Types of Bipolar Disorder Test

Our online bipolar test is free, quick, confidential, and scientifically validated. … any of your blood relatives had manic-depressive illness or bipolar disorder?
Find out if you are just having a tough time or may have a depressive disorder, which is a treatable medical condition. Take the Depression and Bipolar Test and​ …
Types and symptoms — Current screening tests for bipolar disorder don’t perform well. The most common report is the Mood Disorder Questionnaire
This test assumes that you have already had at least one episode of depression in your life, and will give an indication as to whether you are experiencing the most …

types of bipolar disorder test

Learn all about bipolar disorder with help from Talkspace. Explore what bipolar disorder is, common symptoms, causes, types, and treatment …The bipolar disorder self-test asks a few questions to determine the possibility of bipolar disorder. Please note, results are not a diagnosis. People with bipolar disorder experience intense mood changes that can last for weeks or more. Use this bipolar disorder test to find out if your symptoms mean …types of Bipolar Disorders. Bipolar disorder, as discussed in this quiz, is often characterized by extreme moods, they will often come in waves or episodes, the …Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, so treatment aims to manage symptoms. Treatment options include Medications. Pharmacist …They can help you navigate your new diagnosis and find the best treatment option. Symptoms that lead to a diagnosis. If you’re suffering from any kind of mental …There are three types of bipolar disorder. All three … Although the symptoms may vary over time, bipolar disorder usually requires lifelong treatment. Following a …

 

Bipolar Affective Disorder Treatment Guidelines

American Psychiatric Association Treatment of patients with bipolar disorder (​2002) Guideline Watch (2005) British Association for Psychopharmacology.
history of mania or hypomania, the psychiatrist should refer to the APA Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder (2).
The guidelines cover the diagnosis of bipolar disorder, clinical management, and strategies for the use of medicines in the short-term treatment of episodes, relapse …Clinical practice recommendations . … Pharmacological interventions for acute episodes of bipolar depression that could not be included in the network …

bipolar affective disorder treatment guidelines

Bipolar disorders are characterized by alternating episodes of mania or hypomania and depression or mixtures of manic and depressive features. Bipolar …
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, disabling, and heterogeneous condition of major relevance, whose treatment needs to be considered separately through the​ …
Guidance on the clinical management of depressive and bipolar disorders, specifically focusing on diagnosis and treatment strategies.

Bipolar Affective Disorder Symptoms

Bipolar disorder is a chronic mental health condition with strong changes in mood & energy. Find out more about common mental health conditions and how they affect people. Inspirational Stories. Authentic Experiences. Inspiring And Motivating. An Inspirational Story.
Bipolar disorder causes shifts in a person’s mood and energy levels. It is usually manageable with a correct diagnosis and suitable treatment and support.
These mood episodes are categorized as manic/hypomanic (abnormally happy or irritable mood) or depressive (sad mood). People with bipolar disorder generally …
Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders that affect the way a person’s brain functions. Find out more about bipolar …

bipolar affective disorder symptoms

Is it ok to stop medications when the symptoms get better? — Bipolar disorder is a severe mental illness which runs a chronic nature and relapsing …
Depressive Phase Symptoms — Bipolar disorder was previously known as manic depression. The condition affects your moods, exaggerating both …Overview. Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic-depressive illness or manic depression) is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, …We all have our ups and downs, but with bipolar disorder (once known as manic depression or manic-depressive disorder) these peaks and valleys are more …

Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness and is one of the affect disorders. Hence, it is also known as bipolar affective disorder (BAS). Bipolar disorders are characterized by extreme mood swings that can hardly be controlled at will. Longer-lasting depressive phases usually alternate with shorter euphoric and/or aggressive states. In particularly severe attacks, the manic phases can lead to psychosis with delusions such as megalomania or paranoia.

Frequency

Bipolar disorder is one of the rare affect disorders. The probability of a disease in the course of life (lifetime prevalence) is a maximum of 3 percent. Men and women are equally often affected. The frequency peak is in young adults between 18 and 25 years of age. Bipolar disorders are more often associated with other mental illnesses such as anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorders. The incidence is also significantly higher in addicts and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Symptoms

Characteristic symptoms of bipolar disorder are strong mood swings that go far beyond the normal range and beyond that cannot be controlled by those affected.

