What Does LDL Mean and Result from LDL Test?

What does LDL mean perhaps can be understood if you know about cholesterol previously. Cholesterol refers to a fat substance which has soluble characteristic so that it cannot be carried by blood. However, this condition can be solved by the body by binding this cholesterol with certain type of protein so that it can transport various types of fats including cholesterol and triglycerides. The binding of fats and protein are known as lipoprotein and Low Density Lipoprotein or LDL is one of the lipoprotein found in our body. The information about LDL level in the body is important is important to know the risk of getting cardiovascular disease. 

The meaning of LDL cholesterol

Not all of cholesterols are considered as bad and it is actually required by your body. Daily diet can be the sources of some cholesterol while the other amount is produced by your liver. Fats are soluble and disable to solve in the blood. That’s why, there is a protein which helps to transport it and the combination of both are named with lipoprotein. When talking about what does LDL mean in medical terms, it is actually a microscopic substance that formed by an outer edge of lipoprotein and center part of cholesterol. LDL is popularly known as bad cholesterol since it results on a plaque which blocks the arteries and this condition likely leads to heart attacks and strokes. 

heart-attacks-and-strokes

Determining LDL cholesterol test result

Although heart attack cannot be predicted but elevated LDL level are known as higher contribution of heart disease. The only effective way to solve that condition is lowering the LDL level in the body. Having discussion with the doctor is important to decide the strategies for lowering LDL level by particular percentage. To figure it out, doctor commonly recommend taking a test. After taking a test and know what does ldl mean in a blood test, doctor can explain to you about how high the risk of heart disease or stroke you may have. In the test, there are several factors that included in the considerations such as age, blood pressure, smoking habit, and medication consumption. Other health problems like diabetes or heart disease usually also put into considerations. When the result is known, doctor will help to plan changes in your lifestyle or medications not only to decrease this bad cholesterol level but also to counter of all the risks. 

Efforts to Perform

What does low ldl cholesterol mean can be realized by reducing LDL levels. You have to consume more foods with little saturated fat, cholesterol, as well as simple carbohydrates. The level of LDL also can be dropped by adding fiber and plant sterols into your daily diet. Having regular exercises both making heart pumps better and reduce this bad cholesterol level. Besides healthy foods and enough exercise, doctors often advise medications. There is a certain type of medication which helps to reduce the amount if cholesterol from food intake. Other medications help to block protein that disturbs the liver work in removing LDL from the blood. You have to note that other factors also can contribute to high LDL level such as diabetes, obesity, and lack of exercise so that those affect what does ldl calculated mean.

Endoscopy: Reflection of Body Cavities

During an endoscopy, the doctor inserts a probe and optics into a body cavity. Depending on the region, for example, there are lung, stomach, intestinal or abdominal reflections

Endoscopes are rigid or flexible depending on the cavity

Depending on the body region, either rigid probes or flexible tubes are suitable as endoscopes. The optics at the top can in the simplest case consist of a mirror as in the indirect laryngoscope reflection. Often these days, however, these are high-quality miniature cameras that transmit the image to a monitor in real time during the procedure.

There are types of endoscopy in which the doctor introduces the endoscope through a natural body opening: he can control the larynx, lungs and stomach via the nose or mouth, the large intestine via the anal opening, the bladder via the urethra. Other types of endoscopy require small cuts in the skin to reach the area. Examples include joints or the abdominal cavity.

Interventions by endoscopic tools possible

An endoscopy is not only for the examination, but the doctors can also perform interventions: In tube-like endoscopes they introduce tools such as pliers and milling directly through the tube. In the context of joint reflections and laparoscopy, the doctor creates a skin incision a second or third access, in order to use his tools effectively. Physicians can use a bronchoscope to flush the lungs, a so-called bronchial lavage, and then aspirate the liquid used again.

The procedures in detail:

    1. Laryngoscopy (laryngoscopy)

The doctors distinguish between indirect and direct laryngoscopy. In indirect laryngoscopy, the doctor holds a small mirror and style in the pharynx while the patient is awake. In this way he can look at the vocal folds. The direct laryngoscopy, the doctor can perform only in an unconscious or anesthetized patient. Depending on the project, he uses either an intubation or a surgical laryngoscope. The spatula-shaped intubation laryngoscope is used for the correct placement of a breathing tube. With the tubular surgery laryngoscope the doctor performs interventions on the larynx.

    1. Lung reflection (bronchoscopy)

If x-ray and computed tomography of the lungs do not provide sufficient information, pulmonary mirroring is a possible diagnostic method. It also plays a role in the treatment, for example to extract viscous mucus. During lung reflection, the doctor inserts the endoscope over his nose or mouth. This endoscope consists of a soft, flexible tube with two to six millimeters in diameter. At the top of the hose sits a camera with light source.

