Sore Throat Essential Oils

Peppermint contains menthol, the main ingredient used in many throat lozenges and cough drops used to treat sore throats. A 2015 study found that peppermint …Essential oils may help to soothe the throat, reduce inflammation, and clear away mucus. … Eucalyptol may also help to reduce inflammation, relieve pain, …Explore nadia bachmid’s board “YLO for Sore Throat” on Pinterest. See more ideas about sore throat essential oils, oils for sore throat, …Peppermint is an all-around great essential oil to have in your first-aid kit. One of its primary constituents, menthol, is used commonly in …The 10 Best Essential Oils for Sore Throat · Peppermint oil (Mentha piperita) · Lemon oil (Citrus limon) · Eucalyptus oil (Eucalyptus globulus, …Sore throat remedy: Rub a diluted mixture of Lemon, Peppermint and Tea Tree (Melaleuca) essential oil directly on the throat. The tea tree, also called the tea tree, is the essential oil par excellence for sore throats. It fights against various infections and inflammations …Top Essential Oils for Sore Throat · 1. Peppermint · 2. Lemon · 3. Eucalyptus · 4. Oregano · 5. Clove · 6. Hyssop · 7. Thyme · 8. Juniper Berry. Never use essential oils without mixing them with a carrier oil such as olive oil, sweet almond oil, or softened coconut oil. For peppermint oil, mix five drops …Other recommended essential oils: Thyme, Lemon, Tea-Tree, Eucalyptus, Rosemary. Sore Throat.

sore throat essential oils

Sore throats are common in winter and are almost always caused …Essential oils for Sore Throat & Strep Throat · The most common cause of sore throat (pharyngitis) is a viral infection from a cold or flu. Essential Oils · Peppermint oil can reduce swelling in the throat, while its naturally occurring menthol provides a cooling and calming sensation. · Lemon oil has …In human beings, essential oils are known to speed up the process of healing and help to reduce inflammation. Sore throat is a condition in which it becomes …A lot of people use peppermint oil to relieve pain — and it works great! It’s super versatile and is one of the best essential oils for sore throat. First, …Essential oils may help to soothe the throat, reduce inflammation, … Eucalyptol may also help to reduce inflammation, relieve pain, …Diffusing essential oils like eucalyptus, peppermint and lavender can ease cold symptoms like a stuffy nose and sore throat, …Some steps to ease that stuffy nose, sore throat, or cough include staying hydrated, packing on the vitamin C, and getting enough rest. Plant Therapy provides the highest quality 100% pure essential oils and accessories at a price that everyone can afford. Order online today! Many essential oils have antiviral superpowers. … Dilute it in one of the neutral oils above and rub it onto your chest and throat to ease a …

Sore Throat and Runny Nose

It can present with headache, sore throat, and runny nose. These symptoms are more often associated with the common cold and weren’t …Sore throat; Congestion or runny nose; Nausea or vomiting; Diarrhea. A cold, which could be triggered by more than 200 different viruses, can …The first symptom of a cold is usually a sore throat. This is generally followed by sneezing or a blocked, sore or runny nose. Usually, 1 in 3 people with a …However, the most common cause of a cough, sore throat or runny nose is a viral infection such as a cold or the flu.Pain and Fever without a Cough Are Common Signs and Symptoms · Cough · Runny nose · Hoarseness (changes in your voice that makes it sound breathy, Runny nose; Sore throat; Coughing; Mucus dripping down your throat (post-nasal drip); Watery eyes; Fever (although most people with colds do not …
A sore throat may be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, toxins, irritants, trauma, or injury to the throat area. Common symptoms …But researchers say for some people, having Covid can feel “more like a bad cold” with symptoms such as a headache, sore throat, and a runny nose …Common causes · colds or flu – you may also have a blocked or runny nose, a cough, a high temperature (fever), a headache and general aches …Both illnesses can lead to a runny, stuffy nose; congestion; cough; and sore throat. But the flu can also cause high fever that lasts for 3-4 days, …

