Zinc to Protect Against Respiratory Infections

Sore throat, runny nose, cough, exhaustion, etc. – Colds are among the most common reasons for sick leave. During the current coronavirus pandemic, there is also fear of serious respiratory infections in COVID-19. An adequate supply of zinc can help prevent and alleviate respiratory diseases.

The immune system is a miracle of nature and protects us against innumerable harmful influences every day. To do this, the organism needs important vital substances to defend itself against viruses, bacteria, free radicals, and the like. An essential trace element that our immune system needs is zinc. However, once the stores are empty, the immune system can no longer perform its tasks properly. The result: You become more susceptible to infections and, above all, are more prone to respiratory infections.

Virus Diseases Particularly Affect People With Weak Immune Defenses

In the colder months of the year, virus infections such as colds and flu are high season. Accordingly, our immune system is also working at full speed. Newer strains of viruses, such as the Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus and now also its mutated variants, also put our immune system to a tough test. Because infection with this multi-organ virus, which mainly affects the respiratory tract, can have serious consequences, especially for people with weak immune defenses or chronic pre-existing diseases (such as cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, or diabetes) as well as for seniors and severe COVID 19 gradients entail.

Zinc Protects Against Virus Diseases

A sufficient supply of the vital trace element zinc can protect against virus diseases. How this works has been shown for various types of viruses. A sufficient supply of zinc prevents, for example, rhinoviruses – the typical pathogens of colds – from sticking to our nasal mucosa1. Cold viruses cannot penetrate our bodies and spread. Even with the currently rampant SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, zinc can prevent viruses from penetrating body cells and inhibit the virus from multiplying2. In the case of coronaviruses, zinc not only shows antivirus effects but can also slow down the excessive inflammatory reaction in COVID-19 and strengthens the airways. There is ample evidence that adequate zinc supplies are beneficial for the prevention and treatment of COVID-192. Current studies also show that an adequate zinc supply can protect against severe COVID-19 courses. The zinc levels of COVID-19 patients are significantly lower compared to healthy volunteers. In an Indian study, COVID-19 patients with a zinc deficiency had a more than the 5-fold increased risk of complications and showed an increased mortality rate3.

Zinc To Protect Against Respiratory Infections

Versatile Effects Of Zinc

The trace element zinc, which is necessary for humans, plays an important role in the defense against pathogens. A zinc deficiency affects the immune system, increases the susceptibility to infectious diseases, delays recovery, and leads to a worse course of infections. In the case of infections, a zinc deficit increases the symptoms, which can lead to excessive inflammation and additional tissue damage. In addition to other immune cells, zinc primarily affects the function of the large phagocytes4,5. The large phagocytes (so-called macrophages) belong to the white blood cells and play an essential role in the elimination of microorganisms such as bacteria etc.

A Polish study indicates that zinc has anti-oxidative as well as anti-inflammatory effects. In addition to standard therapy, the consumption of zinc is said to be able to reduce the mortality rate from pneumonia.

Zinc Reduces The Duration Of The Cold

Around two to four times a year, adults in this country are affected by colds. Usually, the disease will be over in about a week. Fresh air, rest, sufficient humidity in the rooms, and hydration in the form of mineral water and tea as well as enough sleep generally promote recovery. This also applies to a diet rich in vital substances. Hot spices such as ginger, chili, curry, horseradish, and mustard not only heat things up, they also have an antimicrobial effect. Freshly cooked chicken soup is also helpful.

Zinc is currently recommended again and again for flu-like infections. Because by adding zinc you can shorten the duration of colds by around 33 percent. Patients with a cold should use zinc within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms8.

Strengthen The Immune System With The Right Substances

There are many remedies for colds. Since most colds are caused by viruses, but antibiotics only work against bacteria, they are usually not suitable. With the so-called CRP rapid test, the doctor can determine within a few minutes whether viruses or bacteria are responsible for the disease and accordingly initiate the right treatment and select the right drug. A few drops of blood and a few minutes waiting time are sufficient for the rapid test. The rapid test can prevent patients suffering from a virus disease from receiving antibiotics unnecessarily.

Zinc is the basic element for a healthy immune system, as it has a positive effect on the body’s own production of important defense cells (T cells). Since it is an essential trace element, the body cannot produce zinc itself and is dependent on it to be supplied through food. This is certainly one reason why zinc deficiency is relatively widespread. The results of the National Consumption Study II show that up to 44 percent of adults in Germany are undersupplied with zinc 10.

 

Shock In The Medical Sense

Definition

Shock in the medical sense is an emergency situation. With this information, you can recognize a shock and provide useful first aid. Colloquially, a shock scares us – or we are paralyzed, shocked for a short time. For medical professionals, however, shock is a serious life-threatening clinical picture. Read more about the causes, symptoms, and first aid here.

What is a Shock?

A shock in the medical sense is a condition in which the oxygen supply to the organs is no longer ensured due to a lack of blood in the bloodstream. This deficiency can have very different causes. The most common are internal and external bleeding (mostly due to injuries) as well as disorders of the fluid balance, which continue to reduce the blood volume. Long-term diarrhea, massive vomiting, or profuse sweating can also cause shock. Doctors refer to these causes as a volume deficiency shock.

If enough blood is no longer pumped into the body in the event of heart failure, those affected also fall into a state of shock. Medics say they get shocked. The technical term for this form of shock is cardiogenic shock.

Symptoms

In order to supply the body with vital oxygen, the heart rate rises to more than 100 beats per minute at the beginning of the shock. Typically, the blood pressure drops sharply (first value below 90 mmHg).

Shock states can also be recognized externally: The skin is pale and usually feels cool and moist. People in shock are often very thirsty. The longer a shock lasts, the shallower the breathing becomes. The blood pressure continues to drop, the pulse is racing and can hardly be felt. Eventually, those affected lose consciousness.

Shock In The Medical Sense

Depending on the cause of the shock, there are other symptoms:

    • in anaphylactic shock: allergic symptoms such as rashes, itching, facial swelling, and shortness of breath
    • in cardiogenic shock: chest tightness and difficulty breathing
    • with septic shock: fever or reduced body temperature below 36 degrees Celsius and bleeding in the skin, the skin is sometimes red and overheated.

Causes

Allergy sufferers know anaphylactic shock as the most severe allergic reaction. Many allergy sufferers carry an emergency kit with them in order to be able to take action against the life-threatening allergy-related shock condition.

In the case of blood poisoning (sepsis), septic shock can develop in the end-stage. This almost always leads to death.

In addition, there are even rarer forms of shock such as neurogenic shock (nerve-related), electric shock (as a result of an electrical accident), endocrine shock (hormone-related), hypoglycemic shock (insulin shock), and orthostatic shock (due to a disturbed vascular and circulatory regulation).

