Fast Weight Loss With The Detox Juice Diet

Diet plans, diet tips, and dieting techniques are wherever you look. Books, instructional videos, hypnosis books on tape, infomercials on television, and advertising on the radio all claim to have the weight loss plan you’ve been looking for. Sources say a detoxifying or detoxifying juice diet can quickly lose weight; but what is it, is it safe and does it work?

Not a full-blown “Fast”

Typically the word “fast” means the participant will not always ingest any food or water, but detox juice diets allow both food and water. The food is allowed juices, so you need the nutrients you need to survive without having to lift your digestive system to lift a figurative finger.

Detox juice diets do not limit the amount of juice you can drink and highly recommend drinking large amounts of water so you never feel empty or hungry during the diet. If the plan you want to follow suggests any limitation on the amount of juice or water you take, consider looking for another plan.

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It works?

If you are not just looking for a way to lose weight fast, but in the long term, the detox juice diet may not be the best option for you. Similar to other diet plans that restrict your intake of carbohydrates, this type of diet also. With carbohydrate restriction, you lose water in your system, making the number go down the scale (water weight) until you start to eat carbohydrates again.

The restriction of carbohydrates makes the body go into ketosis, a condition where you burn fat stores for energy instead of carbohydrates. The process of ketosis can lead to an unpleasant odor from the pores, a property some will call proof it works out. The juice taken during a detox juice diet will prevent you from entering ketosis, but the same principle applies; The scale goes down, but it is water that is lost rather than fat.

Problems with it

If you decide to start on a detox diet plan, be aware of a few things that signal that you should consider taking a break from the plan. If you lose weight too fast, you will most certainly win again faster. A health-conscious, average weight loss is sure one to two pounds a week. Many detox diet plans do not provide important nutrients and result in losing electrolytes; Watch for tiredness, headache, nausea, and vomiting. All these symptoms are signs you need extra nutrients.

If your goal is to jump-start your diet and wellness plan, but then maybe a detox juice diet is a great option for you to consider for short-term use at startup. After the plan for a few days, you can give a boost and inspire you to continue your journey. But no matter what you decide, contact your doctor before going on any diet plan.

New Hormones Can Revolutionize Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes mellitus now affects more people than ever, with nearly one in ten Americans suffering from it, and the number of diabetics in developing countries is growing rapidly. And while treatments are constantly improving as research progresses, the currently available therapeutic options are far from ideal. But a major breakthrough in diabetes research recently reported by a group of scientists in the journal Cell Phone offers a new hope for radically new and improved ways to combat this disease.

The research team at Harvard led by Douglas Melton focused on the pancreatic beta cells that are responsible for the production of insulin. In type I diabetes, these cells are gradually destroyed by the body’s immune system, and in type II diabetes, but at some point begin to fail as the disease progresses, making them a prime target for possible new therapeutic approaches for diabetes. In healthy people, beta cells usually divide at a rather sluggish rate, with the total remaining more or less constant. But it has been known for some time that under certain conditions, such as pregnancy, they can multiply much faster. The aim of the scientists was what exactly triggers this proliferation, and whether this will then be used to increase their numbers for therapeutic purposes.

Working with mice as model animals, she first devised a way to replicate her body’s perception as if insulin lacked what they hoped would replicate the beta cells faster. They did this by using an injection of insulin receptor antagonists, which prevents the insulin binding to its receptors in different tissues, effectively blocking its action. The effect of this blockade turned out exactly as they had hoped: when mice were given the insulin antagonist, their beta cells responded rapidly by dividing faster and more numerous.

New-Hormones-Can-Revolutionize-Diabetes-Treatment

Once the beta cells were awakened in division faster, the scientists were able to investigate what mechanism lay behind this effect. First, they quickly ruled out the possibility that the insulin antagonist acted directly on the beta cells. This could then only mean that another substance released to other tissues and acting on the beta cells in the pancreas – a description incorporating a hormone – had to be responsible. How many hormones are peptides and thus encoded by specific genes, then researchers decided how the administration of insulin antagonists affects gene expression in different tissues. In particular, a gene caught their attention because its expression in liver cells greatly increased in response to insulin receptor blockade. Furthermore, this gene had some properties that it encodes for a peptide secreted from the cells, as suggested for a hormone. They called the gene and its product betatrophin, which comes from the Greek and translates into about ‘beta nutritious.’ Importantly, humans also possess a betatrophin gene and the hormone is also produced in the human liver.

The last step was to show that they really found the right substance. Instead of trying to isolate betatrophin or somehow produce and inject it into the mice, additional copies of the gene are inserted betatrophin them into the liver cells, thereby significantly increasing the production of the hormone. The beta-cell response was fast and vigorous: once betatrophin production started in the liver, its proliferation rate increased by more than 30-fold! As a result, the pancreas of the mice was elevated in betatrophin able to produce larger amounts of insulin, to the point that glucose tolerance was even better than that of healthy mice.

Extrapolating these results to humans, it is not difficult to imagine what this means for diabetics. Injecting betatrophin once a week, for example, would increase the proliferation of their ailing beta cells, increasing insulin production and ensuring natural glycemic control – which is far better than having to rely on insulin injections.

Of course, it is far too early to celebrate a new revolution in diabetes therapy. It remains to be seen if the results in mice are also reproduced in humans; It has happened before that results that very promising mice could be replicated in human clinical trials are being sought. We thus have to wait for further studies, and until scientists are able to produce enough to try it in betatrophin humans, we can not be sure what to really expect.

But the discovery of a new hormone that can increase the proliferation of insulin-producing cells is still exciting news. Because even if the further research ultimately proves disappointing, or shows that the real story behind betatrophin is more complicated than it looks now, there will still be radically new leadership in the search for better treatments for diabetes – and with it the hope for a healthier and longer life for the billions of diabetics worldwide.