Psychologists and neurologists distinguish between two main patterns. In the so-called bipolar I disorder, those affected experience extremely strong manic and depressive phases. In bipolar II disorder, the mood swings are much less pronounced. This is especially true in the manic phase. Doctors also speak of hypomania here.

Bipolar Affective Disorder

Symptoms Of Hypomania

A hypomanic episode of bipolar disorder usually lasts for about 4 days. Above all, it is characterized by an exceptionally high mood, which is not infrequently accompanied by increased irritability. Hypomania can resemble a healthy high mood. Hence there are other criteria for diagnosis. Accordingly, a hypomanic phase can be assumed if at least 3 of the following symptoms apply:

    • increased activity and restlessness
    • increased performance
    • unusual wealth of ideas
    • Conversation (torrent of speech, monologues)
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • decreased need for sleep
    • increased libido
    • reckless behavior
    • unusual sociability

Symptoms of the manic phase

In a manic episode, the symptoms are significantly more severe. Euphoria and restlessness know no bounds. Those affected are often barely recognizable to family members or friends. In pronounced phases, manic people know no limits and sometimes lose all risk control. This leads to reckless behavior, even without any self-protection. In a manic phase, people sometimes jump off bridges, knowing that they can fly – or that they are invulnerable.

Symptoms of the depressive phase

After about 7 to 10 days of the manic episode, a normal state often occurs for a short time. Moods and feelings can be influenced again and can be controlled normally. Sometime later, people with bipolar disorder lapse into a depression that usually lasts for weeks or months. Symptoms of the depressive phase are, for example, extremely sad mood, greatly reduced interest in family, friends, and acquaintances, weight loss or weight gain, increased need for sleep (sometimes throughout the day), extreme exhaustion and lack of energy, and recurring suicidal thoughts.

Causes

The causes of bipolar disorder have not yet been clarified. Presumably, there is a hereditary component. But that is not clearly proven either. It is noticeable that bipolar disorders are often associated with other mental illnesses. These include anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and addictions (especially illegal drugs and alcohol).

Treatment

    • Bipolar disorder is usually treated with a combination of psychotherapy and drug therapy.
    • Drug therapy for bipolar disorders

Antidepressants such as imipramine, clomipramine, or amitriptyline are sometimes used to lift mood and improve drive during periods of depression. However, there is a risk that those affected will slide into a manic phase more quickly. In the case of bipolar disorders, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have proven to be more effective in the depressive phase. These include citalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, and sertraline, among others.

In acute manic phases, it may be necessary to suppress the mania with mood modulators from the group of typical neuroleptics such as haloperidol and loxapine. Medicines from the group of atypical neuroleptics such as risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, and ziprasidone are another alternative.

However, this form of drug therapy is usually only used in the acute phase, when those affected are forcibly committed to inpatient accommodation because of behavior that is harmful to themselves or others.

Many sufferers benefit from oral lithium in the prevention of acute attacks. However, it often takes a while to find the right dosage for the individual. In addition, adherence to therapy must be strong. Irregularities in the intake quickly lead to a new episode. Other live prophylactic drugs are carbamazepine, valproic acid, and lamotrigine.

Psychotherapy for bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder responds well to psychotherapeutic treatment. The prerequisite for this, however, is that those affected are ready for therapy at all. In addition, a framework must be created that is conducive to the psychological stability of those affected. At least at the beginning of psychotherapy, this is usually only possible in a specialized clinic. After a successful inpatient start, the therapy must be continued on an outpatient basis. In most cases, stable freedom from symptoms is only achieved after a longer treatment period of around 2 years.

Carbohydrates: Fast Energy For Athletes

Endurance athletes are almost dependent on a good energy supply during the competition in order to maintain their performance until the end.

During a marathon or a bike race, carbohydrates are therefore consumed in the form of drinks, bars, gel, or fruit. But when is which product the fastest source of energy for the body?

High Carbohydrate Bars

Carbohydrate-rich bars have been very popular for a long time; they are available in a variety of flavors and provide compressed energy. In order to be able to use the energy from this optimally, the athlete should also consume enough liquid so that the ingredients of the bar can be used quickly. The combination of bar and drink is usually easier for the cyclist, as he can transport everything he needs on his bike, whereas in running sports something is often only picked up at supply stations. It is precisely for this reason that these phases must be used optimally here. A sufficient and constant supply of fluids is also one of the basic requirements for continuous performance.