Examination

Recognize shock with the Rekap sample

Rescue workers often use their fingernails to test for shock. But every layperson can do that too. The so-called Rekap-Probe consists of briefly pressing the fingernail into the nail bed. The blood under the nail is squeezed out of the smallest blood vessels, the capillaries, and the skin turns white. If you let go of your fingernail, you pay attention to the time it takes for the skin under the nail to turn red again. If this so-called recapillarization (recap) lasts longer than a second, it can be seen as an indication of poor blood circulation. Of course, this is not a reliable diagnostic criterion, but it is still a guide.

Treatment

First aid: ensure shock positioning and call an emergency doctor

If a shock is suspected, the emergency services should be alerted immediately. Until the emergency vehicle arrives, first aid with so-called shock positioning is possible. The legs are positioned higher than the head, for example, the patient lies on their back and the legs are placed on a chair/stool. This is intended to increase the return of the blood to the heart and improve the supply of organs.

No shock position for B injuries

However, there are a number of shock states in which the shock positioning is not useful and even harms. Many rescue workers remember these cases with a donkey bridge. It reads: “B = shock position nee”. These include the following 6 Bs:

    • Pear: visible and invisible head and skull injuries, fluid leakage from nose and/or ears
    • Chest: pain in the heart and chest area
    • Abdomen: Injuries or pain in the abdomen
    • Legs: open broken legs with protruding bones or any suspicion of a broken leg
    • Pelvis: Injuries in the pelvic area
    • Hump: Injuries to the back and spine, especially with numbness or paralysis of the limbs or uncontrolled urination and stool.

Don’t panic about first aid

Most people very rarely get into situations where they have to respond to shock. Most often this happens in traffic and work accidents. No matter how severe the accident is: First get an overview, then secure the accident area and then alert the emergency services. After that, you can give first aid. This is the best way to help yourself and others to survive a state of shock in good health.

Everything About A Cough

Talk about everything about a cough the possible causes and treatment, cough is less of a disease in its own right than a symptom of respiratory disease. It occurs, for example, when we have choked. However, coughing can also indicate serious medical conditions such as heart failure or reflux disease.

Definition

Who does not know the nights disturbed by a cold-related cough or the pain of a dry cough or dry cough? The bronchi are burning and you are short of breath. After a coughing fit, we sometimes feel like we have sprinted 100 meters. If the cough then loosens a little and produces sputum, this is often perceived as a relief.

Cough is not an independent disease in the medical sense, but a symptom. As a rule, a cough is triggered by illness. The most common are respiratory infections such as bronchitis, colds, or the flu. Allergies, asthma, or smoker’s cough are other common causes of coughs. Heart failure or drug side effects such as the ACE inhibitor cough are also causes of cough.

Symptoms

Doctors classify the symptom of cough into categories. First of all, a distinction is made according to the duration:

    • According to the medical definition, acute cough lasts up to 8 weeks.
    • Subacute cough is a classification that is sometimes used for coughs lasting between 3 and 8 weeks.
    • Chronic cough is the name given to a cough that lasts longer than 8 weeks.

In addition to this distinction based on duration, there is a division into productive and unproductive or dry cough:

    • Productive coughing is accompanied by increased secretion and expectoration.
    • Unproductive (dry cough) is also known as a dry cough. Mucus does not form with this form of cough. Therefore, unproductive cough is dry, so it remains without expectoration.

Everything About A Cough

Symptoms Of Productive Cough

A productive cough is characterized by the fact that the cough removes sputum from the airways or lungs. Often a productive cough begins with a dry cough. After usually 1 to 3 days, often accompanied by a sore throat, there is an increased production of mucus. This bronchial mucus is transported out of the airways or the lungs as sputum via the cough reflex.

Symptoms Of Unproductive Cough

An unproductive cough feels hard and painful, often burning. It does not produce sputum. Coughing fits that can last for minutes are also typical of dry coughs. Coughing attacks are said to occur more frequently at night and thus deprive the sick of sleep. Oftentimes, a dry cough is accompanied by allergy symptoms. Heartburn can also occur along with a dry cough.

More Symptoms Of Cough

The frequency and sound of coughing attacks are further characteristics that can sometimes even be used to determine the cause. Barking cough in small children, for example, suggests pseudo croup. An attack-like cough with a high repetition frequency like a staccato is typical of whooping cough (pertussis). A morning cough, often with copious expectoration, is particularly common among smokers.

Causes

The Cough Reflex

The cause of cough is the cough reflex. This is an innate protective mechanism of the body. The cough reflex has the task of protecting the respiratory tract from damaging influences and of removing secretions such as mucus and foreign bodies such as dust or swallowed items.

The cough reflex is triggered by receptors in the mucous membranes of the larynx, the trachea, and the larger bronchi. They react to mechanical stimuli such as those caused by secretions (mucus), foreign bodies (smoke, dust, swallowed things), or other stimuli (inflammation, gases). These stimuli reach a certain brain region, the medulla oblongata, via the vagus nerve (nervus vagus or 10th cranial nerve).

The medulla oblongata houses the respiratory center and is located in the brain stem. These nerve fibers are activated, which cause a sudden contraction of the diaphragm and the muscles of the abdominal wall and intercostal. In addition, the glottis is narrowed and extreme pressure builds up under the closed larynx.

When the lid of the larynx opens, exhalation occurs suddenly. With this impulse, foreign bodies or secretions are thrown out of the windpipe like an explosion. When coughing, enormous forces act on the larynx muscles. With strong coughing attacks, the air flows through the larynx at speeds up to the sound limit.

Causes Of Productive Cough

A productive cough is most often a symptom of a respiratory infection. These are, for example, the flu or cold, which in turn are accompanied by fever, runny nose, and a more or less pronounced feeling of illness. If the underlying disease is not healed properly or if there are constant new infections, the cough can become chronic; doctors speak of chronic bronchitis.

Causes Dry Cough

Dry cough is usually a reaction to a variety of harmful stimuli. These include smoke, dust, gases or chemical vapors. A very common typical example is the smoker’s cough.

Other causes of dry cough are severe respiratory diseases such as whooping cough, tuberculosis, or lung cancer (bronchial carcinoma) as well as pulmonary embolism or emphysema. Allergic asthma or other allergies can also trigger a dry cough.

Other Causes Of Cough

Medicines can also trigger a cough. For example, this is a common side effect of some drugs for high blood pressure, such as ACE inhibitors.

Irritation from stomach acid when stomach contents flow back into the esophagus (reflux disease) also leads to coughing. This is often accompanied by heartburn and acid regurgitation.

Examination

Diagnosing cough is easy based on the symptoms. To find out the exact cause, your doctor will first ask you in detail. This is followed by a physical examination, during which mainly the breathing sounds are listened to.