Balloon In The Stomach For Aid Weight Loss Methods

From a body mass index of more than 30 kg / m², it is referred to as obesity, which as a chronic disease can lead to a significant reduction in life expectancy. Since conservative treatment measures can only achieve low success rates of 1 to 2% in the long term, medicine now offers a whole range of invasive weight-loss measures, most notably surgical measures such as gastric banding and gastric bypass. Although the surgical treatment of obesity has proven to be extremely effective, the various methods of bariatric or overweight surgery all have a complication rate that should not be underestimated. The gastric balloon is an alternative for sufferers who are unwilling to bariatric surgery or – for whatever reason – are not eligible for it.

In the forum, there are tips, advices, and discussions around the topics gastric reduction, gastric band, and gastric balloon

Slimming with a gastric balloon

If larger foreign bodies stay in the stomach for a long time, this usually leads to weight loss. This observation has long been known in medicine before a gastric balloon was first used in 1982 to induce weight loss in an obese patient. Meanwhile, the procedure of gastric balloon implantation has become firmly established as a non-surgical weight loss option and has proven its effectiveness in many studies – but only in combination with a supervised diet, a light endurance sports program, and behavioral training that leads to a permanent change in dietary habits and lifestyle. Gastric balloon implantation may be recommended if the bodyweight is at least 40% above ideal weight and other measures have not led to permanent weight loss.

The technique of gastric balloon implantation

The implantation of a gastric balloon is gastroscopically, i. a gastroscopy, which is carried out on an outpatient basis with short sedation and without anesthesia. For this purpose, the initially empty balloon is introduced into the stomach in rolled-up form and then filled with 400-700 ml saline solution. As a result, the balloon can not be transported further into the intestine and floats freely in the stomach. Due to the volume of the balloon, a fast feeling of satiety is developed when eating, thereby reducing the amount of food. The implantation is done in most cases within 20 to 30 minutes.

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Gastric balloon as a weight loss aid

The gastric balloon is a tool that supports weight loss and only makes sense in combination with a tight diet program, consistent movement therapy, and behavioral modifications. Behavioral modifications are needed to align long-term dietary habits and lifestyle towards permanent weight loss. With such a structured weight loss program, balloon in the stomach can help you lose 10 to 15 kg of weight within six months. The sole implantation of a gastric balloon without accompanying measures makes little sense, since after removal of the balloon with a renewed increase in weight is to be expected or, the weight loss falls from the outset rather disappointing. It is generally recommended to remove the gastric balloon after six months. This requires a new gastroscopy, in which the balloon is pecked so that the saline empties into the stomach and the balloon can be removed through the esophagus.

Technical development is the controllable gastric balloon. However, this requires a small procedure in which the balloon introduced into the stomach is connected to a thin catheter which leads to an under-skin reservoir via which the filling volume of the balloon can be varied by injection. These balloons only make sense if the balloon treatment is to be carried out for longer than 6 months.

Weight reduction with the help of a gastric balloon thus requires a high level of motivation of the person concerned, who has best informed himself in advance about professionally guided weight loss programs. In the case of extreme overweight, it may be sensible to initiate a significant weight reduction before a planned bariatric operation with the help of a gastric balloon, so that the risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications can be reduced.

Side effects and complications of gastric balloon

The special advantage of the gastric balloon compared to overweight surgery lies in the simple and always reversible technique that can be performed on an outpatient basis without anesthesia. But even though balloon in the stomach is gentle for weight loss methods, problems can occur.

In the first days after a balloon implantation nausea and vomiting, occasionally stomach cramps are possible. If nausea gets worse, it is sometimes necessary to intervene with medication in order to quench nausea and to compensate for the fluid loss caused by the vomiting. A gastric balloon can cause stomach ulcers, which can lead to threatening bleeding or perforation. For prophylaxis is therefore often prescribed an oral gastric protective agent that the patient must take regularly. In rare cases, the colonization of saline in the balloon with bacteria has been observed. If the saline solution in the stomach and intestine empties, feverish diarrhea can be the result. In theory, injury to the esophagus may occur during implantation or removal of a gastric balloon.

The acidic gastric contents may over time attack the silicone-containing material of the balloon such that the saline solution empties into the stomach through a leak in the balloon wall. It may well happen that the emptied balloon migrates towards the intestine and is excreted in the best case by natural means. When walking through the intestine, it can also get stuck and trigger a bowel obstruction, which then has to be repaired surgically. Since the evacuation of the balloon, deflation, almost always goes unnoticed, the saline solution is often added a dye that is excreted through the kidneys. If the patient notices a discoloration of his urine, this is an alarm signal and a prompt medical presentation is advisable. In order to avoid such complications, the removal of the gastric balloon after 6 months is recommended. If a longer balloon treatment is planned, the balloon must be replaced every 6 months for a new one.

In the first days after a balloon implantation nausea and vomiting, occasionally stomach cramps are possible. If nausea gets worse, it is sometimes necessary to intervene with medication in order to quench nausea and to compensate for the fluid loss caused by the vomiting. A gastric balloon can cause stomach ulcers, which can lead to threatening bleeding or perforation. For prophylaxis is therefore often prescribed an oral gastric protective agent that the patient must take regularly. In rare cases, the colonization of saline in the balloon with bacteria has been observed. If the saline solution in the stomach and intestine empties, feverish diarrhea can be the result. In theory, injury to the esophagus may occur during implantation or removal of a gastric balloon.