    1. Gastroscopy (gastroscopy or esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy)

A gastroscopy is a method of examination, with the help of which complaints of the esophagus (esophagus), the stomach (Gaster) and the duodenum (duodenum) can be clarified. The gastroscope used in this case is an optical device in the form of a flexible plastic tube. In addition to the camera and the light source, the hose also has additional working channels. Using these channels, for example, the doctor can take tissue samples with pliers, so-called biopsies. He can also spray on the gastroscope dyes on the mucous membranes to make changes more visible. If the doctor also injects contrast medium from the duodenum into the bile ducts and the pancreatic duct, and then makes an X-ray, the procedure is called ERCP. This abbreviation stands for Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreaticography).

    1. Laparoscopy

During the laparoscopy, the doctor inserts a tubular endoscope into the abdominal or pelvic cavity through the abdominal wall to assess the internal organs. In addition to the diagnosis, laparoscopic surgery is also possible in the same procedure. In contrast to an open surgery on the abdomen, the so-called laparotomy, only a few small incisions are necessary for procedures with the laparoscope. Through these small cuts, the doctor can bring both the endoscope and the surgical equipment in the abdominal cavity. Because of the small access, one also speaks of keyhole surgery.

    1. Small intestinal reflection (capsule endoscopy)

capsule-endoscopy

The small intestine is difficult to reach by tube. Therefore, there is a special form of endoscopy with the help of a camera capsule. This capsule is only about 2.5 inches long and has a diameter of just over one centimeter. The patient ingests the capsule, which then passes naturally through the gastrointestinal tract. Meanwhile, she sparks photos outside. These images record a receiver worn by the patient during the examination. The patient can therefore move freely during the examination. Subsequently, a trained doctor evaluates the automatically recorded images. Capsule endoscopy is used primarily when it comes to the question of bleeding in the small intestine or chronic inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease).

    1. Colonoscopy (colonoscopy)

colonoscopy

A colonoscopy reveals various diseases on the colon (colon) and at the end of the small intestine (terminal ileum). In addition, it is a very reliable method to detect colon cancer and its precursors. The precursors are benign mucosal growths and are called polyps. The doctor can also remove these polyps by means of colonoscopy. To prepare for the exam, the patient must remain sober the day before at noon and take laxative as prescribed by the physician. If the examination only covers the lowest sections of the colon, no oral laxatives are necessary. Depending on the extent of the examination, the doctor then talks about proctoscopy, rectoscopy or sigmoidoscopy

    1. Bladder reflexion (cystoscopy)

In the case of cystoscopy, the doctor examines the lower urinary tract with a special examination device (cystoscope). The lower urinary tracts include the urethra and the bladder. With cystoscopy, the doctor can detect and assess changes such as urethral narrowing, enlargement of the prostate, changes in bladder sphincter function, tumors or bladder stones. If necessary, minor surgical interventions in the context of a bladder reflex are possible with anesthesia. In ureteroscopy, the doctor also examines the ureters, which transport the urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

    1. Articulation (arthroscopy)

Joint Surgery is a surgical procedure in which the physician inserts an endoscope into the joint cavity. This intervention can serve both the diagnosis and the treatment. However, the need for diagnostic arthroscopy has declined significantly due to the further development of magnetic resonance imaging. Therapeutic arthroscopy, on the other hand, can often replace major surgery, for example when replacing a torn ACL in the knee joint.

    1. Endoscopy of other parts of the body

endoscopy-of-other-parts-of-the-body

Also, a reflection of the salivary glands is possible, the ENT specialist then speaks of a sialendoscopy. He can examine the nose and paranasal sinuses by means of a sinus copy. He examines the ear by ear funnels and calls it otoscopy. He can clarify the causes of snoring by means of somnoendoscopy (a kind of pharyngeal reflection) under anesthesia.

The examination of the ocular fundus is called ophthalmoscopy, although the ophthalmologist uses only a concave mirror, magnifying glass or slit lamp in front of the eye.

Gynecologists reflect vagina and cervix with a colposcopy. The uterus is examined by hysteroscopy and the breast ducts by a ductoscopy.

Hypertension and Smoking Addiction – Risks and Dangers

A vicious circle – the best way to describe the interaction of blood pressure with nicotine. At the end of the cycle, in addition to numerous organ diseases, there is also a heart attack. Although the summary of the problem can be expressed very simply, the actual process is highly complex. In addition, smoking addiction can also act as an enhancer of existing blood pressure problems.

The interaction of the organs

The causes of the rise in blood pressure caused by smoking are three main factors. Specifically, they would be bad enough in and of themselves, but their inevitable interaction within body mechanisms makes them even more of a threat.

