How to Determine the Disease Risk from Risk Ratio LDL HDL

Risk ratio LDL HDL is important if you want to predict how high your risk to suffer from heart disease. Most physicians these days held on to a notion that knowing non-HDL cholesterol is more beneficial compared with measuring the cholesterol ratio. However, there is another opinion saying that it can be a better predictor for instead of total cholesterol level or bad cholesterol level. Non-HDL cholesterol likes its name is subtracting the good one from the total cholesterol. Hence, it also includes LDL or bad cholesterol.

Determining the number of HDL and LDL

The total cholesterol known from the risk ratio HDL/LDL is the sum of fats in the blood which contains both HDL and LDL. From this test result, you are able to know the risk factors of getting a severe disease like stroke or coronary heart disease. Besides, the amount of each type of cholesterol is known to be a good predictor instead of the total amount. For instance, both physicians and health care professionals use LDL cholesterol as an indicator in the test. Hence, the elevated number of LDL cholesterol could indicate a higher risk of someone of getting obstructed arteries and other health problems. Meanwhile, physicians often called HDL as good cholesterol and they define its level as contrary to LDL. Hence, LDL HDL ratio risk factors that showing higher HDL numbers mean that your risk of developing heart disease and other severe diseases is lower. Good cholesterol also provides protection to blood vessels and prevents cardiovascular diseases to develop in your body. Triglycerides are also part of cholesterol and its number is more indicated how many fats you consume recently. Like bad cholesterol, a high level of triglycerides also will raise your risk of suffering from stroke and coronary artery.

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The normal amount of non-HDL cholesterol

As non-HDL cholesterol is often used as indicator instead of the total amount, most of you might be thinking about how much the normal amount of this cholesterol in LDL/HDL ratio levels when having testing. You will be considered to have an optimal level of non-HDL cholesterol is below 130 milligrams per deciliter or the measurement showing it is less than 3.37 millimoles per liter. A high level of non-HDL means you have more risk to develop heart disease. If your test result indicating your risk to suffering from that disease is high, you have to plan a change in your daily diet as well as lifestyle so that you can give prevention to that risk before it comes true.

If you want to calculate the cholesterol ratio, you just need to divide the total cholesterol number by the number of your cholesterol level. For example, if the total cholesterol number is 200 mg er dL and the number of HDL cholesterol is 50 mg per dL, the ratio will range from 4 to 1. If you receive a higher ratio, it means that you have a higher risk to develop heart disease. The high number of the test result also showing LDL HDL ratio cardiovascular risk.

Information about What Causes Low HDL

What causes low HDL are various. HDL is High-Density Lipoprotein, it is a good kind of cholesterol. This kind of cholesterol is a beneficial component that is able to prevent plaque and artery blockage, which are the trigger of heart attack and stroke. When the level of HDL is low, the body cannot erase LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein) or the bad kind of cholesterol. So that it is important to keep your level of HDL in your body in the normal range. So, what can cause low HDL?

Genetic Factors

Some people complain that the level of their cholesterol does not reduce even though they already keep their dietary habits healthy. It is because genetic factor plays a role at the difficulty in reducing the level of cholesterol. If there is your family member who gets a high level of cholesterol, it will be better if you keep your dietary habits healthy from an early stage. Keep consuming foods that is able to increase the level of HDL such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel.

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Smoking

The next of what causes a low HDL is smoking. There are a lot of researches that prove that smoking does not give a good impact on the body. So, what is the influence of smoking to the level of HDL and LDL? The nicotine contained in cigarettes is able to increase the free fatty acids in your blood. Men who smoke 20 cigarettes a day decrease the level of their HDL by 11%, and women who smoke 20 cigarettes a day decrease it by 14%. Whereas, if the level of HDL decreases by only 5%, it will put you in a risk of getting heart attack disease for 25%.

By stopping to smoke cigarettes, you will be able to increase the level of HDL in your blood.

Stress

Stress is a part of life. But you need to know that prolonged life is able to damage the balance of body functions. Prolonged stress will increase the level of blood pressure so that it causes the increase of LDL and a decrease of HDL. If you cannot avoid stress, you just need to take care of your stress. You are able to do yoga or refreshing to take care of your stress. Make sure you are not stressing for a long time.

Drinking Coffee

Coffee is actually good for your heart, but it should not be drunk more than a glass for a day. The Medical School of Stanford University did research about the influence of coffee to the level of cholesterol. It is known that coffee is able to decrease the level of HDL and increase the level of LDL. The research shows that men who drink at least 2 cups a day have lower HDL compared to those who drink less than 1 cup a day or do not drink coffee at all. Another research shows that drinking coffee without filtering it first significantly reduces the level of HDL. That is why coffee included in one of what causes low HDL.