Fast Energy For Athletes

Energy Gel

An alternative to the bar is the gel. Here an energy gel from the pack is pressed or sucked directly into the mouth and can be consumed without chewing. Because of this, it may be a better choice for some runners. But even with the gel, liquid is necessary for optimal absorption of the ingredients.

Carbohydrates are also available in the form of drinks. These carbohydrate-rich fitness drinks provide energy and fluids in a variety of flavors at the same time. However, only a very low concentration can be achieved here in order to ensure a good absorption of the ingredients. Which is why these power drinks are not necessarily sufficient for a marathon for many runners. On the other hand, they are ideal for training units and sports in the gym.

Food Rich In Carbohydrates

The athlete can also choose from a large number of good carbohydrate suppliers from nature and “normal” food. For example, pasta and rice are very good carbohydrates for the body. However, they take some time to digest, which is why it is not advisable to consume them immediately before training or competition. Many cyclists, especially the professionals, therefore eat a large amount of pasta or rice hours before the start, so that the meal usually has already left the stomach by the time they start.

Fruit

Fruits, especially bananas, are also good sources of energy during competitions. They are soft and can therefore be easily consumed and digested. But here too, too much of it burdens the stomach, so the athlete should try out beforehand how much is good for him.

Heart Failure

Heart failure is associated with a pathologically reduced pumping capacity of the heart. Here you can find out more about symptoms, causes, and therapy for heart failure. Heart failure, also commonly known as heart failure or cardiac muscle weakness, is a disease of the heart that is associated with a pathologically reduced pumping capacity. The heart is too weak to pump enough blood around the body. Heart failure occurs less often, even with normal or even increased pumping capacity – namely when the heart can only insufficiently fill with blood. In any case, weakness, tiredness, and shortness of breath are the result. Heart failure often develops over a long period of time (chronic heart failure), but it can also appear suddenly as acute heart failure, for example in the event of a heart attack. Heart failure is divided into different degrees of severity depending on the severity of the symptoms.

The Cardiac Output at a Glance

The heart with its pumping function is the motor for blood circulation. The incoming (used up) blood from the veins reaches the right ventricle via the right atrium. From there it goes on to the lungs. In the lungs, the blood is enriched with fresh oxygen and returns to the heart, but this time to the left heart area. It flows through the left atrium into the left ventricle and from there is pumped into the arteries. If the right ventricle is affected by heart failure, cardiologists speak of right ventricular failure and the left ventricle of left ventricular failure. If both heart chambers are affected by heart failure, this is a global insufficiency. The symptoms vary depending on the type of heart failure.

Doctors separate the symptoms of heart failure into those of right heart failure and those of left heart failure.

Symptoms Of Left Heart Failure

In left heart failure, the left heart can no longer pump enough blood into the body. This results in reduced resilience and physical weakness, and rarely too low blood pressure.

In addition, the blood backs up in the lungs. Sometimes the liquid components of the blood (especially water) are pressed out of the blood vessels into the lungs: water accumulates in the lungs, causing pulmonary edema. This leads to shortness of breath and a cough. As the disease progresses, breathing difficulties increase so much that those affected can hardly breathe while lying down. This is why they typically sleep with their upper bodies elevated or sitting completely. The following usually applies: the higher the mountain of pillows at the head end, the more pronounced the left heart failure. Long-term and severe blood backlog in the lungs can also develop right heart failure and global insufficiency.

Symptoms of Right Heart Failure

Right heart failure can develop from left heart failure, but it can also develop without a previous left heart failure. The latter is the case when the right heart is no longer able to take in enough blood from the body and pump it into the pulmonary circulation. In this case, the blood backs up in the venous system of the body. This increases the pressure in the veins.

The following symptoms are typical for right heart failure:

Heavy and swollen legs due to edema: With strong and sustained pressure, the liquid components of the blood are pressed out of the blood vessels into the body tissue: water is stored in the tissue, causing edema. This water retention occurs primarily in the lower legs, ankles, and feet. The consequences are, among other things, heavy and swollen legs. Typically, stockings or socks leave dents in the skin. As the disease progresses, the blood can also back up in the neck veins and in the veins at the base of the tongue. Thick vein cords are then visible on the neck and base of the tongue.

