Medicinal Plant Goldenrod

Goldenrod has a dehydrating and diuretic effect. It is considered a good herbal remedy for urinary tract infections and convulsive pain. Many people swear by goldenrod as a drug for urinary tract infections. Solidago virgaurea is also widely used as a means of flushing urological infections or urinary stones. Whether the individually observed effect is due to the medicinal plant, studies have not been able to prove. Stiftung Warentest describes studies with positive results as methodologically insufficient – and therefore does not consider the effect proven (September 2014).

Medicinal Plant Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea)

  • dehydrating and diuretic, inhibits inflammation, relieves spasms and pain, effects detected in animal experiments
  • no flushing therapy for edema caused by heart failure or kidney dysfunction
  • do not use in case of allergy to flowers of the pericarp, otherwise no side effects or interactions
  • Areas of application: Prevention and supportive treatment of urinary tract infections, improvement of kidney activity, discharge and prevention of urinary stones, supportive treatment of joint pain in rheumatic diseases and arthritis.

Irrigation Therapy

There is a chicken and egg problem when looking at the goldenrod effect on urinary tract infections or kidney stones. During therapy, patients should drink a lot to stimulate the flow of urine and possibly flush out urinary stones. The positive effect of flushing therapy is undisputed. Not only in urological diseases, the organism benefits from an increased amount of drinking. A drinking volume of 2 to 3 liters per day is generally recommended. Who drinks a lot, also excretes a lot of urine. What contribution goldenrod and other medicinal plants such as bearberry or field chaff peat make is not known.

Medicinal Plant Goldenrod

Active ingredients and mode of action

Goldenrod medicines are extracted from the whole plant (without roots). Depending on the type of goldenrod, usually real or ordinary goldenrod is used, varies the active ingredient composition. Especially effective plant dyes (flavonoids such as rutoside), so-called sesquiterpenes and triterpene saponins, as well as essential oil and some phenol glycosides.

Mode of action

The mode of action of the active ingredients in the goldenrod is – apart from animal experiments – barely studied. Flavonoids are known to be diuretic and dehydrating. Triterpenes are considered anti-inflammatory. What the interaction of these and other agents looks like in detail is unknown.

Laboratory tests have shown that the active ingredients in addition to the diuretic effect also inhibit inflammation and could solve convulsions. This would explain positive effects on joint complaints, rheumatic diseases, and pain. Thanks to the seemingly antispasmodic effect of the goldenrod, many cough-tea mixtures contain goldenrod.

Apply Goldenrod

Goldenrod as a medicinal preparation is mainly available in tablet form and as a fluid. These medicines usually contain only goldenrod. In teas, goldenrod is often combined with other medicinal plants.

No flushing therapy for edema

Anyone who suffers from edema (accumulation of water in the tissue) due to heart failure or kidney dysfunction, should seek medical advice before a flushing therapy. A large amount of fluid can cause serious complications in these circumstances because it puts a strain on the heart and kidneys.

Side effects and interactions

Notable side effects and interactions with and with goldenrod preparations or teas are unknown. At most, it may lead to allergic skin reactions with redness and itching. This is especially true for a daisy allergy.

Children and pregnancy

Some experts advise not to use Goldenrod in children, pregnant women, and nursing mothers because the safety of the medicinal plant has not been proven.

Collect goldenrod

There is an enormous variety of goldenrod species. Who wants to collect the medicinal plants, should therefore arm yourself with a detailed description. The medicinal plant is easy to find in our latitudes – especially in sunny locations near the forest. The best harvest time is the midsummer at the beginning of August when the goldenrod is blooming: just collect the flower-like parts of the plant and dry them in the shade in the air.

Poisonous doppelgangers

Easy to confuse is the goldenrod with the Jacobs Greiskraut. The best way to distinguish the plants on the leaves. The goldenrod is less broad and hardly feathered.

Jacobs ground-weed could be toxic to humans. Farmers are aware of deadly cases of poisoning in cattle and horses when a lot of ground-weed gets into hay or silage.

Goldenrod tea to prepare

Add 2 teaspoons of dried goldenrod to 250 ml of cold water, bring to a boil, and strain for 2 minutes and strain. At the first signs of urinary tract infection or to prevent recurring kidney stones or bladder stones drink about 3 cups per day.

To support flushing therapy, this amount of drinking is not enough. In this case, it should be at least 3 liters per day. Suitable are water, juice spritzers and herbal teas.

Aromatherapy Uses Natural Fragrances

In aromatherapy, essential oils are used to alleviate and cure diseases.