What Is A Heart Ablation and How Catheter Ablation Corrects Heart Rhythm

Heart ablation is the term used by cardiac specialists for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias in which they deliberately obliterate pathological areas of the heart muscle tissue

Catheter ablation can permanently repair certain forms of cardiac arrhythmias. Beginnings of this treatment method exist since the eighties. Since then, technology has made tremendous progress. Today, numerous cardiology departments perform the procedure.

How does a catheter ablation work?

Understanding the principle of catheter ablation requires some basic knowledge of how the heart works: the heart consists of four heart cavities, two atria and two main chambers. The beating of the heart is generated by electrical impulses that arise at a specific location in the right atrium. From this so-called sinus node, the electrical impulses spread over the atria and the atrioventricular node (AV node) on the heart chambers and cause the contraction of the heart muscle (conduction system see also graph).

If there are additional faulty pathways or sites in the myocardial tissue that trigger further excitement, there will be episodic or persistent irregular heartbeat. This can be treated by the so-called catheter ablation. Depending on the cause of the disease, the doctors either devour the starting point of the additional heart beats or the abnormal pathways.

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When will a catheter ablation be used?

For most forms of cardiac arrhythmia, the doctor will first try to treat them with medication. If this therapy fails, catheter ablation can permanently rid the patient of his symptoms in certain types of arrhythmia:

In Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW syndrome), there is a congenital pathway between the atria and the ventricles as a short circuit. About the short-circuit connection, the excitement reach the chambers prematurely. It comes to the attacking tachycardia. After catheter ablation, when the expert obliterates the extra pathway, cardiac arrhythmia has disappeared in over 95 percent of cases.

In AV node reentry tachycardia, the electrical impulses circulate in the AV node. This causes tachycardia. Catheter ablation is the treatment of choice for this common cardiac arrhythmia and is successful in more than 95 percent of cases.

In atrial tachycardia (“atrial tachycardia”), the electrical impulses do not emanate from the sinus node but from other locations in the right atrium. The chances of a successful catheter ablation are slightly lower in atrial tachycardia than in WPW syndrome and AV node reentry tachycardia.

In typical atrial flutter, there is also a circular excitement in the right atrium. As the cardiac arrhythmia can be permanently cured by the catheter ablation in 95 percent of cases, it is clearly superior to the drug therapy.

Atrial fibrillation can be caused by electrical impulses from the pulmonary veins. When atrial fibrillation causes discomfort such as shortness of breath or heart failure, doctors use catheter ablation to electrically isolate the pulmonary veins. As a result, the interfering impulses should no longer reach the forecourts. The procedure lasts several hours. So far, he has been successful in seizure-related atrial fibrillation in about 70 percent of cases. For chronic atrial fibrillation, the success rate is just over 50 percent. Therefore, catheter ablation is only used when medications can not normalize the heart rhythm. Often, the patient must continue to take medication after ablation. In some cases, the catheter ablation needs to be repeated.

Although isolation of the pulmonary veins is not possible, there is still the possibility of AV node ablation. By sclerosing the AV node, the atria and chambers of the heart are completely separated electrically. The patient then needs a pacemaker. Therefore, AV node ablation is only an emergency solution.

How does a catheter ablation work?

Catheter ablation is usually performed as part of an electrophysiological examination (EPU) in the hospital. The standard procedure is radiofrequency ablation. Their principle is that the catheter tip delivers heat to the tissue with pinpoint accuracy. Other ablation procedures work with cold (cryoablation).

The inpatient admission usually takes place the day before the procedure so that the medical history can be recorded, the reconnaissance interview conducted and necessary preliminary examinations can be made.

Catheter ablation is performed like a cardiac catheter or EPU under local anesthesia. The patient is conscious. If necessary, the doctor administers painkillers and sedatives. First, the doctor examines exactly the cardiac arrhythmias and their place of origin in the EPU. Then he sets in the heart tissue on the ablation catheter targeted small scars of a few millimeters, to prevent the emergence or transmission of cardiac arrhythmia. After the sclerotherapy, if necessary, the doctor tests whether the cardiac arrhythmia can still be triggered by electrical impulses.

The duration of the procedure is very variable and can hardly be predicted. It can take two to six hours or, in some cases, even longer. The procedure after the procedure is similar to the follow-up treatment with the EPU: The doctor removes the catheters from the heart. In order to prevent rebleeding, he supplies the puncture site with a pressure dressing, which should remain there for 6 to 12 hours. During this time, the patient must observe strict bed rest so that the dressing does not slip. Mostly he can go back to work after a few days.

What are the risks and side effects of catheter ablation?

In most cases, the procedure is without complications. The complications that can occur with catheter ablation are essentially the same as those of the EPU. The doctor discusses it with the patient in a consultation before the examination.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Stage 4 Lung Cancer

To assist physicians in deciding what type of treatment is more appropriate for lung cancer, there is a recognized numerical staging system that creates benchmarks. At Stage I, the cancer is small and localized in a specific area of ​​the lung. During phases 2 and 3, the cancer grows and spreads to the surrounding tissue and possibly the lymph nodes.

Stage 4 lung cancer is when the cancer has spread, or metastised, from the lungs to other parts of the body. Typically, the cancer spreads to the liver, bones, brain or adrenal glands. This is commonly known as secondary or advanced cancer. About 40% of lung cancer patients are diagnosed at stage 4, mainly because the symptoms of lung cancer could include symptoms of other diseases. In Stage 4, the cancer is not curable, but it can be treated. These are some of the symptoms that may help your doctor to diagnose stage 4 lung cancer.

