition to the yogurt for spooning, there is the drinking yogurt, which is also available in different flavors. A distinction is made between drinking yogurt, which uses less dry matter and thereby keeps the yogurt more fluid from the start, and yogurt drinks. As a yogurt drink, for example, the Turkish Ayran is called. Here, too, solid yogurt is used as the basis, but water and salt are added during production.

Is yogurt healthy?

Like milk, yogurt, which is a milk product after all, has many healthy ingredients. It is considered an important source of protein. Yogurt provides the body with vitamins and minerals such as potassium, calcium magnesium and iodine. Therefore, it is good for bone formation and has a positive effect on nerve and muscle function. The iodine is needed for the functioning of the thyroid gland.

The lactic acid bacteria, which make yogurt a sour milk product that turns the milk into yogurt, help build a healthy intestinal flora. It is distinguished between right- and left-turning lactic acid bacteria. If yogurt contains only the more digestible L + (right-handed) lactic acid, this is noted separately on the package.

Left-turning lactic acid (L-) is poorly digested and is not suitable for infants or bowel patients, whereas yogurts with L + lactic acid are often recommended as an aid to recovery in intestinal diseases. Natural yogurts that have not been heat treated may even contain live lactic acid bacteria. The living organisms are particularly helpful to positively affect an attacked intestinal flora.

Incidentally, the lactic acid bacteria convert the milk sugar (lactose) contained in the milk into lactic acid, so that yogurts in small quantities can also be consumed by people with lactose intolerance.

Nutrition For The Eye Health – Vegetables For Eye Diseases?

If you want to see spicy, you should eat carrots. A credo that persists even today in the minds of many consumers. One possible reason: It used to be thought that the macula lutea – the site of the sharpest vision – is made up of a pigment that beta-carotene is responsible for forming. The latter is also known to be contained in carrots.

Meanwhile, the opinion of medicine has changed in this regard. The pigment of the macula lutea consists of lutein (a carotenoid, which is also approved as a food coloring) and zeaxanthin (also an orange xanthophyll). Both act as filters in the eye – thus they have a protective function. The problem: The macula lutea is the starting point for various eye diseases that can cause considerable problems for you as a patient. Macular degeneration is one of the most common eye diseases in Germany. But it does not necessarily have to be drug therapies that can play a role in this context. Studies at the University of Jena suggest that your diet can certainly play a role.

Carotenoids and vitamins in vegetables

One reason may be that various substances involved in building and maintaining the function of the eye are not themselves formed by the body. By way of example, vitamin A should be mentioned here. But the vitamins C and E strengthen the eye health.

Conclusion:

Different substances that need to be externally applied to your body seem to have an essential role in eye health. This almost automatically puts the focus on nutrition. Take, for example, the vitamin A. The latter is among others in beef and poultry liver, carrots, spinach, kale or yolk. Dark vegetables – which include spinach, kale and broccoli – have a very different benefit to your eyes. Because in these vegetables significant amounts of the already known carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin are included.

nutrition-for-the-eye-health

The well-known for its antioxidant effect vitamin E, however, is among other things in cereals such as wheat, sunflower seeds and olive oil contained. In combination with vitamin C, it protects the eye from degenerative tendencies (through the action of free radicals) and thus prevents cataracts – cataracts. Especially against the background of macular degeneration, studies from the USA also indicate that omega-3 fatty acids can also develop a positive effect (for example, they are contained in fish). Here are the most important facts :

    • Lutein-containing foods could have a positive effect on macular development
    • Vitamins A, C and E may also be useful in moderation (adequate in food)
    • Effects of nutrition on the eye are still not fully understood
Deficiency or overdose – a fine line

Insights into the importance of minerals and vitamins for eye health have a positive effect – consumers pay more attention to their diet. As a rule, a balanced composition of the diet is sufficient to cover the need for vitamins. However, certain high-risk groups need larger doses – such as those with higher alcohol consumption or smokers. But even if you are healthy, you want to protect yourself – and therefore quickly access nutritional supplements.

The problem : Different vitamins are counterproductive in too high dosages. Vitamin A, for example, can lead to headache, nausea, vomiting – and even osteoporosis in case of overdose. On the other hand, chronic overdosage of vitamin B6 can lead to deposits in the soft tissue and nerve damage. The handle on high-dose dietary supplements should therefore be treated with some caution.

By the way : A comparable influence of the nutrition – as with the emergence of the (age-related) macular degeneration – can so far not conclusively prove for many other eye diseases. It also needs to consider how personal risk factors (tobacco use, obesity, diabetes) adversely affect your eye health – and how you can work long term on those risk factors to stay focused for a long time.

The Importance of Nutrition for The Elderly

It is well known that in many ways there is an interaction between the diet and the aging process. Nutritional problems of the elderly population are increasing due to susceptibility to chronic diseases. Deteriorating organ functions can affect metabolism, digestion, absorption of nutrients and excretion. Eighty percent of people over the age of 65 suffer from at least one chronic disease and diet plays a significant role in the prevention and recovery of a disease. For this reason, the importance of nutrition for the elderly should by no means be undervalued.

Energy demand changes with aging due to a higher body fat percentage and lower levels of lean muscle tissue. Decreased activity can lead to a further decline in calorie requirements. The challenge is to meet the same nutritional needs as at a young age, while consuming fewer calories. The solution lies in the selection of nutrient-rich foods with a high nutrient density per calorie. The protein requirement does not change significantly in older adults, although the demand for protein may vary due to impairments or diseases.

Pay attention to reduced fat content in food

It is advisable for older people to pay attention to a reduced total fat content in the diet. Desirable is a daily calorie intake, which does not consist of more than 30% fat. 60% of all calories should be covered by the supply of carbohydrates. The focus should be on complex, natural carbohydrates, as they contain many vital substances. Glucose tolerance decreases with age, and a lower intake of refined carbohydrates puts less strain on your body.

nutrition-for-the-elderly

High-fiber diet

Also, a high-fiber diet is recommended. Dietary fiber is found only in plant foods and, with adequate hydration, provides normal bowel function. In addition, it is believed that high-fiber diet can reduce intestinal inflammation. Vegetables, fruits, whole grains, grains, seeds, legumes and nuts are excellent sources of fiber.

