Irritant Contact Dermatitis Journal

Safety and efficacy of topical calcineurin inhibitors in the treatment of childhood atopic dermatitis. American Journal of Clinical Dermatology….Allergo Journal International. Allergo J Int. … The likelihood of developing irritant contact dermatitis rises with the intensity and duration of exposure to the irritant. Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) is an inflammation of skin caused by direct cytotoxic effects of chemical, physical or biological agents on epidermal cells …Irritant contact dermatitis cases reached 85% in the workplace. This is caused by direct exposure to chemicals, lack of attention to hygiene, sanitation and the lack​ …

Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (OICD) is still a occupational health problem. … occupational irritan contact dermatitis, working period, history of disease, personal … Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery..Background: Allergic contact dermatitis is a type of contact dermatitis, whose prevalence tends to increase every year. Patch test is an important diagnostic test to …Irritant contact dermatitis is a result of activated innate immune response to various external stimuli and consists of complex interplay which involves skin barrier …Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research. Prevention of … Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) is an inflammatory epidermal disorder.

irritant contact dermatitis journal

ICD can co-exist with atopic dermatitis (AD) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Patients with AD and ACD may have a lower inflammatory …Patch tests are the gold standard for diagnosing allergic contact dermatitis.27 Irritant contact dermatitis is usually a diagnosis of exclusion when …Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) is the most common form of contact dermatitis. … The diagnosis of irritant contact dermatitis is often clinical and involves a comprehensive history and examination, as well as the exclusion of … Journal and Issue. Acute irritant contact dermatitis – often the result of a single … Journal Compilation Ó 2009 British Association of Dermatologists • British Journal ..Dermatitis of surrounding skin may complicate hard-to-heal leg ulcers, delaying wound healing. The coexistence of hard-to-heal leg ulcers and irritant or allergic contact dermatitis may… … Journal of Wound Care …

Contact Dermatitis Irritant and Allergic

Dermatitis is the medical term for skin inflammation (irritation). Contact dermatitis is an allergic or irritant reaction that causes painful or itchy skin …
‎Symptoms and Causes · ‎Diagnosis and Tests · ‎Management and Treatment. The irritant CD is a nonspecific skin response to direct chemical skin damage and/​with releasing inflammatory mediators, while allergic CD is a delayed hypersensitivity …Irritant contact dermatitis, which accounts for 80% of all contact dermatitis, doesn’t involve an allergic reaction by the immune system. · Allergic contact dermatitis is​ …The substance could be one of the thousands of known allergens and irritants. Some of these substances may cause irritant contact dermatitis …Read about contact dermatitis, a type of eczema that causes inflammation of the … usually occurs within a few hours or days of exposure to an irritant or allergen. Contact dermatitis is a skin rash or irritation caused by touching something. It could be an allergic reaction or skin damage.

contact dermatitis irritant and allergic

The transition metal nickel is a very common cause of allergic contact dermatitis (​ACD). In the general population, adults with hand eczema have a high incidence​ …CD results from contact with environmental substances that elicit an allergic and​/or irritant response. High clinical suspicion of allergic contact dermatitis …
of drugs, also increases penetration of other chemicals and antigens, and hence may exacerbate irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. Th…Another difference is that allergic dermatitis can occur in other places on the body that did not come in contact with the allergy-causing material. How does irritant …
Contact dermatitis is inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with irritants (irritant contact dermatitis) or allergens (allergic contact dermatitis). Symptoms …Irritants and allergies cause contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis is a skin reaction from irritation to something touching your skin, including Chemicals …There are two main types of work-related contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis. An …The substances may be Irritants. These cause direct skin irritation and inflammation. They are the most common cause of contact dermatitis. Allergens. These … With irritant dermatitis, the symptoms are usually limited to the skin that made direct contact with the irritant, whereas allergic contact dermatitis …

Irritant Contact Dermatitis Treatment

What is the treatment of contact irritant dermatitis? · Emollient creams · Topical steroids · Antibiotics for secondary infection (usually flucloxacillin or erythromycin​). The definitive treatment of irritant contact dermatitis is the identification and removal of any potential causal agents. For hand irritant contact … Irritant contact dermatitis is a frequent problem in healthcare workers, owing to frequent hand washing. The best antimicrobial efficacy can be …To treat contact dermatitis successfully, you need to identify and avoid the cause of your reaction. If you can avoid the offending substance, the …Treatment · Cyclosporine is currently the drug of the first choice in the treatment of severe, therapy-resistant atopic dermatitis in adults, an indication