Breathing problems

Lung cancer patients often present with shortness of breath, wheezing and hoarseness. It is often a persistent cough, and the patient can cough up blood. Sometimes, a chronic cough that the patient may suddenly change for some time may be natural. Because these symptoms may also affect other conditions, they are not sufficient to suggest a diagnosis of lung cancer. However, if a smoker presents with these symptoms, a diagnosis of stage 4 lung cancer is likely to be considered by the doctor.

Pain

Patients may experience pain in various areas of the upper body, including the back, chest, arms, ribs and hips. Deep breathing often intensifies the pain that can be felt in the tissues or bones depending on the spread of the cancer. It can also be pain when swallowing. Some people suffer from frequent headaches, which is an indication that the cancer could be affecting the brain.

Weight Loss

With stage 4 lung cancer, there is often a sudden, unexplained weight loss that is often accompanied by loss of appetite and a general feeling of weakness and fatigue. If this weight loss is significant and you do not have a diet, it should be investigated.

“Clubbing”

The nails on the fingers and toes can bulge, and the ends of the fingers change shape. This symptom usually develops in the latter stages of lung cancer, so it is a good indicator of diagnosis.

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Diagnosis

The diagnostic process for stage 4 lung cancer is usually some form of imaging, such as computed tomography (CAT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These scans give a detailed picture of the spread of the cancer as X-rays, allowing the doctor to determine the cancerous stage. A radionuclide scan can detect if the cancer has spread to other organs, while a bone scan will show if the bones are affected.

The doctor may also conduct tests to determine if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. This involves removing a tissue sample for testing under general anesthesia. This process is called medias or mediastinotomy, depending on whether the tissue is absorbed by the neck or the chest.

While all these symptoms refer to other conditions, if you experience one or more of them for two weeks or more, you should consult your doctor. Lung cancer is particularly dangerous because it metastises to other parts of the body relatively quickly, making it one of the most life-threatening cancers there is. As with most conditions, the earlier the diagnosis, the more likely that the treatment will succeed. During treatment for stage 4 lung cancer, the condition will not heal, it can prolong life and improve quality of life, so it is important to seek medical advice as soon as possible.

What are The Symptoms Of Lungs Cancer, Treatment & Prognosis

Lung cancer is a malignant neoplasm in the respiratory system (lungs and bronchi). In addition to breast cancer, colon cancer and prostate cancer, it is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Unfortunately, the number of illnesses continues to increase, especially among women.

Short version:

    • Smoking causes 85% of lung cancers.
    • Lung cancer is caused by a change in the genetic material due to chronic damage.
    • Lung carcinomas can be divided into two groups.
    • Because symptoms are unrecognized or misinterpreted, lung cancer is often discovered by accident during examinations.
    • The treatment of a lung tumor depends on the type of cancer.

In Austria, around 2,500 men and almost 1,200 women suffer from bronchial carcinoma each year. Thus lung cancer is second only to prostate cancer in males and third in women after breast and colon cancer. Most cases are detected between the 55th and the 65th year of life. However, patients can be significantly younger.

The main risk factor for the development of lung cancer is cigarette smoking: Around 85% of all cases can be attributed to tobacco consumption. Hereditary predispositions or contact with other harmful substances (such as arsenic, radon or asbestos), on the other hand, play a subordinate role. 3-5% of the diseases are caused by passive smoking.

From surgery to Targeted Therapy: Depending on the type and stage, lung cancer is treated differently.

Anyone smoking a pack of cigarettes every day for over 20 years increases their lung cancer risk 30 to 40 times. By contrast, a familial accumulation only leads to a doubling or tripling of the risk.

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How does lung cancer develop?

In the cells of the mucous membranes of the bronchi and in the alveoli, there is a change in the genetic material due to prolonged chronic damage (for example, chronic inflammation from cigarette smoke). After a long time, this change means that the normal control mechanisms for the growth and death of cells are no longer effective and a malignant tumor develops. At an early stage of development, this process can sometimes be reversed, such as when the damaging effects are stopped.

Basically, two groups of lung cancer are differentiated:

    1. Non-small cell lung carcinoma

The non-small cell type accounts for around three quarters of cancers of the lung. It is roughly subdivided into:

    • squamous cell carcinoma
    • the adenocarcinoma
    • the large cell carcinoma
    1. Small cell lung carcinoma

Small cell lung cancer (about 20% of the disease) spreads rapidly through the bloodstream and lymphatics, but is better for chemotherapy.

This distinction is important from a medical point of view, because the therapy is targeted accordingly.

Which symptoms occur?

In those cases of lung cancer that are discovered at an early stage, these are generally incidental findings: pulmonary x-raying is actually done for quite different reasons, e.g. in case of release for surgical procedures or severe infections suggesting pneumonia.

The most significant problem is that the disease remains asymptomatic for a long time. Often, the typical symptoms, such as coughing, shortness of breath, fatigue or back pain, misinterpreted or ignored. Since the majority of sufferers are smokers with chronic bronchitis and often have cardiovascular problems, the symptoms are attributed to them.

A doctor’s visit is therefore often delayed for a long time. Only the appearance of blood in the sputum or severe weight loss are alarming. More than two-thirds of all cases of lung cancer are therefore diagnosed at a local or systemic (i.e., distant metastasis) stage.

Unfortunately, previous large-scale studies on the possibility of early diagnosis have not shown sufficiently satisfactory results to be meaningful to broad sections of the population. A so-called spiral computed tomography (spiral CT) with low radiation dose is therefore recommended as a preventive check only certain risk groups: chronic smokers over 50 years, especially if at the same time a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is present; in addition, in the case of lung cancer in the family or a workplace that is burdened by inhaled carcinogens (carcinogenic substances). However, the last two factors only seem relevant if the person smokes himself at the same time.

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How does the doctor make a diagnosis?