Aromatherapy uses natural fragrances to prevent and cure disease. Aromatherapy works with so-called essential oils. These are plant-derived fragrances. Almost all fragrant plants contain essential oils, but some only very little. A lot of essential oil, which is also used regularly in aromatherapy, contains, for example, chamomile, rosemary, thyme, and sandalwood.

Emergence and Philosophy of Aromatherapy

The soothing and soothing effect of fragrances has long been known to people all over the world. Fragrances were often used by healers and priests, either for healing purposes or for cultic activities. In 1928, the French chemist René Gattefossé began exploring the essential oils for modern aromatherapy. He developed a healing method based on natural plant fragrances. Since then, more and more discoveries have been made in the field of aromatherapy and a large number of books published. Aromatherapists assume that every plant has an energy potential that can be transmitted to humans through their typical fragrance. This activates the self-healing power of the body, restores the balance between body and soul, and enhances well-being.

Aromatherapy Technique

Essential oils are basically not drugs. They are freely negotiable and applicable by anyone. Aromatherapy can be carried out for this reason, possibly with the help of a book. If you have no experience in dealing with fragrances, it is certainly useful to consult with an aromatherapist and possibly get treatment. The essential oils for aromatherapy can be used in various ways: as a flavor bath for inhalation in fragrance lamps as massage or body oils in high dilution for oral use

Aromatherapy Uses Natural Fragrances

Application of Aromatherapy

Some aromatherapists are convinced that properly used fragrance essences can help alleviate or cure nearly all illnesses. In practice, the essential oils of aromatherapy are used especially in psychosomatically concomitant complaints such as sleep disorders, upset, nervousness, or stress. Also as a supportive remedy for colds, menopausal symptoms, or nervous gastrointestinal complaints, the essential oils are recognized.

A few examples of important essential oils and their uses:

    • Eucalyptus: in case of fever, skin changes, or as an expectorant in diseases of the respiratory organs
    • Fennel: for stomach upset and nausea
    • Jasmine: gives confidence and helps with anxiety and depressive moods
    • Clary Sage: stimulates the sexual life and helps with general weakness or recovery time
    • Peppermint: headache

Side Effects of Essential Oils

Essential oils are natural products that are properly dosed usually do not trigger any side effects. In high doses, however, the essential oils can also be poisonous and even dangerous. Therefore, it is important never to use the oils undiluted and to adhere to the dosage guidelines. With a corresponding predisposition, the use of essential oils in the body can lead to allergic reactions. Caution is also advised during pregnancy.

Colon Hydrotherapy Rotting and Poisons

With the help of colon hydrotherapy rotting and poisons are flushed out of the intestine. Colon hydrotherapy is a way of cleaning the colon with the help of water (Greek: hydro). Water flushing of the intestine has a long history, for example, it was already applied to the ancient Egyptians. Modern Colon Hydro Therapy comes from America.

Origin and philosophy of colon hydrotherapy

In colon hydrotherapy, it is believed that certain toxins and waste products from the intestine are no longer broken down quickly and excreted. This should lead to a slow “self-poisoning” of the body, which can cause a variety of complaints, such as metabolic disorders, difficulties in digestion, or mental problems. By rinsing the colon rotting and poisons are washed out of the intestine. This cleanses the intestines, relieves the body’s defense and metabolic system, and at the same time stimulates the intestinal functions.

The technique of Colon Hydro Therapy

With colonic irrigation, the patient lies comfortably in the supine position. Through a plastic tube, warm water flows into the intestine. The amount of water introduced and its temperature is individually different for each patient. A second hose is used to drain the water with the dissolved intestinal contents. During colon hydrotherapy, the therapist gently massages the patient’s abdomen to sense problem areas and direct the inflowing water to specific areas of the intestine. After the intestinal lavage, the patient feels clean and relaxed.

Colon Hydrotherapy

Duration of treatment

A single treatment lasts for different lengths of time, rarely up to 60 minutes. Only disposable material is used. Colon hydrotherapy is usually performed three times a week for three to four weeks. Then you take a break of about three months. During this time, the patient should follow a special nutritional program and exercise regularly. If necessary, after these three months, a few repetitive rinses can be carried out.