sore throat and runny nose

Common cold symptoms may include: Stuffy, runny nose. Scratchy, tickly throat. Sneezing. Watering eyes. Low-grade fever. Sore throat. Mild hacking cough. ork Region’s health unit will require students who have a runny nose and sore throat to remain home from school despite the province …Sore Throat? Sneezing? Runny Nose? … Such symptoms – which include sneezing, runny nose and congestion – affect as many as 60 million …Mucus may begin to run out of your nose. A runny nose due to a cold or flu may be accompanied by fatigue, sore throat, cough, …If your child has a sore throat, cough, or runny nose, you might expect the doctor to prescribe antibiotics. But most of the. If the sore throat is caused by a cold, you may also have a runny nose, cough, possibly fever, and feel very tired. If it’s strep throat, other symptoms may …When you have plugged ears, a runny nose, and a sore throat, you might just assume that you have a cold. But not all ear, nose, and throat symptoms are … Headaches, a sore throat, and a runny nose are the most common symptoms associated with the UK’s most widely established Covid variant, …Fever; Cough; Shortness of breath; Fatigue; Muscle or body aches; Headache; New loss of taste or smell; Sore throat; Congestion or runny nose …Your child has strep throat, based on a rapid strep test or a throat culture. If strep is not diagnosed with a test, antibiotics should not be …Runny nose; Sore throat; Headache; Body aches; Coughing; Sneezing. How long do cold symptoms last? Most people recover from a cold within seven …Research suggests Delta may be presenting similar to a cold, with headaches, sore throats, and runny noses more frequently seen symptoms. Think you’re safe from allergies while indoors? Wrong. Organizing your home can lead to a runny nose and sore throat.

Sore Throat Post Nasal Drip

Postnasal drip makes you feel like you constantly want to clear your throat. It also can trigger a cough, which often gets worse at night. In …When your body starts producing extra mucus, you might feel it accumulate in the back of your throat. It might also drip down your throat …Post-nasal drip is among the most common causes of persistent cough, hoarseness, sore throat, and other annoying symptoms. It can be caused by a number of …
Chronic rhinitis (non-allergic rhinitis) causes symptoms of runny nose, sneezing, nasal itching, and congestion. Postnasal drip is drainage of mucous from …Postnasal drip is extra mucus felt dripping down the back of the nose and throat. It may be caused by allergies, dry air, or an infection. Learn more. Post-nasal drip symptoms · cough; · the need to clear the throat often; · a ‘tickle’ in the throat or sore throat; · excess mucus (phlegm) in the …Postnasal Drip Symptoms · Feeling like you need to clear your throat · A sore throat · Occasional coughing · Scratchy, tickling, or itching in the …If someone has symptoms of congestion, postnasal drip, and cough and then complains of sore throat, that would indicate a possible viral …Post nasal drip is irritating. It can cause congestion, a cough, and a sore throat. It feels as though the liquid is running down the back of …Common Allergy Symptoms · Sneezing · Runny or stuffy nose · Itchy or watery eyes · Itchy nose or ears · Post-nasal drip (which can sometimes cause a mild sore throat) …What are some of the Symptoms of Post-Nasal Drip? · Nausea due to the excess mucus draining into your stomach · A scratchy or sore throat · Bad …Postnasal drip is the slow but steady drip of mucus from your nasal and sinus cavities down the back of your throat. Learn about postnasal drip causes and …You probably feel a near-constant need to clear your throat. The presence of mucus can give you a raw, scratchy sore throat that impacts your voice. An …Whether your throat is irritated from allergies, post-nasal drip, a cold or being indoors in dry, heated air during winter, soothing that soreness can be …Severe reactions are possible, but for common allergies, you’ll likely experience itchy eyes, sneezing, runny nose, cough, congestion and …

sore throat post nasal drip

Post-nasal drip symptoms · a cough · a ‘tickle’ in your throat or a sore throat · needing to clear your throat regularly · a lot of mucus in the throat · blocked or …Does a sinus infection cause sore throat? Yes, it certainly can. Sinus infections can often lead to complications with post-nasal drip …Post-nasal drip may become worrisome if it is accompanied by symptoms such as persistent cough, severe stuffy nose, recurrent infections, …In most cases, postnasal drip does not indicate the presence of COVID-19. However, if other symptoms of the virus are also present or if you believe you …Post-nasal drip symptoms · A feeling of having to constantly clear one’s throat · Bad breath · Chronic cough (Often worse at night — read more about why sinusitis …

Sore Throat

In the case of a sore throat, the mucous membranes of the throat are inflamed. The medical name is pharyngitis. Throat infections can occur at any age, but children are particularly affected. More about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of sore throat. A scratchy throat is often a harbinger of a sore throat. This is accompanied by a sore throat and difficulty swallowing. Sometimes even speaking hurts. A dry feeling in the throat and frequent clearing of the throat are also typical symptoms of a sore throat. In addition, the neck area is red and swollen. In bacterial infections, mucous membrane deposits and purulent specks are often found in the throat and palate.

