Amino acids, vitamins, minerals and trace elements are of great importance in weight loss.
Whether we start adding more fat or staying lean is essentially determined by the hormones. And here lies the key to losing weight: Through a targeted intake of certain amino acids, we encourage the organism to produce enough slimming hormones. Always natural and in line with physical needs.
An important slimming hormone is growth hormone (STH). This hormone is produced during sleep; It increases protein synthesis and promotes fat loss. Obese people characteristically show low levels of STH, which often makes weight reduction difficult.
The growth hormone is unfortunately expensive (about 500 – 800 euros for a monthly ration) and the injection requires very competent medical supervision. It is therefore more dangerous to stimulate the natural, body-own release of this hormone. Certain amino acids have been shown to do just that in many cases when taken at night on an empty stomach in sufficient quantity.
The amino acids with these abilities are:
The synthesis of growth hormone also requires vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and zinc.
Studies have shown that obesity may be deficient in carnitine.
Then a carnitine substitution (dietary supplement) could certainly be useful. Carnitine is a biocarrier (transport substance), which is synthesized in the liver – and as a precursor in the kidney – from the two essential amino acids lysine and methionine. It acts as a carrier molecule in the transport of long-chain fatty acids through the inner mitochondrial membrane. Long-chain fatty acids can pass through the membrane only by esterification with carnitine, while medium and short-chain fatty acids penetrate them without this carrier (transport molecule)
Carnitine as a fat burner
Carnitine gets the fatty acids faster and throws them into the kiln of metabolism. The result: the organism breaks down fat (instead of storing it). Because of its fat-burning effect, this substance is also used for weight loss and often referred to as a “fat burner”.
The formation of carnitine takes place in five synthetic steps, involving the essential cofactors vitamin B6, vitamin B12, niacin, folic acid. A deficiency of one of these substances can lead to a limited biosynthesis.
Professor Luppa of the University of Leipzig wrote in his 2004 essay on L-carnitine as a fat burner: “In terms of preventing obesity, measures to improve fat loss are more effective than the current strict restrictions on dietary fat intake. The prerequisite, however, is the optimal function of the pathways of lipid metabolism and its regulation. L-carnitine is involved in both cases together as important cofactors. Lack of L-carnitine reduces the breakdown of fatty acids in the mitochondrial matrix due to its carrier function. In addition, L-carnitine, as a substrate of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT), plays a key role in the regulation of fat and carbohydrate metabolism.
It also states: Restrictions in the availability of L-carnitine are not only evident in the adaptability of lipid metabolism. The carbohydrate and protein metabolism are also affected. As a result, low blood sugar levels and increased protein breakdown may occur.
It clearly shows that carnitine can increase the fat burning of the body in certain cells.
In addition, there are studies by two scientists from Geneva and the USA, who show for the first time that a dose of carnitine also increases the mobilization of fatty acids from the adipocytes (fat cells) and increases the burning of fatty acids in the adipocytes.
There is also sufficient data on seven animal models, all of which clearly demonstrate that carnitine supplementation during a reduced-calorie diet results in a significant decrease in body fat compared to placebo, with an associated increase in lean muscle mass.
Carnitine facilitates weight management
Great attention is paid to a clinical study from 2013. It has been shown that supplementation with 500 mg L-carnitine per day in combination with motivation training ensures significant weight loss in obese people. With unchanged diet and exercise, each study participant lost on average 400 g of body fat within 4 weeks. The abdominal circumference decreased by 1.3 cm on average.
Glutamine counteracts fat storage
Glutamine can be converted into glucose in the kidneys without affecting glucagon and insulin levels. Thus, it also contributes to an energy production that is able to bypass the insulin-induced fat deposition.
It counteracts the storage of dietary fat, thus helping to regulate body weight. One study found that adding glutamine to a fatty diet resulted in fat reduction. On top of that, glutamine can reduce the craving for sugar and alcohol.
B vitamins and zinc are also important for burning fat. Vitamin B is a great help when losing weight, because almost all B vitamins boost the body’s fat burning. In addition, they are a real nerve food – and this is not to be underestimated for weight loss. The B vitamins riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), biotin (B7) and cobalamin (B12) are responsible for controlling the metabolism and stimulating the breakdown of body fat. Vitamin B2 is particularly effective in burning fat as it quickly turns proteins, carbohydrates and fats into energy. Similarly, the role of the trace element is zinc. It supports the body in the processing of fat and carbohydrates and is indispensable for a functioning protein metabolism. Only with sufficient zinc intake can the amino acids fulfill their important fat metabolism tasks.