The fluid requirement in old age

Water is the most important thing, especially for seniors, because the water content of the body decreases as you get older. Water fulfills many essential functions. Adequate water supply relieves the function of the kidneys, as the kidney function tends to decrease with age. Drinking 5-8 glasses or at least 1.5 liters of water daily is recommended. However, not only does the fluid need to be covered with water, it also contains water in other beverages, such as tea, coffee and juice spritzers. Older people often do not have a pronounced thirst and dehydration easily, so the water intake should be habitual and not be waited until the thirsty. It is important that the nutrition for seniors also the correct amount of drinking is taken into account.

Declining odor and taste

The gradual decrease in the sense of smell and taste over the course of one’s age can affect the appetite, as the food no longer seems so tasty. As a result, older people often tend to sweeten and spice up their food. However, increased consumption of salt and sugar should be avoided at all costs, and herbs and other spices should be used instead.

Problems when shopping

Also, the loss of vision may prove to be a hindrance in the context of nutrition in old age. Older people often find it difficult to read food prices and small-print nutritional and descriptive information when shopping. In addition, many do not understand the information on the food packaging and therefore can not assess whether a product is beneficial to their health. Although these restrictions generally do not have a general effect, they may affect the ability to eat healthily.

Vitamins Minerals and trace elements

If medications are used to control certain diseases, such as high blood pressure or heart disease, the need for electrolytes, sodium and potassium in the elderly may be altered and the diet should be adjusted to these changing needs.

Osteoporosis prevention

Vitamin D is important for bone health. Just like calcium and vitamin K, vitamin D has a preventive effect on osteoporosis. Older people often have a vitamin D deficiency. Since vitamin D is mainly formed by the sunlight in the body, you can prevent a deficiency by sufficient sunlight. Vitamin D is also found in richer types of sea fish, liver, egg yolks and dairy products. In some cases, the intake of vitamin D supplements may be appropriate.

Vitamin B12

There is also a lack of vitamin B12 (also known as cobalamin) in older adults. This is often due to impaired absorption of vitamin B12 due to stomach or bowel disease or drug use. In some cases, artificial vitamin B12 intake may be required. Vitamin B12 is important for various essential metabolic processes in the body and for the formation of red blood cells. In addition, vitamin B12 ensures the proper functioning of the nervous system and a trouble-free and normal brain activity.

Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause various neurological symptoms, including memory and dementia, vision impairment, and sensory disorders. Vitamin B12 is found mainly in animal foods, especially in poultry, meat, liver, milk, dairy and eggs.

All of the mineral iron and calcium intake has been reported to be inadequate in many older adults. A varied balanced diet, including calcium-rich foods and low-fat dairy is the best recommendation.

Nutritional needs analyzes are often performed by medical service providers. You can help determine if a patient has complaints of deficiency symptoms.

Conclusion: A balanced, balanced diet is the basis for a healthy life in old age

When it comes to nutrition, it is important for seniors, as well as for all age groups in general, to ensure a healthy, diversified and varied selection of foods during consumption and enjoyment. The food should be of the highest quality, provide the body with the necessary nutrients and be in proportion to the reduced energy requirements. In order to preserve the nutrients and vitamins as much as possible, a gentle preparation of the food should be emphasized.

Hypertension and Smoking Addiction – Risks and Dangers

A vicious circle – the best way to describe the interaction of blood pressure with nicotine. At the end of the cycle, in addition to numerous organ diseases, there is also a heart attack. Although the summary of the problem can be expressed very simply, the actual process is highly complex. In addition, smoking addiction can also act as an enhancer of existing blood pressure problems.

The interaction of the organs

The causes of the rise in blood pressure caused by smoking are three main factors. Specifically, they would be bad enough in and of themselves, but their inevitable interaction within body mechanisms makes them even more of a threat.

Sympathetic activity: The sympathetic nervous system is that part of the autonomic nervous system that controls the regulation of blood pressure as well as metabolic and respiratory functions. Under the influence of nicotine, however, this control mechanism gets out of balance and among other things causes an increase in heart activity and resistance within the blood vessels. The result is cardiac arrhythmia and partial to complete occlusion of the vessels.

Vessel constriction: As a result of imbalance in the sympathetic or as a direct effect of smoking addiction, the narrowing of the blood vessels forms the core aspect of nicotine-related hypertension. Responsible for the vascular closure is not only the nicotine per se. Also contained in cigarette smoke additives may favor the arterial closure. Furthermore, the circulation and pumping capacity of the heart and blood vessels are severely impaired by the harmful substances, which offers hypertension further bases for manifestation. In this context, the danger of blood thickening caused by the smoke should not be underestimated, which may lead to further blockage of the vessels.

Lack of oxygen: Since the cigarette smoke a large amount of carbon monoxide gets into the blood, with permanent nicotine consumption and the supply of organs, especially the heart, with oxygen at risk. Now O2 is of essential importance for the integrity of the organs and their functionality. A deficiency supply therefore brings about serious organ damage. Heart attacks and strokes are thus the worst danger when smoking, while hypertension in this area, merely ‘a precursor to the complete failure of the heart.

Hypertension-and-Smoking-Addiction

The interaction of risk factors

The exact value of systolic blood pressure increase is between 7 mmHg and 10 mmHg when smoking. However, further increases may be added if smoking is associated with one of the following aspects.

    • Smoking due to stress in most cases implies that high blood pressure is already present before consumption. This results from the increased heart activity that results from stressful situations.
    • The same applies to cigarette consumption in combination with obesity. In addition, weight-related arteriosclerosis and vasoconstrictive substances meet and, together, provide even greater resistance within the blood vessels.
    • Smoking addiction in concert with alcohol can not only increase the risk of hypertension, but also of cardiac arrhythmia. As nicotine constricts the vessels, alcohol temporarily expands them so that the pumping intervals of the heart become completely out of balance.