Application of Colon Hydro Therapy

Colon hydrotherapy is often combined with other naturopathic procedures. It is mainly used in two situations: as a supportive measure during fasting and in diseases where there is a suspicion that they are caused by a “self-intoxication” of the body. These include in particular:

    • Concentration problems and fatigue
    • Depressed mood and anxiety
    • Indigestion and flatulence
    • Skin problems such as acne or psoriasis (psoriasis)
    • migraine
    • High blood pressure
    • Rheumatic complaints (joint pain)
    • Allergic diseases

Side effects of Colon Hydro Therapy

If the colon hydrotherapy is carried out professionally, as a rule, no side effects are to be expected. However, care must be taken that neither too much nor too hot water is introduced into the intestine. Even with additives to the rinse water, for example, soap, vinegar, or vegetable substances, caution is advised. Sometimes it can come after the first intestinal lavage to a short-term worsening of symptoms. However, with the help of a healthy diet, this can usually be remedied quickly.

The therapy is not used or only on the basis of medical permission in case of:

    • 3rd-degree hemorrhoids
    • pregnancy
    • Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease)
    • Congenital malformations in the colon and rectum area
    • Mechanical intestinal obstruction
    • Acute abdominal diseases

Bioresonance Therapy

Bioresonance therapy is a healing process that seeks to capture and return electromagnetic oscillations of the body. Bioresonance therapy (BRT) is one of the so-called energetic treatment methods based on the one hand on certain fundamentals of traditional Chinese medicine and on the other hand on physical knowledge. Bioresonance therapy is a healing process where it is assumed that the body emits electromagnetic oscillations. These vibrations are registered by a device, influenced, and returned to the patient in a modified form and thus with healing effects.

Origin and Philosophy of Bioresonance Therapy

The physician Franz Morell and the electronic engineer Erich Rasche developed in 1977 the basis of bioresonance therapy, which was then called MORA therapy (after the first two letters of her surname). They were based on the idea that the cells of the organism emit electromagnetic signals, which – like the strings of a violin – cause vibrations in the tissue.

Bioresonance therapists claim that every human being has a variety of vibrations that are typical of him, consisting of harmonic (healthy) and disharmonious (diseased) parts. Since the vibrations of the body are electromagnetic in nature, they can be detected using a kind of “feeler” (electrodes) and guided into the therapy device. The device picks up the vibrations and tries to separate the healthy from the sick electronically. Then the apparatus “clears” the pathological vibrations and returns the healthy signals back to the body.

The Technique of Bioresonance Therapy

Bioresonance therapy distinguishes between three therapy directions: constitutional therapy, relief therapy, the diversion therapy. These forms of therapy each require a different type of device but are in principle very similar. Depending on the symptoms and the question, the therapist attaches electrodes to various points of the skin surface, sometimes in the ear or in the rectum of the patient. These absorb the vibrations of the body and pass them on to the device. Here, the analysis and the influence of any pathological signals take place. Via an output electrode (cable, which leads back from the device to the patient), the harmonic therapy vibrations are returned to the treated person.

Bioresonance Therapy

Bioresonance therapy is not just an attempt to influence pathological processes in the body. Also, foods and medicines can be tested to see if they are compatible with the patient, whether they are in harmony with their vibrations.

Application of Bioresonance Therapy

The bioresonance therapy should be able to help according to their users in virtually all diseases, but especially in: various pain conditions (headaches, migraines, pain in cancer diseases) rheumatic complaints (joint pain) Sleep Disorders caused by scarring Disorders of the preparation and follow-up of operations all types of allergies especially in food allergy

Side Effects of Bioresonance Therapy

Bioresonance therapy is safe, it does not have to be expected side effects. In case of unclear discomfort, however, a preliminary clarification by the doctor makes sense. If the symptoms do not improve during the treatment or if it worsens, a doctor should also be consulted

Electroacupuncture After Voll (EAV)

Electroacupuncture After Voll (EAV) is a procedure in which the conductivity of the tissue is checked by means of a measuring device. With electroacupuncture after full, pathological processes in the body should be recorded early, at a time when no irreparable damage has occurred. In addition, you can use the electro-acupuncture drug (mostly homeopathic substances) test, which is suitable for the treatment of the diagnosed complaints. With the help of weak electrical currents, which the EAV device delivers, the treatment is supplemented if necessary.

Origin and Philosophy of Electroacupuncture After Voll

Full electroacupuncture contains ideas from acupuncture, electrotherapy, and homeopathy. This diagnosis and therapy method was justified by the physician Reinhold Voll. He developed an electro-acupuncture device in 1971 due to his own illness. On the one hand, this device measures the resistance at certain points of the skin surface (partly points from the different acupuncture concepts, partly self-found points), on the other hand, it is able to deliver weak electrical impulse currents.