Frequent nocturnal urination: The stored water often leads to weight gain. Another typical symptom is urination at night (nocturia). Right heart failure patients have to go to the toilet several times during the night. The reason for this is as follows: When the body is upright, there is a large gap between the legs and the heart, not when sleeping in a horizontal position. When lying down, the heart can transport the stored water to the kidneys more easily. From there it is excreted in the urine. Furthermore, the kidneys are better supplied with blood when the body is in a horizontal position, which makes their work easier and also improves the nocturnal excretory function.

Body water retention: With pronounced and persistent right heart failure, the water is not only deposited in the legs and feet. The backlog of blood in front of the heart leads to generally increased venous pressure and further water retention. If water collects in the abdominal cavity, doctors speak of ascites. Often the blood also backs up in the abdominal organs. This leads to an enlarged and painful liver (congested liver), congestive gastritis develops in the stomach with loss of appetite and flatulence. If water collects in the gap between the pleural leaves (i.e. between the lungs and the pleura or pleura), pleural effusion occurs. This causes shortness of breath and throat irritation.

Heart Failure

Symptoms Of Global Insufficiency

If both parts of the heart are affected, doctors speak of a global heart muscle weakness, global insufficiency. Global insufficiency combines symptoms of left and right heart failure.

Heart shock – the most dangerous form of heart failure

The most dangerous form of heart failure is cardiac shock, medically known as cardiogenic shock. Sufferers of cardiogenic shock have severe shortness of breath and are cold sweaty, the hands and feet are cool and the pulse is racing. In the worst case, the consciousness becomes cloudy.

Acute and chronic heart failure

Doctors differentiate between acute and chronic cardiac weakness according to the course. Acute heart failure develops over hours to days. The chronic form, on the other hand, develops over the course of months to years. H4: Classification of heart failure according to NYHA Heart failure is differentiated depending on its severity. Doctors differentiate between two classifications, the American Heart Association (AHA) classification, and the New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification. The NYHA classification is more common in Germany. According to NYHA, there are 4 stages of heart failure:

    • Stage I: no complaints, normal physical resilience
    • Stage II: discomfort with heavy physical exertion
    • Stage III: complaints even with light physical exertion
    • Stage IV: discomfort in all physical activities and at rest.

Causes

The causes of heart failure are complex. The heart’s pumping capacity depends on several factors: the strength of the heart muscle, the heart rate, and the resistance in the bloodstream. Disorders of all three factors can be responsible for heart failure.

The following diseases can cause heart failure:

    • constricted coronary arteries (coronary heart disease, short CHD)
    • Heart attack, heart valve defects (for example mitral valve insufficiency), cardiac arrhythmias as well as heart inflammation and pericardial effusions
    • Hypertension (high blood pressure) and increased blood volume in the body
    • hormonal diseases (e.g. hyperthyroidism)
    • metabolic diseases (e.g. overweight or obesity)
    • severe anemia or an increased blood requirement with a high fever
    • Vitamin D deficiency.

Examination

The doctor makes the diagnosis of heart failure based on the symptoms and previous or concomitant illnesses. Laboratory examinations, an ultrasound examination of the heart, and a cardiac catheter examination are usually carried out to ensure this. X-ray examinations and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also help with the diagnosis.

Treatment

Drug therapy for heart failure aims to treat the underlying disease. In addition, drugs that relieve the strain on the heart or strengthen the heart muscles are used. The following recommendations apply to the severity levels according to NYHA:

    • Stage I: ACE inhibitors such as captopril, enalapril, lisinopril, fosinopril, trandolapril or ramipril. If ACE inhibitors are not tolerated, drugs from the group of AT1 receptor antagonists such as candesartan, losartan and valsartan are an alternative.
    • Stages II to IV: Combination of ACE inhibitors with other drugs such as beta-blockers (e.g. carvedilol, metoprolol, and propranolol) or dehydrating agents (including bumetanide, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide piretanide, spironolactone, and triamterene). In addition, cardiac glycosides are used to strengthen the heart (e.g. beta-acetyldigoxin, digoxin and digitoxin or metildigoxin).
    • Nitro-based vasodilators (such as glycerol trinitrate, isosorbide mononitrate, isosorbide dinitrate, or molsidomine) can improve the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. They also relieve the heart’s pumping function. The active ingredient chlortalidone from the group of thiazide diuretics has antihypertensive and dehydrating effects.