Also in connection with lack of exercise or a wrong diet, the risk of high blood pressure by smoking is greater than normal. In addition to the dysfunctional properties of nicotine here are still added to nutrient deficiency or resilience problems that affect the activity of the heart and organs. Already existing dysfunctions of the organs, such as those caused by unhealthy foods or too little exercise, are further expanded by smoking cigarettes.

Headache – an Overview Of Headache Types

Everyone knows them and many have them – there is talk of a headache. Maybe right now when you’re reading, you’re literally blaring your skull. Or a slight pressure is spreading in the head that is uncomfortable and painful. The response of most sufferers is similar – they resort to known painkillers. However, this quick grip on medicines is not always your best bet. Why? The physicians distinguish several headache types – up to 200.

The reason for this large number are different distinguishing features or causes and symptoms of specific headache types. For example, headaches can be triggered by external stimuli, have a purely biological cause, are associated with illness or can also be caused by the intake of medication. Fact: Headache is not the same as headache.

Chronic or acute – when headaches torment us

You have probably also suffered from headaches over the past 12 months. This puts you in good company. According to a study, about 60 percent of the population in Germany suffer from headaches on a 12-month average. Women are much more affected. While the frequency varied between 50 and 55 percent in the male participants, it reached values ​​between 65 percent and 70 percent among the female study participants. Particularly severe are the headache limitations for about five percent of the German population – suffering from daily headache.

headache-types

What are headaches but actually? In general, it is understood as meaning a pain sensation in the area of ​​the skull, the meninges, the blood vessels as well as the brain and upper spinal nerves. Depending on the cause, it is referred to as primary headache when the pain is the trigger of the condition. Secondary headache, on the other hand, is when the pain is caused by a disease or an organ condition (such as tumors).

And also with regard to appearance, the individual headache types differ. In some cases, they only appear acutely. Patients complain of discomfort for only a few hours to a few days. In contrast, a headache disorder can also occur chronically. Where exactly the dividing line lies differs from headache disease to headache disease. In migraine and tension-type headache – the two most common clinical pictures – medics speak of a chronic disease when the pain occurs on 15 days per month over a longer period (in tension-type headache over six months).

The different types of headache

Since headaches can be classified according to their origin in primary and secondary headache as well as the type of pain, a precise representation of the individual headache types is difficult. The most common and common types include tension-type headache and migraine. While the latter is described with recurrent attacks of pain, which may be accompanied by a pulsating and hemiplegic headache as well as photophobia, nausea, and vomiting, the tension-type headache is described as pulling-pushing and without the migraine-typical accompanying symptoms.

The so-called cluster headache (also known as Bing-Horton neuralgia) has repeatedly appeared in the media and medical literature over the past few years. Unlike the widespread tension-type headache, which manifests itself bilaterally, in the case of boring cluster headache, a strong preference is given to one side of the head (in the area of ​​the eye / temple). Patients also report extreme pain, which can begin shortly after falling asleep, in the morning or at lunchtime. Although the exact cause of the cluster headache is unclear, studies suggest hypothalamic involvement and activation of the trigeminal nerve. The latter is involved in a whole group of headaches – trigemino-autonomic headache disorders, which include not only cluster headaches but also SUNCT syndrome and paroxysmal hemicrania. Here is an overview of the most important headache types:

    • Tension headaches
    • Migraine
    • Cluster headache

In addition, modern medicine knows other types of headaches, such as:

    • Sexual headache (occurs more frequently in men during sexual intercourse)
    • Headache associated with the cervical spine
    • Headache associated with vascular disease (eg Horton-Magath-Brown syndrome)
    • Headache due to tension (eg the masticatory muscles)
    • the sensation of pain in hemorrhages in the brain fluid.

Also known to be headache as a result of drug use (as a side effect), drug abuse, drug overdose or their withdrawal. This form of pain covers a wide range of different symptoms (may be half or bilateral, dull, throbbing or pulsatile). But not only diseases such as tumors, vascular inflammations o. Ä. can cause a headache. Even greater effort – for example, when coughing or sports – are known as a trigger for headache attacks, which can last up to 24 hours. And not to forget the position-dependent headache, which can occur for example in acute or chronic sinusitis in appearance.

Conclusion

Headaches can not only be extreme, depending on the cause and course of the attacks are characterized by a variety of symptoms. Sometimes pain remains the only noticeable symptom. In diseases such as migraine in addition to changes in perception, nausea and vomiting may be added.

Balanced Nutrition From The Cup And Meal Replacement

Liquid food from the cup is currently very much in vogue and fits perfectly into our time. But what about drinking food that pretends to replace a meal? Is this again hyped food replacement really something new or just another variant of protein and weight loss shakes? As a body-conscious and athletic person, I simply followed up on this question. Definitely different: The new generation of food powder shakes does not serve a specific niche, but is a true all-rounder. Liquid food goes well beyond muscle building or weight loss – behind meal replacement products is a complete nutritional concept that provides all the essential nutrients. One thing is clear to me: liquid food optimizes nutrition and keeps you physically and mentally fit.

Convinced by personal experience

At first I asked myself: What – this purging powder from the bag should replace my meals? That is not how it works! That was before I tried it myself. In the meantime, I have been a convinced fan of food powder shakes for quite some time. Now I understand the hype about the food from the cup. As the? Quite simply: The liquid food fits my lifestyle and provides me with everything my body needs in concentrated form – with every meal. Otherwise, this could only ensure a carefully arranged menu.

That’s exactly my problem – and I’m certainly not an isolated case. Everyone knows the stress that is placed on them between work and free time – especially when, as I do, regular sports play an important role. Often there is no time to prepare a balanced and healthy meal for me. Too often, I used to go for fast food or snacks for lack of time – which is anything but nutritionally healthy. Today, the stirred cup of liquid food is the ideal replacement for a meal or snack in between.

