Low Blood Pressure Pregnancy

Low blood pressure during pregnancy is a normal occurrence. Fluctuating hormones and changes in circulation can often lower the blood …Low blood pressure during pregnancy happens because your body secretes hormones, and progesterone in particular, which help to relax the walls of your blood …Low blood pressure in pregnancy is normal. This occurs because the central nervous system expands quickly. When this happens, blood pressure is …Treating Low Blood Pressure · Staying hydrated · Consuming enough calories to support you and your baby · Avoiding standing for long periods of time · Moving slowly …Most women experience low blood pressure during pregnancy and this spans out in the first 24 weeks of gestation period. Low blood pressure occurs as a …Low blood pressure in pregnancy can be caused by natural fluid and hormonal shifts, low blood sugar levels, and dehydration. Orthostatic … 10 Signs of Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy · Light-headedness— Any time, but most noticeably when sitting or standing up…This patient FAQ explains how uncontrolled hypertension can lead to a serious disorder called preeclampsia during pregnancy or soon after childbirth. Previous studies suggested that maternal hypotension during pregnancy (often defined as BP ≤ 110/65 mmHg) may be associated with reduced Utero- …

low-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy

 

Although several studies reported a significant association between low blood pressure during pregnancy and poor perinatal outcomes, our analysis..What can you do about high blood pressure before pregnancy? · Get a preconception checkup. · Use birth control until your blood pressure is under control. · Get to …Very high blood pressure that starts in the second or third trimester. This is called gestational hypertension. It usually goes away after the baby is born. It can also be caused by: being pregnant; some medical conditions, such as diabetes; some medicines. Page last reviewed: 09 September 2020. Next review due …Gestational hypertension is high blood pressure that you develop while you are pregnant. It starts after you are 20 weeks pregnant. Dizziness is hormonal as your body prepares for the nine months of pregnancy. Your blood pressure is lowest during the middle of the second trimester. You can …Chronic hypertension: This is when you already had high blood pressure before you fell pregnant – for example if you already had a medical condition such as …Hypertension is the most common medical problem encountered during pregnancy, complicating 2-3% of pregnancies. Having low blood pressure in pregnancy is normal and to be expected as your pregnancy progresses. If you feel feint or have dizzy spells, tell your doctor or …In pregnant women, chronic hypertension (also called preexisting hypertension) can be defined as hypertension known to be present before …When you’re pregnant, your cardiovascular system undergoes dramatic changes to accommodate the baby: heart rate increases so that the heart pumps more blood per …

Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

Doctors speak of hypotension or low blood pressure when the blood pressure falls below a certain limit: the first value below 100 mmHg, the second value below 65 mmHg. Dizziness, paleness, and freezing are sometimes symptoms of low blood pressure. Much more often, however, it goes unnoticed – and that is usually not a problem.

Doctors speak of hypotension or low blood pressure when the blood pressure falls below a certain limit: the first value (systome) below 100 mmHg, the second value (diastole) below 65 mmHg.

In contrast to high blood pressure (hypertension), low blood pressure (hypotension) is not a disease, but rather has a positive effect on life expectancy. Many people have low blood pressure that does not cause discomfort. Other people complain of poor circulation, which often occurs when standing for long periods of time or suddenly changing position. As a rule, low blood pressure does not require treatment. However, if you have symptoms of low blood pressure, you should see a doctor. This applies in particular to pregnant women as well as children, adolescents, and senior citizens.

Typical symptoms of low blood pressure are general disorders such as:

    • Dizziness and blackness in front of the eyes (especially in the morning and after changing position)
    • Sensation of coldness in hands and feet
    • Fatigue and lack of drive
    • Lack of concentration
    • Weather sensitivity
    • paleness
    • Sleep disorders and increased need for sleep
    • Palpitations, rapid pulse, and ringing in the ears
    • Sweats
    • Tendency to faint.

Above all, the dramatic-sounding consequences of low blood pressure such as palpitations, pulse irregularities, or a tendency to faint are rather rare. If so, these symptoms of hypotension tend to appear in susceptible individuals in stressful situations.

Shock And Low Blood Pressure

If the drop in blood pressure occurs suddenly and persists, with pronounced tiredness or loss of consciousness, please call an ambulance. These symptoms could indicate shock. A shock in the medical sense is a condition in which the oxygen supply to the organs is no longer ensured due to a lack of blood in the bloodstream. This deficiency can have very different causes. The most common are internal and external bleeding (mostly due to injuries) as well as disorders of the fluid balance, which continue to reduce the blood volume. Long-term diarrhea, massive vomiting, or profuse sweating can also cause shock. You can read more detailed information here: Shock

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The causes of low blood pressure are often inexplicable from a medical point of view. However, there are a number of diseases or conditions that make low blood pressure more likely.