irritant contact dermatitis treatment

Treatment / Management — Chronic phase: Lichenification. Hands are the common site of contact allergic dermatitis. No pathognomonic clinical …
Further treatments · phototherapy – where the affected area of skin is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light to help improve its appearance · immunosuppressant therapy …Localized acute allergic contact dermatitis lesions are successfully treated with mid- or high-potency topical steroids, such as triamcinolone 0.1% …Read about contact dermatitis, a type of eczema that causes inflammation of the skin … See a GP if you have persistent, recurrent or severe symptoms of contact dermatitis. … an irritant – a substance that directly damages the outer layer of skin​ …Patients typically present complaining of a burning or stinging early in the course of irritant contact dermatitis. · As the irritation becomes chronic and the skin …Treatment · applying anti-itch ointments to the infected skin · taking an oatmeal bath (or similar) · taking antihistamine drugs · avoiding scratching the infected area to …Treatment includes removal of the offending substance, cool compresses, potential glucocorticoids ( clobetasol cream or ointment or triamcinalone 0.1% cream or …
Acute irritant dermatitis: Acute onset often after …
Traumatic irritant dermatitis: Slowly developing …
Delayed acute irritant dermatitis: Delayed onset, …
Irritation reaction: Acute, often multiple exposure…



Contact Allergy

Skin irritation, rashes, and itching can be signs of skin or contact allergy. If those affected come into contact with the decisive allergen, the skin usually reacts within a few minutes. An allergy test by the doctor can confirm the suspected diagnosis and determine appropriate therapy. A contact allergy is caused by the contact of an allergenic stimulus (allergen) with the skin. Allergic contact dermatitis, another name for contact allergy, is caused by substances that come into direct contact with the skin. Contact allergies also include sun allergies. The allergic reaction (hypersensitivity) of the skin can also manifest itself as hives (urticaria).


The symptoms of contact allergy show up at the point where the allergenic substance has acted, but can later “spread”. The hands are most often affected, but other parts of the body (feet, face, skin under the bra or button) can also be affected. The skin irritation leads to redness, blistering, oozing, and crusting. These symptoms of contact allergy are mostly associated with itching. If the contact eczema persists for a long time, the skin flakes and thickens. Allergic eczema usually occurs within minutes, less often in 1 to 4 days after contact with the triggering substance. An allergy test can be used to find out which substances the body is allergic to.

Symptoms Of Chronic Contact Allergy

Chronic skin changes can be observed if contact allergies repeatedly occur in the same area over the years. The skin becomes coarser (lichenification) and excessively cornified (hyperkeratosis). In addition, cracks (fissures) – sometimes deep – develop in the skin.


As with allergies as a whole, the exact causes of contact allergies have not been unequivocally researched. The course of the allergic reaction, however, does. A detailed description can be found under Allergies. In a nutshell: In the case of an allergic reaction, the body’s own defense system, the immune system, overshoots its target. It fights supposed “enemies” and thereby triggers allergic symptoms. In the case of contact allergy, the immune system reacts to stimuli that act on the skin. Stimuli or substances that often trigger a contact allergy are:

    • Metals such as nickel or chrome (trouser buttons, belt buckles, jewelry)
    • Leather, rubber
    • externally applied drugs, e.g. B. Ointments containing antibiotics
    • Detergents and cleaning agents
    • cosmetics
    • Colorings and preservatives
    • plants


If the symptoms of a contact allergy appear in the mouth and face area or in the lining of the throat or larynx, you should consult a doctor. Likewise, breathing difficulties, severe diarrhea, or a disturbed general condition with fever, nausea, or dizziness accompany the allergic reaction. It is also useful to see a doctor if contact eczema does not improve or if you do not know the cause of a persistent rash. The doctor may do an allergy test to confirm the suspected diagnosis. Once the allergen has been identified, treatment can begin.

Contact Allergy


So-called antihistamines are mainly used in the drug treatment of contact allergies. These are active ingredients such as azelastine, loratadine, levocabastine, clemastine, or cetirizine. Antihistamines inhibit the activity of histamine. This in turn is a messenger substance that significantly influences the allergic reaction. Severe cases of contact eczema are treated with cortisone. Depending on the location and severity of the contact dermatitis, the medication is administered as a plaster, ointment, or tablet.

Self-Help With Contact Allergy

The most effective form of self-help with contact allergy is to avoid contact with allergens. So if you are allergic to costume jewelry with nickel, it is better not to wear it anymore – not even for once. Or if you have an allergy to preservatives, you can use make-up from the health food store or pharmacy.

You can get ointments and tablets with the antihistamines already mentioned against the itching of contact allergies without a prescription in the pharmacy.


The first piece of advice for preventing contact allergies is: Avoid allergens! The following tips will help:

    • Wash new clothes before wearing them for the first time.
    • Avoid using cosmetics or perfumes when sunbathing (exception: sunscreen).
    • When working with chemicals (e.g. cleaning agents, paints), it is best to wear PVC gloves and cotton gloves underneath.
    • Do not wear costume jewelry with nickel or chrome on your skin.
    • Use allergy-tested skin cleansers and cosmetics.
    • Care for endangered skin areas with ointments or creams.