More Symptoms Of Sore Throat

A sore throat is often accompanied by a mild fever. In children, high body temperatures over 39 degrees Celsius are also possible. The general well-being is limited, some of those affected feel really sick. A simultaneous cold, cough, runny nose, and hoarseness accompany the throat inflammation.

Lateral cord angina

A special form of pharyngitis is the lateral cord angina. In this form of angina, in addition to the pharyngeal mucosa, the lymphatic tissue of the back wall of the pharynx is inflammatory. If the side cords swell at the exit of the eustachian tube, they sometimes close the connecting duct between the throat and the middle ear. Then headache and earache and even otitis media are often the result.

If the tonsils are also bright red and inflamed, it is called tonsillo pharyngitis. Pure tonsillitis is called tonsillitis. When it comes to laryngitis, doctors speak of laryngitis.

The causes of throat infections are manifold. Pathogens are often responsible for an inflamed throat. These include above all cold viruses such as adenoviruses, coronaviruses, influenza viruses, parainfluenza viruses, and rhinoviruses. Herpesviruses or measles, rubella, cytomegaly, and Epstein-Barr viruses are less common causes of pharyngitis.

If bacteria multiply on the inflamed mucous membrane of the throat, the symptoms worsen. Typical bacteria in a sore throat and other sore throat and tonsillitis are streptococci. Children in particular then also complain of the stomach and intestinal complaints such as nausea and abdominal pain.

Contagion With Sore Throat

The pathogens of a pharynx infection are usually transmitted by so-called droplet infection, i.e. through saliva when speaking or via nasal secretion when sneezing. This happens very quickly, especially in community facilities such as schools or day-care centers. It is not uncommon for many children to develop a sore throat together, especially in the cold winter months. During this time, the mucous membranes of the throat dry out from the frosty winter and dry heating air. Dry mucous membranes are less immune and cold viruses have an easy time penetrating the mucous membrane.

Sore Throat1

Non-Infectious Sore Throat

In addition to the typical viruses and bacteria, there are other causes of throat inflammation. These include above all smoking (including passive smoking), dust, and the use of chemicals. Women sometimes suffer from frequent throat infections during menopause, as the mucous membranes dry out as a result of hormonal changes. A hereditary mucosal disorder can also cause a sore throat. Non-infectious throat infections are usually chronic.

The diagnosis of sore throat is already made based on the symptoms. A look into the mouth and throat also underpins the diagnosis. If a bacterial infection with streptococci or Pfeiffer’s glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis) is suspected, a swab of the pharynx may follow.

Mild inflammation of the throat does not necessarily have to be treated by a doctor. As with a cold, the same applies to sore throat: With treatment, it lasts 7 days, without a week. More than 85% of all patients with sore throats are healthy even without therapy.

However, if the symptoms are bothersome and the pain is severe, pain-relieving solutions for gargling as well as lozenges and throat tablets with the active ingredients flurbiprofen, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, amylmetacresol, levomenthol, benzocaine, and tyrothricin can help. Pain can be relieved with antipyretic agents and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as paracetamol, ibuprofen, and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA).

Antibiotics For Bacterial Sore Throat

If the throat is bacterial, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics (for example, penicillin). This is especially true if streptococci are the cause of strep throat. If left untreated, there is a risk of rheumatic fever in this case. To avoid this, it is particularly important to take the antibiotics exactly as prescribed by your doctor and for a long enough time. Treatment usually lasts ten days.

Self Help

In the case of a sore throat, simple rules of conduct and home remedies often help to alleviate the symptoms. Drink a lot (especially warm tea or still water) and gargle with salt water to keep the mucous membranes sufficiently moist. In the form of tinctures for the throat and pharynx, solutions with the herbal active ingredient rattanhia root have proven to be helpful. To enhance the healing effect, tinctures of rattan can also be mixed with myrrh.