    • Body size: Tall, slim people are often affected.
    • Heredity: In the hereditary disposition, abnormal blood pressure regulation can be created.
    • Heart diseases such as heart failure, heart valve defects, or heart attacks are plausible causes of low blood pressure.
    • Vascular diseases such as aortic arch syndrome or venous weakness are also among the understandable causes of low blood pressure

Other reasons for low blood pressure are:

    • Disorders of the nervous or endocrine system (especially thyroid and adrenal dysfunction)
    • Infectious diseases such as bacterial or viral infections
    • Heavy blood loss or internal bleeding, including oozing bleeding (permanent low blood loss, for example in gastric and duodenal ulcers)
    • Lack of salt or fluid loss, for example through sweating, fever, vomiting, or diarrhea, and in poorly controlled diabetes through excessive urination.
    • Side effects of certain drugs, for example, those used against high blood pressure, but also antidepressants or antipsychotics.
    • pregnancy
    • excessive alcohol consumption
    • heavy smoking.

In medical therapy for low blood pressure, your doctor will first clarify the cause of the hypotension. In many cases, low blood pressure is just a symptom of another disease. Then it is important to treat this disease. This can also mean, for example, to reset the medication for high blood pressure.

Drug Therapy For Low Blood Pressure

Your doctor may use a variety of medications for low blood pressure. So-called sympathomimetics such as etilefrine or oxilofrine are often prescribed. These drugs increase the pressure in arteries and veins. Another possibility is the administration of the vascular-strengthening ergot alkaloid dihydroergotamine. Such drug therapies remain the exception. Usually, it is enough to push the blood pressure up a little with home remedies.

Self-help: home remedies for low blood pressure

The focus of self-help with low blood pressure is to stimulate circulation and thus increase blood pressure. The following recommendations for self-help with hypotension will help. But please ask a doctor first whether these recommendations also make sense for you.

    • Morning hot and cold alternating showers and brush massages stimulate the circulation.
    • Coffee or other beverages containing caffeine temporarily increase blood pressure. A glass of sparkling wine, on the other hand, is not recommended. Even if alcohol initially increases blood pressure, the opposite effect occurs after a short time – and you are limp than before.
    • Do gymnastics and sport regularly, walk instead of taking the elevator, better cycling than taking the train.
    • Rock your feet every now and then. This stimulates the venous pump and increases blood pressure.
    • Get enough sleep. Do not get up immediately after waking up, stretch your arms and legs. Slowly come to sit.
    • If you have varicose veins, please consistently wear compression stockings. This prevents blood from sinking into the legs.
    • Herbal medicines that stimulate the heart and circulation, such as camphor and hawthorn, are also helpful.

In many cases, especially in the elderly, low blood pressure is associated with some degree of dehydration. Make sure you drink enough. It should be at least around 1.5 liters per day. Water, fruit teas, and juice spritzers are particularly suitable because they are low in calories and therefore do not contribute to excess weight.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a form of blood cancer that occurs mainly in old age. It does not primarily affect blood formation in the spinal cord like chronic myeloid leukemia, but rather the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes. Read more about the symptoms, causes, therapy, and prevention of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL for short), the so-called lymphoid cells are malignant. This mainly affects the lymphatic organs such as lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. This is why this form of leukemia is also classified as cancer of the lymph glands (so-called malignant lymphomas). More precisely, CLL is a subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The term leukemia (colloquially blood cancer) comes from the fact that the degenerated cells also appear in the blood. In addition, the bone marrow is regularly affected by CLL.

In another form of chronic leukemia, the much more aggressive chronic myeloid leukemia, the blood cell formation system in the bone marrow is degenerates.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common form of blood cancer in Germany. The number of new cases per year is around 6,000. Men get sick significantly more often than women. According to the Society of Epidemiological Cancer Registers in Germany (gekid.de) from 2014, the number of new cases per 100,000 population and year (annual incidence) is 5.5 for men and 2.9 for women. The frequency peak is between 70 and 75 years. This is why chronic lymphocytic leukemia is sometimes referred to as old age leukemia.

Symptoms of chronic lymphocytic leukemia are mainly painless, swollen lymph nodes, poor performance, paleness, shortness of breath, and a noticeably easy bleeding tendency. The latter is noticeable through quick bruises, nosebleeds when blowing the nose, and bleeding gums when brushing your teeth or when biting off. Increased susceptibility to infections is also common.

If the liver or spleen is affected, pressure pain in the upper abdomen or indigestion can occur. In principle, however, any organ can be affected by chronic lymphocytic leukemia. That is why many more symptoms are conceivable.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

 

The typical symptoms that indicate cancer (so-called B symptoms) such as fever, pronounced night sweats, loss of appetite, unwanted or unclear weight loss, and pain are rare in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

The exact causes of chronic lymphocytic leukemia are not yet known. However, a genetic predisposition seems to play a role in the development of CLL. Environmental factors such as pesticides or asbestos may increase the risk. Health professionals also refer to age as a risk factor for CLL. The older a person is, the higher the risk of developing chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

The diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia is often the result of a routine blood test. After initial suspicion, examinations such as so-called immune phenotyping and a blood smear follow to confirm the diagnosis. You can see healthy and pathologically altered lymphocytes. Bone marrow examinations and imaging procedures such as ultrasound examinations (sonography) or computed tomography (CT) can follow.