Electroacupuncture after Voll also includes the so-called Herdlehre. This assumes that the causes of various diseases are to be found in “herds” that can be far from the place of the complaint. As possible foci are: chronically inflamed, enlarged and scarred tonsils chronic sinusitis diseased teeth chronic inflammation of internal organs (cecum, prostate) toxins in the body, for example, amalgam seals in the teeth With the electroacupuncture after full it is – according to their users – It is also possible to determine which additional treatments in which order most favorably influence the healing process.

Electroacupuncture After Voll

Technique of Electroacupuncture

Before the start of the measurement, a detailed survey takes place. This gives the therapist first indications of which problems might be present. At this briefing, the patient should also inform the therapist about his or her workplace, eating habits, and any pre-existing allergies. The EAV device consists of a measuring part and a therapy part, which can supply weak electric currents to the patient. During the examination, the patient holds a metal handle connected to the device, the so-called indifferent electrode. The examiner uses a point electrode to measure the skin resistance at the clearly defined EAV points. These are mainly on the hands and on the feet and on the face. In the measurements, the pointer of a scale going from 0 to 100 moves towards 100 and then stops at a certain value. The amount of this value provides information about the type of disease:

Measured value + information diagnostics

    • 90-100 = acute inflammation, toxicity, allergy
    • 60-90 = Acute and chronic inflammation, over-function of organs
    • 50-60 = normal range, the good regulatory capacity of the associated organ system
    • 40-50 = wear and tear of the organs, subfunction of organs
    • under 40 = severe organ disease with cell death and scar tissue

The EAV therapist can also check medications that are particularly well-suited to treat the condition. These are mostly herbal or homeopathic preparations or so-called nosodes. These are preparations of cell components from diseased tissue or from body discharges of sick people. For the testing of these substances on their relationship to the patient, the therapist has ready-made test sets which he inserts into the circuit of the EAV device. If an intermediary toxin strengthens the rash of the needle up or down, this substance may be causally involved in the disease. If the previously measured pathological value after the interposition of the substance to be tested now approaches the range 50 to 60, then the substance is suitable for the therapy. The therapist usually administers the appropriate preparation to his patient, usually as an injection.

Application Of Electroacupuncture

The electroacupuncture after full can be used in principle in all forms of disorders of well-being. In the following complaints and diseases the EAV is used especially often:

    • Allergies of unclear origin
    • Dental and jaw diseases
    • cancer
    • Complaints from the action of toxic substances

Side Effects of Electric Acupuncture

The treatment itself is hardly associated with side effects or risks when properly performed. However, unclear, acute, or threatening illnesses should first be clarified by a doctor, so that effective conventional medical treatment is not too late.

Energy Balance And Energy Requirements

Accordingly, a negative energy balance should be created to reduce body weight, i. H. the energy consumed must be higher than the supplied energy. By means of an energy balance calculation, the daily energy requirement can be determined. This consists of the basal metabolic rate, the work turnover, the leisure time turnover, and compensation for digestive losses.


The metabolic rate of a person is dependent on his weight and gender. Women have a 10 percent lower basal metabolic rate. It represents the energy needed to maintain all vital functions in peace. In men, the basal metabolic rate is 1.0 kcal/kg body weight per hour. In women 0.9 kcal / kg.

Labor Turnover

Work turnover is the amount of energy needed for physical work (occupation). For the work turnover flat rates are added to the basal metabolic rate, since an exact determination is only possible under laboratory-like conditions. For purely sedentary activity, the work turnover corresponds to about 20 percent of the basal metabolic rate. Slightly active, sedentary, or standing activity with occasional walking accounts for 30 percent of the basal metabolic rate. Housework, gardening, assembly line work, frequent walking, sitting a little bit correspond to 50 percent of the basal metabolic rate. Auxiliary, loading work, physical education teacher, dancer, etc. must underlie 75 percent of the base turnover and construction workers, miners, and furniture packers 100 percent.

Leisure turnover

The leisure turnover represents the amount of energy that results from activities besides the occupation. In one hour of walking, a person consumes about 2.86 kcal. When running at 9 km/h 9.5 kcal per hour. Cycling at 15 km/h consumes 5.3 kcal per hour and per kilogram of body weight. In addition, when calculating the total energy expenditure, the loss of energy due to incomplete absorption of nutrients from the intestine and heat losses in the metabolism must not be missing. For these two factors, 15% of the daily energy requirement is reckoned with.