Food replacement – a child of Silicon Valley

Like many other trends, the food replacement from the cup has swum over to us across the pond. Since the launch of Soylent’s first liquid formula in the US in 2013, a lot has changed in terms of meal replacement. No wonder – because the US startup kicked off a veritable hype. It’s no coincidence that the food powder shakes hit Silicon Valley like a (successful) bomb. The innovative meal replacement was the ideal problem solution for stressed-out digital workers, where time is a scarce commodity. Instead of fast-paced fast food, the drinking food now comes out of the cup on the table. This saves time and is still healthy. Because the liquid food from the bag contains all the important macro and micronutrients that make the organism powerful.

In Europe, too, there is an increasing demand for shakes that can completely replace a meal. In the meantime, this has called many competitors onto the scene in the food segment. Almost hard to keep track of the variety of providers. A wide range of nutritional powders and ready-made drinks are waiting for nutrition-conscious people who are looking for a healthy alternative to fast food & co, who want to lose weight more easily or simply want to optimize their diet.

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Guide to food powder shakes

On this page I want to deal with the advantages and disadvantages of liquid food, provide general information and take a closer look at all aspects of astronaut food. In this context, I will also take a closer look at individual products. I’ve tasted them almost all – and there are always new to discover. Of course, the meal replacement is also available in the vegan version, gluten-free and as a bioproduct without genetic engineering.

Who can benefit from meal replacement?

The food shakes perfectly fit the motto: “Simplify your life” – in many ways. Especially health-conscious people, who have little time, save themselves the elaborate compilation of individual ingredients to ensure a balanced diet. Stop by studying lists that provide information on vitamins, minerals and trace elements in each food. With the drinking food you can be sure to always take all the important nutrients.

Performance booster for everyday life and sports

Gold is worth the meal replacement in the professional life. For me as a digital worker in the IT industry, a quick snack in between that replenishes energy reserves and raises the power curve is simply ideal. It is hard to believe what power is in the food powder. For me, the meal replacement from the bag feels a bit like brain food. Somehow, a little later, I feel fitter, more alert and more efficient. Not only physically, but also in the head. Almost as if I had ignited a turbo.

Of course, as a passionate athlete I appreciate the food powder shakes as a performance booster – which, by the way, are not heavy in the stomach. Above all, I can easily prepare the snack from the mug anywhere on the go. A spoon is enough for stirring and water – ready.

Losing weight – but healthy

But liquid food can also be an ideal companion for a diet. It puts an end to annoying calorie counting. One look at the pack is enough and I know how many calories I feed my body with a meal from the cup.

Gain for health?

I have been interested in healthy nutrition for a long time – after all, as a health-conscious person, I would like to know what my body needs and how I can feed it to him. I’m probably not the only one who has been scouring the Internet for the optimal healthy diet and always feels a bit “lost in space” between Paleo and Lowcarb.

Whatever – for me, unhealthy snacks, sweets and fast food were yesterday. Because they whip all the blood sugar levels in the air, only to let it fall steeply after a short time again. That’s exactly what makes you hungry right away. A vicious circle that often ends in overweight. I used to have a couple of kilos too much due to this behavior. Until I understand how it’s related. That was the initial spark to get more involved with nutrition.

During this time, I learned a lot about the interaction and task of the individual nutrients that our body needs to be efficient and healthy. That’s why I realize why food shakes produce a much longer-lasting satiety. Because they contain little or no sugar and only high-quality long-chain carbohydrates, which the body metabolizes more slowly and converts into glucose. Accordingly, the blood sugar level in the blood rises slowly and the longer it keeps the level reached. Only when the blood sugar level drops again, the hunger is reported – and this takes much longer with meal replacement.

What is in the meal replacement?

Of course, ingredients and provenance of nutrients vary considerably depending on the product and target group. Also, the calorie count varies – depending on whether the meal replacement is to lose weight or as an alternative for lunch or dinner. What they all have in common is that they contain proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, essential amino acids and trace elements in a balanced ratio. Also, the important for the organism fat and fiber are available.

Some food shakes are made from all-natural ingredients. There are fruits and vegetables, seeds, nuts and seeds, proteins from legumes, grains and algae and much more. Many a list of ingredients reads like half a cupboard of healthy things. There is also a whole range of vitamins and minerals. It sounds like a lot of health in the ears of knowledgeable people. A one-sided diet is at least excluded, because everything is in it, what the body needs.

Meal replacement – not always without additives

Unfortunately, not every drink is free of additives – which reduces the pleasure of eating something. It is the same with the vitamins and minerals. They are sometimes made synthetically. However, replicated vitamins and minerals from the retort are not natural. The body can not use it as well as it does natural ones, which reduces its bioavailability. Often this is also a cost issue. Anyone who chooses an organic product with 100% natural ingredients, has to put much more on the table. That’s only natural.

That’s what nutritionists say

Nutritionists, who usually tend to object quickly to products that replace a meal, are well-behaved with most food powder shakes. This may be because some products have been developed in collaboration with nutritionists. However, the often reported concerns can not be completely dismissed. The criticism is less about additives or synthetically produced ingredients. Nutritionists are much more concerned about the fact that the teeth are left out of the diet – after all, evolution did not design us as a pumice. Therefore, masticatory muscles and teeth should get work. But only very few will delete all other foods from their diet. So for me the bite in the apple with meal replacement is still part of everyday life.

And while we are already on fruit: Nutritionists also recommend the regular consumption of fruits and vegetables – because the phytochemicals contained therein have a positive effect on all metabolic processes. And that extra fiber is good for the digestive tract, goes without saying.

Is liquid food the new food?

The diet could not be simpler than with food powder shakes. Not even a mixer is needed – just stir in water and ready. But what does the indulgence man in me say? Sure – you can not necessarily say that liquid food from Gourmets’ cup leaves a delightful Mmmhhh …. Even the term meal replacement sounds little sensual and so not after enjoyment. Perhaps a new word like “Easylunch” would be better at the heart of the matter. For as boring as the name sounds, the food powder shakes really do not taste.