Please also note the following tips:

    • You should not smoke during a sore throat in order to protect the inflamed mucous membrane. It is best to use this time to quit smoking completely.
    • If you have a pronounced feeling of illness, it makes sense to take it easy. To avoid infection, it is best to stay at home.
    • If you have a high fever, it is advisable to stay in bed for a few days.
    • A healthy body’s immune system is efficient and protects you from sore throat.

Home Remedies For Sore Throat

There are a number of home remedies for throat infections:

    • Cold or warm wraps around the neck, for example, made from hot lard, linseed, healing clay, potatoes or lukewarm quark are often found beneficial.
    • Sage tea or warm water drunk with apple cider vinegar or gargled relieve sore throats.
    • To support the self-healing powers, sweat-inducing teas with linden and elderflower help.
    • Repeated throat infections can be contained with beaver nellus root tea.
    • Sea buckthorn berries and rose hips contain a lot of vitamin C and increase the body’s defenses.

Homeopathy And Schüssler Salts

Even if the effect has not been proven: Many patients swear by the healing powers of homeopathy and Schüssler salts. For example, naturopaths recommend salt number 4 (potassium chloratum) as a Schüssler’s salt for sore throats. In addition, the salts number 21 (Zincum chloratum), 22 (Calcium carbonicum), and 27 (Kalium bichronicum) can be taken.

Proven homeopathic for throat infections are, therefore:

    • Beginning sore throat: Mercuris solubilis and Aconitum
    • Left-sided sore throat and pain when swallowing: Lachesis
    • Difficulty swallowing, acute sore throat, and fever: Belladonna
    • Chronic strep throat: Mercuris solubilis
    • Dry throat and red throat: Aesculus
    • Sore throat and ear pain: Chamomilla
    • Sore throat and sore throat area: Phosphorus.

Inflammation Of The Sinuses (Sinusitis)

Sinusitis is the medical name for sinusitis. Every 7th person in Germany has sinusitis once a year – often as a remnant of a cold. More about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of sinusitis. Sinusitis is the technical term for sinusitis. Sinusitis can be acute or chronic. Depending on the inflamed sinus there are:

    • Frontal sinusitis: inflammation of the frontal sinuses (right and left above the bridge of the nose above the eyebrows)
    • Maxillary sinusitis: inflammation of the maxillary sinuses (to the right and left of the nose)
    • Ethomidal sinusitis: inflammation of the ethmoid labyrinth (between the nose and the inner corner of the eye)
    • Sphenoid sinusitis: inflammation of the sphenoid sinus (right and left behind the ethmoid cells).

Complications arise when sinusitis spreads to neighboring structures, for example, the meninges, the brain, ears, and eye sockets. Then it comes to dangerous suppurations with meningitis, seizures, visual impairment, and otitis media.

Typical symptoms of acute sinusitis are headaches and a feeling of pressure in the face – depending on the cavity affected, in the forehead, jaw, and nose area as well as around the eyes. The feeling of pressure often increases when stooping, sneezing, and coughing, as well as vibrations. Sometimes the sense of smell and nasal breathing is restricted.

In some patients, the nose feels “blocked” – like blocked. Sometimes the nasal secretions run down the throat permanently. Fever and fatigue as well as flu-like symptoms are also possible. Symptoms can be unilateral or bilateral.

Sinusitis usually heals after a few weeks (a maximum of eight weeks). If it persists or if sinus infections increase (more than four times a year), doctors speak of chronic sinusitis.

Inflammation Of The Sinuses sinusitis

Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis often results from an acute sinus infection that has not healed. The symptoms are much weaker than in acute sinusitis. Long-lasting loss of smell and permanent, dull pressure on the face are typical of chronic sinusitis. Inflammatory polyps often grow in the sinuses. Endoscopy often shows only a slight swelling of the nasal mucosa and a thin, clear secretion in chronic sinusitis.

Sinusitis is often preceded by a cold. This increases the production of nasal mucus and the mucous membranes swell. Sometimes the small connecting ducts between the nose and paranasal sinuses swell up. If they are completely blocked, the sinuses are no longer ventilated, the secretion cannot drain away and backs up. This warm, moist environment is an ideal breeding ground for germs such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Viral sinusitis often develops as a result of bacterial colonization with influenza, parainfluenza, or rhinoviruses. In bacterial sinusitis, Haemophilus influenza, pneumococci, staphylococci, and streptococci are often the triggers. Fungi can also cause sinusitis.