Since chronic lymphocytic leukemia often occurs in old age and progresses very slowly, not all CLL is treated immediately after diagnosis. In the elderly, therapy might not be of any benefit in comparison with the stresses and strains of treatment. In this case, however, regular medical check-ups are essential. Doctors call this treatment strategy “watch and wait”.

If chronic lymphocytic leukemia causes symptoms or if the blood values ​​deteriorate, chemotherapy can be useful. In this drug therapy, for example, the active ingredients chlorambucil, deoxyformycin, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, or bendamustine are used. In addition to chemotherapy, the CD20 antibodies rituximab, ofatumumab or obinutuzumab are recommended. The symptoms often go away for many years after chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy is also often used in younger people with CLL. Then, however, a more intensive form of chemotherapy is chosen, which suppresses the leukemia cells for as long as possible. Doctors call this treatment “complete remission”. A cure for CLL is not yet possible. There is still no remedy that can make the leukemia cells disappear permanently.

Antibodies As An Alternative To Chemotherapy

Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab or alemtuzumab are used in chronic lymphocytic leukemia when chemotherapy is not possible. These antibodies work by attaching themselves to the malignant cells, causing them to die.

Radiation, Bone Marrow And Stem Cell Therapy

Bone marrow or stem cell transplants are not without risk in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The mortality rates are quite high during therapy. Therefore, this form of therapy, which is very good in itself, is only suitable for certain patients with CLL. In the case of large lymph gland tumors, radiation can be used.

The healing prospects (prognosis) are quite different in chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Depending on the extent and spread, a life expectancy of between 3 and more than 20 years can be expected.

Sore Throat and Runny Nose

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sore throat and runny nose

Common cold symptoms may include: Stuffy, runny nose. Scratchy, tickly throat. Sneezing. Watering eyes. Low-grade fever. Sore throat. Mild hacking cough. ork Region’s health unit will require students who have a runny nose and sore throat to remain home from school despite the province …Sore Throat? Sneezing? Runny Nose? … Such symptoms – which include sneezing, runny nose and congestion – affect as many as 60 million …Mucus may begin to run out of your nose. A runny nose due to a cold or flu may be accompanied by fatigue, sore throat, cough, …If your child has a sore throat, cough, or runny nose, you might expect the doctor to prescribe antibiotics. But most of the. If the sore throat is caused by a cold, you may also have a runny nose, cough, possibly fever, and feel very tired. If it’s strep throat, other symptoms may …When you have plugged ears, a runny nose, and a sore throat, you might just assume that you have a cold. But not all ear, nose, and throat symptoms are … Headaches, a sore throat, and a runny nose are the most common symptoms associated with the UK’s most widely established Covid variant, …Fever; Cough; Shortness of breath; Fatigue; Muscle or body aches; Headache; New loss of taste or smell; Sore throat; Congestion or runny nose …Your child has strep throat, based on a rapid strep test or a throat culture. If strep is not diagnosed with a test, antibiotics should not be …Runny nose; Sore throat; Headache; Body aches; Coughing; Sneezing. How long do cold symptoms last? Most people recover from a cold within seven …Research suggests Delta may be presenting similar to a cold, with headaches, sore throats, and runny noses more frequently seen symptoms. Think you’re safe from allergies while indoors? Wrong. Organizing your home can lead to a runny nose and sore throat.

Sore Throat Post Nasal Drip

Postnasal drip makes you feel like you constantly want to clear your throat. It also can trigger a cough, which often gets worse at night. In …When your body starts producing extra mucus, you might feel it accumulate in the back of your throat. It might also drip down your throat …Post-nasal drip is among the most common causes of persistent cough, hoarseness, sore throat, and other annoying symptoms. It can be caused by a number of …
Chronic rhinitis (non-allergic rhinitis) causes symptoms of runny nose, sneezing, nasal itching, and congestion. Postnasal drip is drainage of mucous from …Postnasal drip is extra mucus felt dripping down the back of the nose and throat. It may be caused by allergies, dry air, or an infection. Learn more. Post-nasal drip symptoms · cough; · the need to clear the throat often; · a ‘tickle’ in the throat or sore throat; · excess mucus (phlegm) in the …Postnasal Drip Symptoms · Feeling like you need to clear your throat · A sore throat · Occasional coughing · Scratchy, tickling, or itching in the …If someone has symptoms of congestion, postnasal drip, and cough and then complains of sore throat, that would indicate a possible viral …Post nasal drip is irritating. It can cause congestion, a cough, and a sore throat. It feels as though the liquid is running down the back of …Common Allergy Symptoms · Sneezing · Runny or stuffy nose · Itchy or watery eyes · Itchy nose or ears · Post-nasal drip (which can sometimes cause a mild sore throat) …What are some of the Symptoms of Post-Nasal Drip? · Nausea due to the excess mucus draining into your stomach · A scratchy or sore throat · Bad …Postnasal drip is the slow but steady drip of mucus from your nasal and sinus cavities down the back of your throat. Learn about postnasal drip causes and …You probably feel a near-constant need to clear your throat. The presence of mucus can give you a raw, scratchy sore throat that impacts your voice. An …Whether your throat is irritated from allergies, post-nasal drip, a cold or being indoors in dry, heated air during winter, soothing that soreness can be …Severe reactions are possible, but for common allergies, you’ll likely experience itchy eyes, sneezing, runny nose, cough, congestion and …