Sympathetic activity: The sympathetic nervous system is that part of the autonomic nervous system that controls the regulation of blood pressure as well as metabolic and respiratory functions. Under the influence of nicotine, however, this control mechanism gets out of balance and among other things causes an increase in heart activity and resistance within the blood vessels. The result is cardiac arrhythmia and partial to complete occlusion of the vessels.

Vessel constriction: As a result of imbalance in the sympathetic or as a direct effect of smoking addiction, the narrowing of the blood vessels forms the core aspect of nicotine-related hypertension. Responsible for the vascular closure is not only the nicotine per se. Also contained in cigarette smoke additives may favor the arterial closure. Furthermore, the circulation and pumping capacity of the heart and blood vessels are severely impaired by the harmful substances, which offers hypertension further bases for manifestation. In this context, the danger of blood thickening caused by the smoke should not be underestimated, which may lead to further blockage of the vessels.

Lack of oxygen: Since the cigarette smoke a large amount of carbon monoxide gets into the blood, with permanent nicotine consumption and the supply of organs, especially the heart, with oxygen at risk. Now O2 is of essential importance for the integrity of the organs and their functionality. A deficiency supply therefore brings about serious organ damage. Heart attacks and strokes are thus the worst danger when smoking, while hypertension in this area, merely ‘a precursor to the complete failure of the heart.

Hypertension-and-Smoking-Addiction

The interaction of risk factors

The exact value of systolic blood pressure increase is between 7 mmHg and 10 mmHg when smoking. However, further increases may be added if smoking is associated with one of the following aspects.

    • Smoking due to stress in most cases implies that high blood pressure is already present before consumption. This results from the increased heart activity that results from stressful situations.
    • The same applies to cigarette consumption in combination with obesity. In addition, weight-related arteriosclerosis and vasoconstrictive substances meet and, together, provide even greater resistance within the blood vessels.
    • Smoking addiction in concert with alcohol can not only increase the risk of hypertension, but also of cardiac arrhythmia. As nicotine constricts the vessels, alcohol temporarily expands them so that the pumping intervals of the heart become completely out of balance.

Also in connection with lack of exercise or a wrong diet, the risk of high blood pressure by smoking is greater than normal. In addition to the dysfunctional properties of nicotine here are still added to nutrient deficiency or resilience problems that affect the activity of the heart and organs. Already existing dysfunctions of the organs, such as those caused by unhealthy foods or too little exercise, are further expanded by smoking cigarettes.

Headache – an Overview Of Headache Types

Everyone knows them and many have them – there is talk of a headache. Maybe right now when you’re reading, you’re literally blaring your skull. Or a slight pressure is spreading in the head that is uncomfortable and painful. The response of most sufferers is similar – they resort to known painkillers. However, this quick grip on medicines is not always your best bet. Why? The physicians distinguish several headache types – up to 200.

The reason for this large number are different distinguishing features or causes and symptoms of specific headache types. For example, headaches can be triggered by external stimuli, have a purely biological cause, are associated with illness or can also be caused by the intake of medication. Fact: Headache is not the same as headache.

Chronic or acute – when headaches torment us

You have probably also suffered from headaches over the past 12 months. This puts you in good company. According to a study, about 60 percent of the population in Germany suffer from headaches on a 12-month average. Women are much more affected. While the frequency varied between 50 and 55 percent in the male participants, it reached values ​​between 65 percent and 70 percent among the female study participants. Particularly severe are the headache limitations for about five percent of the German population – suffering from daily headache.

headache-types

What are headaches but actually? In general, it is understood as meaning a pain sensation in the area of ​​the skull, the meninges, the blood vessels as well as the brain and upper spinal nerves. Depending on the cause, it is referred to as primary headache when the pain is the trigger of the condition. Secondary headache, on the other hand, is when the pain is caused by a disease or an organ condition (such as tumors).

And also with regard to appearance, the individual headache types differ. In some cases, they only appear acutely. Patients complain of discomfort for only a few hours to a few days. In contrast, a headache disorder can also occur chronically. Where exactly the dividing line lies differs from headache disease to headache disease. In migraine and tension-type headache – the two most common clinical pictures – medics speak of a chronic disease when the pain occurs on 15 days per month over a longer period (in tension-type headache over six months).

The different types of headache

Since headaches can be classified according to their origin in primary and secondary headache as well as the type of pain, a precise representation of the individual headache types is difficult. The most common and common types include tension-type headache and migraine. While the latter is described with recurrent attacks of pain, which may be accompanied by a pulsating and hemiplegic headache as well as photophobia, nausea, and vomiting, the tension-type headache is described as pulling-pushing and without the migraine-typical accompanying symptoms.