Operative Therapy

Surgery may also be an option to treat heart failure. This can be, for example, the implantation of a pacemaker or a defibrillator (cardiac shock). In very severe cases, a heart transplant must be considered. However, the doctor decides on the need for these therapeutic measures on an individual basis.

Therapy Of Incipient Cardiac Insufficiency

The doctor will recommend a healthy lifestyle and physical activity for the treatment of emerging or mild heart failure. He will advise overweight people to lose weight. Smokers should quit the vice. Furthermore, alcohol consumption must be reduced to a minimum. In the Special Heart-Healthy Living you will find a multitude of suggestions with which you can keep your heart healthy or support the treatment of heart failure in a meaningful way.

Self-Help Against Heart Failure

You can improve symptoms of mild heart failure by adopting a healthy lifestyle with plenty of exercises. Regular physical activity has a strengthening effect on the heart. Before cardiac patients do exercise, however, they should ask a doctor for advice. Special cardiac sports groups (or coronary sports groups) are particularly recommended. Your health insurance company will be happy to inform you about offers in your area.

Self-Medication For Heart Failure

Self-medication in the case of heart failure with over-the-counter medication may only take place after a medical consultation. If you have a doctor’s permission, there are two groups of active ingredients that you can use for heart failure:

  • heart-strengthening herbal ingredients made from hawthorn, adonis herb, lily of the valley herb, sea onion, and oleander leaves
  • Circulatory stimulants such as moxaverine and plant ingredients from camphor, real daphne, and rosemary.

Prevention

    • Reduce excess weight and eat a fresh and balanced diet.
    • Eat a diet with as little salt as possible (less than 3 grams per day).
    • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption.
    • Quit smoking.

Eat And Drink Properly Before Sleep

You disturb your sleep with a heavy meal in the evening. Easily digestible food belongs on the table in the evening. With our tips for the right food and drink in the evening, you will make falling asleep and staying asleep easier. Digestive sleep after a large meal is a widespread habit in many cultures.

Eating actually makes you tired – because the body needs energy for digestion. This energy is then not available for activity. But as beneficial as digestive sleep may be, an afternoon nap can aggravate sleep problems. And even if lavish food makes you tired, it disturbs your night’s sleep. This also applies to stimulating drinks with caffeine or alcohol. If you want to sleep well, you should eat and drink the right thing in the afternoon at the latest.

No Caffeine After 4 p.m.

If you have problems falling asleep, you should avoid stimulating drinks such as coffee and cola or energy drinks relatively early in the day. Caffeine and guarana, which are contained in many energy drinks, only break down very slowly in the body. You should therefore refrain from drinking such drinks at least 4 hours before going to bed. By the way: black tea and green tea also contain caffeine.

Alcohol Disrupts Night Sleep

One of the common misconceptions about healthy sleep is that alcohol promotes sleep. Admittedly, many people fall asleep better if, for example, they drink a beer or a glass of red wine in the evening. Nevertheless, the breakdown of alcohol disturbs the nightly recovery processes, influences the flow of sleep phases, and promotes sleep disorders. Getting in the mood for the night with herbal teas Teas made from herbs or medicinal plants are particularly good drinks in the evening. Whether chamomile, fennel, hops, valerian, or other plants and plant mixtures: You have a large selection in which there is something for almost everyone.

Eat And Drink Properly Before Sleep

Don’t Eat Hard In The Evening

In order not to burden your sleep unnecessarily, you should preferably eat lightly in the evening. The simple rule of thumb applies the later, the easier. There should be about 2 to 3 hours between going to bed and your last meal. If you go further apart, you could get hungry again – and this disturbs sleep as well as overeating.

Easily Digestible Food Promotes Sleep

Lean meat, low-fat milk, and spices that are not too hot are recommended for a light dinner. You should avoid flatulent foods such as fresh wholemeal bread or legumes in the evening. White bread, pasta, potatoes or fruit are more suitable. Instead of fried French fries and pork schnitzel, you prefer turkey breast and low-fat dairy products for better sleep. Dairy products contain sleep-promoting tryptophan, as do dates and fish. Vitamin B 6 also promotes sleep. This vitamin is found in bananas and many leaf salads, among other things.