If lung cancer is suspected, the patient is referred to a specialized department where a complete examination is made as soon as possible. Among other things, the stage of the disease, the type of tumor and the spread in the body is examined.

For this purpose, different examination methods such as computed tomography, ultrasound, biopsy or a PET scan are performed.

Which treatment methods are available?

The choice of treatment for lung cancer depends largely on the type of cancer and the stage of the cancer.

Treatment options range from surgery to radiation and chemotherapy, to molecular biology therapy.

What is the prognosis for lung cancer?

In contrast to other types of cancer, in the case of bronchial carcinoma, there are no meaningful early detection measures or long-term successful treatment methods. Lung cancer is the only cancer in which the rate of new disease is nearly identical to that of deaths.

Taking all the cases together, current treatment methods achieve a 5-year survival rate of only 15%. However, when early-stage non-small cell lung cancer is detected, around 75 out of every 100 people treated surgically are still alive five years later.

At the same time, lung cancer is virtually the only cancer that has a prevalent and avoidable risk factor. Prevention through smoking cessation is therefore at the forefront.

Especially in the case of lung cancer, it must be emphasized how important it is to participate in the clinical trials offered, as it provides access to new drugs that are not yet on the market, and one can expect further improvements. Moreover, it is only possible to further advance the progress in the treatment of this problematic disease.

As regards therapy, great progress has been made in all areas in recent years. It has become much better in terms of effectiveness and tolerability. This leads to an improvement in quality of life, lifespan and a reduction in side effects.

What can i do on my own?

If you are a smoker, stop as soon as possible!

There are studies showing that certain drugs used to treat lung cancer are less effective when smoked during treatment. The effect of radiation therapy is also disturbed, and surgery increases the rate of complications.

In addition, it is known that patients who have undergone successful surgery have a higher risk of developing another lung cancer if they continue to consume nicotine than those who have quit smoking.

In addition, of course, all health care measures are also useful in the case of this disease: such as vitamin and fiber rich diet with restriction of sugar and fat content and sufficient exercise in the fresh air.

Different Types Of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a malignant tissue proliferation in the lungs, mainly from the mucous membranes of the bronchi. The medical term bronchial carcinoma hides numerous tumors with different cell types and therefore different forms of therapy and prognosis.

In the case of bronchial carcinoma, a distinction is made between small cell and non-small cell tumors

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) includes squamous cell carcinoma, which accounts for half of all lung cancers. The tumor cells do not grow as fast as e.g. in small cell bronchial carcinoma. It can usually be operated on well because it is predominantly located centrally in the lungs and more distinct than the small cell lung cancer. Also, the cancer cells grow less quickly, but also do not respond so well to a chemo or radiation therapy.

Adenocarcinoma also belongs to the group of non-small cell lung carcinomas. It has some special status, as it occurs mainly in non-smoking middle-aged women. Otherwise, it can be said that about every tenth cell-type lung cancer is an adenocarcinoma.

The third representative of this group is the rarely occurring large-cell bronchial carcinoma, which accounts for five to ten percent of all malignant lung tumors. All three tumor types grow more slowly compared to small cell bronchial carcinoma and do not form metastases (secondary tumors) as quickly.

Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) is also referred to as oat cell cancer because the tumor cells are very similar to oat grains. This type of lung cancer is extremely fast and invasive and early causes metastases in the lymph nodes, liver, kidneys, brain and skeletal system (predominantly spine). As a form of treatment, a chemotherapy or radiation therapy is available here, under which the tumor size can greatly reduce or reduce due to the cell specificity. Surgery is performed if the cancer is found only in one lung and near lymph nodes. However, as this type of cancer does not usually occur in just one area, surgery as a single treatment is not useful. Often there are also recurrences.

Small cell bronchial carcinomas also have as a special feature the formation of a paraneoplastic syndrome, i. The tumor cells produce hormone-like substances that can lead to a variety of endocrinological symptoms. Since 80% of all patients already have metastasis at the time of first diagnosis, this tumor has the worst prognosis.

types-of-lungs-cancer

Special shapes :

    • Pancoast tumor

The tumor sits at a certain point in the lung tip and has just through this situation a typical symptoms. The most common symptoms here are unilateral shoulder pain radiating to the arm, ribs, neck and back. This symptomatology is due to the ingrowth of the tumor into surrounding nerve tracts. Often a Horner syndrome also occurs. Horner’s syndrome is the combination of drooping eyelid, narrowing of the pupil, withdrawal of the eyeball and reversed perspiration on one side. As a therapy, a combined chemo and radiation therapy followed by surgery is recommended if the condition of the patient allows it and there are no metastases in adjacent lymph nodes or other organs.

    • Pleural Mesothelioma

This rather rare malignant tumor starts from the pleura, which covers the lungs. Although it can greatly affect the function of the lungs and lead to severe breathing difficulties, it does not formally belong to the group of different types of lung cancer. Causes of the pleural mesothelioma are mostly asbestos contacts. Asbestos is the most important risk factor for this type of cancer. Since 1977, pleural mesothelioma has been recognized as an occupational disease in recent occupational asbestos exposure. It grows quite slowly compared to other tumors. Decades may pass between the inhalation of asbestos-containing dusts and the manifestation of a pleural mesothelioma.

In the end, however, it destroys and displaces other organs such as the lungs, heart, and diaphragm and forms metastases. It also comes very often to a pleural effusion. This is an accumulation of often purulent, often bloody fluid in the chest. In the treatment of pleural mesothelioma, the affected tissues are removed and replaced if necessary by artificial sculptures. Accompanying radiation and / or chemotherapy can be used.