sore throat post nasal drip

Post-nasal drip symptoms · a cough · a ‘tickle’ in your throat or a sore throat · needing to clear your throat regularly · a lot of mucus in the throat · blocked or …Does a sinus infection cause sore throat? Yes, it certainly can. Sinus infections can often lead to complications with post-nasal drip …Post-nasal drip may become worrisome if it is accompanied by symptoms such as persistent cough, severe stuffy nose, recurrent infections, …In most cases, postnasal drip does not indicate the presence of COVID-19. However, if other symptoms of the virus are also present or if you believe you …Post-nasal drip symptoms · A feeling of having to constantly clear one’s throat · Bad breath · Chronic cough (Often worse at night — read more about why sinusitis …

Sore Throat

In the case of a sore throat, the mucous membranes of the throat are inflamed. The medical name is pharyngitis. Throat infections can occur at any age, but children are particularly affected. More about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of sore throat. A scratchy throat is often a harbinger of a sore throat. This is accompanied by a sore throat and difficulty swallowing. Sometimes even speaking hurts. A dry feeling in the throat and frequent clearing of the throat are also typical symptoms of a sore throat. In addition, the neck area is red and swollen. In bacterial infections, mucous membrane deposits and purulent specks are often found in the throat and palate.

More Symptoms Of Sore Throat

A sore throat is often accompanied by a mild fever. In children, high body temperatures over 39 degrees Celsius are also possible. The general well-being is limited, some of those affected feel really sick. A simultaneous cold, cough, runny nose, and hoarseness accompany the throat inflammation.

Lateral cord angina

A special form of pharyngitis is the lateral cord angina. In this form of angina, in addition to the pharyngeal mucosa, the lymphatic tissue of the back wall of the pharynx is inflammatory. If the side cords swell at the exit of the eustachian tube, they sometimes close the connecting duct between the throat and the middle ear. Then headache and earache and even otitis media are often the result.

If the tonsils are also bright red and inflamed, it is called tonsillo pharyngitis. Pure tonsillitis is called tonsillitis. When it comes to laryngitis, doctors speak of laryngitis.

The causes of throat infections are manifold. Pathogens are often responsible for an inflamed throat. These include above all cold viruses such as adenoviruses, coronaviruses, influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, and rhinoviruses. Herpesviruses or measles, rubella, cytomegaly, and Epstein-Barr viruses are less common causes of pharyngitis.

If bacteria multiply on the inflamed mucous membrane of the throat, the symptoms worsen. Typical bacteria in a sore throat and other sore throat and tonsillitis are streptococci. Children in particular then also complain of the stomach and intestinal complaints such as nausea and abdominal pain.

Contagion With Sore Throat

The pathogens of a pharynx infection are usually transmitted by so-called droplet infection, i.e. through saliva when speaking or via nasal secretion when sneezing. This happens very quickly, especially in community facilities such as schools or day-care centers. It is not uncommon for many children to develop a sore throat together, especially in the cold winter months. During this time, the mucous membranes of the throat dry out from the frosty winter and dry heating air. Dry mucous membranes are less immune and cold viruses have an easy time penetrating the mucous membrane.

Sore Throat1

Non-Infectious Sore Throat

In addition to the typical viruses and bacteria, there are other causes of throat inflammation. These include above all smoking (including passive smoking), dust, and the use of chemicals. Women sometimes suffer from frequent throat infections during menopause, as the mucous membranes dry out as a result of hormonal changes. A hereditary mucosal disorder can also cause a sore throat. Non-infectious throat infections are usually chronic.

The diagnosis of sore throat is already made based on the symptoms. A look into the mouth and throat also underpins the diagnosis. If a bacterial infection with streptococci or Pfeiffer’s glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis) is suspected, a swab of the pharynx may follow.

Mild inflammation of the throat does not necessarily have to be treated by a doctor. As with a cold, the same applies to sore throat: With treatment, it lasts 7 days, without a week. More than 85% of all patients with sore throats are healthy even without therapy.