In the case of a productive cough, the color and texture of the sputum indicate the possible cause:

    • Clear whitish sputum: mostly caused by viral upper respiratory infections such as colds or flu
    • Yellowish or green sputum: indication of a possible additional bacterial infection in viral respiratory diseases
    • The bloody build-up is an indication of serious lung diseases such as pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, or lung cancer. In addition, the sputum is sometimes bloody if the blood vessels in the airways or the lungs have been damaged by swallowed objects or other injuries. Bloody sputum is usually a medical emergency and should be investigated immediately.
    • Brown or black sputum: especially common in smokers, often signs of advanced lung damage from chronic bronchitis or COPD.

At times, complex diagnostics may be necessary to find the cause of the cough. These more extensive examinations are usually carried out by specialists. As a rule, your family doctor will refer you to a pulmonologist (pulmonologist) for this purpose. For heart-related coughs, cardiologists are the specialists of choice. In the case of gastrointestinal diseases as the cause, the path leads to the gastroenterologist and in the case of allergies to the allergologist.

Treatment

Treatment for cough is based on the cause. If a cough is not triggered by a serious underlying disease, home remedies are usually well suited to relieve the excruciating urge to cough. If the cough does not improve within a few days, the first thing you should do is see a family doctor so that the cause of the cough can be found. Only then can meaningful treatment be initiated.

There are a number of medications your doctor can use to treat coughs. If necessary, he will treat infection or inflammation as the cause of the cough, for example with antibiotics. If ACE inhibitors are responsible for the cough, he will change the medication. In the event of a cough accompanied by heartburn and acid regurgitation, the doctor will order a gastroscopy and then treat the gastric acid reflux.

Do not take coughing lightly. This is especially true if the cough:

    • lasts longer than 2 weeks (for infants, toddlers, or children: longer than 3 days)
    • is accompanied by fever or severe malaise
    • occurs new and without a traceable harmless cause
    • with bloody, brown, or black obstruction
    • is accompanied by a high fever and/or extreme fatigue.

More information about treatment and self-help, as well as home remedies for coughs:

    • bronchitis
    • COPD
    • cough

Prevention

Coughing as a result of respiratory infections can hardly be prevented in a targeted manner. Basically, it is advisable to strengthen the immune system. A varied diet rich in vitamins and exercise in the fresh air strengthens the immune system and therefore helps prevent coughs. Smokers should give up smoking, especially if they have a smoker’s cough.

Orthomolecular Medicine

Philosophy / History Of The Origins Of Orthomolecular Medicine

The orthomolecular medicine (Greek: «orthos» = correct, «molecule» = small chemical compound, «molecular» = relating to the molecules) uses substances such as vitamins, minerals, trace elements, amino acids, or fatty acids to maintain health or complaints and To alleviate illnesses. The American chemist Linus Pauling (1901-1995), a two-time Nobel Prize winner, was convinced that taking large amounts of certain vitamins could maintain health and prevent disease. With this conviction, Pauling was one of the most famous supporters of orthomolecular medicine.

Many substances such as vitamins, minerals, trace elements, amino acids, or fatty acids (called “nutrients” in orthomolecular medicine) are essential for maintaining good health. These substances are normally ingested with food and some of them are produced by the body itself. The supporters of orthomolecular medicine are of the opinion that many complaints and illnesses can be traced back to a deficiency in these substances, although the need varies greatly from person to person. That is why there are people who, despite a healthy diet, take in too few “nutrients” and can subsequently become ill.

A lack of the nutrients that are important in orthomolecular medicine can have many reasons:

    • Lack of nutrition
    • Unilateral or unhealthy diet
    • Preserved and alienated foods whose nutrient content decreases due to processing
    • Loss of nutrients in food due to long transport, incorrect storage, or poor preparation
    • An increase in nutrient requirements through the “modern” way of life, which is associated with stress, hectic pace, and the excessive consumption of alcohol, nicotine, and coffee
    • Increased need for nutrients in times of increased stress, for example during a growth phase, an illness, or during recovery
    • Environmental pollution

In orthomolecular medicine, attempts are made to prevent or compensate for a deficiency of the nutrients mentioned by paying attention to an increased intake of these substances. Linus Pauling, for example, consumed large amounts of vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin A every day – he was 94 years old.

Orthomolecular Medicine

Technique Of Orthomolecular Medicine

The therapist or doctor who practices orthomolecular medicine has the patient’s complaints described in detail. From these symptoms, he can infer the possible underlying nutritional deficiency. In order to gain certainty about the nutrient supply of the patient, the therapist can have body cells and fluids (hair, urine, or blood) examined for their nutrient content. The therapist gives the patient advice on how to increase the supply of the missing nutrients by changing his eating habits (for example by avoiding foods such as white flour or sugar). In addition, the therapist prescribes nutrients for oral use.

Application Of Orthomolecular Medicine

Orthomolecular medicine is used in the treatment, but above all in the prevention of diseases. Some examples are:

    • Various vitamins to prevent cancer or improve performance
    • Magnesium, zinc, selenium, and vitamins to prevent vision problems
    • Omega-6 fatty acids for the prevention of circulatory disorders
    • Magnesium against calf cramps and cardiac arrhythmias
    • Chromium, zinc, and manganese for fluctuations in the sugar metabolism
    • Vitamin C and sulfur-containing amino acids in case of a nickel allergy
    • Zinc and Vitamin C to promote wound healing

A special field of application of orthomolecular medicine in psychiatry is because many people with mental problems or mental illnesses are said to suffer from nutrient deficiencies. There is some hope in the use of nutrients to treat these serious diseases.

Side Effects Of The Orthomolecular Approach

The intake of high doses of vitamins can in rare cases lead to an overdose and symptoms of intoxication. To date, it is also not yet known whether health damage can occur after years of ingestion of large amounts of nutrients.

Lose Weight Healthily Without Dieting

Healthy weight loss is easier than most people think. A change in diet works best when the food is enjoyable, tasty, and full. Diets can almost never achieve this: They also increase the yo-yo effect and also harbor health risks. Read how to lose weight healthily without dieting. Healthy weight loss is only possible through a change in diet that must be suitable for everyday use, fill you up, and taste delicious. Then healthy weight loss is much easier.

3 tips to make the change in diet work

The sun is laughing. Or vacation is approaching. Suddenly, when you look in the mirror, the pillows catch your eye even more. Before the bikini season starts, millions of Germans think: Get rid of a few pounds quickly! It is possible. But how? In fact, there are sensible and less sensible or even harmful diets. With a few very simple considerations, you can tell the difference between sensible nutrition programs and diets that are better to be cautious about.

Sensible diets can be implemented easily and sustainably

The first and fundamental tip for healthy weight loss, just asks yourself if you can and want to stick to the diet of your choice for the rest of your life. At this point, it quickly becomes clear that you don’t want to eat pineapple or cabbage soup all the time for the next few years. If you’ve been on a one-sided diet of any kind for 1, 2, or 4 weeks, you are probably a few pounds lighter. But with the return of normal, accustomed eating habits, they are back on just as quickly. You also run the risk of deficiency symptoms. In addition, diets accelerate the yo-yo effect.

