Arthritis of The Neck (Cervical Spondylosis)

Osteoarthritis in the neck is the degeneration of joints, vertebrae, and discs in the cervical portion of the spine. With less padding between …Symptoms · Chronic pain and stiffness in the neck that may be worse with upright activity · The sound or feeling of popping in the neck when moving · Involuntary …Cervical spondylosis is also called cervical osteoarthritis. It is a condition involving changes to the bones, discs, and joints of the neck …Neck osteoarthritis (sometimes referred to as cervical spondylosis) is a condition where the pain in the neck or shoulder usually gets worse as the day goes on …Cervical osteoarthritis involves the breakdown of the cartilage within the neck’s joints, which may occur due to wear-and-tear overtime or maybe accelerated …What are the symptoms of spinal arthritis? · Back and neck pain, especially in the lower back · Stiffness and loss of flexibility in the spine, such as being …Osteoarthritis of the neck, called cervical spondylosis, is also common. This is characterized by arthritic deterioration of the discs and facet joint cartilage …Arthritis also affects the vertebrae in our neck, which get worn down from years of supporting our head. After age 60, more than 85 percent of people have ..Symptoms · a dull or throbbing ache at the base of the skull or the back of the neck · swelling or stiffness in the neck, which may make it …Sometimes, cervical arthritis narrows the space where nerve roots exit the spine, pinching the nerve. You can feel this as a radiating pain …

Arthritis of The Neck

Neck pain is common but it’s not usually a sign of arthritis or a medical condition. Learn about the causes, exercises, treatment, and how the neck is …It is a sign that the joints, muscles, or other parts of the neck are injured, strained or not working properly. Neck pain is very common, with about one in 10 …Cervical spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear affecting the spinal disks in your neck. As the disks dehydrate and shrink, …Natural wear and tear of the cervical spine causing arthritis of the neck. As you age, the discs that serve as cushions between vertebrae begin to bulge, shrink …Symptoms of arthritis in the neck can range from being mild to very severe. The most common symptom is neck pain, which may spread through the base of the neck …Neck osteoarthritis (also known as neck arthritis, cervical arthritis, and cervical spondylosis) is exactly what it sounds like—degeneration of the joints, … Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck). Anatomy. The spinal column is made up of small bones (vertebrae) stacked on top of one another.

Joints Commonly Affected by Arthritis

The joints feel hot, swollen, and painful, especially when moving: Typical signs of joint inflammation or arthritis. In any case, joint inflammation should be treated as early as possible to avoid complications. The sooner arthritis is treated, the better the chances of protecting the affected joints from lasting damage.

Arthritis is what doctors call inflammation of the joints. In contrast, there is osteoarthritis, which is an aging or wear-related (degenerative) change in joints. Joint inflammation or arthritis can have different causes. Doctors differentiate between bacterial (purulent) and non-bacterial (non-infectious) inflammation of the joints. The most common form of non-infectious joint inflammation is rheumatoid arthritis.

If only one joint (for example, hip or knee joint) is inflamed, doctors speak of monoarthritis, if fewer than five joints (for example wrists and elbows or knees, ankles and ankles) are called oligoarthritis. An inflammation of several joints (for example finger or toe joints) is called polyarthritis.

Joints Commonly Affected by Arthritis:

    • Knee joint (gonarthritis)
    • Hip joint (coxarthritis)
    • Shoulder joint (omarthritis)
    • Wrists and fingers (often called rheumatoid arthritis).

However, all other joints can also be affected by arthritis.

In arthritis, the affected joint is almost always overheated, reddened, and painfully swollen. The pain usually increases when the inflamed joint is put under pressure. The mobility of the joint is often limited. Sometimes a joint effusion (especially on the knee and elbow joints) can be felt. Sometimes those affected feel sick, tired, weak, and have no appetite. Joint inflammation is often accompanied by fever. Joint inflammation is also not uncommon in children. They stand out due to their pronounced reluctance to play and want to be worn permanently.

Doctors divide arthritis into bacterial (purulent) and non-bacterial (non-infectious) arthritis according to its cause.