However, if the symptoms are bothersome and the pain is severe, pain-relieving solutions for gargling as well as lozenges and throat tablets with the active ingredients flurbiprofen, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, amylmetacresol, levomenthol, benzocaine, and tyrothricin can help. Pain can be relieved with antipyretic agents and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as paracetamol, ibuprofen, and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA).

Antibiotics For Bacterial Sore Throat

If the throat is bacterial, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics (for example, penicillin). This is especially true if streptococci are the cause of strep throat. If left untreated, there is a risk of rheumatic fever in this case. To avoid this, it is particularly important to take the antibiotics exactly as prescribed by your doctor and for a long enough time. Treatment usually lasts ten days.

Self Help

In the case of a sore throat, simple rules of conduct and home remedies often help to alleviate the symptoms. Drink a lot (especially warm tea or still water) and gargle with salt water to keep the mucous membranes sufficiently moist. In the form of tinctures for the throat and pharynx, solutions with the herbal active ingredient rattanhia root have proven to be helpful. To enhance the healing effect, tinctures of rattan can also be mixed with myrrh.

Please also note the following tips:

    • You should not smoke during a sore throat in order to protect the inflamed mucous membrane. It is best to use this time to quit smoking completely.
    • If you have a pronounced feeling of illness, it makes sense to take it easy. To avoid infection, it is best to stay at home.
    • If you have a high fever, it is advisable to stay in bed for a few days.
    • A healthy body’s immune system is efficient and protects you from sore throat.

Home Remedies For Sore Throat

There are a number of home remedies for throat infections:

    • Cold or warm wraps around the neck, for example, made from hot lard, linseed, healing clay, potatoes or lukewarm quark are often found beneficial.
    • Sage tea or warm water drunk with apple cider vinegar or gargled relieve sore throats.
    • To support the self-healing powers, sweat-inducing teas with linden and elderflower help.
    • Repeated throat infections can be contained with beaver nellus root tea.
    • Sea buckthorn berries and rose hips contain a lot of vitamin C and increase the body’s defenses.

Homeopathy And Schüssler Salts

Even if the effect has not been proven: Many patients swear by the healing powers of homeopathy and Schüssler salts. For example, naturopaths recommend salt number 4 (potassium chloratum) as a Schüssler’s salt for sore throats. In addition, the salts number 21 (Zincum chloratum), 22 (Calcium carbonicum), and 27 (Kalium bichronicum) can be taken.

Proven homeopathic for throat infections are, therefore:

    • Beginning sore throat: Mercuris solubilis and Aconitum
    • Left-sided sore throat and pain when swallowing: Lachesis
    • Difficulty swallowing, acute sore throat, and fever: Belladonna
    • Chronic strep throat: Mercuris solubilis
    • Dry throat and red throat: Aesculus
    • Sore throat and ear pain: Chamomilla
    • Sore throat and sore throat area: Phosphorus.

Inflammation Of The Sinuses (Sinusitis)

Sinusitis is the medical name for sinusitis. Every 7th person in Germany has sinusitis once a year – often as a remnant of a cold. More about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of sinusitis. Sinusitis is the technical term for sinusitis. Sinusitis can be acute or chronic. Depending on the inflamed sinus there are:

    • Frontal sinusitis: inflammation of the frontal sinuses (right and left above the bridge of the nose above the eyebrows)
    • Maxillary sinusitis: inflammation of the maxillary sinuses (to the right and left of the nose)
    • Ethomidal sinusitis: inflammation of the ethmoid labyrinth (between the nose and the inner corner of the eye)
    • Sphenoid sinusitis: inflammation of the sphenoid sinus (right and left behind the ethmoid cells).

Complications arise when sinusitis spreads to neighboring structures, for example, the meninges, the brain, ears, and eye sockets. Then it comes to dangerous suppurations with meningitis, seizures, visual impairment, and otitis media.

Typical symptoms of acute sinusitis are headaches and a feeling of pressure in the face – depending on the cavity affected, in the forehead, jaw, and nose area as well as around the eyes. The feeling of pressure often increases when stooping, sneezing, and coughing, as well as vibrations. Sometimes the sense of smell and nasal breathing is restricted.

In some patients, the nose feels “blocked” – like blocked. Sometimes the nasal secretions run down the throat permanently. Fever and fatigue as well as flu-like symptoms are also possible. Symptoms can be unilateral or bilateral.

Sinusitis usually heals after a few weeks (a maximum of eight weeks). If it persists or if sinus infections increase (more than four times a year), doctors speak of chronic sinusitis.

Inflammation Of The Sinuses sinusitis

Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis often results from an acute sinus infection that has not healed. The symptoms are much weaker than in acute sinusitis. Long-lasting loss of smell and permanent, dull pressure on the face are typical of chronic sinusitis. Inflammatory polyps often grow in the sinuses. Endoscopy often shows only a slight swelling of the nasal mucosa and a thin, clear secretion in chronic sinusitis.