Appropriate diets are inexpensive

You can confidently cross off the list of healthy and sustainable diets that involve extra spending on powders or tablets. Whether formula diets, alkaline fasting with food supplements, or HCG diet with homeopathic medicines: none of these diets is suitable for a long-term change in diet. In the long run, such diets are simply too expensive for most people. The manufacturers themselves recommend using their formula diets only for a limited period of a few weeks.

Lose Weight Healthily Without Dieting

Healthy weight loss doesn’t need any light products

Don’t get chained to a particular diet system. Weight Watchers and Ko. The main focus is not on your health, but on your money. An indication of this: the expensive and irrelevant light products in the food retail sector. Contrary to what was promised, these are usually no real help in losing weight. According to the Health Claims Regulation, they contain 30 percent less fat or sugar. Nutrition experts point out, however, that light products tempt you to simply eat more of them than you would with a normal product. Light products that contain sugar substitutes even carry the risk of allergic reactions and digestive problems such as diarrhea or flatulence.

The Risks of Dieting

The most well-known risk of dieting, whatever its form, is the yo-yo effect. The pounds are back after the diet faster than you would like to believe. This not only has to do with the fact that we return to our usual eating habits after a diet. And thus to the behavior that has made us fat over the years. More and more studies are providing evidence that short- and medium-term diets change metabolism significantly. As a result, the basal metabolic rate, i.e. the calorie requirement that the organism needs for our vital functions, falls – and this permanently. Diets promote the yo-yo effect.

Deficiency symptoms due to diets

In healthy people who want to lose a few pounds in a limited period of one or two weeks, deficiency symptoms from the diet are not to be expected. The situation is different if one-sided forms of nutrition are used over many weeks or even months. Then mineral deficiencies or vitamin deficiency diseases are not uncommon. Typical indications of such illnesses are tiredness, skin changes, headache, or dizziness. Brittle nails can indicate an iron deficiency, muscle cramps indicate a magnesium deficiency. Zinc deficiency often leads to hair loss, but also to depression or impotence.

From diet to eating disorder

Not infrequently, diets even lead to eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. This is especially true for girls and young women, but increasingly also for boys. Girls and boys alike have one main reason for dieting: unrealistic role models that are shaped by advertising and TV formats. In a study by the International Central Institute for Youth and Educational Television in cooperation with the Federal Eating Disorders Association, a third of the girls with eating disorders surveyed stated that the model shows Germany’s Next Top Model had played a very important role in their way into bulimia and anorexia. Another third speaks of slight influences of the program on the development and course of the eating disorder.

Book tip: eat full and lose weight

No more diets, no more yo-yo effect. The Munich nutritionist Volker Schusdziarra and the nutritionist Margit Hausmann with the program “Eat and lose weight”. Lose weight healthily without dieting – and still eat full with pleasure? It does not work? Go then! This is shown by Professor Dr. Volker Schusdziarra and the nutritionist Margit Hausmann with their sustainable nutrition program “eat enough and lose weight”. It puts an end to diet frustration: With this nutritional program, you are in charge, not the diet. It’s about your needs. And about ensuring that you feel comfortable with your diet over the long term. Eating is part of the quality of life. With “eat enough and lose weight” you can enjoy this quality of life with a clear conscience – and do a lot for your health in the process.

Benefits of a Healthy Diet for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Benefits of a healthy diet for rheumatoid arthritis, Doctors and patient organizations agree: a needs-based diet can significantly alleviate the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. It is not uncommon for individually tailored diets to reduce the drug dosage by up to half. In addition, an adapted diet helps to manage common complications such as osteoporosis better. In addition, a diet low in fat and meat reduces the risk of new flare-ups of rheumatoid arthritis.

Diet guidelines for rheumatoid arthritis

Experts agree that rheumatoid arthritis diets should be based primarily on plant-based foods. Milk and dairy products as well as fatty sea fish are considered useful supplements. In this respect, an ovo-vegetarian diet is the best choice for living better with rheumatoid arthritis. If you don’t want to do without meat, you should at least seriously reconsider the consumption of red meat.

In principle, you should discuss your diet in rheumatoid arthritis with your doctor. The information in this article cannot and is not intended to replace medical advice.

Fight the causes of rheumatoid arthritis with diet

To understand how diet can fight the causes of rheumatoid arthritis, a brief explanation is needed. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. These are diseases of the immune system. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system causes an ongoing inflammatory response. It is not known why the immune system attacks and ultimately destroy joints in rheumatoid arthritis.

Inflammatory messenger substances from food

However, medicine knows much more about how the joints are attacked. Inflammation mediators play a major role. The inflammation-mediating messenger substances include cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukins. Another group of inflammatory messengers is known as eicosanoids. These include prostaglandins and leukotrienes. A precursor to eicosanoids is arachidonic acid. It belongs to the fatty acids.

Decrease your dietary arachidonic acid intake

Arachidonic acid is a polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid and is found in many animal foods. In addition, arachidonic acid is formed in the body from another omega-6 fatty acid, linoleic acid. Linoleic acid is found in some vegetable oils and animal fats and also enters the body with food.

So you can reduce the concentration of inflammatory messengers by reducing your dietary intake of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid. This reduces inflammatory reactions and improves symptoms such as the progression of rheumatoid arthritis.

Omega-3 fatty acids against inflammatory messengers

But that’s not all. The most important antagonist of arachidonic acid is eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), an omega-3 fatty acid. The targeted absorption of eicosapentaenoic acid helps to displace arachidonic acid from the body.

So, diet can help combat the causes of rheumatoid arthritis by consuming little arachidonic acid and high levels of omega-3 fatty acids.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Diet

Foods high in arachidonic acid (avoid)

Foods with a particularly high proportion of arachidonic acid are, according to the German Nutrition Advice and Information Network, for example:

    • Lard: 1,700 mg / 100 g
    • Butter croissants: 1,070 mg / 100 g
    • Soup chicken: 730 mg / 100 g
    • Pork liver: 520 mg / 100 g
    • Veal chop: 320 mg / 100 g
    • Roast chicken: 230 mg / 100 g
    • Egg yolk: 200 mg / 100 g
    • Pork 120 mg / 100 g

Foods low in arachidonic acid (prefer)

Arachidonic acid is only found in foods of animal origin. Therefore, if you have rheumatoid arthritis, you should give preference to all plant-based foods. But there are also some foods of animal origin that are part of a healthy diet for rheumatoid arthritis for various reasons. These are for example:

    • Whey: 0 mg / 100 g
    • Quark (lean): 0 mg / 100 g
    • Quark (20% fat): 5 mg / 100 g
    • Vegetable oils (wheat germ, peanut oil): 0 mg / 100 g
    • Cow’s milk (1.5% fat content): 2 mg / 100 g
    • Cow’s milk (3.5% fat content): 4 mg / 100 g

Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids (preferred)

Omega-3 fatty acids help to alleviate inflammation and also have other protective properties. The omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are particularly biologically effective. These omega-3 fatty acids, which are useful for the human metabolism, are mainly found in high-fat cold-water fish such as :

    • Sardines: 2,084 mg / 100 g
    • Baltic herring: 1,910 mg / 100 g
    • Salmon: 1,748 mg / 100 g
    • Mackerel: 1,327 mg / 100 g
    • Trout: 1,024 mg / 100 g
    • Tuna: 816 mg / 100 g.