There is probably something for every taste – whether for sweet bites, fruit and vegetable fans or spicy food trailer. Yes – even with meal replacement is the choice of suitable food powder Shakes a matter of taste. But not only the taste, but also the consistency plays a role for many. Just try out what suits you best. Some manufacturers offer a tasting package – so you can drink through several food shakes, until one meets the right one.

Some argue that food also has a social component. Nobody likes that. Especially today, when people sit in pubs together at the table and communicate more with their smartphone than with their counterparts, eating together with friends is important to me. That will stay that way for me personally. It does not have to be about banishing normal meals from his life. How to use healthy drinking food for yourself is ultimately up to you.

And now enjoy browsing – there are many new and interesting things to discover on this site!

Watch out for Natural Supplements For Sex Gain And Weight Loss

Many consumers are considering supplements that are natural and therefore safe. In fact, the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN reported in 2017 that 87 percent of US consumers trust that dietary supplements, such as vitamins, minerals, herbs, herbs, oils, microbial bacteria and amino acids, are safe and effective Unfortunately, your confidence can be misaligned when it comes to supplements for male sexual dysfunction and weight loss.

According to the Food and Drug Administration, 776 nutritional supplement products sold from 146 different manufacturers that trade between 2007 and 2016 contained synthetic / prescription medicines. Most of these products are marketed for only two conditions, sexual enhancement, (45.5 percent) or weight loss (40.9 percent). Most recently, on Nov. 30, 2018, the FDA did not advise consumers to buy a product called Willy Go Wild, available online and in some retail outlets, because the product also contains hidden prescription drugs.

Why is that important?

As a pharmacist and dietary supplement researcher, I’m worried about the hidden intake of these prescription drugs in the supplements. It increases the risk of harming patients, and it allows people to write down the merits and disadvantages they experience to a herb, rather than the true culprit – the extra drug. This makes it harder for physicians and pharmacists to decipher the types of patients who have these natural therapies that could be used and where they should be avoided.

Risky Sex Enhancement Pills

It is considered malpractice for pharmacists to fill prescriptions for erectile dysfunction (ED) medications such as Viagra, Levitra or Cialis when patients stop taking nitrate medications such as nitroglycerin tablets or spray or isosorbide mono / dinitrate. These nitrate medications are commonly used to treat chest pain or heart failure. The combination with a drug for the treatment of ED; When the FDA said the makers of Willy Go Wild may cause a patient’s blood pressure to skyrocket. This consequently can result in hospitalization or Loss of life.

Some patients taking nitrate medications who are not sure of any of the ED medications, have turned to the so-called natural products instead. If you had bought one of the 353 spoiled products, you would have the same active ingredients nonetheless.

In addition, prescription erectile dysfunction medication can cause priapism, a medical emergency where the penis can become irreparably damaged. The higher the dose eaten, the bigger the risk. So imagine if you want to improve your prescription erectile dysfunction drug with herbal remedies, just to find out you were getting a prescription drug, drug instead. There are cases of priapism with herbal sexual dysfunction medication.

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ED Drugs And Antidepressants

Some other nutritional supplement products for male enhancement added a drug called daptoxetine. The FDA hasn’t authorized it for almost any reason, which include sexual dysfunction. People on other serotonin-enhancing drugs for depression or bowel problems are more likely to end up with a condition called serotonin syndrome when accidentally exposed to this unknown drug. Serotonin syndrome is a life-threatening problem with high body temperature, muscle stiffness, cramping and kidney damage.

Sibutramine, an appetite suppressant that was removed from the US market by the FDA in 2010 because its use increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. However, 269 supplements touted for weight loss products contain sibutramine and others contain the stimulant ephedrine and fenfluramine.

Ephedrine, a stimulant, has been banned in the US because it also increases cardiovascular risk. Fenfluramine, an amphetamine derivative, has been used in combination with phentermine in the popular “fen-phen” diet, which has been banned after numerous cases of pulmonary hypertension, valvular heart failure and heart failure has occurred.

Yet other dietary supplements, weight loss products, contain the laxative phenolphthalein or prescription diuretics. Phenolphthalein is no longer used as a laxative in the US because it may cause cancer and injures fetuses. Laxatives and diuretics only cause weight loss due to diarrhea or loss of water weight. They do not result in fat loss. It can cause dangerously low blood pressure and low blood potassium concentrations.

A 2015 New England Journal of Medicine estimated that dietary supplements led to 23,000 emergency room visits and over 2,000 hospitalizations each year. Weight-loss products or associated increased energy also causes 72 percent of supplement-related adverse events, including palpitations, chest pain, or palpitations rate. I suspect that the dominance of the deliberate synthetic drug restrictions on these supplements could explain some of these results.

How can you protect yourself?

The FDA does not approve nutritional supplements, and many options that you are on your own. The Nutritional Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994 created a new category of health product. As long as the product contains natural ingredients to promote or support the health and not to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent a disease, it is considered a dietary supplement. Under DSHEA, the FDA has got to verify risk to human overall health just before removing these goods from the US market place.

The FDA, however, has a running list of products in which you have found synthetic or prescription meds, and you can check that out. If the product you purchased on this list, do not use it. On Nov. 20, 2018, two nutritional supplements for pain or drug addiction were stained with tianeptine, an antidepressant drug that is not FDA-approved for use in the US market. If your product is not on this list, but does not guarantee it, there are no restrictions. The FDA simply does not have the resources to review the tens of thousands of supplements on US shelves.

Independent laboratory verification by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) can help ensure that the vitamin or herb indicated on the label is in the bottle and that the product has a low risk of microbial, heavy metal and PCB contamination. Unfortunately, USP does not routinely test dietary supplements contaminated for synthetic or prescription drug.

Prevention and Reducing The Risk Factors of Stroke

If a clot clogs a vessel in the brain, it often has serious consequences for the patient. But the risks for a stroke can be influenced. What role do blood pressure, diet and exercise play? Sport can positively influence risk factors for stroke, for example, prevent high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes.