Energy Balance And Energy Requirements

Example: A man of 37 years and 88 kilograms of weight exercises a light activity every day for 8 hours. In his free time, he rides an hour by bicycle at a speed of 15 km / h twice a week. His energy balance is calculated as follows:

Basal metabolism: 1.0 kcal x 88 kg x 24 hrs 2112 kcal

Work turnover: Lightweight activity, plus 30 percent 634 kcal

Leisure turnover: 15 km / h cycling (5.3 kcal / kg / h, based on 88 kg and 2 hours) total: 933 kcal, 133 kcal per day

Together: 2879 kcal plus 15 percent supplement: 432 kcal = total energy requirement per day: 3311 kcal

So if he consumed 3311 kcal per day, the energy balance would be theoretically balanced. Often, however, the calculated value is very high and already exceeds the actual energy input.

How many grams of carbs, fat, and protein would that be per day? This can also be calculated very easily. Assuming a 55:30:15 ratio, you get the following numbers:

    • Carbohydrates (55 percent) = 1821 kcal
    • Fat (30 percent) = 993 kcal
    • Protein (15 percent) = 497 kcal

Carbohydrates (55 percent) = 1821 kcal: 4.1 kcal = 444 g fat (30 percent) = 993, due to the fact that carbs and protein each contain 4.1 kcal per gram and fat 9.3 kcal kcal: 9.3 kcal = 107 g protein (15 percent) = 497 kcal: 4.1 kcal = 121 g

This amount of food he should therefore take classical dietary recommendations after daily to maintain his body weight. Condition is, however, with such a high carbohydrate intake a regular exercise. More meaningful in the context of a weight reduction would be a moderate reduction of carbohydrates and an increase in the protein, fruit, and vegetable content. This also takes into account the glycemic load. To see how many calories you consume each day, an analysis of a 3-7 day nutritional protocol is essential.

Thyroid Enlargement, Symptoms, And Treatment

Thyroid – an indispensable organ of the endocrine system that produces substances that are responsible for many important processes. That is, it is responsible for the activity of the brain, heart activity, muscle tone, metabolic processes. Therefore, any thyroid problems will sooner or later be reflected in other organs and systems.

It is noted that thyroid disease develops much more often in women than in the stronger sex, and one of the common pathologies is the increase in this organ. Often, this is due to a lack of iodine intake, poor environmental conditions, constant stress, chronic infectious diseases, bad habits. We will find out what are the symptoms of diffuse enlargement of the thyroid gland and the methods of treatment for this diagnosis.

Symptoms of an increase in the thyroid gland

Symptoms of an increase in the thyroid and its hormones are not immediately apparent and depend on the stage of pathology. It is possible to observe changes only with palpation examination, ultrasound or X-ray examination. There are 5 stages of enlargement of the thyroid with such signs:

    1. In the first phase, when the palpation is increased, the gland is not diagnosed, but during swallowing of saliva and food, the patient may feel some discomfort.
    2. In the second stage, the enlarged lobes of the gland are already examined, and their increased isthmus is noticeable.
    3. The third stage is characterized by a visually appreciable size of the organ, which thickened the neck, changing its contours.
    4. The thyroid with the rise in the fourth degree starts not only to move forward but also to the sides. Swallowing functions are considerably hampered.
    5. The hardest stage leads to disfigurement. The trachea and esophagus are traumatized, hindering the swallowing and breathing processes, the voice changes, and the patient feels considerable pain and discomfort.

Thyroid-Enlargement-Symptoms And-Treatment

The increase in the thyroid can be substantiated by such manifestations as follows:

    • Decrease or weight gain without obvious reasons;
    • Palpitations;
    • Fatigue, tiredness;
    • Irritability;
    • Problems with sleep;
    • Loss and dullness of the hair;
    • Sweat;
    • Irregular menstruation;
    • visual impairment;
    • Trembling of the hands;
    • inexplicable cough;
    • Stool diseases etc.

Treatment with an increase in the thyroid gland

To properly treat this pathology, the necessary diagnostic measures must first be performed, including:

    • a blood test for hormones;
    • Ultrasound;
    • Computer-assisted axial tomography
    • Core scans, etc.

The treatment methods depend on the reasons for the increase in the thyroid gland, stages of the pathological process, comorbidities. It is easy to guess that the most easily treatable enlargement of the thyroid gland is 1 degree, so it is very important to early detection of the pathology. Neglected cases usually fail without surgical treatment.

In most cases, substitution therapy – taking hormone preparations. Also, drugs that inhibit the functioning of the gland can recommend a special diet. One of the modern methods of treatment is radioiodine therapy – the use of radioactive iodine preparations to destroy glandular tissue.