Fish oil capsules as an alternative

For the intake of omega-3 fatty acids, sea fish should be on the menu at least twice a week. If you don’t like that, you can consume 30 mg fish oil fatty acids per day per capsule. Similar positive effects can be found for alpha-linolenic acid (not to be confused with linoleic acid), which occurs in linseed, rapeseed, wheat germ, and walnut oil. Their positive effect is based on the fact that the body can produce eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) from alpha-linolenic acid, the antagonist of the pro-inflammatory arachidonic acid (see above).

Healthy ingredients from plants

People with rheumatoid arthritis benefit from a plant-based diet not only from the reduced intake of inflammatory messenger substances. According to the German Rheuma League, other plant ingredients also have anti-inflammatory effects. This applies, for example, to:

    • Resveratrol found in red grapes, raspberries, and peanuts
    • Genistein (soy)
    • Catechins (black and green tea)
    • Bioflavonoids such as quercetin (apple, onion)
    • Myristicin (nutmeg, parsley)
    • Sulforaphane (broccoli)
    • Isothiocyanates (mustard, cabbage, radish, and rocket)
    • Polyphenols (coffee)

Drink enough water

Many people underestimate the importance of water for their metabolism and drink too little – or the wrong thing. According to the German Rheumatism League, people with rheumatoid arthritis should drink more than healthy people. The Rheumaliga recommends at least 30 milliliters per kilogram of body weight per day for women. A woman weighing 50 kg, therefore, needs 1.5 liters, and a man weighing 85 kg 2.5 liters per day.

Water, unsweetened fruit teas, and fruit juice spritzers (two parts water / one part fruit juice) are particularly suitable. Coffee can be included in fluid intake. That coffee is supposed to remove fluids from the body is just a persistent fairy tale.

Alcohol in moderation

Alcohol is a cell poison and an addictive substance – and should therefore always be viewed critically from a medical point of view. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, however, there are credible studies that show a positive influence. Accordingly, moderate alcohol consumption can lower the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. In an English study (Sheffield cohort), the AR risk in non-drinkers was more than four times higher than in study participants who reported drinking alcohol for more than 10 days a month. Studies on the course of the disease have also produced similar effects. One possible explanation: alcohol probably helps to reduce the concentration of individual inflammatory messengers.

Anthroposophic Medicine

Anthroposophic medicine sees itself as a humanities extension of conventional medicine. In the anthroposophical attitude of mind, there are elements of different philosophical and medical schools of thought from East and West. Anthroposophic medicine sees itself as a humanities extension of conventional medicine. Natural scientific medicine forms the basis on which anthroposophic physicians build their understanding of being human. At the center of anthroposophic medicine is the consideration of the connection between environment, body, soul, and spirit. The treatment of diseases aims to restore the original, healthy harmony between these factors. For this purpose, anthroposophic physicians try to understand the causes of disease as holistically as possible. The therapy is determined not only by the diagnosis but also by the course of the disease, the CV, the social environment, and the personality of the patient.

The emergence of anthroposophic medicine

The anthroposophical spiritual science goes to the Austrian Dr. Phil. Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) back. He studied natural sciences and mathematics in Vienna but earned his doctorate in philosophy. In numerous writings, Steiner showed how knowledge based on perception and thinking can be further developed through systematic training to higher, supernatural cognition. Steiner dealt with many aspects of human life and developed in addition to a new pedagogical direction (Rudolf Steiner schools) biodynamic farming. Anthroposophical healing was developed in collaboration with the Dutch doctor Ita Wegmann (1876-1943). Today there are numerous anthroposophic institutions and clinics. In the latter, orthodox medical doctors work with additional anthroposophic training.

Philosophy of anthroposophic medicine

In anthroposophical philosophy, the human being with its physiological functions is divided into three areas: The first area includes all metabolic processes as well as the limbs, which serve the arbitrary movement. In this area, the processes related to the construction and restoration of functions predominate. These processes take place in a healthy state deep in the subconscious mind. In contrast to this area, the human sensory organs and the associated nervous system are the second areas. In this functional area, the processes of the awake consciousness take place. If it comes to the degradation of sensory organs or brain cells, this has an effect on the awakened consciousness. The two mentioned, opposing areas are connected by a third, by the area in which the rhythmic processes take place. These include, above all, the cardiovascular system and the lungs. This area compensates for the other two conflicting systems. Rudolf Steiner described the essence of man as four essential elements that contain all the laws and contexts of life:

    • The physical body is the visible body
    • The etheric body is the sum of the life force vitalizing the body
    • The astral body allows sensations and awareness
    • The ego is the center of the personality, disease, and cure with an anthroposophic approach

The interaction of the four essences determines a person’s health and illness. If all four forces are in harmony with each other, the human being is healthy. In anthroposophic medicine, all illnesses, according to the four essential forces, are divided into four types:

    • Physical body sclerosis-like
    • Etheric body – tuberous
    • Astral body – inflammatory
    • I – due to paralysis

If the influence of one of the four members of the being strongly outweighs, the entire system gets out of balance. For example, as a result of a long-lasting dominance of the etheric body in the view of anthroposophic medicine, cancer may arise. Until cancer physically breaks out, the organism is in a sort of pre-cancerous condition. At this point, neutralizing and shaping forces can be strong enough to curb the physical development of cancer. Thus, the goal of treating a disease is to balance the basic forces of the entities. For anthroposophic medicine there are various therapy options available:

    • School medical or anthroposophic medicines
    • Individually compiled bio-dynamic diet Creative artistic forms of therapy such as painting, modeling, singing, speaking, and especially eurythmy therapy (the connection between movements, gestures, words, and sounds)
    • Extensive discussions with the attending physicians
    • Anthroposophic remedies

Anthroposophic Medicine

Anthroposophic remedies

In anthroposophic medicine, the remedies are of outstanding importance. The concept of anthroposophic medicine knows a balancing agent for every imbalance between the four essences. The most well-known medicinal plant of anthroposophists is mistletoe. It is mainly used as a remedy for combating cancer. The healing properties of various plants can be transferred to humans, taking into account not only a special processing but also the different nature of the plants. For example, a plant like the stinging nettle, which can absorb iron very well, is given to someone with iron deficiency. The stinging nettle should give the body the impulse to pick up iron. The anthroposophic remedies are derived from plant substances, animal substances, and minerals. For almost every raw material, there are different processing options. For example, at the Arnica plant, preparations are obtained from the whole plant, from the root, or only from the flower. All three basic substances can be processed by potentiating (diluting) anthroposophic medicines. Anthroposophic remedies are available in various dosage forms, for example as oils, drops, tablets, powders or ointments. In this way, as individual as possible treatment should be possible for all complaints.