Congenital Heart Disease – Treatment, Symptoms, and Causes

Congenital heart disease is a heart defect, of innate origin. Basically, this pathology concerns the septa of the heart, affects the artery, which supplies venous blood to the lungs or one of the main vessels of the arterial system – the aorta, and also There is an increase in the botallov channel (OAP). In congenital heart disease, the blood movement in the large blood circulation (BPC) and small (ICC) is disturbed.

Heart defects are a term that combines certain heart diseases whose main benefit is a change in the anatomical structure of the heart valve device or its largest vessels and the growth of the partitions between the atria or ventricles.

Causes of congenital heart disease

The main causes of congenital heart disease are diseases from the chromosomes – it is almost 5%; Mutation of the gene (2-3%); various factors such as alcoholism and drug addiction of parents; Infectious diseases in the first trimester of pregnancy (rubella, hepatitis), medications (1-2%) and hereditary predisposition (90%).

With various distortions of chromosomes, their mutations appear in a quantitative and structural form. When aberrations of large or medium sized chromosomes occur, this generally leads to a lethal outcome. But if there are biases in life compatibility then there are several types of congenital diseases. When a third chromosome appears in the set of chromosomes, defects arise between the valves of the valves of the atrial and ventricular septa or a combination of these.

Congenital heart disease with changes in the sex chromosomes is much rarer than in trisomy autosomes.

Mutations of a gene not only lead to congenital heart disease, but also to abnormalities of other organs. Developmental disorders of the CVS (cardiovascular system) are associated with the syndrome of autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive syndrome. These syndromes are characterized by a pattern of damage to the system in a mild or severe severity.

The development of congenital heart disease can contribute to various environmental factors that damage the cardiovascular system. Among them, X-ray radiation could be identified that a woman could receive during the first half of pregnancy; Radiation by ionised particles; some types of medicines; Infectious diseases and viral infections; Alcohol, drugs, etc. Therefore, heart disease formed under the influence of these factors has received the name of embryopathy.

congenital-heart-disease-symptoms

Under the influence of alcohol, most commonly formed VSD (defect of the interventricular septum), OAP (open arterial duct), pathology of the interatrial septum. For example, anticonvulsants lead to the development of pulmonary artery stenosis and aorta, aortic coarctation, OAP.

Ethyl alcohol is the first of the toxic substances, contributing to congenital heart disease. A child born under the influence of alcohol has an embryophytic alcohol syndrome. Alcoholic mothers suffer from almost 40% of children with congenital heart disease. Alcohol is particularly dangerous in the first trimester of pregnancy – this is one of the most critical stages of fetal development.

Very dangerous for the future of the child is the fact that the pregnant woman suffered from rubella. This disease causes a number of pathologies. And the innate pathology of the heart is no exception. The incidence of congenital heart disease after rubella is between 1 and 2.4%. Among the heart diseases are the most common in practice: OAA, AVK, Fallot tetralogy, DMZHP, stenosis of the pulmonary artery.

The data from the experiments show that almost all congenital heart defects are basically of genetic origin, which is consistent with a multifactorial inheritance. Of course, there is heterozygosity of a genetic nature and some forms of UPU are associated with mutations of a gene.

In addition to the aetiological factors that cause congenital heart disease, there is also a risk group in which women fall into the age group; Have violations of the endocrine system; with toxicoses of the first three months of pregnancy; who have stillborn babies in the history, as well as already existing children with congenital heart defects.

Congenital symptoms of heart disease

The clinical picture of congenital heart disease is characterized by features of the structure of the defect, the recovery process and the complications resulting from a variety of etiologies. The symptoms of congenital heart disease include shortness of breath, which occurs in the context of low physical exertion, increased heart rate, periodic weakness, paleness or cyanosis of the face, pain in the heart, swelling and fainting.

Congenital heart defects can occur at regular intervals, so there are three major phases.

In the primary, adaptive phase, the patient’s body attempts to adapt to circulatory system disorders caused by a developmental defect. As a result the symptoms of manifestation of the disease are usually not very pronounced. But during a severe hemodynamic injury, cardiac decompensation quickly develops. If patients with congenital heart disease do not die during the first phase of the disease, there will be improvements in their health and development in about 2-3 years.

In the second phase the relative compensation and the improvement of the general condition are noticed. And for the second inevitably comes the third, when all the adaptive abilities of the organism eventually develop a dystrophic and degenerative nature of the changes in the heart muscle and in various organs. Basically, the terminal phase leads to death of the patient.

The most pronounced symptoms of congenital heart disease include cardiac arrhythmia, cyanosis and heart failure.

Noise in the heart of a systolic character and varying intensity is observed in almost all types of vices. But sometimes they can be absolutely absent or manifest as transience. As a rule, the best audibility is located in the left upper part of the sternum or near the pulmonary artery. Even a slight increase in the shape of the heart makes it possible to hear heart noises.

During the stenosis of the pulmonary artery and TMS (transposition of the main vessels) the cyanosis manifests itself sharply. And with other malformations, it may be missing or small. Cyanosis sometimes has a lasting character or occurs when weeping, crying, so with a periodicity. This symptom may be accompanied by a change in the end phalanges of the fingers and nails. Sometimes such a symptom manifests itself in the pallor of a patient with congenital heart disease.

In some types of vice, the dullness of the heart may change. And its increase will depend on the localization of changes in the heart. To make an accurate diagnosis to determine the shape of the heart, use an X-ray image using both anti-ography and kymography.

In heart failure, a spasm of the peripheral vessels can develop, which is characterized by blanching, cooling of the limbs and the tip of the nose. Spasm manifests as adaptation of the patient’s body to heart failure.