Treatment of thyroid enlargement by FolkMittel can be performed only after diagnosis and with the permission of the doctor. The most effective folk method for the treatment of thyroid disease is the use of an alcohol tincture of cinquefoil white.

Is Hepatitis C Curable

Hepatitis C (HCV) is increasingly found in gay men, especially HIV-positive ones. Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is no vaccine and even a cured disease does not protect against further infection. Thanks to new therapies, however, hepatitis C can today be cured in three months.

Brief information on hepatitis C

    • Hepatitis C is transmitted by blood, for example during sex, but especially when splitting syringes during drug use.
    • Without treatment, the disease often becomes chronic and can have serious health consequences.
    • In most cases, a disease with hepatitis C can be cured with therapy within three months.
    • Unlike hepatitis A & B, where there is no vaccine. You can always get infected with hepatitis C.
    • This is how you protect yourself: Clean syringes during drug use (“sharing nothing”) and gloves when fisting. With long and violent sex is sometimes blood in the game – then protect condoms.


Hepatitis C is often detected too late and can lead to severe liver damage. She is diagnosed by a blood test. Because hepatitis C is transmitted by blood, you can follow a few simple protection rules.

There is no vaccine against hepatitis C, and even after a cure, you can get infected again. You can protect yourself with the following measures:

Only use your own accessories when using drugs. If blood can be involved in sex practices, gloves protect against fisting or condoms while having sex.

When having sex

    • Do not share sex toys like dildos with others. It is best to always put on a new condom or thoroughly clean or disinfect the toys.
    • When fucking protect condoms, take for each partner a new condom. If you want to fuck without a condom, you should at least take more lube than usual, but less poppers – then it is not so easy to bleed.
    • Do you have more than ten sex partners a year and/or do you have tough sex practices? Check your hepatitis C once a year.

When fisting

    • Use gloves when felling – take a new glove for each new partner. Use a separate lubricant pot for each fist partner.

When substance use

    • If you inject anabolic steroids or other substances, do not share the needle with others. Incidentally, this also applies to razor blades and toothbrushes. Make sure tattoos and piercings are hygienic.
    • Do you take cocaine or speed, just pull your line through your own tube. Coke and speed attack the nasal mucosa and lead to minor bleeding there – a tiny amount of blood on the tube is enough for infection with HCV!


How is Hepatitis C transmitted?

The hepatitis C virus is transmitted by blood. Even the tiniest traces of blood, which may not be visible at all, can lead to an infection.

Transmission during sex is rare in HIV negatives. The risk is probably increased when it comes to bleeding during sex, for example when fisting or violent, long fucking. HCV-containing blood could also be transmitted in the joint use of toys or in group sex, if one guy have sex or fists several others (with or without a condom).

Infections occur especially when injecting drugs such as ketamine, crystal, or heroin, but also when snorting (injecting drugs through the nose) when splitting syringes or other accessories such as tubes: HCV can “survive” in blood leftovers for up to three weeks,


In more than three-quarters of cases, acute hepatitis C is not noticed at all, which means that there are no or only mild symptoms or complaints. In about 10 to 20% of cases, flu-like symptoms occur, sometimes it can also cause yellowing of the eyes and skin. Usually, hepatitis is discovered but only at a blood test.

About three-quarters of the infections become chronic. Most chronic hepatitis C infections run for years or decades asymptomatic or symptom-poor (with fatigue, abdominal pain, fatigue, and recurrent transient elevations in liver function), and even chronic hepatitis can heal spontaneously.

In about one-third of untreated chronic infections, there is an aggressive course with a connective tissue remodeling of the liver (fibrosis), in about 20 percent of infected people after years or decades to cirrhosis with increasing loss of liver function and increased risk of liver cell cancer.

How is hepatitis C treated?

Since acute hepatitis C infection in most cases does not cause disease symptoms, it often goes unnoticed and subsequently untreated.

Hepatitis C is curable in most cases within three months of therapy. Since 2014 there are new drugs that are well tolerated. One tablet is taken once a day.

Important: Every chronic hepatitis C infection should be treated! Sooner or later, the virus will damage the liver.

The therapy is carried out by specialized doctors. These are e.g. HIV specialist practices and physicians for gastrointestinal diseases (gastroenterologists).