The so-called cluster headache (also known as Bing-Horton neuralgia) has repeatedly appeared in the media and medical literature over the past few years. Unlike the widespread tension-type headache, which manifests itself bilaterally, in the case of boring cluster headache, a strong preference is given to one side of the head (in the area of ​​the eye / temple). Patients also report extreme pain, which can begin shortly after falling asleep, in the morning or at lunchtime. Although the exact cause of the cluster headache is unclear, studies suggest hypothalamic involvement and activation of the trigeminal nerve. The latter is involved in a whole group of headaches – trigemino-autonomic headache disorders, which include not only cluster headaches but also SUNCT syndrome and paroxysmal hemicrania. Here is an overview of the most important headache types:

    • Tension headaches
    • Migraine
    • Cluster headache

In addition, modern medicine knows other types of headaches, such as:

    • Sexual headache (occurs more frequently in men during sexual intercourse)
    • Headache associated with the cervical spine
    • Headache associated with vascular disease (eg Horton-Magath-Brown syndrome)
    • Headache due to tension (eg the masticatory muscles)
    • the sensation of pain in hemorrhages in the brain fluid.

Also known to be headache as a result of drug use (as a side effect), drug abuse, drug overdose or their withdrawal. This form of pain covers a wide range of different symptoms (may be half or bilateral, dull, throbbing or pulsatile). But not only diseases such as tumors, vascular inflammations o. Ä. can cause a headache. Even greater effort – for example, when coughing or sports – are known as a trigger for headache attacks, which can last up to 24 hours. And not to forget the position-dependent headache, which can occur for example in acute or chronic sinusitis in appearance.

Conclusion

Headaches can not only be extreme, depending on the cause and course of the attacks are characterized by a variety of symptoms. Sometimes pain remains the only noticeable symptom. In diseases such as migraine in addition to changes in perception, nausea and vomiting may be added.

Watch out for Natural Supplements For Sex Gain And Weight Loss

Many consumers are considering supplements that are natural and therefore safe. In fact, the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN reported in 2017 that 87 percent of US consumers trust that dietary supplements, such as vitamins, minerals, herbs, herbs, oils, microbial bacteria and amino acids, are safe and effective Unfortunately, your confidence can be misaligned when it comes to supplements for male sexual dysfunction and weight loss.

According to the Food and Drug Administration, 776 nutritional supplement products sold from 146 different manufacturers that trade between 2007 and 2016 contained synthetic / prescription medicines. Most of these products are marketed for only two conditions, sexual enhancement, (45.5 percent) or weight loss (40.9 percent). Most recently, on Nov. 30, 2018, the FDA did not advise consumers to buy a product called Willy Go Wild, available online and in some retail outlets, because the product also contains hidden prescription drugs.

Why is that important?

As a pharmacist and dietary supplement researcher, I’m worried about the hidden intake of these prescription drugs in the supplements. It increases the risk of harming patients, and it allows people to write down the merits and disadvantages they experience to a herb, rather than the true culprit – the extra drug. This makes it harder for physicians and pharmacists to decipher the types of patients who have these natural therapies that could be used and where they should be avoided.

Risky Sex Enhancement Pills

It is considered malpractice for pharmacists to fill prescriptions for erectile dysfunction (ED) medications such as Viagra, Levitra or Cialis when patients stop taking nitrate medications such as nitroglycerin tablets or spray or isosorbide mono / dinitrate. These nitrate medications are commonly used to treat chest pain or heart failure. The combination with a drug for the treatment of ED; When the FDA said the makers of Willy Go Wild may cause a patient’s blood pressure to skyrocket. This consequently can result in hospitalization or Loss of life.

Some patients taking nitrate medications who are not sure of any of the ED medications, have turned to the so-called natural products instead. If you had bought one of the 353 spoiled products, you would have the same active ingredients nonetheless.

In addition, prescription erectile dysfunction medication can cause priapism, a medical emergency where the penis can become irreparably damaged. The higher the dose eaten, the bigger the risk. So imagine if you want to improve your prescription erectile dysfunction drug with herbal remedies, just to find out you were getting a prescription drug, drug instead. There are cases of priapism with herbal sexual dysfunction medication.

risky-sex-enhancement-pills

ED Drugs And Antidepressants

Some other nutritional supplement products for male enhancement added a drug called daptoxetine. The FDA hasn’t authorized it for almost any reason, which include sexual dysfunction. People on other serotonin-enhancing drugs for depression or bowel problems are more likely to end up with a condition called serotonin syndrome when accidentally exposed to this unknown drug. Serotonin syndrome is a life-threatening problem with high body temperature, muscle stiffness, cramping and kidney damage.