Causes of Bacterial Arthritis

In bacterial or purulent arthritis, staphylococci and streptococci, more rarely E. coli, gonococci, Haemophilus influenza, or Shigella are usually the cause of joint inflammation. These germs get to the joint in three main ways:

    • via the blood (hematogenous), as a result of other diseases: for example gonorrhea (gonorrhea), inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (endocarditis), or drug addiction
    • from outside through injuries or (unsterile) injections, punctures, or operations on the joint
    • Spread from the neighborhood, usually as a result of an inflammation of the bone (such as osteomyelitis) invading the joint or as a result of a bacterial soft tissue infection of the tissues surrounding the joint.
    • Joints Commonly Affected By Arthritis

Causes of Non-Bacterial Arthritis

Non-bacterial arthritis can be caused by fungi (such as Candida species) or it can occur together with other non-infectious diseases (such as psoriasis or gout). However, non-bacterial joint inflammations of the rheumatic type (rheumatism) are more common. This includes above all rheumatoid arthritis (chronic polyarthritis).

Arthritis is suspected by the doctor based on the symptoms and after examining the affected joint. To confirm the diagnosis, blood tests and imaging procedures such as sonography, X-rays, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow. If bacterial joint inflammation is suspected, the joint should be punctured and synovial fluid examined.


In bacterial (purulent) arthritis, the joint is usually opened surgically and treated surgically. In the case of large joints, arthroscopy is performed. During this procedure, inflamed joint material is removed, sometimes together with the synovial membrane. Then the inflamed joint is rinsed and cleaned.

According to the current state of research, regular rinsing by arthroscopy with an antibiotic solution every two days is the method of choice. At the same time, the patients receive antibiotics (especially cephalosporins and penicillin), initially via an infusion, later as tablets or juice to take by mouth.

Pain is usually treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin, or naproxen. Sometimes anti-inflammatory cortisone preparations are also used.

Discussion about arthroscopy of the knee joint

Knee endoscopies have hit the headlines again and again in the recent past. And there are probably justified doubts as to whether all of the 100,000 or more knee arthroscopies actually make sense. However, this does not apply to the diagnosis of arthritis. If fluid has accumulated in the knee joint, it must be removed in most cases. In the case of knee joint pain due to wear-related, non-inflammatory osteoarthritis, however, in many cases, the knee-joint endoscopy is of little use.

Self-Help With Arthritis

Inflamed joints should not be excessively stressed. Avoid extreme sports that put stress on the joints such as weightlifting, hand, and soccer or tennis. Instead, joint-friendly sports such as swimming, aqua aerobics, or walking, as well as regular walks, are recommended.

The amino sugar glucosamine is an important component of human joint cartilage and synovial fluid. Dietary supplements with chondroitin or glucosamine as well as drugs with the active ingredients of green-lipped mussels or hyaluronic acid can support the healing process in arthritis.


    • Make sure you have normal body weight. Being overweight can put a painful strain on the joints and should therefore be avoided or reduced.
    • Proper nutrition is also important. It should be varied and rich in vitamins. Above all, the adequate supply of vitamins B and E (especially in yeast, milk and milk products, fish, offal, fruit, and vegetables) is important to prevent joint problems.

Try to avoid stress. It is helpful to learn relaxation techniques such as autogenic training, yoga, or Qi Gong. You can get tips and information from your health insurance company or adult education center.

Bearberry Leaves (Arctostaphylus Uva-Ursi)

Teas made from bearberry leaves (Uvae ursi folium) are widely used in the self-treatment of urinary tract infections. The medicinal plant is used because it inhibits the growth of bacteria and is also supposed to promote urine excretion. In contrast to many other medicinal plants, most medical professionals are convinced of the effects of bearberry.

The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) lists several so-called positive monographs for bearberry leaves in inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract. In a sense, this means that the authorities have recognized the benefits of the medicinal plant. So far, however, there are no scientifically meaningful studies on effectiveness.

The Stiftung Warentest assesses drugs made from bearberry leaves as “unsuitable” for bladder problems. Above all, the product testers complain that the long-term effects of ingestion have not been adequately investigated.

Medicinal plant bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) in brief

    • inhibits the growth of bacteria, viruses, and fungi, slightly dehydrating
    • Do not use for more than 7 days and more than 5 times a year
    • Evidence of liver-damaging effects and possibly carcinogenic
    • Not suitable for pregnant women, breastfeeding women, and children under 12
    • some products contain alcohol
    • Area of ​​application: Treatment of infections of the lower urinary tract when the use of antibiotics does not appear necessary.

Bearberry Leaves

Critical Ingredients Could Damage The Liver And Genome

Bearberry leaves contain arbutin and methyl arbutin, among others. These are substances that are converted into hydroquinone in the body (especially in the liver). This hydroquinone is suspected of damaging the liver with long-term use. There is also evidence that hydroquinone could damage the genetic makeup.