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Causes And The Typical Symptoms

The use of the term “autism” comes from Greek which means “to be very self-reliant”. By Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger, the term was first used for children with a profound developmental disorder. Autistic disorders can be very different. Today we speak of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

People with a disorder from the autism spectrum perceive their environment differently (autistic perception). They can barely empathize with other people and communicate adequately with them. They can not recognize the mood of their counterpart from his face. Contacts are rather avoided. They are happy to deal with a specialty. They have difficulty adjusting to the new and the desire to make everyday routines always the same (rituals). Often they are oriented towards details and have difficulty comprehending a situation holistically. In many cases, those affected are rather awkward in their movements.

Over- or hypersensitivity to light, smells, sounds or touch is common. They show z. As a fascination for light or shiny surfaces, as anxiety reactions to special noises, as a fondness for intense body contacts or as a conspicuous Beriechen or feeling of surfaces and objects. These over-or under-sensitivities (the autistic perception) mean that children or adults of the autism spectrum have great problems understanding their environment as a meaningful whole. Achieving learning success is made more difficult.

These autistic characteristics can be very pronounced – they then impede the development of a child significantly and usually occur in the first three years of life. In this case, one speaks of early childhood autism.

If the characteristics are less clearly recognizable, they are often noticeable later on in the environment of the person or person himself. The diagnosis then made is also known as Asperger syndrome. The symptoms vary greatly from person to person and change in their expression during the course of development.

In general:

The causes of autism spectrum disorders are still not fully understood. Certain factors play a role in the development. Genetic influences and biological processes before, during, and after birth can impair the development of the brain and trigger autism spectrum disorder. It does not arise from parenting or family conflicts. With targeted support and support, people with autism can develop their skills and be better integrated into society.

Until about 1980, severely affected children with early childhood autism were diagnosed as “autistic”. With the concept of autism spectrum disorders, the diagnosis was made more frequently. Recent studies show that about 1% of the population is affected by an autism spectrum disorder (boys or men more often than girls and women).

“Some sounds hurt my ears as if the drill hits a nerve at the dentist.”

– Temple Grandin

Forms of the autism spectrum

Early childhood autism

The children described by the American child psychiatrist Leo Kanner in 1943 were diagnosed with childhood autism. Therefore one knows the name Kanner autism. Kanner’s description and definition have long shaped the image of childhood autism.


The affected children have abnormalities in three areas:

    • In language and communication: z. Late or missing speech development or loss of existing speech, frequent repetition of words or sentences.
    • Abnormalities of social interactions: z. B. Special features in eye contact, facial expressions, and gestures, little interest in other people or awkward forms of contact, lack of understanding of processes within groups.
    • Repetitive, restricted, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities: B. Turning on wheels of toy cars, stringing objects, conspicuous hand or body movements, sticking to habits, trouble with program changes.

First indications are often available from the age of 12 months. With 2 – 2 1/2 years, a reliable diagnosis can usually be made. Children with early childhood autism often show a general developmental backlog.

Atypical autism

In children with an autistic disorder, the symptoms are not present in all three areas mentioned, they have only become clear later or not very pronounced, it is called atypical autism.

In children with early childhood or atypical autism, the general level of development and their functional level in everyday life is of great importance. One differentiates, therefore “high” and “low” functioning autism, the border lies with an IQ of approximately 70.

Asperger syndrome

The Viennese pediatrician Hans Asperger wrote about children, who especially had big problems finding their way in groups.

Children with Asperger’s Syndrome develop normal linguistic and cognitive development during the first years of life. Their problems often only become clear when they spend more time with other children. They also show abnormalities in different areas:

    • Impairment of social behavior: eg. For example, reduced interest in peers, difficulties in putting oneself in others, often awkward social interactions with other people.
    • Speech and speech disorders: z. For example, a prudent, pedantic language or a special speech melody, literal understanding, and thus trouble with irony or puns.
    • Abnormalities in nonverbal communication: z. B. in eye contact or in the use of facial expressions and gestures.
    • Distinctive interests that take a lot of time, are repetitively exercised and often have a more technical character. Preference for formulas, timetables, technical details, historical data or the like; Girls and women are also often interested in people with special gifts or for individual species.

In addition, there are often difficulties to adapt to new and the desire to make everyday routines always the same (rituals). In many cases, those affected are awkward in their movements. They are often hypersensitive to bright light, special sounds smell, or touch.

In contrast to the other autistic forms, the problems of the affected children or adolescents are often only apparent in kindergarten or at school – sometimes even as adults.

The perception and thinking of people with Asperger syndrome are very different from that of other “neurotypical” people. They are able to quickly get an overview of a new situation, while “Aspergers” (as people with Asperger’s Syndrome call themselves) often perceive many details and then try to identify a system behind them. Often they also have a very good memory for these details.