It’s raining. Instead of the Alps in the Upper Bavarian Aschau all around today only cloud mountains can be seen. No weather for a walk. Therese Schmid (66) is still on the way. “It can not always be the sun,” she says. Twice a week, she and her husband travel the distance from their home to the school. Not to learn, but because they are taking part in a study.

“Pressure down, activity up!” is the name of the prevention project in which older citizens from the village accompany children on their way to school. “Above all, we are interested in whether something can be done to combat high blood pressure – the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke,” says the prevention researcher. Birgit Böhm from the Technical University of Munich, who supervises the project.

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The lifestyle plays an important role

Stroke is one of the biggest threats to health in Germany. Every year, it affects around 270,000 people. The circulatory disorder of the brain usually occurs when a vessel in the head is narrowed or closed. Rarer is a brain haemorrhage behind it. For those affected, the consequences are often dramatic. No other event is responsible for so many cases of disability. The acute treatment of stroke has made progress in recent years. Even more important is the prevention.

“The studies clearly show that many risk factors can be well influenced by the individual lifestyle,” says Professor Bernhard Krämer, CEO of the German Society for Hypertension and Prevention. Which factors are, researchers examined the data from more than 13 000 stroke patients from 32 countries. Result of this so-called interstroke analysis: Nine out of ten attacks are directly or indirectly related to the lifestyle. Most would be avoidable.

Prevention clarifies the risk factors of a stroke

Number one in the risk ranking is hypertension. The affected person is not always aware of this. Expert Krämer explains to patients that hypertension can damage the blood vessels throughout the body – including those in the brain. However, if you go against him, the stroke risk drops. “Ideally, patients with exercise, weight reduction and a low-salt diet can bring about a significant improvement,” says Krämer. However, antihypertensive drugs are also often included.

When developing a stroke, various risk factors are closely linked. Lack of exercise, for example, also contributes to obesity. Both in turn promote diabetes and bad lipid levels – further risk factors for an attack. These connections are also in the Aschauer prevention project. Scientist Böhm works closely with a local pharmacy. “We advise people who have cardiovascular diseases here every day, so a healthy lifestyle and preventive care are very important to us,” says pharmacist Claudia Zangerl.

Together with Böhm, she organized two action days around the topic of cardiovascular health. Most of the study participants were found. “The willingness to talk about one’s own health is very high in the pharmacy, which is why prevention is in good hands there,” explains Böhm. Four times over the course of one and a half years, study participants are examined and their blood pressure is measured. Everyone gets an activity tracker that counts every step and monitors the heart rate. At least 10,000 steps a day, the subjects should go. Whether the values ​​can be lowered – as hoped – will be demonstrated in the coming year.

These measures reduce the risk of stroke
    • Lower your blood pressure, For experts the most important step. Good values can reduce the risk by up to 40 percent.
    • Stop smoking, Every fifth attack could be avoided if patients overcome their nicotine addiction.
    • Eat healthy and balanced, Lots of vegetables, fruits and fish, little salt – that protects the vessels. Another tip: drink little or no alcohol
    • Move enough, This benefits the cardiovascular system. In addition, the risk of hypertension, obesity and metabolic diseases decreases.
Risk factor atrial fibrillation: Listen to the heartbeat

But not all risk factors are as effective as hypertension. For example, atrial fibrillation also increases the risk. However, this widespread cardiac arrhythmia is often not discovered. “Cardiologists often do not see such patients until they have the first stroke,” says Dr. Philipp Sommer from the Heart Center Leipzig. When atrial fibrillation, the heart gets out of rhythm, it beats rhythmically and often clearly too fast. About 15 percent of all attacks are caused by it.

“Due to the irregular pumping activity, blood clots form in the heart, which in turn can block vessels in the brain,” explains expert Sommer. For a previous diagnosis, it would be important for people over 65 to “listen to their heart” more often. Because many sufferers feel the atrial fibrillation as a somewhat irregular, faster heartbeat. “You can then feel the pulse on your wrist and have any irregularities clarified,” explains Sommer. Sphygmomanometers also sometimes help to detect rhythm problems. “If the arrhythmia detection signal shines more often, you should take it seriously and go to the doctor,” says the cardiologist.

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Prevention: It is never too late for exercise and healthy nutrition

This causes an ECG or long-term ECG in case of suspicion. After diagnosis, patients receive medications that inhibit blood clotting. This so-called anticoagulation offers in many cases good protection against clots in the heart. Even if someone has to take medicines, it is not too late for prevention, says Sommer. The risk factor model is not static, but dynamic. “It is also with one or more risk factors in your own hands to influence the risk cheap – and remains his own luck blacksmith!”

Study participant Therese Schmid has internalized this. The activity tracker on the wrist is still a motivation. “You can see exactly how much or how little you move.” When she sees her on the display in the evening, that she just can not keep up with the steps, she goes to an extra round with her husband. “We have become almost a bit ambitious.”

These three values ​​count for the risk of stroke:
    • Blood pressure: Values ​​below 140/90 mmHg are usually considered ideal.
    • Blood fat: Without further risk factors, the total cholesterol should be below 200 mg / dl, the LDL below 160 mg / dl.
    • Blood sugar: Diabetics must discuss their individual goals with the doctor.
With this emergency rule also lay people recognize a stroke

If it comes to a stroke, the time runs for the person concerned. “Time is brain, in German time is brain – this is the most important rule for acute care,” says Professor Heinrich Audebert from the Center for Stroke Research at the Charité Berlin. As soon as the brain is no longer adequately supplied with oxygen, the nerve cells are mass-extinguished. Millions of them can be irretrievably lost, neural connections no longer work.

The faster the patient gets to the hospital, the better the damage can be limited. For years experts have worked to reduce the time between stroke and hospital admission. “Many sufferers first visit their family doctor instead of calling the emergency doctor right away,” says Professor Darius Nabavi of the German Stroke Society. As a result, valuable time is lost.