Sibutramine, an appetite suppressant that was removed from the US market by the FDA in 2010 because its use increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. However, 269 supplements touted for weight loss products contain sibutramine and others contain the stimulant ephedrine and fenfluramine.

Ephedrine, a stimulant, has been banned in the US because it also increases cardiovascular risk. Fenfluramine, an amphetamine derivative, has been used in combination with phentermine in the popular “fen-phen” diet, which has been banned after numerous cases of pulmonary hypertension, valvular heart failure and heart failure has occurred.

Yet other dietary supplements, weight loss products, contain the laxative phenolphthalein or prescription diuretics. Phenolphthalein is no longer used as a laxative in the US because it may cause cancer and injures fetuses. Laxatives and diuretics only cause weight loss due to diarrhea or loss of water weight. They do not result in fat loss. It can cause dangerously low blood pressure and low blood potassium concentrations.

A 2015 New England Journal of Medicine estimated that dietary supplements led to 23,000 emergency room visits and over 2,000 hospitalizations each year. Weight-loss products or associated increased energy also causes 72 percent of supplement-related adverse events, including palpitations, chest pain, or palpitations rate. I suspect that the dominance of the deliberate synthetic drug restrictions on these supplements could explain some of these results.

How can you protect yourself?

The FDA does not approve nutritional supplements, and many options that you are on your own. The Nutritional Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994 created a new category of health product. As long as the product contains natural ingredients to promote or support the health and not to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent a disease, it is considered a dietary supplement. Under DSHEA, the FDA has got to verify risk to human overall health just before removing these goods from the US market place.

The FDA, however, has a running list of products in which you have found synthetic or prescription meds, and you can check that out. If the product you purchased on this list, do not use it. On Nov. 20, 2018, two nutritional supplements for pain or drug addiction were stained with tianeptine, an antidepressant drug that is not FDA-approved for use in the US market. If your product is not on this list, but does not guarantee it, there are no restrictions. The FDA simply does not have the resources to review the tens of thousands of supplements on US shelves.

Independent laboratory verification by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) can help ensure that the vitamin or herb indicated on the label is in the bottle and that the product has a low risk of microbial, heavy metal and PCB contamination. Unfortunately, USP does not routinely test dietary supplements contaminated for synthetic or prescription drug.

Prevention and Reducing The Risk Factors of Stroke

If a clot clogs a vessel in the brain, it often has serious consequences for the patient. But the risks for a stroke can be influenced. What role do blood pressure, diet and exercise play? Sport can positively influence risk factors for stroke, for example, prevent high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes.

It’s raining. Instead of the Alps in the Upper Bavarian Aschau all around today only cloud mountains can be seen. No weather for a walk. Therese Schmid (66) is still on the way. “It can not always be the sun,” she says. Twice a week, she and her husband travel the distance from their home to the school. Not to learn, but because they are taking part in a study.

“Pressure down, activity up!” is the name of the prevention project in which older citizens from the village accompany children on their way to school. “Above all, we are interested in whether something can be done to combat high blood pressure – the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as stroke,” says the prevention researcher. Birgit Böhm from the Technical University of Munich, who supervises the project.

reduce-the-risk-factors-of-stroke

The lifestyle plays an important role

Stroke is one of the biggest threats to health in Germany. Every year, it affects around 270,000 people. The circulatory disorder of the brain usually occurs when a vessel in the head is narrowed or closed. Rarer is a brain haemorrhage behind it. For those affected, the consequences are often dramatic. No other event is responsible for so many cases of disability. The acute treatment of stroke has made progress in recent years. Even more important is the prevention.

“The studies clearly show that many risk factors can be well influenced by the individual lifestyle,” says Professor Bernhard Krämer, CEO of the German Society for Hypertension and Prevention. Which factors are, researchers examined the data from more than 13 000 stroke patients from 32 countries. Result of this so-called interstroke analysis: Nine out of ten attacks are directly or indirectly related to the lifestyle. Most would be avoidable.

Prevention clarifies the risk factors of a stroke

Number one in the risk ranking is hypertension. The affected person is not always aware of this. Expert Krämer explains to patients that hypertension can damage the blood vessels throughout the body – including those in the brain. However, if you go against him, the stroke risk drops. “Ideally, patients with exercise, weight reduction and a low-salt diet can bring about a significant improvement,” says Krämer. However, antihypertensive drugs are also often included.

When developing a stroke, various risk factors are closely linked. Lack of exercise, for example, also contributes to obesity. Both in turn promote diabetes and bad lipid levels – further risk factors for an attack. These connections are also in the Aschauer prevention project. Scientist Böhm works closely with a local pharmacy. “We advise people who have cardiovascular diseases here every day, so a healthy lifestyle and preventive care are very important to us,” says pharmacist Claudia Zangerl.