New classification of autism spectrum disorders

Many studies have shown that professionals usually agree on when to make an autism diagnosis. The American autism specialists have decided to only use the diagnosis “Autism Spectrum Disorder” (ASS) in their DSM-5 diagnostic system. In order to describe the affected persons in more detail, it is noted whether an ASD with or without speech disorder, mental disability, or, for example, epilepsy exists. The severity of the autistic disorder is described by the person’s need for support (low, medium, or high). The ICD-10 diagnostic system used by the WHO and in Switzerland is currently being revised. It is not yet clear whether ICD-11 will take on all the new features of DSM-5.

The other side of autism

So far, the majority of the speech was about difficulties and problems that autistic people have to deal with in everyday life. But they also have many strengths.

People from the autistic spectrum are usually honest and open and direct in their communication. Thoughts and lies are alien to them. If you are interested in a topic or activity, you can study it with great enthusiasm and perseverance and acquire a lot of knowledge and skills. Associated activities perform them conscientiously and concentrated. For works that demand accuracy and a sense of detail, people with autism have a good chance of evolving. Promising is the connection of the special interest with education and profession.

Biochemistry Of The Blood Transcript

Biochemical blood test – a method of blood testing, often used in therapy, rheumatology, gastroenterology, and other fields of medicine. It is this laboratory analysis that most accurately reflects the health of systems and organs.

Glucose in the blood biochemistry

About a day after you have donated blood, get the results of biochemistry. They indicate the amount of the contents of various substances. It is quite difficult for a person without medical education to independently understand the results of the analysis. But today the interpretation of the analysis of blood biochemistry is always attached in the medical institutions.

The sugar content in the blood is the index of carbohydrate metabolism. In the norm of glucose should not be more than 5.5 mmol / l and not less than 3.5 mmol / l. A steady increase in this indicator is most commonly observed when:

    • Cushing’s syndrome;
    • Diabetes;
    • permanent excessive physical exertion;
    • hyperthyroidism;
    • pheochromocytoma;
    • Diseases of the endocrine glands.

If you have a lower glucose level The general biochemistry of the blood, the decoding will indicate that you have an insulin overdose, a deficiency in the function of the endocrine glands, or severe poisoning that is accompanied by liver damage.


Pigments in the biochemistry of the blood

In deciphering the blood test for biochemistry the amount of pigments – bilirubin direct and bilirubin total – is given. The standard of total bilirubin is 5-20 μmol / l. A strong change in this indicator is characteristic of various liver diseases (for example, hepatitis and cirrhosis), mechanical jaundice, poisoning, liver cancer, cholelithiasis, and vitamin B12 deficiency.

The norm of direct bilirubin is 0-3.4 μmol/l. If you have blood biochemistry and this indicator is higher, the decryption may indicate that you have the following:

    • Syphilis;
    • toxic or acute viral hepatitis;
    • cholecystitis;
    • infectious liver disease; 

Fats in biochemical blood analysis

If there is a violation of lipid metabolism in the blood, the content of lipids and/or their fractions (cholesterol esters and triglycerides) is increased. The interpretation of these indicators in the results of blood biochemistry assays is very important as they are very important for a correct assessment of the functional ability of the kidney and liver in a variety of diseases. Normally it should be:

    • Total cholesterol – 3.0-6.0 mmol / l;
    • Triglycerides 0.40-2.70 mmol / l (depending on age).

Water and mineral salts in blood biochemistry

There are several inorganic substances: potassium, folic acid, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, chlorine. Injuries of water-mineral metabolism of any kind are very commonly observed in severe and mild forms of diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis and heart problems.

Normally, the potassium level should be within 3.5-5.5 mmol / l. If there is an increase in its concentration, then the biochemistry of blood for women and men declares that this is hyperkalemia. This condition is characteristic of hemolysis, acute renal failure, dehydration, and adrenal insufficiency. A strong decrease in potassium content means Hypokalemia. This condition is a sign of impaired renal function, cystic fibrosis, an excess of hormones in the adrenal cortex.

In the analysis of blood biochemistry, the sodium standard is 136-145 mmol / l. An increase in this indicator usually indicates a violation of the function of the adrenal cortex or the pathology of the hypothalamus.

Normally chlorine in the blood ranges from 98-107 mmol/l. If the indicators are larger, the person may have dehydration, salicylate poisoning, or adrenocortical dysfunction. However, the decrease in chloride content is observed with vomiting, a significant increase in fluid volume, and excessive sweating.