The so-called FAST test can help to interpret the most important symptoms correctly. However, there are other signs that the test does not capture. For example, suddenly appearing balance disorders, one-sided numbness, dizziness, unconsciousness or sudden onset of extreme headache. Vision problems can also occur, including temporary blindness.

In case of such symptoms also call the ambulance – even if the symptoms disappear again or subside. They can be harbingers of a stroke. Meanwhile, apparently more people recognize the symptoms – and call the emergency doctor directly. Figures from Baden-Württemberg show that as late as 2006, one-third of stroke patients reached the clinic via the family doctor. Ten years later, this share has halved.

Fluid in the Lungs – Causes and Treatment

Fluid in the lungs is a broad term to describe two possible states that can give characteristic symptoms, such as a bubbling noise in the lungs (rattling) when breathing. Fluid accumulation may be in the lungs (pulmonary edema) or outside the lungs (pleural effusion), in the space between the lungs and the chest wall. The term fluid in the lungs is also used in the lungs to refer to mucus. Mucus or phlegm is really a thick, sticky secretion even though lung water is a thin fluid. Other fluid accumulation can be the result of blood or pus.

The lungs enter the thorax (chest) and lie on either side of the heart. Air travels through the air passages that surround the nose, throat (neck), trachea (trachea) and bronchi. The lung tissue is made up of small air sacs, known as alveoli, which is thin and surrounded by blood capillaries. The structure of the respiratory system allows an exchange of gases, so that essential oxygen is taken into the body and waste products, along with gases, are excreted by the exhaled air. The lung is enclosed in an airtight pleural cavity, with a small pleural space separating the lungs from the chest wall. This cavity is lined by the pleural lining, which also creates a small pleural fluid to reduce the friction between the chest wall and lungs while breathing.

Fluid in the lungs

The most common cause of fluid in the lungs is mucus or mucous produced by the lining of the airways. The airway is lined with a mucous membrane that produces a specialized tissue that produces smucus. This mucus lubricates the lining, which can dry out due to the movement of air and out of the channels as well as stopping dust or microorganisms in the air. However, under certain conditions, the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract can generate excessive amounts of mucus and this can slowly sink down the air ducts until it settles in the lungs. The cough reflex or even spontaneous coughing will usually expel most mucus through the mouth (sputum), but in cases of excessive mucus production, obstructive airway disease or diminished cough, the build up of mucus will quickly settle in the lungs.

Lung water or water in the lungs usually results from the interstitial fluid or blood plasma and may be an indication of a serious underlying condition, usually cardiovascular disease. This fluid in the lungs is known as pulmonary edema and may be accompanied by shortness of breath or shortness of breath (dyspnoea), a feeling of suffocation, anxiety and restlessness. Abnormal breathing sounds are also present, especially crackling. Pulmonary edema could be considered a medical emergency and really immediate medical intervention is necessary.

Blood can also fill in the lungs, but this usually happens as a result of severe trauma and the cause is evident, as in a shot or puncture wound. In most trauma cases, where blood can fill the lungs, the lungs collapse and the blood in the lungs collects in the chest cavity (hematothorax). Infections such as tuberculosis (TB) or lung cancer can also lead to blood accumulation in the lungs. Depending on the severity of the trauma, blood in the lungs will cause drowning and requires immediate medical attention. Pus can also occur in the lungs due to a lung abscess and also requires immediate urgent medical attention.

Causes of the fluid inside the lung
    • Bronchitis is the most common cause of mucus in the lungs and is often characterized by persistent cough. This respiratory disease can develop after the common cold or flu (seasonal influenza). often as a result of a secondary bacterial infection, but may also be more chronic and non-infectious as in the case of smokers.
    • Infections may cause hypersecretion of mucus in the respiratory tract and / or pulmonary edema and this includes viral (eg H1N1 swine flu, SARS severe acute respiratory distress syndrome), bacteria (eg tuberculosis, streptococci or pneumococcal pneumonia), fungi (eg histoplasmosis, aspergillosis, candidiasis) and parasitic (example toxoplasmosis) infectious agents.
    • Pneumonia can also cause lung water or fluid with a thinner viscosity. This can only occur on the affected lung lobe due to inflammation of the lung tissue. Pneumonia is not only caused by infection, but may be due to gastric contents being aspirated from the stomach into the lungs.
    • Allergy symptoms typically lead to increased mucus production, however, in specific acute cases there might be pulmonary edema. Retronasal can often cause phlegm collection in the lungs and allergies can cause inflammation of the bronchi and mucus in the chest of the asthmatic.
    • Near drowning results in fluid in the lungs and even if all the fluid is drained from the lungs, it is important to monitor the patient in the hospital to prevent dry drowning.
    • Many cardiovascular conditions may cause pulmonary edema, including hypertension (high blood pressure), myocardial infarction (heart attack), valvular heart disease or cardiomyopathy (damaged heart muscle).
    • Hypoalbuminemia can be caused by kidney failure, liver disease, malnutrition or protein enteropathy.
    • Kidney failure pulmonary edema, as the kidneys may not be able to filter out toxins in the blood.
    • Smoke inhalation can cause severe inflammation of the lung tissue, which leads to fluid accumulation in the lungs.
    • Lymphatic insufficiency lead to inadequate drainage of lymphatic fluid.
    • Side effects of drugs in a pulmonary edema may result and this includes OTC (over-the-counter) or prescription drugs. Narcotics or anesthetics. This may also occur after the application of the drug, when the effect of the drug appear to have worn out.
    • Inhalation, Ingestion or Injection Toxins or toxins may increase the permeability of the vessel walls, resulting in pulmonary edema. Some toxins can also increase mucus production in the lining of the lungs.
    • Autoimmune diseases such as sarcoidosis can cause fluid in the lungs due to the inflammation of the lung tissue.
    • The lack of oxygen due to high altitude can cause pulmonary edema, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and suffocation.