Together with Böhm, she organized two action days around the topic of cardiovascular health. Most of the study participants were found. “The willingness to talk about one’s own health is very high in the pharmacy, which is why prevention is in good hands there,” explains Böhm. Four times over the course of one and a half years, study participants are examined and their blood pressure is measured. Everyone gets an activity tracker that counts every step and monitors the heart rate. At least 10,000 steps a day, the subjects should go. Whether the values ​​can be lowered – as hoped – will be demonstrated in the coming year.

These measures reduce the risk of stroke
    • Lower your blood pressure, For experts the most important step. Good values can reduce the risk by up to 40 percent.
    • Stop smoking, Every fifth attack could be avoided if patients overcome their nicotine addiction.
    • Eat healthy and balanced, Lots of vegetables, fruits and fish, little salt – that protects the vessels. Another tip: drink little or no alcohol
    • Move enough, This benefits the cardiovascular system. In addition, the risk of hypertension, obesity and metabolic diseases decreases.
Risk factor atrial fibrillation: Listen to the heartbeat

But not all risk factors are as effective as hypertension. For example, atrial fibrillation also increases the risk. However, this widespread cardiac arrhythmia is often not discovered. “Cardiologists often do not see such patients until they have the first stroke,” says Dr. Philipp Sommer from the Heart Center Leipzig. When atrial fibrillation, the heart gets out of rhythm, it beats rhythmically and often clearly too fast. About 15 percent of all attacks are caused by it.

“Due to the irregular pumping activity, blood clots form in the heart, which in turn can block vessels in the brain,” explains expert Sommer. For a previous diagnosis, it would be important for people over 65 to “listen to their heart” more often. Because many sufferers feel the atrial fibrillation as a somewhat irregular, faster heartbeat. “You can then feel the pulse on your wrist and have any irregularities clarified,” explains Sommer. Sphygmomanometers also sometimes help to detect rhythm problems. “If the arrhythmia detection signal shines more often, you should take it seriously and go to the doctor,” says the cardiologist.

reduce-the-risk-factors-of-stroke

Prevention: It is never too late for exercise and healthy nutrition

This causes an ECG or long-term ECG in case of suspicion. After diagnosis, patients receive medications that inhibit blood clotting. This so-called anticoagulation offers in many cases good protection against clots in the heart. Even if someone has to take medicines, it is not too late for prevention, says Sommer. The risk factor model is not static, but dynamic. “It is also with one or more risk factors in your own hands to influence the risk cheap – and remains his own luck blacksmith!”

Study participant Therese Schmid has internalized this. The activity tracker on the wrist is still a motivation. “You can see exactly how much or how little you move.” When she sees her on the display in the evening, that she just can not keep up with the steps, she goes to an extra round with her husband. “We have become almost a bit ambitious.”

These three values ​​count for the risk of stroke:
    • Blood pressure: Values ​​below 140/90 mmHg are usually considered ideal.
    • Blood fat: Without further risk factors, the total cholesterol should be below 200 mg / dl, the LDL below 160 mg / dl.
    • Blood sugar: Diabetics must discuss their individual goals with the doctor.
With this emergency rule also lay people recognize a stroke

If it comes to a stroke, the time runs for the person concerned. “Time is brain, in German time is brain – this is the most important rule for acute care,” says Professor Heinrich Audebert from the Center for Stroke Research at the Charité Berlin. As soon as the brain is no longer adequately supplied with oxygen, the nerve cells are mass-extinguished. Millions of them can be irretrievably lost, neural connections no longer work.

The faster the patient gets to the hospital, the better the damage can be limited. For years experts have worked to reduce the time between stroke and hospital admission. “Many sufferers first visit their family doctor instead of calling the emergency doctor right away,” says Professor Darius Nabavi of the German Stroke Society. As a result, valuable time is lost.

The so-called FAST test can help to interpret the most important symptoms correctly. However, there are other signs that the test does not capture. For example, suddenly appearing balance disorders, one-sided numbness, dizziness, unconsciousness or sudden onset of extreme headache. Vision problems can also occur, including temporary blindness.

In case of such symptoms also call the ambulance – even if the symptoms disappear again or subside. They can be harbingers of a stroke. Meanwhile, apparently more people recognize the symptoms – and call the emergency doctor directly. Figures from Baden-Württemberg show that as late as 2006, one-third of stroke patients reached the clinic via the family doctor. Ten years later, this share has halved.