 

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Congenital heart disease in newborns

Infants have a pretty big heart that has significant backup capabilities. Congenital heart disease is usually formed in 2-8 weeks of pregnancy. The cause of his appearance in the child are various diseases of the mother, contagious and viral; the work of the future mother in harmful production and of course hereditary factor.

About 1% of newborns suffer from cardiovascular disease. Now it is not difficult to diagnose congenital heart defects early. So it helps to save the lives of many children through medical and surgical treatment.

Congenital heart disease is most commonly diagnosed in male children. And for various deficiencies, there is a certain sexual predisposition. For example, OAA and VSD predominate in women and aortic stenosis, congenital aneurysm, aortic coarctation, Fallot tetralogy and TMA – in males.

One of the most common changes in the heart of children is the non-opening of the septum – this hole is abnormal. Basically, it is the VSW that is located between the upper chambers of the heart. Throughout the baby’s first year of life, some minor defects in the dividing walls may spontaneously shut down and not interfere with the child’s further development. Well, for major pathologies, surgery is indicated.

The fetal circulatory system prior to birth is a circulation that bypasses the lungs, meaning that blood does not flow there but circulates through the arterial duct. If a child is born, this gait usually closes within a few weeks. But if this does not happen, the child is put by the OAU. This creates some stress on the heart.

The cause of severe forms of cyanosis in children is the transposition of two large arteries when the pulmonary artery connects to the left ventricle and the aorta to the right ventricle. This is considered pathology. Without surgical intervention, newborns die during their first days of life. In addition, children with severe congenital heart disease rarely have a heart attack.

Characteristic signs of congenital heart disease in children are low weight, rapid fatigue and paleness of the skin.

Congenital heart disease

Congenital heart defects can sometimes have a different clinical picture. Therefore, the treatment and treatment methods largely depend on the severity and complexity of the clinical manifestations of the disease. Basically, the picture of his life is absolutely normal, as in healthy people, when the patient is completely compensated for the blemish. As a rule, such patients do not need consultations with doctors. You can be given recommendations whose purpose is to keep the defect in a compensatory state.

First, a patient suffering from congenital heart disease should be limited to hard physical labor. This work, which adversely affects the well-being of the patient, is advisable to switch to another type of activity.

A person with a history of congenital heart disease should refuse to participate in complex sports and participate in competitions. To reduce the strain on the heart, the patient should sleep for about eight hours.

The right diet should accompany patients with congenital heart disease. Foods should be taken three times a day to ensure that plenty of food does not stress the cardiovascular system. All foods should not contain salt, and if heart failure occurs, the salt should not exceed five grams. It should be remembered that only cooked foods should be eaten as they are better for digestion and significantly reduce the burden on all digestive organs. Basically, you should not smoke and drink alcoholic beverages in order not to provoke a cardiovascular system.

One of the methods of treating congenital heart disease is medication when it is necessary to regulate the contractile function of the heart, regulate the water-salt metabolism and remove excess fluid from the body, as well as combat the altered rhythms in the heart To improve metabolic processes in the myocardium.

The treatment of congenital heart disease sometimes changes due to the specificity and severity of the defect. The age and health of the patient are also taken into account. For example, children with small forms of heart disease sometimes do not need treatment. And in some cases, surgical procedures must be performed as early as infancy.

Almost 25% of children with congenital heart disease urgently require early surgery. To determine the location of the defect and its severity, children are put into the heart with a catheter in their first days of life.

The most important surgical method for the treatment of congenital heart disease is the method of deep hypertension, in which a strong cold is used. This type of surgery is performed by babies with a heart in size with a walnut. Applying this method to heart surgery allows the surgeon to perform a complex operation to restore the heart as a result of its complete relaxation.

At the moment, other radical methods of treating congenital heart disease are widespread. Among them, the commissurotomy can be distinguished, in which the dissection of obstructed valves and prostheses is used when the altered mitral or tricuspid atrioventricular valve is removed and then the valve prosthesis is sutured. After such surgical procedures, especially mitral commissurotomy, the prognosis of the surgical treatment is positive.

Basically, patients return to their normal lifestyle after surgery, they are able to work. Children are not limited to physical abilities. However, anyone who has undergone heart surgery should continue to be monitored by the attending physician. A vise that has a rheumatic aetiology requires repeated prevention.

A Gastronomy Guide to Healthy Eating: Celiac Disease Foods to Avoid

Eating is never a bad thing, unless you have celiac disease, and for that very reason I am writing this article on celiac disease foods to avoid. Our bodies were made to eat all types of foods. We were born to eat both meat and vegetables in a healthy diet. Some people, however, were born with the inability to enjoy the good things in life. People who were born without a clear sight will not be able to enjoy what life is giving them. People who were born without ears would not be able to hear the songs of nature, sung joyfully by the birds and the dancing leaves. People who were born with celiac disease would not be able to enjoy all foods to their fullest, leaving the taste of gluten-filled food to one’s imagination. I myself think that there is not a torture even worse than denying one from their hearty meal (and believe me when I say that a gluten-filled food is a hearty meal).

Eating, if you are someone with a celiac disease, is just like having to move through a minefield with visible mines. You know you should not step on them, but they are available for you to see and to step on. If you are playing the daredevil, you can step on it and check whether or not the thing will explode or not. If you are playing it safe, though, you can check on this list of celiac disease foods to eat and avoid 

Grains

This is probably the most perfect example of playing the daredevil when you have celiac disease. Grains are a bit confusing when it comes to list of foods to avoid with celiac disease. Some grains are truly recommended if you have celiac disease while some of them are pretty much a death sentence to eat. You can find many types of grains that are naturally gluten-free, but you can also find grains that are that are naturally gluten-filled.