Sinusitis is often preceded by a cold. This increases the production of nasal mucus and the mucous membranes swell. Sometimes the small connecting ducts between the nose and paranasal sinuses swell up. If they are completely blocked, the sinuses are no longer ventilated, the secretion cannot drain away and backs up. This warm, moist environment is an ideal breeding ground for germs such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Viral sinusitis often develops as a result of bacterial colonization with influenza, parainfluenza, or rhinoviruses. In bacterial sinusitis, Haemophilus influenza, pneumococci, staphylococci, and streptococci are often the triggers. Fungi can also cause sinusitis.

Non-Infectious Causes Of Sinusitis

Ventilation disorders of the paranasal sinuses and thus impaired drainage of secretions can also have non-infectious causes. These are, for example, anatomical features such as nasal polyps (benign mucous membrane growths), a crooked nasal septum (so-called septal deviation), large nasal concha, cystic fibrosis (cystic fibrosis), or tumors.

Sinusitis can also occur in the course of an allergic illness (such as hay fever or house dust allergy). There is also the so-called dentogenic, i.e. tooth-related sinusitis. Pathogens get into the sinuses, for example after dental interventions, tooth root inflammation, or maxillary sinus fistulas.

Samter syndrome (also known as analgesic intolerance syndrome) is a special form of sinusitis. Sinusitis occurs at the same time as intolerance to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin, ASA), bronchial asthma, and nasal polyps.

As a rule, the doctor makes the diagnosis of sinusitis based on the typical symptoms. To secure it, he taps and squeezes certain areas of the face and inspects the mouth, throat, and throat. Blood and secretion tests, allergy tests, and imaging procedures (such as nasoscopy, X-rays, and computed tomography) are sometimes used.

Usually, the doctor will recommend decongestant nasal drops with active ingredients such as naphazoline, oxymetazoline, tramazoline, and xylometazoline. However, these should not be used for too long and should be used as directed. Sometimes medical treatment for sinusitis also includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and piroxicam or glucocorticoids (cortisone preparations).

For purulent sinusitis, antibiotics (especially tetracyclines and cephalosporins) are the means of choice.

Short and microwave radiation can help heal sinusitis.

In some cases, for example with anatomical peculiarities, nasal polyps, or curvature of the nasal septum, an operation can help.

Home remedies for sinusitis

Home remedies for sinusitis support drug therapy and help relieve symptoms. The most important home remedy is an adequate intake of fluids. You should drink at least 2 liters a day. In this way, you liquefy viscous secretions that can drain away more easily when diluted. You can support the drainage of secretions with moist room air and steam baths with herbal additives. Anise, chamomile flowers, myrtol, primrose root, thyme herb, and eucalyptus oil are particularly suitable.

No steam baths and essential oils in infants and young children

Caution: Due to the risk of scalding, babies and toddlers should not take any steam baths and, above all, should not use any substances containing menthol or strong-smelling essential oils. Red light and warmth are better for this age group. Warm linseed or cherry stone pillows on the forehead are often felt to be beneficial.

More home remedies for adults

    • inhale with Emser salt or sea salt or suck up the salty liquid with the nostril or rinse the nose
    • Heat-increasing foot baths with salt water (start with water at around 34 degrees and increase to 41 degrees)
    • Eat a teaspoon of fresh horseradish or drink horseradish juice three times a day
    • Place horseradish and lemon toppings on the forehead or quark toppings on the forehead and cheeks
    • Warm potato wraps on the forehead and nose several times a day
    • Secure the garlic and lemon wedges under the soles of the feet with warm woolen socks
    • Drink herbal teas throughout the day (for example made from anise, fennel, and thyme)
    • Place a bowl of finely chopped onion on the bedside table
    • Eat chicken soup when you approach flu-like infections.

Homeopathy For Sinusitis

The following homeopathic medicines are recommended for sinusitis:

    • Cinnabaris: with pressing pain at the bridge of the nose, radiation to the eye, severe tenderness when stooping
    • Hepar sulfuris: in patients who are sensitive to the cold and to touch, complaints are made worse by drafts
    • Hydrastis canadensis: large amount of secretion, headache over the left eye, complaints worsen in a warm room
    • Kalium biochromicum: for thick yellow-green secretions, feeling of pressure at the root of the nose, flow of mucus in the throat
    • Luffa operculata: for forehead headache, dry and sensitive nasal mucous membranes, and crusts in the nose
    • Mercurius solubilis: with purulent-green nasal secretions, bad breath, and coated tongue, complaints are aggravated by warmth in the bed.

Prevention

To prevent sinusitis, you should avoid colds, get enough sleep, strengthen your immune system, not smoke, eat a balanced and fresh diet, exercise a lot, and aim for a normal weight.

Pay attention to correct blowing your nose. It works like this:

    • On no account trumpet with pressure on the handkerchief. This is how you press the nasal mucus back into your sinuses. Better to blow your nose carefully and with little pressure.
    • Give in to the urge to sneeze, not suppress it
    • Even if it is not supposed to: preferably “pull up your nose”, the secretion is transported into the pharynx and swallowed.