What Causes Anxiety Disorder And 11 Overlooked Symptoms Often

Many people suffer from a type of anxiety disorder, but most people do not talk about it. If we do not talk about our mental health, it’s hard to understand. Some people may try to relax their fears by telling them to take a deep breath and hold on. Some fears never fade, and we have to learn to deal with their negative effects.

Fears are more than just disturbing thoughts. Although anxiety disorders are classified as a mental illness, this is not just a mental illness, as anxiety also harms the body. Symptoms of an anxiety disorder can also manifest in the form of another physical illness. Therefore, it is so important to recognize the warning signs in order to get a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Anxiety disorders can be scary, and if you have a panic attack for the first time, you might think it is a heart attack.

Other diseases that have similar symptoms to anxiety include balance disorders and asthma. Instead of silently suffering from your fears, you should describe your symptoms to a doctor or therapist so that you can treat your problem before it gets worse.

When you have an anxiety disorder, your brain sees threats everywhere, even when there is no danger. Your body will switch to the combat-or-flight mode, which has ensured the survival of our species. However, if you do not avoid danger and feel threatened, this protection mechanism can quickly damage your body.

Some people may intuitively realize that their physical symptoms are caused by their fears, but others find it hard to determine why their bodies are always hurting and why they feel their hearts pounding against their chest even when they are not doing any physical exercise.

The most common physical symptoms of an anxiety disorder include sweating, shortness of breath, and irregular heartbeat, but some people simply ignore these symptoms or attribute them to another cause.

However, if you also have muscle stiffness, tension in the neck and back, headaches or dizziness, you are very likely to have an anxiety disorder.

Anxiety also affects your digestive system, which can cause upset stomach, heartburn, diarrhea, and frequent urination.

anxiety-symptoms

Here is a checklist of all 11 anxiety symptoms you need to watch out for:

    1. Pounding heart or irregular heartbeat
    2. Muscle stiffness and pain
    3. Neck and back pain
    4. Dizziness
    5. Headache
    6. stomach pain
    7. Diarrhea
    8. shortness of breath
    9. sweating
    10. Frequent urinary frequency
    11. Heartburn

If you suffer from anxiety, you should try not to panic, as this may worsen your symptoms. By constant fear of a panic attack, you could actually trigger one.

While this may be troubling, you may find comfort in knowing that your fears can be mitigated. Through physical, mental and even medical treatment, you can achieve a more positive lifestyle. All you have to do is take the first step by asking your doctor for help.

Depression, Burnout And Bipolar Disorder

Losses and stressful changes or challenges are part of life. They make us feel sad, lonely, depressed. Often, such a stressful situation can be sustained and processed. If not, then it comes to a depression. This differs from a current mood low: Who suffers from depression, is only limited resilient and everyday tasks can not be mastered.

Depression – and its special forms – can affect everyone, regardless of age, gender, occupation and personal circumstances. Those affected are not losers, not lazy or self-pitying, they suffer from a serious illness. If it is recognized, it is treatable in most cases. It is important to talk about depression.

How is depression manifested?

Depression usually begins slowly. This makes it so difficult to recognize. The main hallmarks are a persistent or recurring sad mood, the feeling of inner emptiness, thinking, concentration and sleep disorders. The resulting emotional, physical and mental fatigue can also make you irritable, angry and inwardly restless. Depression can lead to loss of appetite and significantly reduce or even reduce the craving for physical closeness and sexuality. Depressed people lose the joy and interest in life. Everyday tasks, work commitments, leisure activities, social contacts are increasingly neglected. The need for retreat becomes central, many affected people can hardly get out of the house, resp. to get out of bed and spend a lot of time sleeping. Also physical complaints can occur without professionals can determine a cause for it. Depression has many faces, different symptoms are different. Excessive alcohol, drug or drug use is partly a self-healing attempt to deal with depression or anxiety. 

Depression varies in severity

There are mild, moderate and severe depression. In mild depression, the expectations of the private and professional environment can usually be met, from the outside is often not apparent. In a moderate depression, it is already difficult. It increasingly comes to errors, unreliability, failures. Agreements and appointments are increasingly being canceled. In case of a severe depression, almost everything is neglected. Everyday tasks such as getting up, showering, going to the toilet, cooking, eating, cleaning, etc. are almost impossible. Social contacts are no longer maintained.

What is a burnout?