This critical effect of the bearberry leaves also explains an effect on inflammation of the urinary tract. The hydroquinone gets into the urine through the kidneys. And there – according to the concept of pharmacy – it inhibits the growth of bacteria and fungi. In any case, it has been shown in the test tube that hydroquinone can kill pathogens typical of urinary tract infections. These include E.coli bacteria, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Proteus, and Klebsiella as well as Staphylococcus species.

Other ingredients

Tannins from the medicinal plant support the antibacterial effect of bearberry leaves. Tannins help the surface of the fabric to contract. This means that pathogens are less able to establish themselves there.

There is no explicit explanation for the weak diuretic effect of bearberry.

Apply bearberry leaves

In principle, bearberry leaves are considered an easy-to-use medicinal plant. However, the knowledge about possible liver damage and carcinogenic properties does not allow an unreserved recommendation.

Basically, you should not use bearberry leaves – whether as a tea or medical product – for more than 7 days and not more than 5 times a year. The maximum daily dose is 12 g of dried bearberry leaves. Most manufacturers point this out in the package inserts.

Watch out for alkaline urine

Bearberry leaves are most effective in an alkaline environment. Therefore the urine should be alkaline. You can do this by consuming mainly plant-based foods and avoiding protein-rich foods. When using bearberry, you should avoid foods that acidify the urine. This particularly includes meat and fish as well as legumes.

Do not take bearberry leaves with medicines that cause acidic urine. This can reduce or even cancel the germicidal effect of the bearberry. Urinary acidifying drugs often contain the active ingredient methionine. Methionine is given, among other things, to prevent the formation of new kidney stones or to strengthen antibiotics, which work best in acidic urine.

Side Effects

Many people are sensitive to tannins. Constipation, stomach pain, or nausea are possible side effects of taking it. If you have bloody urine and you have to urge yourself to urinate, stop using bearberry leaves and consult a doctor. These symptoms suggest an overdose. In naturopathy, bearberry leaves are also used as a means of labor. As a precaution, pregnant and breastfeeding women should not use medicinal plants. This also applies to children under the age of 12. Ingredients in bearberry may be able to impair the formation of the skin pigment melanin. Therefore, you should avoid extensive sunbathing and solarium visits while taking the leaves.

Interactions With Alcohol

Some bearberry leaf products contain alcohol. This makes these products unsuitable for alcoholics and those with liver problems. It is also forbidden to take it if you are taking other medications at the same time. Alcohol can change the way a number of drugs work in unpredictable ways. Such drugs are for example

Process Bearberry Leaves Yourself

The bearberry is one of the heather family and is also widespread in Central Europe. However, it has now become so rare that it was placed under protection years ago. Collecting bearberry leaves is therefore prohibited in Europe. But you can grow the medicinal plant in the garden.

Bearberry leaves should be dried quickly after harvesting. If the fresh leaves are stored for too long, the phenol glycoside arbutin, from which the active substance hydroquinone is formed in the body, is lost.

Bearberry Leaf Tea Recipe

Bring 1 teaspoon of bearberry leaves to a boil with 150 ml of water. Then strain through a filter. Many people think the cold approach is more effective. To make this approach, add 1 teaspoon of bearberry leaves to 150 ml of cold water. Then let the infusion steep for about 12 hours in a place protected from light. Then pour through a filter and, if necessary, warm the tea to drinking temperature.

If you use the bearberry leaf tea as part of a so-called flushing therapy against urinary tract infections: Please make sure that you take in at least 2 liters of additional liquid in addition to the tea (3 times a day).

And: irrigation therapies are not suitable for people with weak heart or kidney problems. Signs of these diseases are water retention in the tissue (edema).

How to Check for Prostate Enlargement

To find out whether your prostate gland is enlarged, you’ll need to have a few tests. Some tests will be done by a GP and, if needed, others will be carried …Other tests such as urine flow study, digital rectal exam, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, cystoscopy, ultrasound, or prostate MRI may be used to …Transrectal ultrasound. An ultrasound uses sound waves to take a picture of your prostate gland. It can show whether it is enlarged or you have …You may be offered a blood test to check your kidneys are working properly. You may also be offered a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. PSA is a …The first test for detecting prostate problems is a blood test to measure prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein made only by the prostate gland. Cystoscopy to look at the urethra or bladder with a scope; Post-void residual volume to measure urine left in the bladder after urinating;

how to check for prostate enlargement

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