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Fluid outside the lungs

Pleural effusion is when the fluid around the lungs accumulates in the pleural space. Blood (hematothorax), fatty lymph fluid (chylothorax) or pus (empyema) can also fill the pleural space, although this occurs less frequently. Any fluid accumulation in the lungs should be taken seriously and require immediate medical attention. The fluid accumulation in the lungs compressing the lungs and this prevents normal breathing, which results in inadequate gas exchange. The types and causes of pleural effusions are discussed extensively with fluid in the lungs.

Some causes of fluid around the lung

    • Congestive heart failure is probably the most typical brings about of pleural effusion. This fluid is thicker (transudative) due to protein that is forced out of the blood vessels and into the pleural space.
    • Exudative effusion is an aqueous fluid accumulation due to inflammation caused by lung cancer such as pleural mesothelioma infections such as TB or pneumonia. Lung diseases such as asbestosis or drug reactions.
    • Hematothorax may be unusual in that a result of trauma or rupture of the large blood vessels in the case of an aortic aneurysm although the latter is caused by a pleural effusion.
    • Empyema is often due to the accumulation of pus in the pleural space to a lung abscess.
    • Chylothorax is the accumulation of lymph fluid, which has a high concentration of fat, and occurs in certain cancers, such as lymphoma.
    • Some of the causes of lung fluid accumulation can also cause pleural effusion, including kidney failure and liver disease.
The diagnosis of fluid in the lungs

During physical examination, your doctor will be able to identify unusual sounds, such as bubbling or crackling (rattling) with a stethoscope on your breathing. A whistling sound (Stridor) as well as clearly audible when you exhale. Percussion is a knocking motion done against the chest wall and will help your doctor identify with areas of the lungs that might be affected. Typically fluid accumulation causes a muffled sound compared to the normal hollow sound of the air filled lungs. Based on clinical findings and other signs and symptoms, your doctor may request further diagnostic tests that may include the following steps.

    • X-ray of the thorax is one of the most important diagnostic examinations performed to identify the severity and region that is affected. For further imaging, a thorax CT scan or chest ultrasound can be performed.
    • Due to the frequency of cardiovascular in the lungs fluid-related disorders, your doctor may perform an ECG (electrocardiogram), ultrasound of the heart (echocardiography) and other cardiac examinations.
    • Fluid may be aspirated from the pleural cavity, known as thoracocentesis, but this has been done carefully to prevent pneumothorax (accumulation of air into the pleural cavity). A pleural fluid analysis is then performed to identify the type of exudate or any microorganisms.
    • Sputum culture may be necessary to identify the cause of the infection.
    • Number of blood tests can be requested from your doctor to check kidney and liver function, proper gas exchange and heart disease.
The treatment of fluid in the lungs

Treatment depends on the cause of the fluid in the lungs. Some of the treatment options may include:

    • Antibiotics, antiviral or antifungals may be required in the event of infection.
    • Diuretics assist with additional fluid passing, but should be used cautiously in the case of heart disease.
    • Antihistamines may require allergic reactions, and these must be continued on a chronic basis to prevent exacerbations.
    • Corticosteroids can be useful for controlling inflammation and mucus production, as in asthma, and this can be used over the long term to prevent acute attacks.
    • Chest tube with a tube may be necessary for a empyema or a therapeutic pleural function, required for a pleural effusion.
    • Antihypertensives can be given in cases of hypertension.
    • Oxygen is administered in serious cases of fluid within the lungs, in which appropriate gas exchange is impaired. While this does not immediately treat the cause of the fluid in the lungs, except in a lack of oxygen, it helps with adequate gas exchange.
    • Physiotherapy could possibly be important to help with mucus drainage.

Pulmonary Embolism – Pulmonary Blood Clots / Thrombosis

Definition

Pulmonary embolism refers to the obstruction or fixing of blood clots (thromboses) in blood vessels of the lungs. Of the entrained blood clots, which are usually transported by the leg veins through the heart, the lungs are often affected. The blood clots in the arterial blood vessels (blood arterial embolism) of the lungs lead to blood and nutrient deficits in the affected blood vessels.

Root Cause

Risk groups, such as people with congenital blood clotting system disorders or people who are immobile, as well as those who are freshly operated, tend to thromboses and thus to embolisms. Obesity, smoking, birth control pills and certain medications can increase the risk of thrombosis. In some cases, blood clots that have formed in the heart may be responsible for pulmonary embolism.

Symptoms

Depending on the size of the blood clot, different symptoms may appear at different intervals. If the blood clot is small, it usually comes only to atypical cough. Severe pulmonary embolism may include chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing (blood), sweating or anxiety. Also typical are the bluish discoloration of the skin, fingernails or lips, due to the lack of oxygen.

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Diagnosis

After a detailed conversation on the history of the disease, special clinical and technical examinations can be carried out, i.a. Blood and oxygen saturation tests, ECG, X-ray and ultrasound examinations, computed tomography and magnetic resonance tomography and nuclear medicine examinations (scintigraphy).

Therapy

The treatment of pulmonary embolism is usually to be initiated immediately after diagnosis, as this can be life-threatening. Depending on the form of the disease, conservative or surgical therapies may be initiated. Mostly anti-coagulant drugs are used, oxygen therapies initiated and bed rest prescribed. Within the so-called “lysis therapy” special lysis drugs can promote the dissolution of the blood clot. In congenital deficits, such as blood coagulation system damage, the therapy can be used for life or special operations performed.

Prevention

General preventive measures include early mobilization after surgery, avoiding too much bed rest, a healthy diet and lots of exercise. Especially on longer flights you should make sure that you move the legs (feet) regularly, so that it can come to no thrombosis. The airlines are usually familiar with the thrombosis risks on flights and provide information and suggestions. People with an increased risk of thrombosis will find comprehensive advice and preventative treatment at the doctor.

Important Instructions

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Most of the articles in this portal are provided by registered users, and many users are constantly working to improve, but posts can be wrong and may even contain health-damaging recommendations.