Arthritis of The Neck (Cervical Spondylosis)

Osteoarthritis in the neck is the degeneration of joints, vertebrae, and discs in the cervical portion of the spine. With less padding between …Symptoms · Chronic pain and stiffness in the neck that may be worse with upright activity · The sound or feeling of popping in the neck when moving · Involuntary …Cervical spondylosis is also called cervical osteoarthritis. It is a condition involving changes to the bones, discs, and joints of the neck …Neck osteoarthritis (sometimes referred to as cervical spondylosis) is a condition where the pain in the neck or shoulder usually gets worse as the day goes on …Cervical osteoarthritis involves the breakdown of the cartilage within the neck’s joints, which may occur due to wear-and-tear overtime or maybe accelerated …What are the symptoms of spinal arthritis? · Back and neck pain, especially in the lower back · Stiffness and loss of flexibility in the spine, such as being …Osteoarthritis of the neck, called cervical spondylosis, is also common. This is characterized by arthritic deterioration of the discs and facet joint cartilage …Arthritis also affects the vertebrae in our neck, which get worn down from years of supporting our head. After age 60, more than 85 percent of people have ..Symptoms · a dull or throbbing ache at the base of the skull or the back of the neck · swelling or stiffness in the neck, which may make it …Sometimes, cervical arthritis narrows the space where nerve roots exit the spine, pinching the nerve. You can feel this as a radiating pain …

Arthritis of The Neck

Neck pain is common but it’s not usually a sign of arthritis or a medical condition. Learn about the causes, exercises, treatment, and how the neck is …It is a sign that the joints, muscles, or other parts of the neck are injured, strained or not working properly. Neck pain is very common, with about one in 10 …Cervical spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear affecting the spinal disks in your neck. As the disks dehydrate and shrink, …Natural wear and tear of the cervical spine causing arthritis of the neck. As you age, the discs that serve as cushions between vertebrae begin to bulge, shrink …Symptoms of arthritis in the neck can range from being mild to very severe. The most common symptom is neck pain, which may spread through the base of the neck …Neck osteoarthritis (also known as neck arthritis, cervical arthritis, and cervical spondylosis) is exactly what it sounds like—degeneration of the joints, … Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck). Anatomy. The spinal column is made up of small bones (vertebrae) stacked on top of one another.

Joints Commonly Affected by Arthritis

The joints feel hot, swollen, and painful, especially when moving: Typical signs of joint inflammation or arthritis. In any case, joint inflammation should be treated as early as possible to avoid complications. The sooner arthritis is treated, the better the chances of protecting the affected joints from lasting damage.

Arthritis is what doctors call inflammation of the joints. In contrast, there is osteoarthritis, which is an aging or wear-related (degenerative) change in joints. Joint inflammation or arthritis can have different causes. Doctors differentiate between bacterial (purulent) and non-bacterial (non-infectious) inflammation of the joints. The most common form of non-infectious joint inflammation is rheumatoid arthritis.

If only one joint (for example, hip or knee joint) is inflamed, doctors speak of monoarthritis, if fewer than five joints (for example wrists and elbows or knees, ankles and ankles) are called oligoarthritis. An inflammation of several joints (for example finger or toe joints) is called polyarthritis.

Joints Commonly Affected by Arthritis:

    • Knee joint (gonarthritis)
    • Hip joint (coxarthritis)
    • Shoulder joint (omarthritis)
    • Wrists and fingers (often called rheumatoid arthritis).

However, all other joints can also be affected by arthritis.

In arthritis, the affected joint is almost always overheated, reddened, and painfully swollen. The pain usually increases when the inflamed joint is put under pressure. The mobility of the joint is often limited. Sometimes a joint effusion (especially on the knee and elbow joints) can be felt. Sometimes those affected feel sick, tired, weak, and have no appetite. Joint inflammation is often accompanied by fever. Joint inflammation is also not uncommon in children. They stand out due to their pronounced reluctance to play and want to be worn permanently.

Doctors divide arthritis into bacterial (purulent) and non-bacterial (non-infectious) arthritis according to its cause.

Causes of Bacterial Arthritis

In bacterial or purulent arthritis, staphylococci and streptococci, more rarely E. coli, gonococci, Haemophilus influenza, or Shigella are usually the cause of joint inflammation. These germs get to the joint in three main ways:

    • via the blood (hematogenous), as a result of other diseases: for example gonorrhea (gonorrhea), inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis), or drug addiction
    • from outside through injuries or (unsterile) injections, punctures, or operations on the joint
    • Spread from the neighborhood, usually as a result of an inflammation of the bone (such as osteomyelitis) invading the joint or as a result of a bacterial soft tissue infection of the tissues surrounding the joint.
    • Joints Commonly Affected By Arthritis

Causes of Non-Bacterial Arthritis

Non-bacterial arthritis can be caused by fungi (such as Candida species) or it can occur together with other non-infectious diseases (such as psoriasis or gout). However, non-bacterial joint inflammations of the rheumatic type (rheumatism) are more common. This includes above all rheumatoid arthritis (chronic polyarthritis).