Non-Infectious Causes Of Sinusitis

Ventilation disorders of the paranasal sinuses and thus impaired drainage of secretions can also have non-infectious causes. These are, for example, anatomical features such as nasal polyps (benign mucous membrane growths), a crooked nasal septum (so-called septal deviation), large nasal concha, cystic fibrosis (cystic fibrosis), or tumors.

Sinusitis can also occur in the course of an allergic illness (such as hay fever or house dust allergy). There is also the so-called dentogenic, i.e. tooth-related sinusitis. Pathogens get into the sinuses, for example after dental interventions, tooth root inflammation, or maxillary sinus fistulas.

Samter syndrome (also known as analgesic intolerance syndrome) is a special form of sinusitis. Sinusitis occurs at the same time as intolerance to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin, ASA), bronchial asthma, and nasal polyps.

As a rule, the doctor makes the diagnosis of sinusitis based on the typical symptoms. To secure it, he taps and squeezes certain areas of the face and inspects the mouth, throat, and throat. Blood and secretion tests, allergy tests, and imaging procedures (such as nasoscopy, X-rays, and computed tomography) are sometimes used.

Usually, the doctor will recommend decongestant nasal drops with active ingredients such as naphazoline, oxymetazoline, tramazoline, and xylometazoline. However, these should not be used for too long and should be used as directed. Sometimes medical treatment for sinusitis also includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and piroxicam or glucocorticoids (cortisone preparations).

For purulent sinusitis, antibiotics (especially tetracyclines and cephalosporins) are the means of choice.

Short and microwave radiation can help heal sinusitis.

In some cases, for example with anatomical peculiarities, nasal polyps, or curvature of the nasal septum, an operation can help.

Home remedies for sinusitis

Home remedies for sinusitis support drug therapy and help relieve symptoms. The most important home remedy is an adequate intake of fluids. You should drink at least 2 liters a day. In this way, you liquefy viscous secretions that can drain away more easily when diluted. You can support the drainage of secretions with moist room air and steam baths with herbal additives. Anise, chamomile flowers, myrtol, primrose root, thyme herb, and eucalyptus oil are particularly suitable.

No steam baths and essential oils in infants and young children

Caution: Due to the risk of scalding, babies and toddlers should not take any steam baths and, above all, should not use any substances containing menthol or strong-smelling essential oils. Red light and warmth are better for this age group. Warm linseed or cherry stone pillows on the forehead are often felt to be beneficial.

More home remedies for adults

    • inhale with Emser salt or sea salt or suck up the salty liquid with the nostril or rinse the nose
    • Heat-increasing foot baths with salt water (start with water at around 34 degrees and increase to 41 degrees)
    • Eat a teaspoon of fresh horseradish or drink horseradish juice three times a day
    • Place horseradish and lemon toppings on the forehead or quark toppings on the forehead and cheeks
    • Warm potato wraps on the forehead and nose several times a day
    • Secure the garlic and lemon wedges under the soles of the feet with warm woolen socks
    • Drink herbal teas throughout the day (for example made from anise, fennel, and thyme)
    • Place a bowl of finely chopped onion on the bedside table
    • Eat chicken soup when you approach flu-like infections.

Homeopathy For Sinusitis

The following homeopathic medicines are recommended for sinusitis:

    • Cinnabaris: with pressing pain at the bridge of the nose, radiation to the eye, severe tenderness when stooping
    • Hepar sulfuris: in patients who are sensitive to the cold and to touch, complaints are made worse by drafts
    • Hydrastis canadensis: large amount of secretion, headache over the left eye, complaints worsen in a warm room
    • Kalium biochromicum: for thick yellow-green secretions, feeling of pressure at the root of the nose, flow of mucus in the throat
    • Luffa operculata: for forehead headache, dry and sensitive nasal mucous membranes, and crusts in the nose
    • Mercurius solubilis: with purulent-green nasal secretions, bad breath, and coated tongue, complaints are aggravated by warmth in the bed.


To prevent sinusitis, you should avoid colds, get enough sleep, strengthen your immune system, not smoke, eat a balanced and fresh diet, exercise a lot, and aim for a normal weight.