To be more specific, you can eat rice because they are free from gluten. Corn and soy are also a safe option. Flax seed and yucca can be safe as well, so include them if you want to eat grains in your celiac disease diet. Just be mindful not to buy grains on a bulk because it is possible that the grains have already come in contact with grains that are gluten-filled. 

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Vegetables

Vegetables, as long as they do not touch anything with gluten in it, are safe for you people with celiac disease. They are not included in any celiac disease foods to avoid list, so you can bet your money on them. 

Beverages

Just like grains, this type of consumption is pretty much hit and miss. Some beverages can be included in celiac disease foods to avoid, but some are not. Many beverages are available for celiac disease patients to drink, but you might want to avoid ales, beers, malt wines, and lagers because they contain gluten.

Those are the celiac disease foods to eat and celiac disease foods to avoid, so be mindful of them when you embark on your gastronomic journey.

Get to Know What is Celiac Sprue and Its Symptoms

What is celiac sprue? There are many people who perhaps still unfamiliar about this. Celiac sprue is actually known as celiac disease which refers to severe health disorder on the digestive tract that results on the inability to receive gladin. It is a fraction found in alcohol-soluble. Besides, gluten itself is commonly found in starchy plants like wheat and barley. Hence, people with this disorder often said as gluten-sensitive as well. A sufferer of celiac prune ingests gladin as a response for the inflammatory occurs. Then, this condition leads to damage in the mucous membrane in the intestine. As the result, intestines cannot do the function properly and malabsorption of food nutrients happens.

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What happen with celiac disease patient body?

To know what does celiac sprue mean, you need to know what happen when someone suffer from this disease.  It is a compulsory for people with celiac disease to consume gluten-free diet. The number of people who have celiac prune or other autoimmune disorder associated with gluten consumption is high. Gluten itself is a protein contained in starchy plants which makes elastic and chewy texture of dough and bread.  Celiac disease patient when eat foods containing gluten, their body will react to this protein and cause damage on the villi, a finger-like surface in the small intestine’s wall. When the villi damaged, the food cannot be absorbed effectively by the intestines which not only lead to malnutrition, bone density reducing and infertility. 

Symptoms of celiac sprue

Talking about what is celiac sprue symptoms, it can be different from one person to another. Unlike a food allergy, the symptoms only associated with intestinal problems. People who get food allergy such as wheat commonly may experience itchy on their skin, watery eyes, or difficulty in breathing when consuming any food containing wheat. On the other hand, people with celiac disease might experience various kinds of problems associated with intestines such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and bloating. If this disorder suffered by children, they may experience vomiting, pale and smelly stool, or weight loss. Even though, the symptoms often appear among patients but not all of them may have it. Some others might not have any problem. This makes doctors to diagnose what is celiac sprue disease on someone. 

Diagnosis of celiac sprue disease

The majority of people with celiac sprue do not know they have it. The number of people who realized that they have it through appropriate diagnosis is still small. The progression of damage occurred in intestines is completely slow and the symptoms might be different from one patient to another. The early development of this disorder may take years before it appears on diagnosis. Then, what is celiac sprue test? Doctors commonly conduct two types of blood test to identify whether someone has celiac disease or not. The first type called serology test which is to found particular antibody and the second type is genetic test which the aim is to find any human leukocyte antigens that may cause celiac disease. If the blood test is positive, you most likely to get endoscopy which includes small intestine examination and taking small parts of damaged tissue.

Hereditary Maladies: Is Celiac Disease Hereditary?

Questions like is celiac disease hereditary, is celiac disease genetic, is celiac disease inherited from parents, and still many more of them are interesting questions for today’s article to discuss. Why? We have always known families as something that we can hide ourselves in when problems arose. When we get sick, our families (the majority of people, if not all) will often be the place where we can go to get treated. When we are hungry, our family is what provides for us. When we are down, our family is the first thing that often bring us back up. Truly the family is the place where we can get the comfort any human is looking for.

Sadly, family can also be a place for you to get one of the raging disease in this world: celiac disease. Celiac disease is a disease that can be ‘gifted’ to your offspring or even your siblings. It is a disease that is hereditary, a disease that persists because people with a weird autoimmunity system keeps breeding. If you have not been diagnosed with a celiac disease and one member of your nuclear family got diagnosed with it, there is a chance that you have that disease in you as well. To be safe, go to the doctor and have yourself diagnosed.

That should answer the question if you are the short-answer-looker type. If you are thirsty for the more scientific explanation, though, then feel free to stick around because that is what we are going to discuss next. 

Why is celiac disease genetic?

This is a medical philosophy question, so I cannot answer it on the correct way, but hear me this one: there are no clear indication on what will make you have celiac disease or what will make you safe from one (assuming one member of your nuclear family got celiac disease). The hereditary pattern is yet unknown and there are still open researches on the topic, making a definite answer a hard thing to get.   

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Okay. So how is celiac disease hereditary then?

Humanity got within it something called the human leukocyte antigen complex (or HLAC for short. I shall be using this term from now on). HLAC is a thing that helps filter the bad proteins and the good proteins, making it a good thing if you do not have a faulty HLAC. IF you have a faulty HLAC, however, things will go awry. Whether or not your HLAC is faulty depends on your genetic line.

Bacteria and any other harmful creatures will produce protein in your body. A good HLAC system will be able to distinguish the protein made by those bacteria and harmful creatures and kill it. It will let any good proteins pass and it will not bother with it. A Bad HLAC system will not be able to distinguish between ally and enemy, making it the perfect analogy to a blind shooter. It will kill every good protein and every bad protein within your body and because it shoots blindly, there will be unwanted casualties. It will cause inflammation within your intestine, hence giving you celiac disease.

Hope this can answer the ‘is celiac disease hereditary question’ you have.