The Bedtime Treat

From the point of view of sleep researchers and doctors, a little sweet in the evening is allowed – sometimes even desired. A bar of chocolate, a cup of warm cocoa, a few cookies, or a small portion of sweet fruit influence the blood sugar level in such a way that it is easier for us to fall asleep. In addition, sweet things have a calming effect in small doses – without any risk of addiction and without disturbing the sleep process, as is the case with alcohol.

Use Sleeping Pills Properly

Taking sleeping pills is sometimes unavoidable – and a gift of blessing. But after a short time, they cause addiction. Read how to use sleeping pills correctly – so that sleeping pills don’t become the cause of sleep disorders. As paradoxical as it may sound, sleeping pills are one of the most common reasons for sleep disorders. Because almost all sleeping pills intervene deeply in the chemistry of sleep and are often also addictive. But sometimes sleeping pills are the drug of choice. However, it is important that you use sleeping pills properly.

Always Take Sleeping Pills For A Short Time

The most important guideline for the correct use of sleeping pills: Always take sleeping pills for as short a time as possible. You should never use sleeping pills for more than a week without medical advice. Depending on the type of medication, for example, prescription sleeping pills such as benzodiazepines can quickly develop into addiction. But over-the-counter sleeping pills can also be addictive. If your doctor keeps issuing sleep medication prescriptions without asking, it is best to contact another doctor to treat any sleep disorders.

Sleep Pills And Addiction

According to the German Central Office for Addiction Risks, around half of the users of sleeping pills develop an addiction to sleeping pills. In Germany alone, that is 400,000 sleep pill addicts every year. In total, around 2 million people are considered dependent on sleeping pills. About half of these people use the commonly prescribed benzodiazepines. Women are particularly susceptible to drug addiction and sleeping pill abuse. Numerous studies suggest that sleeping pills can significantly reduce life expectancy.

Use Sleeping Pills Properly

Sleep Pills Only If Verifiably Necessary

Sleep pills, and especially chemical sleep pills, are only suitable for self-treatment within very narrow limits. If, for example, you cannot sleep for understandable reasons such as jet lag or after an emotionally moving or stressful experience, a sleeping pill can be a blessing. Using sleeping pills to help you sleep despite your nervousness before an exam, on the other hand, is not a good idea. Almost all sleeping pills can work well into the day and severely limit physical and mental performance.

Big Market For Sleeping Pills

Despite the narrow limits of self-treatment, the market for over-the-counter sleeping pills and tranquilizers has been growing for years – even against the general trend. In 2012, Germans spent almost 200 million euros on non-prescription drugs for restlessness and sleep problems. Around 20 million packs of prescription benzodiazepines and similar substances went over the pharmacy counters (estimated turnover: 300 million euros).

Always See a Doctor If You Have Trouble Sleeping

If you have persistent sleep disorders, you should always contact an expert. This can be your family doctor or a psychologist. The sooner a sleep disorder is recognized, the more effective the treatment will be. Fortunately, most sleep disorders can be treated well. For otherwise healthy people, sleep specialists usually use non-drug methods such as sleep restriction and other behavioral therapeutic measures such as sleep rituals and a regular sleep rhythm.

Pregnancy Test: Hormonal Evidence of Pregnancy

After a fertilized egg has implanted in the uterus, the concentration of the hormone HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in the blood and urine increases sharply. A pregnancy test can measure this increased concentration of HCG in the urine. Modern pregnancy tests can indicate pregnancy immediately after the absence of the period or even 10 days after sexual intercourse.

Pregnancy Test

The procedure is slightly different for the individual tests. The concentration of HCG hormones is highest in the morning urine immediately after getting up, but most tests can be carried out at any time of the day. In modern tests, a test stick or test disc is simply moistened with urine and after a short time, the result can be read. The test consists of a control field, which changes color to indicate whether the test was carried out correctly, and a result field, which changes color only if you are pregnant. Slight discoloration in the right place in the results field also indicates pregnancy. However, the test should then be repeated after a few days. Even if the test was negative but there is no menstrual period, the test should be repeated.

Young preganant woman expecting a baby happy parent

When To See A Doctor

When the pregnancy test is positive. If the test is negative but there is no bleeding. What your doctor can do:

    • The doctor can detect HCG hormone in the blood during pregnancy.
    • The doctor can use ultrasound to determine whether you are pregnant.