The production of anthroposophic remedies is usually done in complex procedures. In order for the substances necessary for healing to be able to implement their effectiveness in accordance with the human organs, they must be “transformed”. For example, Rudolf Steiner developed such a special transformation process for the production of active substances for the “vegetabilized” (literally “transplanted”) metals. According to Rudolf Steiner’s teachings, all metals are connected to a specific human organ and can be assigned to the moon and the planets at the same time:

    • Metal
    • lead
    • tin
    • iron
    • gold
    • copper
    • mercury
    • silver

These metals are combined with plants that are related to the same organ as the metal. For this plants are fertilized with metal salts, later harvested, and then composted. This compost is used as fertilizer for new plants. Finally, the plant and the metallic substance form a unit. In this way, the metal can be absorbed by the corresponding organ.

Application of anthroposophic medicine

Anthroposophic medicine is a whole medical system with a variety of applications. Anthroposophical trained physicians only determine after a careful clarification with which therapy methods and remedies a disease should be treated. In anthroposophic clinics, many cancer patients are cared for. In an environment in which the broad range of therapies strengthens and supports different areas of physical and mental wellbeing, patients feel well looked after and taken seriously. At different levels, they return to a positive attitude to life. Anthroposophic medicine, with its holistic view of man, is therefore particularly helpful for people with long-term or long-term illnesses. There are a number of anthroposophic remedies available for minor complaints that can be treated without medical examinations

Side effects of anthroposophic medicine

Because anthroposophic medicine is practiced by trained medical doctors, serious and careful care and treatment can be expected. Sometimes the patient has to decide for himself whether he wants to be treated in conventional medicine or in the sense of anthroposophic medicine. Some people choose to stay in an anthroposophic clinic for the aftercare of conventional cancer treatment.

Diet For Osteoarthritis

What is Osteoarthritis?

Doctors call osteoarthritis the excessive wear and tear of joint cartilage. They differentiate between silent and activated osteoarthritis.

  • Silent osteoarthritis is the hardly noticeable initial stage. It often begins around the age of 35. In the further course – more often from the age of 60 – pain sometimes occurs, which manifests itself primarily as start-up pain (when starting a movement) or stress pain (when loading a joint).
  • Activated osteoarthritis is what doctors call joint wear, which leads to more or less severe inflammation attacks. The attacks of inflammation are often associated with severely restricted mobility of the joints and feelings of tension. Sometimes the joints stiffen and deform.

Detailed Information About Osteoarthritis

Lost articular cartilage is irretrievably lost. He cannot reform himself. For more information on symptoms, causes, and treatment of excessive joint wear, see the disease picture osteoarthritis.

Basics Of Nutrition In Osteoarthritis

The basics of a healthy diet for osteoarthritis and the prevention of excessive cartilage wear can be easily summarized. If you eat a very varied and low-meat diet and replace industrial finished products with fresh foods, then you are doing a lot right. Because in this way you supply the organism with a multitude of nutrients. This diversity almost inevitably means that you supply the remaining cartilage with everything that is important. According to the unanimous opinion of medical research, food supplements are not useful. On the contrary, they can even do harm. More on this below.

Avoid And Reduce Excess Weight

At the same time, a fresh and varied diet is a very good basis for avoiding obesity or for shedding extra pounds. Reducing obesity is one of the basics of the osteoarthritis diet because every kilo too much puts unnecessary stress on the joints. In addition, there is no longer any doubt in medicine that fat cells release messenger substances that promote inflammation. Obesity, therefore, increases the risk that silent osteoarthritis will turn into activated osteoarthritis with significantly more stress symptoms.

Inhibit Inflammatory Processes From Food

Diet can promote or reduce inflammation. That depends on the choice of food. The post Diet for Rheumatoid Arthritis provides detailed information on which anti-inflammatory foods to prefer and which anti-inflammatory foods to avoid. 

Food Recommendations For Nutrition In Osteoarthritis

Nutritionists recommend a high-fiber diet with lots of fruit and vegetables to prevent or treat osteoarthritis. Meat and sausage products should therefore rarely be on the menu. Milk and dairy products as well as cold-water fish, on the other hand, should be an integral part of the osteoarthritis diet.

Diet For Osteoarthritis

Recommended Foods For Osteoarthritis

According to the NDR nutritional docs, the following are particularly recommended:

    • Bread, cereals, and side dishes (2 palm-sized portions/day): Whole grain bread; Oatmeal, muesli without sugar; Whole grain pasta, whole grain rice, jacket potatoes
    • Fruit (1-2 handfuls/day): all types of fruit that are low in sugar; in moderation high-sugar varieties such as pineapple, banana, pear, honeydew melon, persimmon (Sharon), mango, sweet cherry, and grapes
    • Vegetables (3 times 2 handfuls/day): all types of salad, preferably with bitter substances (chicory, dandelion), all types of cabbage, artichokes, fennel, cucumber, legumes, kohlrabi, carrots, radishes, sauerkraut, asparagus, spinach, zucchini and all types of mushrooms as well Herbs
    • Fats and oils (2 tbsp/day): chia oil, hemp oil, linseed oil, olive oil, rapeseed oil, walnut oil, wheat germ oil; little butter; for frying: coconut oil
    • Fish and seafood (2 servings/week): eel, trout, halibut, herring, cod, carp, salmon, mackerel, sardine/anchovies, plaice, sole, turbot; Shellfish like crayfish, shrimp, lobster, crab, shrimp
    • Sausage products and meat (1 to 2 servings/week, up to 100 g gross weight each): sliced ​​turkey breast, chicken; less often: beef fillet, veal, game; Corned beef
    • Eggs: max 2 to 3 weeks,
    • Milk and milk products, cheese in moderation (up to 300 ml daily): milk 1.5% fat, buttermilk, quark up to 20% fat, natural yogurt 1.5% fat; Harzer cheese, grainy cream cheese; rarely: cream, sour cream, crème fraîche; Cheese up to 45%: semi-hard cheese, soft cheese, feta, mozzarella, cream cheese
    • Nuts and seeds (approx. 1 handful/day): chia seeds; Cashew nuts, hazelnuts, pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, macadamia nuts, almonds, pine nuts, walnuts; in moderation: sunflower seeds
    • Snacks and nibbles: seldom dark chocolate with a cocoa content of 70 percent or more.
    • Drinks (approx. 2 liters/day): water, unsweetened tea, especially green tea, and herbal tea; up to three cups of coffee without milk.