Arthritis is suspected by the doctor based on the symptoms and after examining the affected joint. To confirm the diagnosis, blood tests and imaging procedures such as sonography, X-rays, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow. If bacterial joint inflammation is suspected, the joint should be punctured and synovial fluid examined.

Treatment

In bacterial (purulent) arthritis, the joint is usually opened surgically and treated surgically. In the case of large joints, arthroscopy is performed. During this procedure, inflamed joint material is removed, sometimes together with the synovial membrane. Then the inflamed joint is rinsed and cleaned.

According to the current state of research, regular rinsing by arthroscopy with an antibiotic solution every two days is the method of choice. At the same time, the patients receive antibiotics (especially cephalosporins and penicillin), initially via an infusion, later as tablets or juice to take by mouth.

Pain is usually treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin, or naproxen. Sometimes anti-inflammatory cortisone preparations are also used.

Discussion about arthroscopy of the knee joint

Knee endoscopies have hit the headlines again and again in the recent past. And there are probably justified doubts as to whether all of the 100,000 or more knee arthroscopies actually make sense. However, this does not apply to the diagnosis of arthritis. If fluid has accumulated in the knee joint, it must be removed in most cases. In the case of knee joint pain due to wear-related, non-inflammatory osteoarthritis, however, in many cases, the knee-joint endoscopy is of little use.

Self-Help With Arthritis

Inflamed joints should not be excessively stressed. Avoid extreme sports that put stress on the joints such as weightlifting, hand, and soccer or tennis. Instead, joint-friendly sports such as swimming, aqua aerobics, or walking, as well as regular walks, are recommended.

The amino sugar glucosamine is an important component of human joint cartilage and synovial fluid. Dietary supplements with chondroitin or glucosamine as well as drugs with the active ingredients of green-lipped mussels or hyaluronic acid can support the healing process in arthritis.

Prevention

    • Make sure you have normal body weight. Being overweight can put a painful strain on the joints and should therefore be avoided or reduced.
    • Proper nutrition is also important. It should be varied and rich in vitamins. Above all, the adequate supply of vitamins B and E (especially in yeast, milk and milk products, fish, offal, fruit, and vegetables) is important to prevent joint problems.

Try to avoid stress. It is helpful to learn relaxation techniques such as autogenic training, yoga, or Qi Gong. You can get tips and information from your health insurance company or adult education center.

How to Check for Prostate Enlargement

To find out whether your prostate gland is enlarged, you’ll need to have a few tests. Some tests will be done by a GP and, if needed, others will be carried …Other tests such as urine flow study, digital rectal exam, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, cystoscopy, ultrasound, or prostate MRI may be used to …Transrectal ultrasound. An ultrasound uses sound waves to take a picture of your prostate gland. It can show whether it is enlarged or you have …You may be offered a blood test to check your kidneys are working properly. You may also be offered a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. PSA is a …The first test for detecting prostate problems is a blood test to measure prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein made only by the prostate gland. Cystoscopy to look at the urethra or bladder with a scope; Post-void residual volume to measure urine left in the bladder after urinating;

how to check for prostate enlargement

PSA blood test to …During the DRE, your doctor may massage your prostate to cause fluid from the prostate to be secreted into your urine in order to check for a cause of …Digital rectal examination (DRE): During this test, your urologist will feel your prostate. The exam shows whether your prostate is hard or asymmetrical, both …Tests Used to Check the Prostate — The free PSA test measures free PSA only. Free PSA is linked to benign prostate conditions, such as BPH, …Your doctor may also do a blood test to check the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. PSA levels can be high in men with an enlarged prostate …Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. An enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is …Ruling out other conditions · Urine tests · Rectal examination · Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test · Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) · Computer …Factors that might raise PSA levels include An enlarged prostate: Conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a non-cancerous …The prostate gland makes a protein called prostate-specific antigen (PSA). This protein helps to nourish sperm. Normally, only tiny amounts of it enter the …Please, find out about symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of enlarged prostate. TO THE COMPLETE TEXT. Doctors and medical centers specializing in Prostate … A physician can diagnose BPH, by asking questions about the symptoms and by doing a physical exam. A urine test and a digital rectal exam also …On digital rectal examination, the prostate usually is enlarged and nontender, has a rubbery consistency, and in many cases has lost the median furrow.PSA testing alone cannot determine if symptoms are due to BPH or prostate cancer, because both conditions can elevate PSA levels. It is important that a man with symptoms of an enlarged prostate be checked for the possibility of prostate cancer. Benign prostatic hyperplasia can be …