Workout Against Tension

Tension Trap At The Desk

Among classic “desk criminals” who do their work every day in front of the computer in the office, it is rather the exception that they have never had neck, shoulder or back tension. These annoying tensions haunt most of those affected for years and, if ignored, can lead to hardening and restricted mobility in the long term.

Exercise and the correct sitting position are good ways out of this tension trap. But just sport is not the solution here either, because those affected should make sure that the problem areas are also mobilized. Exercise generally relaxes the muscles, but jogging, for example, is not suitable for specifically targeting neck or shoulder tension. An effective means of counteracting this is mobilizing the affected areas. In the following, therefore, exercises are presented on the one hand that comfortably and quickly loosen and stretch the areas. There are also helpful tips on how to achieve a good sitting position in front of the screen.

    1. Relaxation of the neck

The starting point for this exercise is an upright, sitting position. Hold on to the chair seat with both hands. Then slowly tilt your head to the left so that the ear moves towards your left shoulder and hold this position for 3 breaths. Gently pull your right shoulder downwards.

Then change sides. Repeat the exercise 3 times.

More exercises:

    • Bring both arms forward. Pull your shoulders forward as well.
    • Then cross your arms behind your head. The neck remains long. Slowly push your head against the resistance of your hands.
    1. Relief Of The Shoulder Girdle And Thoracic Spine

The starting point for this exercise is an upright, sitting position. Let your arms hang down and relax your hands on your thighs:

Then first lift one shoulder up to your ear while you breathe in. Now let your shoulder fall and breathe out.

Then do the exercise with the other shoulder. The third time, use both shoulders at the same time, inhaling again as you lift and exhale as you lower your shoulders. Repeat the exercise 3 times if possible.

Another exercise:

    • Your arms hang relaxed next to your thighs. Now drop your shoulders forward, twisting your thumbs inward and exhaling. Then pull your shoulders back and straighten your body, twisting your thumbs outward and exhaling again. Finally, let your shoulders fall forward, turning your thumbs inward again and exhaling again. Also repeat this exercise 3 times if possible.

Workout Against Tension

    1. Relief of the lumbar spine

Please sit on the front edge of the chair. The hands lie loosely on the thighs. Now please make your back as round as possible and breathe out. Then make a slight hollow back and breathe in. Please repeat this exercise 5 times.

More exercises:

    • Please sit back on the front edge of the chair. The arms hang loosely to the side. Now lift your right foot – hold it for a breath – and then lower it. Then repeat this with your left foot. Repeat this exercise several times (up to 30 times), paying attention to maintaining the upright sitting position.
    • Extend your arms sideways to the floor, palms facing forward. Pull your shoulders back and tense your stomach and buttocks. Hold this tension for 3 breaths. Then let go again. Repeat this exercise 4 times.
    1. Relaxation For Your Face

To relax the face, you must first contract the following muscles and hold them for about 2 breaths. Then release the tension by exhaling and relax for about 5 breaths at a time.

    • Raise the eyebrows.
    • Screw up your eyes.
    • Press your lips together.
    • Make your mouth really wide, like a clown.
    1. Relaxation of the eyes

Rub your palms against each other quickly and vigorously to warm them up.

Now place your palms over your closed eyes so that no light can penetrate. No pressure should be applied.

Please make sure that you do not tense the neck and back muscles. Breathe calmly and evenly. Relax your eyes and enjoy the soothing warm darkness. After 2-3 minutes, take a few deep breaths and take your hands away from your eyes. The light will then blind you for a short time.

Another exercise:

    • Keep your eyes moving. Wander around the screen every now and then and feel the surroundings with your eyes. Try to concentrate on things at the edge of your field of vision, this strengthens your perception.
    1. Exercises To Relax Arms And Hands

The arms are extended in front of the body at shoulder height, with the palms facing down. Now make a fist and bring the fist to your chest. the elbow stays at shoulder height. The arms are then brought forward again in one quick movement. Repeat this exercise 5-10 times.

Extend your arms forward, palms facing the floor, and hold this position. Now bend your wrist so that the palms point towards your body. Then fold your hands up so that the back of your hand is facing your body. Keep your fingers stretched during this exercise. Repeat this exercise 6 times.

More exercises:

    • Extend your arms forward long. Spread your fingers wide apart. Now make a fist. Then spread your fingers wide apart again. Please repeat several times.
    • Frequently let your arms hang down relaxed and then shake out your arms, hands, and fingers vigorously for 5 seconds.