Not Recommended Foods For Osteoarthritis

According to the NDR nutrition docs, it is better to avoid these foods if you have osteoarthritis:

    • Bread, cereals, and side dishes: croissants, crispbread, pretzels, milk rolls, toast bread, white bread, wheat rolls, rusks; peeled rice, durum wheat noodles, mashed potatoes, potato pancakes, croquettes, pancakes, french fries
    • Fruit: sugared canned fruit, candied dried fruit, and fruit puree
    • Vegetables: Only rarely use vegetable mixes with butter or cream
    • Fats and oils: safflower oil, goose lard, mayonnaise, palm fat, lard, sunflower oil
    • Fish and seafood: fish pickled in mayonnaise or cream, breaded fish
    • Charcuterie and meat: all charcuterie except turkey breast and chicken; generally no pork (due to the high content of arachidonic acid)
    • Eggs: max. 2 to 3 weeks
    • Milk and dairy products: no sweetened finished products such as fruit buttermilk, fruit yogurt, fruit quark, rice pudding, cocoa preparations, pudding
    • Nuts and seeds: no peanuts and salted nuts
    • Snacks and nibbles: no sweets such as chips, ice cream, savory biscuits, sweet baked goods, sweet dairy products
    • Drinks (approx. 2 liters/day): no fruit juices, soft drinks, soy drinks, or mixed milk drinks

Dietary Supplement Against Osteoarthritis

Most experts believe that dietary supplements against osteoarthritis are not useful, and sometimes even dangerous. Nonetheless, they are very good business for manufacturers. According to the health service provider IMS Health, Germans spend a good 100 million euros annually on supposed cartilage protection agents (so-called chondroprotective agents).

No Evidence Of The Effects Of Chondroitin, Glucosamine Or Hyaluronic Acid

Over-the-counter medicines and dietary supplements for osteoarthritis mainly contain substances such as chondroitin, glucosamine, and hyaluronic acid. The promise of the advertising: The chondroprotective are supposed to strengthen and protect the cartilage. Unfortunately, in the unanimous opinion of serious experts, this is an empty promise.

Chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine are important players in cartilage metabolism. After ingestion, however, they do not even reach the joints, but rather are destroyed in the gastrointestinal tract. According to independent studies available to date, chondroprotective are no more effective than products that do not contain active substances (placebos). This was confirmed, for example, by the American GAIT study (Glucosamine-Chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial, see sources) from 2010. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) found in 2009 that there was no positive effect of glucosamine alone or in combination with chondroitin sulfate would give the preservation of joints.

Dangerous Interactions Of Glucosamine

Rather, the ESA, together with the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (see sources), warns of dangerous interactions. According to this, drugs and food supplements containing glucosamine can increase the effect of anticoagulant drugs from the group of coumarin anticoagulants and, in the worst case, even cause cerebral hemorrhage.

Another example of undesirable effects of preparations containing glucosamine or chondroitin is allergic reactions. Many of these preparations are made from shellfish or fish proteins and can trigger allergic reactions up to anaphylactic shock.

Better Not To Take Vitamin And Mineral Supplements For Osteoarthritis

There are a large number of vitamins and minerals or trace element supplements that manufacturers claim to protect joints and cartilage. Common ingredients are, for example, vitamins A, C, and E or selenium. The Federal Association of Consumer Organizations has examined many dietary supplements. The result: there is therefore no positive effect on joints and cartilage (see sources). In addition, many dosages go well beyond the maximum recommended intake values. This in turn increases the risk of drug interactions or other complications.

Medicinal Plant Aloe Vera

The medicinal plant aloe vera is known to many people as the best part of cosmetic Skincare products. Many body lotions, creams, and shower baths, for example, are enriched with aloe vera. Aloe is supposed to moisturize the skin and improve the appearance of the skin. Less well known is the strong laxative effect of aloe in herbal medicines for internal use. Many experts advise using aloe only as a laxative, if at all. This is related to the numerous side effects, interactions, and possible signs of intoxication. Other herbal laxatives such as psyllium or flaxseed are much better tolerated and easier to handle.

Medicinal Plant Aloe Vera Soon

    • skincare (external use), laxative in constipation (internal use)
    • Do not use laxatives in the long term without medical advice.
    • Do not use in case of intestinal obstruction, inflammatory bowel disease or abdominal pain of unknown cause, during pregnancy and lactation, and in children under 12 years
    • Interactions with dehydrating agents, cardiotonic drugs, and cortisone medications possible
    • in case of overdose symptoms of intoxication with severe diarrhea – up to kidney-damaging fluid loss
    • drink plenty while taking
    • Areas of application: cosmetic and therapeutic skincare in diseases such as atopic dermatitis or psoriasis, constipation.

Use laxatives only for a short time

Laxatives should, in the unanimous opinion of the experts, only be used at short notice. The reason: Misuse of laxatives is by far the most common cause of chronic constipation. The recurrent use of laxatives weakens the intestine. This can lead to persistent constipation. Once chronic constipation has developed, the treatment is usually tedious – and of uncertain outcome.

Recurring constipation should be checked by a doctor as soon as possible. The earlier targeted treatment begins, the easier it is to avoid chronic constipation. In addition, constipation can be a symptom of a disease or a side effect of medication.

Medicinal Plant Aloe Vera

Active ingredients and mode of action

The leaves of aloe contain milk juice. For external use, this milk juice is usually made into gel and added to the appropriate skincare products. For internal use, extracts are extracted from the latex and the leaves of the aloe. The key ingredient of aloe is the so-called aloin, which belongs to the group of anthracoid. In addition, Aloe contains a resin with various long-chain sugars. A variety of vitamins, bitter and trace elements, and essential oil are other ingredients.

Laxative effect

The laxative effect of aloe goes back to an interaction of aloin and sugar compounds. Aloin and its transformation products make the intestinal lining water impermeable. This accumulates salty water in the intestine, liquefies the stool, stimulates reflexes in the intestine, and thus accelerates the defecation.

Skincare with aloe vera

The milky sap of aloe contains a variety of vitamins and trace elements. Whether and how aloe actually moisturizes the skin has not been adequately studied. In any case, the skin will dry out as quickly after aloe as after other moisturizing cosmetics. Aloe gel evaporates after application to a certain degree and develops a cooling effect. This is why aloe gel is used in after-sun lotions and as a natural sunscreen treatment.

The effect of Aloe against inflammatory skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis or psoriasis is not sufficiently proven.