Pay attention to correct blowing your nose. It works like this:

    • On no account trumpet with pressure on the handkerchief. This is how you press the nasal mucus back into your sinuses. Better to blow your nose carefully and with little pressure.
    • Give in to the urge to sneeze, not suppress it
    • Even if it is not supposed to: preferably “pull up your nose”, the secretion is transported into the pharynx and swallowed.

Arthritis of The Neck (Cervical Spondylosis)

Osteoarthritis in the neck is the degeneration of joints, vertebrae, and discs in the cervical portion of the spine. With less padding between …Symptoms · Chronic pain and stiffness in the neck that may be worse with upright activity · The sound or feeling of popping in the neck when moving · Involuntary …Cervical spondylosis is also called cervical osteoarthritis. It is a condition involving changes to the bones, discs, and joints of the neck …Neck osteoarthritis (sometimes referred to as cervical spondylosis) is a condition where the pain in the neck or shoulder usually gets worse as the day goes on …Cervical osteoarthritis involves the breakdown of the cartilage within the neck’s joints, which may occur due to wear-and-tear overtime or maybe accelerated …What are the symptoms of spinal arthritis? · Back and neck pain, especially in the lower back · Stiffness and loss of flexibility in the spine, such as being …Osteoarthritis of the neck, called cervical spondylosis, is also common. This is characterized by arthritic deterioration of the discs and facet joint cartilage …Arthritis also affects the vertebrae in our neck, which get worn down from years of supporting our head. After age 60, more than 85 percent of people have ..Symptoms · a dull or throbbing ache at the base of the skull or the back of the neck · swelling or stiffness in the neck, which may make it …Sometimes, cervical arthritis narrows the space where nerve roots exit the spine, pinching the nerve. You can feel this as a radiating pain …

Arthritis of The Neck

Neck pain is common but it’s not usually a sign of arthritis or a medical condition. Learn about the causes, exercises, treatment, and how the neck is …It is a sign that the joints, muscles, or other parts of the neck are injured, strained or not working properly. Neck pain is very common, with about one in 10 …Cervical spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear affecting the spinal disks in your neck. As the disks dehydrate and shrink, …Natural wear and tear of the cervical spine causing arthritis of the neck. As you age, the discs that serve as cushions between vertebrae begin to bulge, shrink …Symptoms of arthritis in the neck can range from being mild to very severe. The most common symptom is neck pain, which may spread through the base of the neck …Neck osteoarthritis (also known as neck arthritis, cervical arthritis, and cervical spondylosis) is exactly what it sounds like—degeneration of the joints, … Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck). Anatomy. The spinal column is made up of small bones (vertebrae) stacked on top of one another.

Joints Commonly Affected by Arthritis

The joints feel hot, swollen, and painful, especially when moving: Typical signs of joint inflammation or arthritis. In any case, joint inflammation should be treated as early as possible to avoid complications. The sooner arthritis is treated, the better the chances of protecting the affected joints from lasting damage.

Arthritis is what doctors call inflammation of the joints. In contrast, there is osteoarthritis, which is an aging or wear-related (degenerative) change in joints. Joint inflammation or arthritis can have different causes. Doctors differentiate between bacterial (purulent) and non-bacterial (non-infectious) inflammation of the joints. The most common form of non-infectious joint inflammation is rheumatoid arthritis.

If only one joint (for example, hip or knee joint) is inflamed, doctors speak of monoarthritis, if fewer than five joints (for example wrists and elbows or knees, ankles and ankles) are called oligoarthritis. An inflammation of several joints (for example finger or toe joints) is called polyarthritis.

Joints Commonly Affected by Arthritis:

    • Knee joint (gonarthritis)
    • Hip joint (coxarthritis)
    • Shoulder joint (omarthritis)
    • Wrists and fingers (often called rheumatoid arthritis).

However, all other joints can also be affected by arthritis.

In arthritis, the affected joint is almost always overheated, reddened, and painfully swollen. The pain usually increases when the inflamed joint is put under pressure. The mobility of the joint is often limited. Sometimes a joint effusion (especially on the knee and elbow joints) can be felt. Sometimes those affected feel sick, tired, weak, and have no appetite. Joint inflammation is often accompanied by fever. Joint inflammation is also not uncommon in children. They stand out due to their pronounced reluctance to play and want to be worn permanently.

Doctors divide arthritis into bacterial (purulent) and non-bacterial (non-infectious) arthritis according to its cause.