Burnout means burned out, overwhelmed, totally exhausted. These symptoms also correspond to those of diagnosed depression. Burnout, however, makes a difference in the cause. It is believed that fatigue is primarily due to persistent stress at work (even unpaid). It is therefore a work-related disorder that involves both additional workloads in gainful employment as well as in educational and family work and the care of demented parents. A burnout is also called exhaustion depression.

what-is-bipolar-depression

A special form: the bipolar disorder

There are people who go through depressive phases, but in addition they experience something completely different: phases in which they are doing extremely well. One speaks then of a bipolar affective disorder (= manic-depressive illness). In the manic phases, those affected do things that they would never otherwise do: spending money, for example, exceeding their financial resources enormously, or quitting the job overnight. At the same time, sleep is extremely reduced. People in mania lose their sense of reality, feel constrained by normal social boundaries and disregard them. Often it comes during the manic phase to a hospital admission.

The change from mania to depression is often sudden. Some sufferers have only one manic episode. In the majority, however, it comes to repetitions, often spread over several years. 

What helps with a depressive illness?

Mental illnesses are treatable. For most, a combination of psychotherapy, medication and family counseling is the most effective. In seasonal depressions, light therapies may promote recovery. In a bipolar disorder is often not a psychotherapy in the strict sense, but a coaching, which is very practice-oriented. The focus is on disease awareness and disease acceptance. During a burnout, relaxation procedures and mindfulness-based therapies have become established.

Source: Observer Guide “Quite Different” by Thomas Ihde-Scholl

 

 

No diagnoses on the internet :

Symptoms often occur in healthy people.

The description of conditions on the Internet sometimes causes people to feel that they have the disease they are describing, because some symptoms apply to them. Many symptoms can also occur in healthy people or be related to other diseases. If you suspect that you are suffering from the condition described above, you should definitely contact a competent specialist. Only this can make a correct diagnosis.

How To Treat Fear And Anxiety Disorder (Phobia)

Fear is a natural reaction in which the body and psyche adjust to a potential danger. Strong feelings of anxiety can also be a burden in everyday life. In this case one speaks of an anxiety disorder.

What is fear?

Everybody knows the feeling of fear. In threatening situations it appears: the pulse accelerates, the blood pressure rises, the hands sweat. One breates faster and flatter, sometimes even starts to shiver, or one becomes sick with fear. In this situation, the psyche is in a state of extreme tension – ready to react with lightning speed to fight or flight.

Fear or anxiety disorder?

Fear is a body-own alarm system that has ensured survival for humans and animals over thousands of years. Even today, fear protects us from taking on too many risks and sometimes mobilizes unforeseen forces. However, people often feel irrational fears, which they tend to block: test anxiety, stage fright, and fear of spiders, for example, are widespread. Sometimes, however, anxiety increases to such an extent that it severely restricts the person affected in their everyday lives – a simple fear becomes an anxiety disorder requiring treatment. If fear is related to a particular object or situation, it is also called a phobia. A series of questionnaires and tests are used to help doctors determine if anxiety and panic attacks are pathological and in need of treatment.

Anxiety disorder: a common mental health problem

About fifteen percent of adults in Germany suffer from an anxiety disorder. This makes anxiety disorders one of the most prevalent mental health problems.

anxiety-disorder

What forms of fear are there?

    • Specific phobias: People with a specific phobia are more likely to be afraid of specific objects or situations, such as spiders (arachnophobia), confined spaces (claustrophobia), or doctor spraying (trypanophobia). This also includes social phobias in which the people concerned avoid different social situations because they are afraid of other people or their devaluation and rejection.
    • Generalized anxiety disorder: In a generalized anxiety disorder, anxiety is not focused on specific triggers, but there is a continuing fear and anxiety about threatening events in the future, such as accidents and illnesses. If the anxiety symptoms are of a shorter duration (three instead of six months) associated with two (rather than at least three) different physical symptoms, and the affected person’s concerns are still controllable, then it is called a subsyndromal anxiety disorder rather than a generalized anxiety disorder.
    • Panic Attacks: A special form of anxiety disorder is panic disorder. Here sufferers suffer from sudden panic attacks that do not have to have a specific trigger. The fear of panic attacks often limits everyday life even further.

What therapies for anxiety and panic attacks?

For all three types of anxiety, different treatment guidelines apply. For specific phobias, behavioral therapy is usually recommended. In generalized anxiety disorder, drugs from the group of SSRIs or SNRIs (serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) are prescribed. In a subsyndromal anxiety disorder, herbal medicines can provide relief. In case of panic attacks psychotherapy and support by sedative drugs are the drugs of choice.

Anxiety Disorder: When to the doctor?

Frequently, those affected seek medical help only very late, because they believe that they do not want to be taken seriously by the family doctor or shy away from having to undergo neuropathic treatment. In cases of internal restlessness, feelings of anxiety and the resulting sleep disturbances, it is advisable to try therapy with anxiety-relieving herbal medicines such as lavender oil. If the anxiety disorder restricts the affected person in his or her life, immediate medical help should be sought.