Application of aloe vera

The external use of aloe preparations is completely harmless. This does not apply to internal use as a laxative. Here are a number of notes to consider.

Prohibition of use of aloe as a laxative

In the case of appendicitis, intestinal obstruction, inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis as well as irritable bowel laxatives must generally not be used. This also applies to gastrointestinal complaints without clearly identifiable harmless cause as well as severe dehydration due to dehydration. Children under the age of 12, pregnant and breastfeeding women should also not be treated with aloe laxatives.

Dosage

Read the leaflet of aloes laxatives carefully. An overdose can have dangerous consequences. Investigations occasionally speak of kidney inflammation. Signs of overdose include spasmodic abdominal pain and persistent diarrhea.

Persistent strong diarrhea can lead to life-threatening loss of water and electrolytes. If diarrhea does not stop within a few hours, you should consult a doctor.

Note application period

Basically, aloe must not be taken for more than 2 weeks. Prolonged intake may cause problems in the water and electrolyte balance in addition to the intestinal sluggishness already described. For example, potassium deficiency can cause cardiac arrhythmias. In addition, protein and blood excretion via the urine are possible. While taking Aloe as a laxative you should drink plenty, preferably water or electrolyte mixtures. Even herbal teas with chamomile or fennel are a good choice.

interactions

Aloe can affect the effects of a number of medicines. This applies, among other things, to dehydrating medications (diuretics), cardiotonic drugs (cardiac glycosides), cardiac rhythm-regulating drugs (antiarrhythmic drugs), and cortisone preparations.

Side Effects

Rarely it comes after taking proper doses to gastrointestinal complaints that manifest themselves in the form of convulsions. Indiscriminate is an occasional transient reddening of the urine.

Medicinal Plant Cayenne Pepper

Medicinal plant Cayenne pepper with the active ingredient capsaicin stimulates the skin circulation as a medicinal plant and relieves pain. Thermal patches for back pain or tension are among the most frequently sold self-care products. Most of these heat patches contain an active ingredient from the cayenne pepper: capsaicin. This pungent is either extracted from the medicinal plant – or comes as synthetic capsaicin. The effect is the same in both cases: The heat patch unfolds strong heat on the skin. And warmth is good for many forms of tension. This effect is well known from physical therapy (Fango, red light). The Stiftung Warentest confirms the positive effect of heat patches with cayenne pepper or capsaicin: For the “treatment of back pain and tension … the products are considered suitable”.

Active substance and mode of action

Capsaicin is the most important so-called pungent from the hot pepper (chili) and the cayenne pepper.

Skin contact with capsaicin causes severe heat and pain receptors. As a result, the pungent initially causes a burning sensation of pain lasting several hours. This is followed by a period of insensitivity that can last for several days or weeks. Even this effect contributes to the fact that pain is not or less felt.

The skin irritation caused by cayenne pepper has even more effects: the blood circulation in the skin is strongly stimulated by expanding the skin cells near the surface. As a result, inflammatory processes associated with tension or pain are increasingly being combatted.

At the same time, capsaicin penetrates through the skin into the tissue, where it inhibits the activity of prostaglandins. These are substances involved in inflammatory processes and pain perception.

Apply cayenne pepper

Cayenne pepper thermal patches are not suitable for everyone. Some people find the heat to be very uncomfortable and too painful. In such cases, you should remove the patches again. Redness and pain then subside within a few hours.

For diabetes and fluctuating high blood pressure, you should ask your doctor before using cayenne pepper medicines.

Medicinal Plant Cayenne Pepper

Apply heat patches only once a day

In general, thermal patches with cayenne pepper or capsaicin should not be used too often because the skin would otherwise be damaged. Most plasters allow a maximum of one application per day. Please pay attention to the respective leaflet.

It is usually advisable to allow at least 12 hours before applying a new cayenne pepper patch. The maximum application time is given by most manufacturers with a maximum of 3 weeks. Creams and ointments can often be applied two to four times a day.

Go to the doctor with persistent back pain

Back pain from tension is the most common reason for applying heat patches. If such back pain does not happen within 6 weeks at the latest, you should consult a doctor. Immediately you should seek medical help if back pain is particularly strong, change greatly or it comes to abnormal sensations such as tingling or numbness, paralysis, and involuntary discharge of urine and stool.

Precautions

Thermal patches or capsaicin-containing preparations must not be combined with other skin irritants such as ointments or red light treatment. It threatens skin damage.

If you have touched the inside of a thermal patch or the cream or ointment with your hands: Wash your hands thoroughly with soap. And be careful not to touch mucous membranes and the eye before. Burning pains and watery eyes would be the result.

Thermal patches and other capsaicin-containing products should never be allowed to reach wounds, inflamed skin, eczema, mucous membranes or the eyes. Please read the appropriate warnings and precautions on the package leaflet of the product. It is recommended that you use gloves when applying capsaicin preparations.

Physical exertion can increase the heat development of patches and creams. For example, if you are sensitive to these remedies, you should not use them before exercising or gardening.

Please refrain from additional heat treatments. Your temperature sensation may be lowered to cause burns. Also, avoid sunbeds and sun exposure on the treated areas.

interactions

Taking muscle relaxants (muscle relaxants) can cause itching, redness, and pain that can spread throughout the body. These changes are also possible with a time-delayed application of several hours.

If ACE inhibitors are taken for hypertension, coughing may increase. Coughing is a very typical side effect of these medications.

Side Effects

Redness and pain are desirable effects of treatment with cayenne pepper. If the sensation of heat or pain is particularly severe, you should remove the plaster. If skin reactions do not recede after 3 days at the latest, you should consult a doctor. In case of vesicular and ulcerous lesions, please consult a doctor immediately.

Repeated use may reduce the effect of capsaicin. In addition, temporary damage to superficial nerves is possible.

Inhalation of capsaicin may cause coughing and sneezing.

Allergies

Some capsaicin-containing products contain parabens as preservatives. With a corresponding allergy you should refrain from these products. Of course, capsaicin should not be applied to paprika and cayenne pepper allergy.

Pregnancy, Breastfeeding, And Children

As a precaution, ask your doctor before using cayenne pepper during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Of course, patches or creams should not be used around the breast during lactation.

For children under the age of 12, cayenne pepper is not suitable because of the pain associated with the application.

Medicinal Plant Cayenne Pepper (Capsici Fructus Acer) soon

    • promotes skin circulation, relieves pain, inhibits inflammatory processes
    • usually well tolerated, with sensitive skin possibly severe pain
    • do not apply to wounds, should not get in the eyes
    • do not combine with other blood circulation therapies
    • Doctor interview in pregnancy and lactation, diabetes and hypertension
    • Areas of application: Shoulder-arm pain, back pain and other pain due to tension, pain due to joint disease (osteoarthritis), sore muscles, nerve pain.