Causes of Bacterial Arthritis

In bacterial or purulent arthritis, staphylococci and streptococci, more rarely E. coli, gonococci, Haemophilus influenza, or Shigella are usually the cause of joint inflammation. These germs get to the joint in three main ways:

    • via the blood (hematogenous), as a result of other diseases: for example gonorrhea (gonorrhea), inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis), or drug addiction
    • from outside through injuries or (unsterile) injections, punctures, or operations on the joint
    • Spread from the neighborhood, usually as a result of an inflammation of the bone (such as osteomyelitis) invading the joint or as a result of a bacterial soft tissue infection of the tissues surrounding the joint.
    • Joints Commonly Affected By Arthritis

Causes of Non-Bacterial Arthritis

Non-bacterial arthritis can be caused by fungi (such as Candida species) or it can occur together with other non-infectious diseases (such as psoriasis or gout). However, non-bacterial joint inflammations of the rheumatic type (rheumatism) are more common. This includes above all rheumatoid arthritis (chronic polyarthritis).

Arthritis is suspected by the doctor based on the symptoms and after examining the affected joint. To confirm the diagnosis, blood tests and imaging procedures such as sonography, X-rays, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow. If bacterial joint inflammation is suspected, the joint should be punctured and synovial fluid examined.


In bacterial (purulent) arthritis, the joint is usually opened surgically and treated surgically. In the case of large joints, arthroscopy is performed. During this procedure, inflamed joint material is removed, sometimes together with the synovial membrane. Then the inflamed joint is rinsed and cleaned.

According to the current state of research, regular rinsing by arthroscopy with an antibiotic solution every two days is the method of choice. At the same time, the patients receive antibiotics (especially cephalosporins and penicillin), initially via an infusion, later as tablets or juice to take by mouth.

Pain is usually treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin, or naproxen. Sometimes anti-inflammatory cortisone preparations are also used.

Discussion about arthroscopy of the knee joint

Knee endoscopies have hit the headlines again and again in the recent past. And there are probably justified doubts as to whether all of the 100,000 or more knee arthroscopies actually make sense. However, this does not apply to the diagnosis of arthritis. If fluid has accumulated in the knee joint, it must be removed in most cases. In the case of knee joint pain due to wear-related, non-inflammatory osteoarthritis, however, in many cases, the knee-joint endoscopy is of little use.

Self-Help With Arthritis

Inflamed joints should not be excessively stressed. Avoid extreme sports that put stress on the joints such as weightlifting, hand, and soccer or tennis. Instead, joint-friendly sports such as swimming, aqua aerobics, or walking, as well as regular walks, are recommended.

The amino sugar glucosamine is an important component of human joint cartilage and synovial fluid. Dietary supplements with chondroitin or glucosamine as well as drugs with the active ingredients of green-lipped mussels or hyaluronic acid can support the healing process in arthritis.


    • Make sure you have normal body weight. Being overweight can put a painful strain on the joints and should therefore be avoided or reduced.
    • Proper nutrition is also important. It should be varied and rich in vitamins. Above all, the adequate supply of vitamins B and E (especially in yeast, milk and milk products, fish, offal, fruit, and vegetables) is important to prevent joint problems.

Try to avoid stress. It is helpful to learn relaxation techniques such as autogenic training, yoga, or Qi Gong. You can get tips and information from your health insurance company or adult education center.

Bearberry Leaves (Arctostaphylus Uva-Ursi)

Teas made from bearberry leaves (Uvae ursi folium) are widely used in the self-treatment of urinary tract infections. The medicinal plant is used because it inhibits the growth of bacteria and is also supposed to promote urine excretion. In contrast to many other medicinal plants, most medical professionals are convinced of the effects of bearberry.

The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) lists several so-called positive monographs for bearberry leaves in inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. In a sense, this means that the authorities have recognized the benefits of the medicinal plant. So far, however, there are no scientifically meaningful studies on effectiveness.

The Stiftung Warentest assesses drugs made from bearberry leaves as “unsuitable” for bladder problems. Above all, the product testers complain that the long-term effects of ingestion have not been adequately investigated.

Medicinal plant bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) in brief

    • inhibits the growth of bacteria, viruses, and fungi, slightly dehydrating
    • Do not use for more than 7 days and more than 5 times a year
    • Evidence of liver-damaging effects and possibly carcinogenic
    • Not suitable for pregnant women, breastfeeding women, and children under 12
    • some products contain alcohol
    • Area of ​​application: Treatment of infections of the lower urinary tract when the use of antibiotics does not appear necessary.

Bearberry Leaves

Critical Ingredients Could Damage The Liver And Genome

Bearberry leaves contain arbutin and methyl arbutin, among others. These are substances that are converted into hydroquinone in the body (especially in the liver). This hydroquinone is suspected of damaging the liver with long-term use. There is also evidence that hydroquinone could damage the genetic makeup.

This critical effect of the bearberry leaves also explains an effect on inflammation of the urinary tract. The hydroquinone gets into the urine through the kidneys. And there – according to the concept of pharmacy – it inhibits the growth of bacteria and fungi. In any case, it has been shown in the test tube that hydroquinone can kill pathogens typical of urinary tract infections. These include E.coli bacteria, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Proteus, and Klebsiella as well as Staphylococcus species.

Other ingredients

Tannins from the medicinal plant support the antibacterial effect of bearberry leaves. Tannins help the surface of the fabric to contract. This means that pathogens are less able to establish themselves there.

There is no explicit explanation for the weak diuretic effect of bearberry.

Apply bearberry leaves

In principle, bearberry leaves are considered an easy-to-use medicinal plant. However, the knowledge about possible liver damage and carcinogenic properties does not allow an unreserved recommendation.

Basically, you should not use bearberry leaves – whether as a tea or medical product – for more than 7 days and not more than 5 times a year. The maximum daily dose is 12 g of dried bearberry leaves. Most manufacturers point this out in the package inserts.

Watch out for alkaline urine

Bearberry leaves are most effective in an alkaline environment. Therefore the urine should be alkaline. You can do this by consuming mainly plant-based foods and avoiding protein-rich foods. When using bearberry, you should avoid foods that acidify the urine. This particularly includes meat and fish as well as legumes.

Do not take bearberry leaves with medicines that cause acidic urine. This can reduce or even cancel the germicidal effect of the bearberry. Urinary acidifying drugs often contain the active ingredient methionine. Methionine is given, among other things, to prevent the formation of new kidney stones or to strengthen antibiotics, which work best in acidic urine.

Side Effects

Many people are sensitive to tannins. Constipation, stomach pain, or nausea are possible side effects of taking it. If you have bloody urine and you have to urge yourself to urinate, stop using bearberry leaves and consult a doctor. These symptoms suggest an overdose. In naturopathy, bearberry leaves are also used as a means of labor. As a precaution, pregnant and breastfeeding women should not use medicinal plants. This also applies to children under the age of 12. Ingredients in bearberry may be able to impair the formation of the skin pigment melanin. Therefore, you should avoid extensive sunbathing and solarium visits while taking the leaves.

Interactions With Alcohol

Some bearberry leaf products contain alcohol. This makes these products unsuitable for alcoholics and those with liver problems. It is also forbidden to take it if you are taking other medications at the same time. Alcohol can change the way a number of drugs work in unpredictable ways. Such drugs are for example

Process Bearberry Leaves Yourself

The bearberry is one of the heather family and is also widespread in Central Europe. However, it has now become so rare that it was placed under protection years ago. Collecting bearberry leaves is therefore prohibited in Europe. But you can grow the medicinal plant in the garden.

Bearberry leaves should be dried quickly after harvesting. If the fresh leaves are stored for too long, the phenol glycoside arbutin, from which the active substance hydroquinone is formed in the body, is lost.

Bearberry Leaf Tea Recipe

Bring 1 teaspoon of bearberry leaves to a boil with 150 ml of water. Then strain through a filter. Many people think the cold approach is more effective. To make this approach, add 1 teaspoon of bearberry leaves to 150 ml of cold water. Then let the infusion steep for about 12 hours in a place protected from light. Then pour through a filter and, if necessary, warm the tea to drinking temperature.

If you use the bearberry leaf tea as part of a so-called flushing therapy against urinary tract infections: Please make sure that you take in at least 2 liters of additional liquid in addition to the tea (3 times a day).

And: irrigation therapies are not suitable for people with weak heart or kidney problems. Signs of these diseases are water retention in the tissue (edema).

How to Check for Prostate Enlargement

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Prostate Enlargement Side Effects

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